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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Egypte: Un flashmob contre le harcèlement sexuel

Egypte:  Un flashmob contre le harcèlement sexuel | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Des femmes réunies au Caire pour danser, c’est leur façon de protester contre le harcèlement sexuel et la violence, dans le cadre de l’initiative One Billion Rising du 14 février pour dire stop à la violence contre les femmes. 

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En Égypte, un super-héros lutte contre le harcèlement sexuel

En Égypte, un super-héros lutte contre le harcèlement sexuel | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

En Egypte, les cas de viols et d’agressions sexuelles des femmes sont souvent relatés par la presse, à défaut de faire l’objet de plaintes des victimes tant la société égyptienne est très enfermée dans le tabou de la sexualité.

 

Vêtu d'une cape à fleurs, il a besoin d'un chewing-gum à la cannelle pour lutter contre ses ennemis et d'un long repos après ses confrontations – C'est Supermakh !

Briser le tabou du harcèlement sexuel

De retour cette année dans la revue égyptienne de BD intitulée Tok Tok, Supermakh, la version égyptienne de Superman a pour mission principale d'aider les femmes et les jeunes filles à arrêter leurs persécuteurs. En parlant ouvertement du harcèlement sexuel, Supermakh brise un tabou social très répandu en Egypte et cherche à traiter le problème avec légèreté tout en soulignant les raisons et facteurs qui permettent à cette pratique de se poursuivre dans le pays. La BD offre aussi des modèles aux hommes et aux femmes pour gérer le harcèlement sexuel et des exemples montrant des relations respectueuses entre les deux sexes. En brisant le silence et en parlant de harcèlement sexuel dans la culture populaire, Supermakh pourrait enfin contribuer à mettre fin à ce grave problème.

 

La société égyptienne – musulmane ou chrétienne – est, en général, assez conservatrice et le sexe demeure un sujet tabou dont il ne faut pas parler. Aussi les femmes sont-elles souvent gênées d'aller porter plainte pour harcèlement sexuel. De plus, les plaintes signalées à la police reçoivent en général une réponse médiocre ou inadaptée, conduisant beaucoup de femmes à penser qu'il est vain d'aller demander de l'aide. Toutefois, personne ne s'attaquera à ce problème si le silence sur ce sujet perdure.

 

Plus: http://www.jolpress.com/egypte-harcelement-sexuel-super-heros-supermakh-article-818700.html

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Egyptiennes, dans l'enfer des violences sexuelles

Egyptiennes, dans l'enfer des violences sexuelles | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les Etats-Unis ont exprimé leur inquiétude ce samedi sur la recrudescence des violences sexuelles à l’encontre les femmes en Egypte, notamment lors des manifestations. Les Egyptiennes subissent aussi quotidiennement le harcèlement sexuel. Ce fléau né dans les années 80, rend leur vie dans le pays très difficile. (...)

Les Etats-Unis ont exprimé leur inquiétude sur la recrudescence des violences sexuelles en Egypte, pratiquées notamment en réunion lors de manifestations, critiquant les responsables locaux qui assurent que la responsabilité en incombe aux femmes. Selon les leaders religieux, les femmes sont fautives car elles se mélangent aux hommes lors de ces rassemblements.

Ce n’est que récemment, en janvier 2011, lors du soulèvement contre le régime de Hosni Moubarak, que cette face cachée de la société égyptienne a été révélée au grand jour. Les médias du monde entier se sont emparés du sujet notamment en raison des journalistes qui ont subi des agressions sexuelles alors qu’elles couvraient les manifestations sur la place Tahrir au Caire.

 

Afrik.com

Plus : http://www.afrik.com/egyptiennes-dans-l-enfer-des-violences-sexuelles


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Egypt PM orders Police to instate sexual harassment hotline

Egypt PM orders Police to instate sexual harassment hotline | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt's Prime Minister Hisham Qandil has ordered the Interior Ministry to set up a hotline for sexual harassment reports. 

Qandil instructed the ministry to have female officers answer the phone to make the caller comfortable when relaying her account, stressing that psychological assistance should be provided.

Sexual harassment has become a rampant practice in Egypt, most recently manifested by mob sexual assaults at protest sites, such as the iconic Tahrir Square in Downtown Cairo.

Many political activists accused the government of orchestrating the attacks or being complacent of them in an attempt to intimidate women from protesting.

 

El Ahram, via Aswat Masriya

More : http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=25969d80-149d-4f42-88fb-6282e496cd55

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Egyptian Women Blamed for Sexual Assaults

Egyptian Women Blamed for Sexual Assaults | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The sheer number of women sexually abused and gang raped in a single public square had become too big to ignore. Conservative Islamists in Egypt’s new political elite were outraged — at the women.

