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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Des policiers protestent pour de meilleures conditions de travail

Des policiers protestent pour de meilleures conditions de travail | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

 

A group of policemen closed the doors of the Kafr Al-Sheikh Security Directorate and staged a protest outside it on Saturday calling for better working conditions.

Protesting policemen prevented access to the directorate, calling for the resignation of Minister of Interior Mohamed Ibrahim should he fail to meet their demands, reported state-run Al-Ahram.

The protest was organised by a group of policemen called the General Federation of Policemen and Personnel in Kafr Al-Sheikh Governorate, reported Al-Ahram. Apart from calling for better wages, the policemen protested against security personnel who have “special” posts that allow them access to certain perks.

 

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Group behind Luxor attack fills gaps left by government

Group behind Luxor attack fills gaps left by government | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

There are generally two stories about how reliable the police force is in the southern Egyptian city of Assiut, and one of those is told by the police.


“We are present. We are efficient, and we work around-the-clock,” said Alaa Abdelsalam, one of the city’s two district police chiefs, in his office in an elegant, colonial-era station one recent night. An entourage of officers nodded in agreement. Just about everyone else in the city disagrees.

“If you call the police, the police are not going to come,” said Alam al-Din Ibrahim, the manager of a car-parts shop in Assiut, where residents say crime is on the rise. “You can call on God to help you,” he said.(...)

 

And in Assiut, the sprawling capital of Egypt’s poor and conservative south, Gamaa Islamiya — the Islamist extremist group that carried out a 1997 massacre of 62 people in the historic city of Luxor — has offered to lend a hand.


 

Assiut has long been a stronghold for Gamaa Islamiya, whose name means “the Islamic group.” It was there and in other cities along Egypt’s rural Nile Valley where Islamist radicals waged a violent insurgency against the governments of assassinated President Anwar Sadat and former President Hosni Mubarak in the 1980s and ’90s. Many group members and affiliates consequently spent more than a decade in jail.

 

Group leaders in the Nile Valley and in Cairo now say their violent days are over but that they still want to see Islamic law implemented in Egypt.

 

More on: http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/04/08/world/group-behind-luxor-attack-fills-gaps-left-by-government/

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Egypte : la peur et l'initiative changent de camp

Egypte : la peur et l'initiative changent de camp | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les derniers évènements du 22 mars baptisés “bataille de la colline”, lors de laquelle des milliers de manifestants ont tenté de mettre à sac le Quartier Général des Frères Musulmans dans le quartier de Moqattam au Caire et l’ont fait réellement dans le quartier de Monial ou dans les villes de Mahalla, Alexandrie ou Mansoura, ont mis au grand jour les évolutions souterraines de la conscience politique des Égyptiens ces derniers mois.

 

Les policiers et les islamistes ont peur

Lors de la révolution du 25 janvier 2011, les Égyptiens disaient que le principal acquis de la révolution était qu’ils n’avaient plus peur.

 

Deux ans et deux mois après, sous le régime militaire du CSFA ou celui des Frères Musulmans et leurs alliés salafistes et jihadistes, malgré l’utilisation régulière par les forces de police de balles réelles contre des manifestants pacifiques faisant des milliers de blessés et des centaines de morts, malgré les 12 à 15’000 condamnations à la prison de manifestants, malgré les tribunaux militaires pour les civils, les violences des milices islamiques, les détentions illégales, la torture y compris à l’encontre des enfants, les centres de détentions illégaux livrés au sadisme de tortionnaires, les obligations aux tests de virginité pour les manifestantes, leurs viols fréquents, malgré les arrestations arbitraires, des procureurs aux ordres, les mensonges, les fabrications de preuves, les faux examens médicaux, les multiples lois qui restreignent ou interdisent grèves et manifestations, malgré les lois martiales et les couvre feux, malgré les chars dans les rues, devant les écoles et les usines, malgré les menaces des chefs religieux musulmans ou chrétiens que les manifestants finissent brûlés en enfer, malgré les appels de l’opposition laïque du FSN au calme et aux manifestations pacifiques, malgré sa dénonciation des manifestants qui se défendent comme ils peuvent face à la violence institutionnelle, malgré ses projets actuels de co-gouverner avec les salafistes et les Frères Musulmans, malgré tout cela, la violence policière du régime ne fait plus rentrer les gens chez eux, terrorisés, mais les fait au contraire descendre dans la rue encore plus nombreux, encore plus en colère, encore plus déterminés et conscients.

