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Découverte d’une momie de 3.600 ans à Louxor

Découverte d’une momie de 3.600 ans à Louxor | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le Point : Égypte : une momie vieille de 3 600 ans découverte à Louxor

“Le ministère égyptien des Antiquités a annoncé jeudi la découverte dans la cité antique de Louxor d'une momie vieille de 3 600 ans à l'intérieur d'un rare sarcophage en bois portant des dessins de plumes. Découvert par une équipe d'archéologues espagnols, le sarcophage de 2 mètres de long et 50 centimètres de large est en bon état, et ses couleurs encore vives, selon le communiqué du ministère.

Cette découverte d'un sarcophage décorée de dessins de plumes est très rare, a souligné le ministre Mohamed Ibrahim. "Le sarcophage date de la XVIIe dynastie" (1 600 ans av. J.-C.), a expliqué le directeur du département pharaonique au ministère, Ali el-Asfar. "Il pourrait appartenir à un homme d'État important, peut-on déduire des analyses préliminaires du sarcophage et de ses inscriptions", a-t-il ajouté. Le sarcophage porte des inscriptions hiéroglyphiques censées faciliter le voyage vers l'au-delà, selon les croyances pharaoniques. Les dessins de plumes symbolisent Maât, la déesse égyptienne du droit qui aurait pesé les coeurs des morts en contrepoids d'une plume pour déterminer leur statut dans l'au-delà.”

http://www.lepoint.fr/science/egypte-une-momie-vieille-de-3-600-ans-decouverte-a-louxor-13-02-2014-1791397_25.php



Le Vif.be : Egypte : des archéologues espagnols découvrent une momie vieille de 3.600 ans

“Cette découverte d'un sarcophage décorée de dessins de plumes est très rare, a souligné le ministre Mohamed Ibrahim.

"Le sarcophage date de la XVIIe dynastie" (1.600 ans av.J.-C.), a expliqué le directeur du département pharaonique au ministère, Ali el-Asfar. "Il pourrait appartenir à un homme d'Etat important, peut-on déduire des analyses préliminaires du sarcophage et de ses inscriptions", a-t-il ajouté.

Le sarcophage porte des inscriptions hiéroglyphiques censées faciliter le voyage à l'au-delà, selon les croyances pharaoniques. Les dessins de plumes symbolisent Maat, la déesse égyptienne du droit qui aurait pesé les coeurs des morts contre une plume pour déterminer leur statut dans l'au-delà.

La découverte a eu lieu sur un ancien site funéraire sur la rive occidentale de Louxor, près d'une tombe appartenant au gérant de l'entrepôt de la reine Hatshepsout, membre de la XVIIIe dynastie qui regna sur l'Egypte de 1502 à 1482 av.J.-C.”

http://www.levif.be/info/actualite/sciences/egypte-des-archeologues-espagnols-decouvrent-une-momie-vieille-de-3-600-ans/article-4000527966969.htm



"ABC" (en espagnol) : Des chercheurs espagnols découvrent un sarcophage datant de 1600 avant J.-C.

‘Investigadores españoles descubren en Egipto un ataúd del año 1.600 a.C.


Este «tesoro», perteneciente a la dinastía XVII del antiguo Egipto, ha sido hallado en el extremo norte de la necrópolis de Dra Abu el-Naga, en Luxor (antigua Tebas)

Los investigadores del Proyecto Djehuty, liderado desde el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), han descubierto un ataúd intacto de un hombre llamado Neb, del año 1.600a.C. correspondiente a la dinastía XVII del antiguo Egipto. Este «tesoro» se ha encontrado en el extremo norte de la necrópolis de Dra Abu el-Naga, en Luxor (antigua Tebas).

