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Égypt-actus
Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Au Caire, la "société de la terrasse" face à la crise du logement

Cette "verticalisation de l'habitat" est une "réponse à la crise du logement et au désengagement de l'Etat", estime Roman Stadnicki, responsable du Pôle Ville et Développement Durable au CEDEJ du Caire. Et, note-t-il, en l'absence de politiques publiques, "l'informel est devenu une norme urbaine et urbanistique en Egypte: 65% de l'espace urbanisé du Grand Caire relève de l'informel".

Cet informel, outre des quartiers parfois entièrement construits sans autorisation, s'invite jusqu'au coeur du Caire, s'installant au-dessus des appartements cossus des immeubles haussmanniens.

Cette "société de la terrasse", Alaa El Aswany la décrit dans son best-seller L'immeuble Yacoubian. Pour le romancier cairote, elle évoque pêle-mêle "des voix, des cris, des rires, des quintes de toux", autant que "l'odeur de l'eau chaude en train de bouillir, du thé, du café, du charbon de bois et du moassel (le tabac) des narguilés".

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Lafarge veut construire des logements en Egypte

Lafarge a annoncé son intention de créer de nouveaux logements sociaux destinés aux familles à faibles revenus en Egypte. Le projet s'inscrit dans le plan d'urbanisation du gouvernement égyptien créé pour pallier la trop forte croissance de la population à l'horizon 2020 (900% !) dans certaines zones du pays. Lafarge est plutôt familier de ce type de projets puisqu'il a déjà oeuvré à la réhabilitation des bidonvilles en Inde et construit des logements collectifs en France.

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Egypt's slum crisis persists amid housing abundance

Egypt's slum crisis persists amid housing abundance | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

More than 16 million people out of a population that has exceeded 80 million currently live in Egypt’s slums, most of which are based in the Greater Cairo metropolitan area.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Inhabitants are forced to live in inhumane settlements, owing to a severe shortage of affordable housing in the cities, suffer from lack of electricity and sewage services, and are subjected to mistreatment by the state, including regular forced evictions.

Thousands of poor Egyptians who survive in slum areas are left on their own to deal with extreme heat in the summer or treacherous rain stints in the winter, such as a recent storm that drenched shanty towns across the country.

The ever-growing number of slum dwellers highlights the huge disparity in the distribution of wealth, residential units, and unequal access to housing options.

The Egyptian Centre for Housing Rights (ESCR), an NGO specialised in defending citizens' right to adequate housing, said in a recent report that although millions of citizens lack proper shelter there are almost six million vacant residential units in Cairo alone. The report also stated that almost 250,000 families own more than three housing units while 18 per cent of Egyptian families live in "one room" units.

The deteriorating slum issue is perceived by the Egyptian government as a "ticking social bomb." The government has repeatedly said that it lacks the resources to build enough units to keep up with high birth rates.

However, the problem cannot be reduced to scarce resources or inadequate infrastructure, but should rather be attributed to the absence of a "social justice" mindset in formulating housing policies, ESCR said in several press statements since the January 2011 popular uprising.

"Governmental policies since the 1970s have always been biased to big capital and profit accumulation rather than the society's lower tranches. Governments literally ignored informal housing; it was never their priority," Khaled Ali, a prominent labour lawyer and former presidential candidate, told Ahram Online.

Housing experts and activists have denounced "neoliberal" policies that were implemented in 1991 as a result of the Economic Reform and Structural Adjustment Program (ERSAP) introduced in Egypt by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), deeming it the main reason for persistent housing inequality in the country.

 

More : http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/62321/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-slum-crisis-persists-amid-housing-abundance.aspx

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New report shows little improvement in affordable housing, despite major World Bank investments

Although billions of pounds have been invested in Egypt’s infrastructure, the majority of the nation’s poorest citizens continue to be deprived of adequate housing, local services and transport.It is no wonder then that the main demands of the country's revolution were bread, freedom and social justice, according to a new report on the country’s “built environment.”  Produced under the auspices of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, in coordination with the Bank Information Center, the draft report was launched Wednesday during a press conference at the EIPR offices in Cairo.Produced by architect and urban planner Yahia Shawkat, “The World Bank’s Impact on Egypt’s Built Environment” report looks at three main aspects of the built environment, which he describes as “the main ingredients of functioning communities.” They include affordable housing, municipal services, such as electricity and sanitation, and transport, none of which have seen significant improvement or development in recent years.  Naira Antoun / Egypt independentMore : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/new-report-shows-little-improvement-affordable-housing-despite-major-world-bank-investments
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Habitat : 6 millions d’unités vacantes et toujours des bidonvilles

Egypt-actus's insight:
Une étude préparée par le Centre des droits au logement révèle qu’il existe au Caire près de 6 millions d’unités de logement vacantes, alors que plus de 12 millions de personnes habitent toujours dans les bidonvilles.

Elle estime à 18% le pourcentage des familles égyptiennes qui vivent dans une seule chambre et à plus de 25% les familles partageant leurs logis et leurs toilettes avec d’autres familles du voisinage.

Ces familles qui vivent dans la misère des bidonvilles sont aussi menacées d’expulsion.
(d'après Le Progrès égyptien)
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