 

Plus: http://juralib.noblogs.org/2013/03/25/egypte-la-peur-et-linitiative-changent-de-camp-quelques-lecons-quon-peut-tirer-des-affrontements-du-22-mars-et-comment-la-revolution-a-encore-franchi-une-etape/

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Bearded officers protest at Abdeen Palace

Bearded officers protest at Abdeen Palace | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Scores of bearded soldiers and officers flocked on Friday to the vicinity of Abdeen Palace to take part in demonstrations to demand their return to work.

The bearded policemen have been calling for a presidential order that obliges Minister of Interior Mohamed Ibrahim to return them to their posts following a court ruling in their favour.

The protesting policemen set up a platform in front of the palace in preparation for the demonstration, the Middle East News Agency said.

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  
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FJP: Egypt Will Not Turn Back; Police Must Change Methods and Behavior

FJP: Egypt Will Not Turn Back; Police Must Change Methods and Behavior | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Stressing that Egypt will not turn back to oppressive regime methods, the Freedom and Justice Party affirms that the country’s police force must change the way it treats citizens, especially in custody.

 Dr. Murad Ali, Freedom and Justice Party media adviser, said: "Regardless of the truth of the charges against Gamal Saber, 'Lazem Hazem’ (Must Be Hazem) campaign spokesman, the insults and humiliation dealt to him during his arrest are intolerable, totally unacceptable.

"No authority, police personnel or individuals should ever insult and humiliate any citizen under any pretext. The police must apologize. Police personnel must change their behavior in dealing with suspects or detainees. Egypt has changed, and will not turn back to dark times."


Ikhwan web


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‘My beard is my right’: Egypt’s policemen protest against ban

‘My beard is my right’: Egypt’s policemen protest against ban | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Dozens of Egyptian policemen are staging an open-ended sit-in in front of the Interior Ministry to demand their right to wear a beard while on duty.

“We want Egypt to be based on the values of the revolution: to not ban people based on gender or religion,” police officer and beard ban protester, Hany Al-Shakery, told a CNN reporter in Cairo.

After the 2011 revolution that toppled Hosni Mubarak, many Egyptians felt that they were free to practice Islam, which – some believe – stipulates men have to wear beards.

“The Islamic sharia requires me to wear a beard, and I respect my religion,” Shakery added.

During Mubarak’s era, police used to quell Islamist groups, who were seen as enemies of the state. During his rule, sporting any kind of beard precluded Egyptians from holding senior government posts.

However, after his ouster, police officers and army men continued to be barred from growing their beards. Those who chose to do so were suspended. (Al-Arabiya)

 

More : http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/2013/03/18/-My-beard-is-my-right-Egypt-s-policemen-protest-against-ban-.html

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Des policiers protestent à Nasr Cityالعشرات من أفراد وأمناء الشرطة ينظمون وقفة احتجاجية بمدينة نصر | الدولة

Des policiers protestent à Nasr Cityالعشرات من أفراد وأمناء الشرطة ينظمون وقفة احتجاجية بمدينة نصر | الدولة | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

 

Des dizaines de membres de la police ont organisé une protestation devant le siège de la Sûreté des Ports à Nasr City, pour exiger la démission du directeur général Abdel Fattah Harb pour avoir refusé de les rencontrer.

Ils ont également réclamé l'amélioration de leur conditions d’emploi et leur situation financière

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Ministry official: CSF never use excessive force

Ministry official: CSF never use excessive force | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The assistant head of the Central Security Forces defended the police on Friday in an interview broadcast on state TV, claiming they never used excessive force against protesters.

"I wish someone could tell me if we ever stood against a demonstration. Our role since the revolution has been securing vital institutions,” Major General Ashraf Abdallah argued.

In the interview, which took place during President Mohamed Morsy's visit to the CSF headquarters in the Darasa distrit, Abdallah insisted that the CSF would never take the side of any political movement, and denied that CSF troops used force against protesters.