Este hallazgo arroja luz sobre esta dinastía y sobre un periodo histórico poco conocido en el que la ciudad de Tebas se convierte en capital del reino y se asientan las bases del imperio y del dominio egipcio sobre Palestina, Siria, y Nubia, han apuntado los científicos. Para los expertos es un periodo clave para entender el origen del imperio egipcio, así como la estructura y funcionamiento de la administración en la nueva capital.”

http://www.abc.es/cultura/20140213/abci-descubren-ataud-egipto-201402131829.html



"Ahram online" : Un rare sarcophage anthropoïde, en bois peint, de la XVIIe dynastie, trouvé à Louxor

“A Spanish-Egyptian archeological team working on Luxor's west bank has discovered a rare wooden human-shaped sarcophagus from the 17th dynasty.

The find came during routine excavation work at the tomb of Djehuty, treasure holder for Queen Hatshepsut, at Dra Abul-Naga necropolis.

The sarcophagus is important for the detailed depictions of bird feather shapes and sizes painted on its lid, motifs that have earned it the title of Feathers Sarcophagi, according to Egypt's antiquities minister Mohamed Ibrahim.

The 2 metre long, 42 cm tall sarcophagus is in very good condition, Ibrahim said, and also engraved with titles of the deceased, which archeologists have not yet been able to identify.

Studies reveal that the sarcophagus belongs to a top governmental official from the 17th dynasty, whose mummy was enclosed inside, said Ibrahim.

The archeological team found two other burials at the site, which were both empty. It is believed that they were robbed in antiquity.

The Spanish mission began excavation work at Djehuty's tomb 13 years ago, when many artefacts from New Kingdom dynasties were found.

Last year the team unearthed a sarcophagus of a 17th dynasty child, along with a number of clay pots and ushabti figurines wrapped in linen.

Excavation at the site remains in full swing, said Gose Galan, head of the Spanish team.

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/94168/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Rare-wooden-anthropoid-sarcophagus-discovered-in-L.aspx



Archaeology.org : 3,600-Year-Old Wooden Sarcophagus Discovered in Egypt

“Egypt’s antiquities minister Mohamed Ibrahim announced that a joint Spanish-Egyptian team of archaeologists discovered a wooden sarcophagus dating to 1600 B.C. in Luxor, at the Dra Abul-Naga necropolis. Dubbed the “Feathers Sarcophagus,” the lid of the human-shaped coffin is painted with bird feathers and the titles of the deceased, whose well-preserved mummy is thought to have been a high-ranking official. The shaft of the tomb had been blocked with limestone, protecting its contents from looters in antiquity. José Galan, head of the Spanish team, told Ahram Online that the excavation remains in full swing.”

http://www.archaeology.org/news/1831-140213-egypt-sarcophagus-feathers



Luxor Times : 17th Dynasty Rishi coffin discovered in Dra Abu El Naga

“The sarcophagi has the mummy of its owner in a good state of preservation. The lid bears a hieroglyphic inscription shows the name of the deceased.

The Minister said "This discovery is important because this type of coffin is rare, it is called Rishi coffins (Rishi is the Arabic word for Feathery) as it is decorated with a feather design which is typical type of the Second Intermediate Period."

The Minister referred that more studies needed to define the name and titles of the coffin owner but initially we can tell he was a High official.

The coffin was discovered under the front yard of the tomb of Djehuty by the Spanish mission working on the site (directed by Dr. Jose M. Galan) while excavating the layers dated back to the Middle Kingdom.

Ali Al Asfar, director of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities department, said "The coffin measures 2 meters long , 50cm width and 42cm hight. The lid has exquisite carvings and the colours are very well preserved."

http://luxortimesmagazine.blogspot.fr/2014/02/17th-dynasty-rishi-coffin-discovered-in.html



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The Millionaire and the Mummies: Theodore Davis's Gilded Age in the Valley of the Kings

The Millionaire and the Mummies: Theodore Davis's Gilded Age in the Valley of the Kings | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

John Adams, director emeritus of the Orange County Public Library, former ARCE Board of Governors member, and founder and first president of the ARCE Orange County California Chapter, has written a fascinating new book on the life and times of Theodore M. Davis and his impact on the history of Egyptology.

Davis was, during the Gilded Age at the turn of the last century, an unscrupulous American "robber baron" whose wealth and tenacity eventually led him to Egypt where he found an unprecedented eighteen tombs in the Valley of the Kings. His good sense in hiring qualified excavators and relentless determination to systematically explore the valley set new standards for the nascent science of Egyptology. It is a spellbinding read and will be available from St. Martin's Press in June, 2013.

 

ARCE

http://www.arce.org/news/u103

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New analysis sheds light on ancient Egyptian mummification

New analysis sheds light on ancient Egyptian mummification | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
A detailed study of 150 mummies embalmed over thousands of years in ancient Egypt indicated that what we think we know about ancient mummification practices might be wrong.

Contrary to reports by famous Greek historian Herodotus, the ancient Egyptians probably didn't remove mummy guts using cedar oil enemas, new research on the reality of mummification suggests.

The ancient embalmers also didn't always leave the mummy's heart in place, the researchers added.

The findings, published in the February issue of HOMO – Journal of Comparative Human Biology, come from analyzing 150 mummies from the ancient world. (...)

The findings show just how varied embalming techniques were in the ancient world, said David Hunt, a physical anthropologist at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.

"A lot of people have taken the idea that it was all done the same way, but over the course of 3,000 years? Heck no," Hunt told LiveScience. "We know that folks in the Sudan didn't follow the exact same methodology as people that were in Alexandria."

 

The Christian Science Monitor

More : http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2013/0322/New-analysis-sheds-light-on-ancient-Egyptian-mummification?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+feeds%2Fcsm+%28Christian+Science+Monitor+%7C+All+Stories%29


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Athérosclérose : Horus en souffrait déjà!

Athérosclérose : Horus en souffrait déjà! | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Cette recherche permet-elle d’affirmer que l'athérosclérose n’est pas une maladie des temps modernes, liée à un mode de vie trop sédentaire et à un régime alimentaire trop riche ? Horus, du nom d’une des d'une des plus anciennes divinités égyptiennes, est le nom de cette étude qui sur 137 momies, anciennes de 4.000 ans, révèle une prévalence de 34% d’athérosclérose. Des conclusions publiées dans l’édition du 10 mars du Lancet qui évoquent soit un mode de vie « trop riche », ce qui est peu probable, soit une prédisposition dominante, plus basique à la maladie. 

L’athérosclérose est une maladie caractérisée par des artères obstruées par des dépôts de graisse (cholestérol), de calcium et de déchets cellulaires. Avec le temps, les artères perdent leur élasticité et rétrécissent et la circulation du sang est alors ralentie ou bloquée. Ses complications possibles sont nombreuses et sévères (angine, crise cardiaque, AVC…). Ici, l’athérosclérose a été constatée avec la présence d’une plaque calcifiée identifiée dans la paroi d’une artère et de calcifications tout le long de l’artère.

Ces chercheurs ont utilisé la tomodensitométrie pour analyser 137 momies en provenance de 4 régions géographiques et de différentes populations vieilles de plus de 4000 ans, de l'ancienne Egypte, l'ancien Pérou, de l'Amérique du sud-ouest et des îles Aléoutiennes.

Les chercheurs ont identifié une athérosclérose probable ou définitive chez 47, soit 34% des 137 momies et pour les 4 origines géographiques, 38% chez les « Egyptiens », 25% chez les « Péruviens », 60% chez les chasseurs-cueilleurs des îles Aléoutiennes. Cette athérosclérose était présente dans l'aorte chez 20% des momies, dans les artères iliaques ou fémorales chez 18% d’entre elles et dans les artères carotides chez 12%... Chez 25% des momies, l’athérosclérose a été identifiée sur 2 des sites étudiés. (santé log)

http://www.santelog.com/news/cardiologie/atherosclerose-horus-en-souffrait-deja-_10045_lirelasuite.htm

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Ancient Worlds: Mummy exhibition in Manchester

Ancient Worlds: Mummy exhibition in Manchester | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Over the years ,The Manchester Museum’s famous collection of mummies, housed in the Ancient Worlds Galleries has intrigued generations of visitors, academics and experts alike.