"I defend myself with tear gas, where is excessive force? The excessive force is what I, the officer and the soldier are subjected to. We are shot with live ammunition and birdshot. Bring one incident that proves we have used force," Abdallah claimed.

"The CSF have legitimate demands, including legal and media protection and the right of officers and soldiers to work under a law that defends them from fierce media campaigns," Abdallah added.

"We are not going to wait for the Semiramis Hotel to be burned. If it got burned, constructing a similar building would cost half a billion dollars. Could the [CSF] budget afford that? And we will not allow the presidential palaces, the People's Assembly or the Shura Council to be infiltrated," Abdallah insisted.

"Since the CSF was established 40 years ago, we have spared no effort to secure the homeland and citizens. We have a big [role] in protecting facilities and we work on eliminating thuggery, terrorism and drugs," said Abdallah.

Abdallah denounced what he called "fierce campaigns" against the CSF. "We try to develop our agencies, as I try to prevent clashes between the security personnel and the rioter — I will not say protester," Abdallah added.

"The CSF will never stage strikes or sit-ins ... We are sons of the people and the police will never take the side of any political movement,” he added.

Abdallah called on citizens to help the police restore respect for the rule of law and the police.

Calls for reforming the whole police system have been frequent since the toppling of former President Hosni Mubarak, who used police to suppress dissidents. The police enjoyed widespread impunity during his regime.

The Cairo Criminal Court recently sentenced a CSF officer to three years in prison for shooting at protesters, intentionally targeting their eyes, during clashes between security forces and demonstrators near the Interior Ministry in November 2011.

Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm


http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/ministry-official-csf-never-use-excessive-force

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Egypt's president praises police despite criticism

Egypt's president has commended the country's police force in the face of public criticism over its violent response to demonstrations.

Mohammed Morsi told riot police their courage and sacrifice are needed. He warned them against breaking ranks.

Part of the force is on strike to protest what some officers see as an attempt by Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood to control them. The Brotherhood denies that.  Speaking at a riot police camp on Friday, Morsi told members of the black-clad force to be aware of Egypt's enemies abroad who want to see the country divided.

 

Egypt's riot police have been engaged in violent confrontations with protesters. A government report obtained this week by The Associated Press concludes that police were behind nearly all the killings of protesters during the country's 2011 uprising.

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Egypt justice minister suggests judicial police

Egypt justice minister suggests judicial police | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Official sources have said that Justice Minister Ahmed Mekki suggested to Prime Minister Hisham Kandil's cabinet, on Wednesday, a judicial police to receive its orders from elementary courts, a local newspaper reported. 

The suggestion comes in light of rage over Attorney General Talaat Abdullah's decision to encourage citizens to arrest criminals who are caught red-handed. 

Sources told Al-Shorouk newspaper that the government is yet to decide a stance on Mekki's suggestion.

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  
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La réforme manquée de la police en Egypte

La réforme manquée de la police en Egypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Pour la première fois depuis 1986, les force antiémeutes, appelées« Forces de Sécurité Centrale » (FSC), ainsi que de policiers se révoltent contre le pouvoir. La dernière fois, il y a 27 ans, les conscrits de police des FSC s’étaient rebellés contre les conditions inhumaines de leu travail. Ils ont été brutalementmatés par l’armée. Aujourd’hui,la situation est beaucoup plus compliquée, le phénomène est plus large et le malaise est plus profond :des milliers des FSC et d’officiers sont en grève ou observent des sit-in depuis plusieurs jours dans plusieurs villes et gouvernorats, pour toute une série de raisons.

Les grévistes réclament la démission du ministre de l’Intérieur, le général Mohamad Ibrahim, qu’ils accusent d’être trop proche des Frères musulmans, au pouvoir, de vouloir « frériser » le ministère et d’entraîner les forces de l’ordre au profit de la confrérie, dans la crise politique du pays, les mettant ainsi en confrontation directe et permanente avec les protestataires. Ce qui approfondit l’hostilité, déjà prononcée, entre la police et une partie de la population. Les policiers réclament à cet égard la suppression de la nouvelle loi sur les manifestations qui, selon eux, risque d’exacerber la tension entre les deux parties. Ils demandent également de meilleures conditions de travail, dont une amélioration de leur armement, et une loi définissant leurs droits et devoirs et les protégeant contre des protestations et des attaques de plus en plus violentes et meurtrières.