This year some the museum’s team decided to delve even further into the past and try to uncover the mysteries which have surrounded the mummies and joined forces with Manchester Children’s Hospital.

A selection of mummies were carefully transported to the hospital where they were CT scanned, in the evening to ensure that there was no disruption to the hospital’s service.

The X-ray techniques can provide clear pictures of the historical treasures inside the casks, without risking damage by opening them up.

More : http://www.itv.com/news/granada/2013-02-22/ancient-worlds-mummy-exhibition-in-manchester/


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US museum unwraps Egyptian mummy's story with CT scan

US museum unwraps Egyptian mummy's story with CT scan | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Using modern technology, a Virginia museum is working to unwrap the story behind one of the earliest surviving Egyptian mummies.
Egypt-actus's insight:

The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts in Richmond partnered this week with a medical imaging center to complete a CT scan on Tjeby, its 4 000-year-old mummy, in hopes of piecing together more information about the mummy itself and better understanding the early history of the mummification process.

While it isn't the first time a mummy has gone under the digital knife, only a handful from the time period have been examined in this fashion. The information gathered will help provide greater detail of the body, create a 3-D digital model and even reconstruct the face of the mummy that has been on display off and on since being acquired by the museum in 1953.

Little is known about Tjeby, who was buried in a rock-cut tomb at a site known as Sheikh Farag in upper Egypt and excavated in 1923.

What museum officials do know is that he dates to between 2150 and 2030 BCE, a time of instability in Egypt, with the breakdown of central authority and economic decline. Previous research suggests Tjeby was 25 to 40 years old when he died.

Experts hope a closer look at data will help piece together more biographical information, such as Tjeby's specific age, diet and cause of death. They also will look at the materials used to mummify the body and the amount of soft tissue that has survived, and will determine whether organs have been removed, as they were in mummies from later periods.

Researchers say the technology allows them to learn about the mummy in remarkable detail without invasive or damaging procedures.

 

More : http://www.timeslive.co.za/lifestyle/2013/02/03/us-museum-unwraps-egyptian-mummy-s-story-with-ct-scan

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Vatican mummy health check: It's never too late for an endoscopy

Vatican mummy health check: It's never too late for an endoscopy | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

VATICAN CITY - Experts have just concluded a two-year study on the seven adult mummies in the Vatican Museums' collections.

The mummies underwent a full battery of X-rays, CT scans, endoscopic explorations, histological exams and a whole spectrum of genetic testing, leading one researcher to joke: "These mummies have gotten more medical attention now than when they were alive."

Egypt-actus's insight:

The mummies underwent a full battery of X-rays, CT scans, endoscopic explorations, histological exams and a whole spectrum of genetic testing, leading one researcher to joke: "These mummies have gotten more medical attention now than when they were alive."

In fact, scientists can now make the kind of diagnoses ancient Egyptian doctors were probably unable to divine.

The scientific advancements in genetics, imaging technology and nano research also have brought new and unexpected discoveries with minimally and non-invasive techniques -- a far cry from the "unwrapping" autopsies of the 19th century.

For one thing, the mummy Ny-Maat-Re, "who we always referred to as 'she,' is in fact actually a man," said Alessia Amenta, Egyptologist and curator of the Vatican Museums' Department for the Antiquities of Egypt and the Near East.

The hieroglyphics on the mummy's three-dimensional painted coverings made of plaster and linen bandages -- called cartonnage -- had identified it as "the daughter of Sema-Tawi." But 3-D CT scan results from early January showed the never-unwrapped mummy is clearly male, Amenta said.

 

More : http://www.catholicregister.org/news/international/item/15710-vatican-mummy-health-check-its-never-too-late-for-an-endoscopy

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Vidéo promotionnelle de l'exposition "El secreto de la vida eterna" (LLeida)

"Momias egipcias. El secreto de la vida eterna" explora los complejos rituales relacionados con la muerte y la otra vida en el antiguo Egipto, que durante siglos han intrigado y fascinado a estudiosos y viajeros. Esta exposición excepcional presenta los tesoros del Rijksmuseum Van Oudheden de Leiden (Holanda), conocido en todo el mundo por sus colecciones de egiptología. 