Selon le ministre de l’Intérieur, 186 policiers ont trouvé la mort et 800 autres ont été blessés depuis le soulèvement populaire du 25 janvier 2011. La police et le ministère de l’Intérieur étaient au coeur du soulèvement populaire qui a renversé le régime de Hosni Moubarak. La date symbolique du 25 janvier, qui coïncide avec la fête nationale de la police, a été choisie par les manifestants pour marquer leur rejet de la torture et des méthodes brutales souvent pratiquées en toute impunité par les différents organes de la police, dont les FSC et le tristement célèbre service de la Sûreté d’Etat. Depuis, la réforme du ministère de l’Intérieur a été au centre des revendications des forces politiques et révolutionnaires, une requête considérée comme indispensable à l’établissement d’une vraie démocratie. Or, rien n’a été vraiment fait depuis la chute de Moubarak.

(Hicham Mourad / Al-Ahram Hebdo)

 

Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/0/4/132/1937/La-r%C3%A9forme-manqu%C3%A9e-de-la-police-en-Egypte.aspx

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Police égyptienne: La grogne gagne du terrain

Police égyptienne: La grogne gagne du terrain | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

En grève nationale depuis jeudi dernier, ils refusent d’être blâmés pour la répression des manifestants et accusent les Frères musulmans de vouloir infiltrer le ministère de l’Intérieur. (...)

Une grève mal perçue

Certains ont du mal à interpréter cette grève, conduite par les policiers mêmes qui perpétuent les méthodes répressives héritées de Moubarak. « Avant la révolution, entrer dans ce commissariat, c’était dire adieu à sa vie. C’est pour ça qu’il a été détruit pendant la révolte. Et aujourd’hui, ces mêmes policiers font grève, alors qu’ils n’ont pas changé leurs méthodes ? », lâche Abdou, homme âgé, propriétaire d’une boutique à Foustat. La grève des policiers a éclaté après plusieurs mois d’affrontements sanglants et meurtriers, suite au décret présidentiel du 22 novembre dernier. Le ressentiment contre les forces de sécurité enfle, alors que les abus policiers étaient à la base du soulèvement populaire de 2011, lancé un 25 janvier, jour de la fête de la police.

Sameh Abdel-Fattah, habitant du quartier, préfère livrer une vision de sortie de crise. Selon lui, il est temps d’abandonner la solution sécuritaire : « Je refuse l’instrumentalisation des forces de l’ordre à des fins politiques et je refuse leur demande d’armement. Cela multiplierait les violences, les morts et les blessés ». Convaincu que les policiers connaissent parfaitement les criminels, mais les laissent délibérément libres d’agir pour se venger d’un peuple qui s’est retourné contre eux, il renchérit : « Il existe d’autres outils et méthodes pour garantir un travail efficace de la police ».

Une réponse politique déconcertante

Il s’agit du premier mouvement de contestation de cette ampleur au sein des forces de l’ordre depuis 1986. Tandis que pour certains commentateurs cette grève représente une réelle menace pour le pays de basculer dans la violence, le ministre de l’Intérieur, Mohamad Ibrahim, est d’abord resté silencieux sur la question, répondant par le limogeage du commandant de la police antiémeutes et du chef de la sécurité de Port-Saïd.

Alors qu’il estimait samedi que les grévistes n’étaient qu’une minorité, Ibrahim multiplie les conférences de presse depuis dimanche, dans lesquelles il reprend à son compte les revendications des policiers alors qu’il est la première cible de leur colère : « Les forces politiques doivent laisser la police en dehors de la bataille politique et laisser les policiers remplir leur mission de sécurité ». Niant les cas de tortures récents, documentés par des activistes, il clame aussi, en contradiction avec les rapports légistes indépendants, que « pas une seule balle réelle n’a été tirée par la police depuis l’anniversaire de la révolution ». Il ne répond en revanche pas aux accusations de frérisation de son ministère .