La idea de "morir para volver a nacer" exigía conservar el cuerpo del difunto y, por esta razón, a lo largo de los siglos los antiguos egipcios fueron perfeccionando el arte de la momificación. Este tema apasionante se analiza y se explica mediante objetos procedentes de diferentes cámaras funerarias y periodos. Las tecnologías modernas han permitido que los científicos y los arqueólogos amplíen sus conocimientos sobre las enfermedades, los hábitos alimentarios y las condiciones de vida en el antiguo Egipto. Por eso es por lo que la muestra incluye imágenes de tomografías computarizadas y de placas radiológicas que el museo ha realizado a las momias incluidas en la exposición. 

Esta muestra permitirá ampliar los conocimientos de sus visitantes sobre la creencia en la vida tras la muerte en el antiguo Egipto y sobre la tarea que llevan a cabo arqueólogos y científicos para descubrir el pasado. Las momias se convierten aquí en testigos esenciales del pasado y nos revelan todos sus secretos. 

Exposición realizada con la colaboración del Rijksmuseum van Oudheden

Hasta 21 de abril de 2013 en CaixaForum Lleida

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Un morceau de tissu de la momie de Ramsès II a été trouvé dans le musée ethnographique d'Olomuc (République tchèque)

Un morceau de tissu de la momie de Ramsès II a été trouvé dans le musée ethnographique d'Olomuc (République tchèque) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A piece of a rare fabric from the most significant Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses II´s mummy, the value of which is inestimable, has been accidentally found in the Ethnographic Museum in Olomouc, its director Bretislav Holasek told reporters today.

  

No other Czech museum possesses a similar fragment of the most famous mummy that is included only in a few collections in the world.

The Olomouc museum employees found the fabric fragment from the Ramesses II mummy at the end of last year by chance when inspecting the inheritance of its long-term worker Vaclav Burian.

The linen shred was removed from the mummy in 1886. Its original owner was Viennese artist and photographer Richard Buchta.

The museum has no idea how the fragment has got to Olomouc.

The Olomouc museum will have the valuable fabric explored by experts to confirm its age.

The unique fragment is to be publicly displayed for the first time at an exhibition on Ancient Egypt to be held in Olomouc in March.

Author: ČTK
www.ctk.cz 

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El Misterio de la Momia Negra

For years, Italian Anthropologist Fabrizio Mori has been trekking into the Libyan Desert to look for graffiti, ancient inscriptions on rocks. Near the oasis of Ghat, 500 miles south of the Mediterranean coast, he found on his last expedition a shallow cave with many graffiti scratched on its walls. When he dug into the sandy floor, he found a peculiar bundle: a goatskin wrapped around the desiccated body of a child. The entrails had been removed and replaced by a bundle of herbs.

Such deliberate mummification was practiced chiefly by the ancient Egyptians. But when Dr. Mori took the mummy back to Italy and had its age measured by the carbon 14 method, it proved to be 5,400 years old—considerably older than the oldest known civilization in the valley of the Nile 900 miles to the east.

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Les momies aussi avaient des problèmes d'artères

Les momies aussi avaient des problèmes d'artères | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

L'obstruction progressive des artères est souvent listé parmi les risques de santé lié à l'évolution de notre mode de vie, où activité physique et alimentation saine ne sont pas toujours au rendez-vous. Et pourtant : une étude publiée dimanche 10 mars par The Lancet (en anglais) montre que nos ancêtres étaient déjà atteints par ce type de maladies.

Les chercheurs ont étudié 137 momies venant d'Egypte, mais aussi du Pérou, du sud des Etats-Unis et d'Alaska, dont certaines étaient âgées de 4 000 ans. Un tiers présentait des signes d'artériosclérose, c'est-à-dire d'un durcissement et d'un épaississement de la paroi des artères. (France tv info)

 

Plus : http://www.francetvinfo.fr/les-momies-aussi-avaient-des-problemes-d-arteres_278659.html

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Oriental Institute | Mummy Label Database

Oriental Institute | Mummy Label Database | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Mummy Label Database (MLD) is a joint project of the CSIC (Instituto de Lenguas y Culturas del Mediterráneo y Oriente Próximo, Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales – CSIC), Madrid, and of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. This project, whose editors are Sofía Torallas Tovar (CSIC), Raquel Martín Hernández (CSIC), and François Gaudard (University of Chicago), is focused on making the already-published mummy labels easily accessible to scholars as an on-line database. In addition, the aim of the project is also to publish as many as possible of the still unpublished labels, as well as to republish all those that have been defectively or incompletely edited. Mummy labels were used as a means of identifying corpses of the deceased when they had to be transported from their home to the necropolis. Made of wood and more rarely of stone, faience, or even, in some rare cases, ivory, they were attached to the mummy with a piece of cord. These labels were inscribed in Demotic, Greek (or both), and sometimes in hieroglyphs, hieratic, Coptic, or even Aramaic, with short texts giving important information such as the name, parentage, age, place of residence, destination of the deceased, and, in certain instances, further indications about the shipping of the corpses. These small monuments represent a very interesting corpus which has often been neglected in the study of the material and documentary evidence from Egypt. There is an approximate number of 2500 known and edited labels, but the fact that they have been published in various periodicals and journals makes a thorough study all the more difficult to begin. This fully searchable database will be a useful tool for subsequent studies and we intend to make it available to the scholarly community via the internet. For further information on the project, see the Annual Reports below, in particular, that of 2008-2009.


http://oi.uchicago.edu/research/projects/mld/

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Los antiguos egipcios morían antes de los 30 años de hambre e infecciones

Los antiguos egipcios morían antes de los 30 años de hambre e infecciones | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Investigadores españoles analizan 200 momias y esqueletos de la necrópolis de Qubbet el-Hawa en Asuán y echan por tierra la imagen de opulencia con la que se relaciona a este pueblo

Los antiguos egipcios no vivían en tan buenas condiciones y rodeados de tanta opulencia como hasta ahora se pensaba, sino que sufrían hambre y malnutrición, multitud de enfermedades infecciosas y una altísima mortalidad infantil. Su esperanza de vidaapenas llegaba a los 30 años. Éstas son algunas de las conclusiones a las que ha llegado el proyecto de investigación Qubbet el-Hawa, de la Universidad de Jaén, en el que participan antropólogos de la Universidad de Granada, así como el Consejo Supremo de Antigüedades de la República Árabe de Egipto.

Se trata de una excavación que se desarrolla en la tumba número 33 de la necrópolis de Qubbet el-Hawa, justo en frente de la moderna ciudad de Asuán, a unos mil kilómetros al sur de El Cairo. Esta tumba fue construida durante la XII Dinastía (1939-1760 a. C.) para albergar el cuerpo de un alto dignatario de la región de Asuán del que, por el momento se desconoce su identidad.

Fue reutilizada con posterioridad en al menos tres ocasiones (XVIII, XXII y XXVI Dinastías), es una de las más grandes de la necrópolis y posee una gran potencialidad arqueológica, ya que alberga, al menos, una cámara intacta en su interior, con tres sarcófagos decorados de madera. (ABC.es)

 

Mas : http://www.abc.es/ciencia/20130219/abci-antiguos-egipcios-pasaban-hambre-201302191028.html

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Manchester Museum scan mummies to find out secrets of the ancient Egyptians

Manchester Museum scan mummies to find out secrets of the ancient Egyptians | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Staff from Manchester Museum invited the M.E.N. to watch the preserved bodies undergo CT scans at the Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital.
Egypt-actus's insight:

Staff from Manchester Museum invited the M.E.N. to watch the preserved bodies undergo CT scans at the Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital.

Over the coming months, museum staff hope to scan all 24 of their mummies.

Curator Campbell Price said: “Obviously the priority is for living patients but these scanners are not normally used during the evenings, so it is a chance for us to carry out these tests.

“Because of the radiation, you wouldn’t normally do a full body scan of a living patient.