 

(Ola Hamdi / Al Ahram Hebdo)

 

Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/965/1/130/1984/Police-%C3%A9gyptienne-La-grogne-gagne-du-terrain.aspx

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Interior Ministry says police gun use will increase "gradually"

Interior Ministry says police gun use will increase "gradually" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

An Interior Ministry official said Thursday that gun use among police and security forces will increase “gradually.”


Abdel Fattah Othman, the head of the ministry’s general administration for media and public relations, said the Police Authority Law allows members of police to use arms in the defense of public buildings in a Facebook post.    Othman added that the ministry “will not back away from its role to protect state establishments and will confront [any attempts of vandalism]” or “be involved in attempts to creating division between the ministry and Egyptians.”   The comments were made in response to questions over whether more police forces will be allowed to carry guns and use live ammunition, which many low-ranking officers have demanded during a nationwide strike.     Currently, most low-ranking offers do not carry guns.    Meanwhile, the Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim said Thursday that police forces have a “national apparatus to serve the people,” adding that they cannot be influenced by political factions because they are governed by the ministry alone.   Othman said that Ibrahim is looking to implement some of the striking police forces’ requests and that he understood the inherent challenges they face trying to enforce the law under difficult circumstances.    

Almasry Alyoum, via Egypt.com

http://news.egypt.com/english/permalink/175420.html

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Pour l’évêque copte catholique d’Assiout, la police change d’attitude à l’égard des Coptes

Pour l’évêque copte catholique d’Assiout, la police change d’attitude à l’égard des Coptes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

 Les forces de sécurité égyptiennes ont démantelé au début du mois de février, dans la région d’Assiout, un réseau criminel qui s’en prenait à la communauté copte locale, en organisant des enlèvements et des vols. Mgr Kyrillos William, l’évêque copte catholique d’Assiout, voit dans cette opération un changement d’attitude fort de la part de la police locale à l’égard des Coptes. C’est ce que rapporte le 3 février 2014 l’agence d’information vaticane Fides.

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Egyptian Police: Million Man Mafia?

Egyptian Police: Million Man Mafia? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Unloved and dejected, the Egyptian policeman's lot is not a happy one. I'm on a research trip to Cairo and it's hard to see how the country's police will ever establish the trust and authority it needs for a successful transition to Egyptian democracy.

The force has little political or public support and is in dire need of an overhaul. The January 25, 2011 revolution was sparked by a call to mark national Police Day with protests about police corruption and torture of detainees. The movement soon spread to address other grievances and within three weeks the Mubarak regime was gone.

The police are blamed for attacks on civilians before, during, and after the revolution. A report commissioned by Egyptian President Morsi and published earlier this month held police responsible for the deaths of 900 protestors, including by snipers perched on the roof of the American University in Cairo. There is little sign of any public affection for the force.

 

Brian Dooley / HuffPost

More : http://www.huffingtonpost.com/brian-dooley/egyptian-police-million-m_b_2956256.html?utm_hp_ref=egypt

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What happened to reform?

What happened to reform? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The political crisis that has engulfed Egypt in the past three months, pitting President Muhammad Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood against a range of opposition groups, has made things worse. Policemen complain that they are being asked to defend the regime from sometimes violent protests, but have to show restraint when attacked. In recent weeks the police have gone on a strike that has spread to ten of Egypt’s 27 provinces. They have often refused to protect offices of the Brotherhood that are being attacked by protesters.


The Economist

More : http://www.economist.com/news/middle-east-and-africa/21574017-police-are-rotten-ever-what-happened-reform

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What happened to reform?

What happened to reform? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Walk like an Egyptian POLICE brutality was a big reason why angry Egyptians took to the streets on January 25th 2011, the first day of their revolution.

 

POLICE brutality was a big reason why angry Egyptians took to the streets on January 25th 2011, the first day of their revolution. Within days they had routed the riot-control units. For months afterwards the country’s omnipresent security services were in disarray and sullenly promised to mend their ways.

But, two years later, it is increasingly evident that little has really changed.

In recent months several cases of kidnappings of prominent activists, some of whom have died after being beaten, have been attributed to the security service.