“But with mummies that’s not a problem and we expect it will generate lots of useful information.”

Although the museum’s mummies have been X-rayed before, it is the first time they have been subject to a detailed, modern scan. Staff hope the 3D images will reveal new information about how the subjects lived and died, along with diet and health.

Among the mummies scanned were Demetria, a middle-aged woman who lived around 100AD, and Pa-Sherui-Ankh, a young girl believed to have lived near the modern town of Akhmim in 300BC.

 

More : http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/greater-manchester-news/manchester-museum-scan-mummies-to-find-1286047

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Egyptian Mummy's Elaborate Hairstyle Revealed in 3D

Egyptian Mummy's Elaborate Hairstyle Revealed in 3D | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Nearly 2,000 years ago, at a time when Egypt was under the control of the Roman Empire, a young woman with an elaborate hairstyle was laid to rest only yards away from a king's pyramid, researchers report.

She was 5 feet 2 inches in height, around age 20 when she died, and was buried in a decorated coffin whose face is gilded with gold. A nearby pyramid, at a site called Hawara, was built about 2 millennia before her lifetime. The location of her burial is known from archival notes.

Egypt-actus's insight:

High-resolution CT scans reveal that, before she was buried, her hair was dressed in an elaborate hairstyle.

 

"The mummy's hair is readily appreciable, with longer strands at the middle of the scalp drawn back into twists or plaits that were then wound into a tutulus, or chignon at the vertex (crown) of the head," writes a research team in a paper published recently in the journal RSNA RadioGraphics. They note that it was a popular hairstyle at the time, which may have been inspired by a Roman empress, Faustina I, who lived in the second century. [See Photos of Egyptian Mummy's Reconstruction]

 

Today, thanks to research and reconstruction work that includes high-resolution CT scans, anthropological analysis, 3D printing and facial reconstruction drawing, this woman, along with two other mummies, are being brought back to life. Their three-dimensional faces and hair, carefully reconstructed by professional forensic artist Victoria Lywood, of John Abbott College, are set to be revealed tomorrow (Jan. 25) at the Redpath Museum at McGill University in Montreal, Canada.

In pictures sent to LiveScience the reconstructions appear vividly real in every aspect, from the tone of their muscles to the color and style of their hair. It looks like they could be people living today.

 

More : http://www.livescience.com/26576-egyptian-mummy-hairstyle-3d-reconstruction.html

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Animales sagrados egipcio Un viaje a los secretos de la momificación

Animales sagrados egipcio  Un viaje a los secretos de la momificación | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
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Museo Romano OIASSO

c/ Eskoleta, 1 - 20302 IRUN

 

Esta exposición da a conocer los trabajos de investigación de momias egipcias de animales de más de 2700 años de antigüedad que se han desarrollado entre los años 2009 y 2012 por un equipo interdisciplinar de la Universidad de Navarra. Este trabajo pionero ha permitido diferenciar los tipos de fauna, conocer las técnicas y materiales de embalsamamiento, visualizar la existencia de vasos, palos o cañas en el interior, que ayudan a estilizar las momias, precisar la datación y constatar la presencia de amuletos internos con los cuales los antiguos egipcios pedían protección a sus dioses. 

La muestra nos acerca a conocer las prácticas de embalsamamiento, las diferentes representaciones artísticas de las divinidades y las creencias religiosas por las que se regía la sociedad faraónica, controlada por sus sacerdotes. 

El estudio ha sido fruto de una amplia colaboración en la que han participado la Universidad de Navarra, el Museo Provincial de Huesca, la Fundación Archeo et Fides, el Museu Egipci de Barcelona, el Museo Bíblico y Oriental de León y el Museo Bíblico Tarraconense. El equipo ha sido codirigido por el Dr. Carlos Ortiz y la Dra. María Luz Mangado. El estudio se ha realizado en el Centro de Investigación Médica Aplicada de la Universidad de Navarra y en la Clínica Universitaria de Navarra, bajo la dirección de Dr. Gorka Bastarrika.

 
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