In some cases policemen are said to be taking revenge for the humiliation they suffered in 2011. Sometimes they have failed to protect citizens; at other times they have persecuted them. In one instance, in Beni Suef, a fly-blown town south of the capital, policemen took revenge on a man accused of killing one of their own. Random instances of police brutality are reported almost every day, ranging from ill-treatment of minors to the killing of protesters, with shots aimed at the head. When cases of police abuse do reach the courts, acquittal or a light sentence most often ensues.

 

The political crisis that has engulfed Egypt in the past three months, pitting President Muhammad Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood against a range of opposition groups, has made things worse.

 

More on: http://www.economist.com/news/middle-east-and-africa/21574017-police-are-rotten-ever-what-happened-reform

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Insight: Egypt's revolution fails to bring police reform

Insight: Egypt's revolution fails to bring police reform | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

For people in Ramlet Bulaq, the debate over police reform seems academic. As in thousands of other slums across Egypt, many see brutality, impunity and corruption as inherent.

The police perform few if any of the functions Westerners often associate with such a force, such as neighborhood watches, criminal investigation and basic law enforcement.

Instead, locals often carry out these tasks through informal committees and vigilante groups. Anwar Ramadan, Karima Ahmed's husband, said no one in the area went to the police if someone committed a crime. "We get together and we sort it out," he said. "There's no trust in the government. None at all."

This suggests police reform will depend on bigger changes to the way the country works. One of the steepest barriers is Egypt's wealth divide, which the revolution has barely altered.

 

Alexander Dziadosz | Reuters, via Yahoo news

More : http://news.yahoo.com/insight-egypts-revolution-fails-bring-police-reform-143747125.html?utm_medium=referral&utm_source=t.co

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Les Égyptiens révoltés par la brutalité et le laxisme de leur police

Les Égyptiens révoltés par la brutalité et le laxisme de leur police | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Face aux abus de la police, un sentiment de rébellion grandit au sein de la population. De leur côté, les forces de l'ordre égyptiennes - certains commissariats sont d’ailleurs en grève - demandent davantage de moyens d’action.

Yezid Sayigh, spécialiste de l’armée dans les pays arabes au Carnegie Middle East Center, à Beyrouth, souligne l’immunité policière et le manque de volonté politique de réformer le ministère de l’Intérieur, qui est historiquement réfractaire aux Frères musulmans.

 

(Priscille Lafitte / France 24)

 

Lire l'interview : http://www.france24.com/fr/20130318-egypte-armee-freres-musulmans-autorite-etat-reforme-police-yezid-sayigh : 

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Egypt's president praises police despite criticism

Egypt's president praises police despite criticism | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt's president praised the country's policemen on Friday despite public criticism over their violent response to anti-government demonstrations, and he warned officers who are also protesting his rule against breaking ranks.

President Mohammed Morsi addressed riot police at one of their camps near Cairo before joining them in weekly Friday prayers in a show of solidarity with the force. (...)

In his speech, Morsi warned the police against divisions.

"Be aware, as I know you are, against breaking ranks or else our enemy will break us all," Morsi said. "Our enemy outside the country is happy when we are divided."

Rights activists on Facebook denounced Morsi's speech and questioned his suggestion that police were at the heart of the uprising.

"Instead of this talk that turns the facts upside down in an attempt to reach out to riot police, should it not be a priority first of the president to put forth a plan to repair the relationship between police and the people?" asked one group dedicated to the case of Khaled Said, a young man tortured to death by police in 2010. Said's death was a rallying cry in the anti-Mubarak protests.

Morsi acknowledged changes that have swept Egypt since the revolution, saying that his June 30 election as the country's first freely elected and first civilian president was a historical turning point for the police force.

In the past two years, around 100 policemen have been tried in cases related to the killing of protesters with almost all ending in acquittals.

Reform of the police is among protesters' top demands. (AP, via Yahoo news)

 

More : http://news.yahoo.com/egypts-president-praises-police-despite-criticism-110806849.html;_ylt=AwrNUPi_50NRakUABAD_wgt.

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Le procureur général du Caire incite à former des milices

Le procureur général du Caire incite à former des milices | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
L'annonce a eu l'effet d'une bombe : dimanche 10 mars, le procureur général du Caire a appelé les Egyptiens à se transformer en auxiliaires de police. En vertu d'un obscur article du code de procédure pénale, le magistrat a incité ses concitoyens à appréhender toute personne surprise en train de se livrer à des actes de vandalisme.

Cette déclaration se voulait une réponse au désordre croissant qui règne dans les villes, notamment au Caire, où la corniche du Nil est le théâtre d'affrontements quasi-routiniers entre des Chabab (jeunes) et la police. Samedi, à la suite de l'acquittement de la plupart des policiers inculpés dans le désastre du stade de Port Saïd, en février 2012, au cours duquel 73 des leurs avaient trouvé la mort, des supporteurs du club de football cairote d'Ahly avaient mis le feu au club de la police et au siège de la fédération égyptienne de ballon rond.

 

Mais, plutôt que de ramener un semblant de calme, les déclarations du procureur ont déclenché une controverse immédiate. Compte tenu du mouvement de grève qui touche une cinquantaine de commissariats de police à travers le pays, la plupart des partis d'opposition ont vu dans ces propos un feu vert donné à la création de milices politiques supplétives.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Une inquiétude confirmée par une annonce du mouvement salafiste Gama'a Islameya, qui s'est dit prêt à constituer sa propre force de maintien de l'ordre à Assiout, dans la vallée du Nil. L'un de ses responsables, Assem Abdel Maged, a affirmé que le parti avait composé des groupes chargés, en l'absence de la police, de veiller à la sécurité des propriétés privées, notamment des banques.La crainte de ceux que l'on appelle les "libéraux" est d'autant plus grande que, durant les affrontements du mois de décembre, devant le palais du président Mohamed Morsi, ses partisans, membres des Frères musulmans, avaient arrêté et torturé des manifestants, avant de les remettre à la police.

 

La vitrine politique de la confrérie, le Parti de la liberté et de la justice, s'est cependant dissociée de l'initiative du procureur, affirmant que le travail de police ne peut être assuré par aucune autre institution que la police elle-même. L'armée a aussi fait savoir sa mauvaise humeur, en déclarant que le projet du parquet "soulève le spectre de la guerre civile".

 

http://www.lemonde.fr/afrique/article/2013/03/15/le-procureur-general-du-caire-incite-a-former-des-milices_1848997_3212.html

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Egypt's bearded policemen call for march

Egypt's bearded policemen call for march | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Bearded policemen have called for a mass march on Friday, 22 March in front of Abdeen Palace in downtown Cairo, under the slogan 'We will not give up.'

 

The call for the protest came through their official Facebook page 'I am a bearded policeman.'

Bearded policemen have been staging a sit-in since an Administrative Court ruling on 20 February that allowed policemen with beards who had been suspended from work to return to their duties. The interior ministry, however, refused to implement the verdict.

According to interior ministry codes of conduct, policemen are not allowed to grow their beards. Since last year, a number of officers have been contesting these rules, citing religious freedom. 

"We will not give up because we believe that God will support us," read the statement.

"We will not give up our demand to resume work. This is to help our colleagues in returning security to the streets, to stand against the haters of the revolution, by implementing the law." 

Last Friday, hundreds of Islamists protested at the police directorate in the Upper Egyptian city of Assiut to support bearded police officers banned from returning to work by the interior ministry.

On 1 March, dozens of protesters gathered at Abdeen Palace in Cairo in support of bearded policemen.

In January, a report was issued by the Administrative Court's state commissioners authority stating that beards do not conflict with the 1971 police law and that growing beards would not negatively affect the public.

 

This content is from :El Ahram, via Aswat Masriyahttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=d3041d90-fce2-4802-ab93-e305dcde1329  
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Egypt government inquiry finds police shot most of nearly 900 dead in uprising

The highest-level inquiry to date into the deaths of nearly 900 protesters during Egypt's 2011 uprising has concluded police were behind nearly all the killings and used snipers on rooftops overlooking Cairo's central Tahrir Square to shoot into the huge crowds.

The report, parts of which were obtained by The Associated Press, is the most authoritative and sweeping account of the killings and determines the deadly force used could only have been authorized by ousted President Hosni Mubarak's security chief, with the president's full knowledge.

The report's findings could weigh heavily in the upcoming retrial of Mubarak, his security chief — former Interior Minister Habib el-Adly — and six top police commanders. It is likely to also fuel calls for reforming the security forces and lead to prosecutions of policemen.

 

(AP, via Fox News)

http://www.foxnews.com/world/2013/03/13/ap-exclusive-egypt-government-inquiry-finds-police-shot-most-nearly-00-dead-in/



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AP EXCLUSIVE: Police blamed in Egypt revolt deaths

AP EXCLUSIVE: Police blamed in Egypt revolt deaths | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The highest-level inquiry to date into the deaths of nearly 900 protesters during Egypt's 2011 uprising has concluded police were behind nearly all the killings and used snipers on rooftops overlooking Cairo's central Tahrir Square to shoot into the huge crowds.

 

The report, parts of which were obtained by The Associated Press, is the most authoritative and sweeping account of the killings and determines the deadly force used could only have been authorized by ousted President Hosni Mubarak's security chief, with the president's full knowledge.

 

The report's findings could weigh heavily in the upcoming retrial of Mubarak, his security chief — former Interior Minister Habib el-Adly — and six top police commanders. It is likely to also fuel calls for reforming the security forces and lead to prosecutions of policemen.

 

http://news.yahoo.com/ap-exclusive-police-blamed-egypt-revolt-deaths-173430983.html

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Témoignage d'un policier égyptien : "On refuse de devenir les souffre-douleur du pays"

Témoignage d'un policier égyptien : "On refuse de devenir les souffre-douleur du pays" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:
Depuis le 7 mars, un mouvement de grève et de protestations secoue les rangs de la police égyptienne. Des commissariats de quartier aux brigades anti-émeutes, les éléments des forces de l’ordre sont de plus en plus nombreux à refuser d’être pris entre le marteau des manifestants et l’enclume du gouvernement. Le Caire, Gizeh, Mansour, Ismaïlia, Alexandrie… Toutes ces villes et d’autres encore sont touchées par le mouvement de contestation. Un mouvement qui se caractérise essentiellement par la fermeture de nombreux commissariats ainsi que l’organisation de manifestations. Pour autant, la plupart des policiers préfèrent ne pas se déclarer ouvertement en grève, de peur des sanctions. Difficile donc de connaître l’ampleur de la mobilisation. Selon le journal égyptien "Alyoum Assabe’", les forces de police chargées de protéger la résidence du président, Mohamed  Morsi se sont également retirées en signe de protestation . Elles ont été remplacées par des éléments de la garde républicaine. Lors des manifestations organisées devant les commissariats, les policiers ont protesté contre ce qu’ils appellent "la 'frérisation' du ministère de l’Intérieur", en référence au mouvement des Frères musulmans dont est issu le parti au pouvoir Liberté et justice. Ils ont également appelé à la démission de leur ministre, le commandant Mohamed Ibrahim et exigé plus de moyens pour se défendre contre les attaques des manifestants. Une demande qui s’inscrit dans le contexte tendu de nouveaux affrontements au Caire et à Port-Saïd (Nord-Est) entre protestataires et forces de l’ordre et qui ont fait 10 morts la semaine dernière dont trois policiers . Ces violences ont amené la police de Port-Saïd à se retirer, sur demande du ministère de l’Intérieur, de la ville, qui est désormais sécurisée par l’armée . Afin de calmer la colère des policiers, la ministre de l’Intérieur a limogé, le 8 mars, le chef de la police anti-émeutes. Il a également reconnu l’existence de tensions  au sein de l’appareil sécuritaire tout en minimisant l’ampleur du mouvement de grève. Pour pallier le vide sécuritaire qu’a entraîné la grève des policiers, le président du bureau technique du procureur général a déclaré, lundi 11 mars, qu’ il était envisageable que "des citoyens normaux livrent [aux autorités] d’autres citoyens surpris en train de commettre une infraction". La déclaration a provoqué un tollé dans l’opposition qui y voient les prémices d’un retour des milices populaires qu’a connues l’Égypte juste après la révolution, il y a deux ans.(France 24) Plus : http://observers.france24.com/fr/content/20130312-temoignage-d%E2%80%99-policier-egyptien-refuse-devenir-souffre-douleur-pays
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