“Sometimes,” said Adel Abdel Maqsoud Afifi, a police general, lawmaker and ultraconservative Islamist, “a girl contributes 100 percent to her own raping when she puts herself in these conditions.”

The increase in sexual assaults over the last two years has set off a new battle over who is to blame, and the debate has become a stark and painful illustration of the convulsions racking Egypt as it tries to reinvent itself.

Under President Hosni Mubarak, the omnipresent police kept sexual assault out of the public squares and the public eye. But since Mr. Mubarak’s exit in 2011, the withdrawal of the security forces has allowed sexual assault to explode into the open, terrorizing Egyptian women.

Women, though, have also taken advantage of another aspect of the breakdown in authority — by speaking out through the newly aggressive news media, defying social taboos to demand attention for a problem the old government often denied. At the same time, some Islamist elected officials have used their new positions to vent some of the most patriarchal impulses in Egypt’s traditional culture and a deep hostility to women’s participation in politics.

 

Plus: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/26/world/middleeast/egyptian-women-blamed-for-sexual-assaults.html?partner=rssnyt&emc=rss

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New Egyptian Facebook Page Created to Expose Sexual Harassers

New Egyptian Facebook Page Created to Expose Sexual Harassers | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A new Facebook page has been created to expose sexual harassers in Egypt by calling on women to post photos of men caught in the act. Its the latest effort by campaigners to end gender-based violence and intimidation.

The Arabic-language page, called “Embarrass a Harasser, The Public Record of Harassers,” was set up five days ago by a group of girls in Egypt and has attracted more than 9,000 followers so far. “Can’t hit him? Can’t catch him? Photograph and expose him!” reads the page’s description.

 

More on: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-19/new-egyptian-facebook-page-created-to-expose-sexual-harassers.html

 

Page FB: https://www.facebook.com/efda7.mota7resh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Politically motivated sexual assault: the Egypt story none want to hear

Politically motivated sexual assault: the Egypt story none want to hear | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Fear of appearing Islamophobic is silencing criticism of the Muslim Brotherhood, under whom assaults have increased.

What happened to the Egyptian women who were gang raped and sexually tortured in Tahrir Square on 25 January 2013? Not much, other than power holders incriminating the victims as being responsible for bringing the assault upon themselves. Consequently, four leading rights organisations – El Nadim Center for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture and Violence, the Center for New Woman Studies, Nazra for Feminist Studies and the Center for Egyptian Women's Legal Aid – have filed an official complaint on behalf of seven female clients.

 

They have provided evidence, in videos and testimonies, of women who were violently sexually assaulted, which they believe was undertaken in a systematic manner, and have demanded an investigation to reveal the identity of the perpetrators and call them to justice. The organisations believe that such violence is politically motivated, intended to intimidate women against engaging in activism against the government.

 

Farah Shash, a psychologist with El Nadeem Center argues that although politically motivated sexual assault was practised during the rule of the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF), such incidents have increased in frequency and severity since the Muslim Brotherhood took over. The targets are both women and men who are either activists or bystanders in protest spaces. The political nature of many of these assaults is clear.

 

Yet many prefer to talk about the problem of sexual harassment more generally. To do so entails a public condemnation of society and government alike for failing women, but to talk of politically motivated sexual assault is to primarily hold the Muslim Brotherhood accountable for using it as a political strategy for eliminating opposition. Critics would argue that the opposition has also been engaged in violence against the government. However, this disregards the asymmetry of power between a ruling party that can resort to its national security apparatus and its militias, compared with the resources available to citizens.

Egypt-actus's insight:

No one, for example, is listening to the stories of Egyptian women in Qena, Fayoum, Cairo and elsewhere about their anger and despair at some of the religious leaders at the local mosques who are actively encouraging married men to take on Syrian women as wives. Sharing their husbands is not the kind of solidarity with the Syrian people women had in mind. Polygamy in Egypt has rarely been practised and when it has, it has been done in secret. Yet there has been very little talk about how religious leaders affiliated to particular Islamist movements are wreaking havoc in the homes of Egyptian families. All the while, many Egyptian women are suffering in silence, anguishing over the idea or the experience of having to share their husbands.

 

More on: http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2013/mar/11/politically-motivated-sexual-assault-egypt

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Superman version cairote vole au secours des femmes

Superman version cairote vole au secours des femmes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les femmes disposent désormais d’un nouvel allié pour lutter contre le harcèlement sexuel en Égypte. “Supermakh” est un personnage de BD, dont la tâche est d’arrêter les agresseurs masculins.

Supermakh, c’est Superman version égyptienne, avec un look un peu moins lisse, une cape à fleurs et un slip blanc. Plutôt que de défendre la veuve et l’orphelin, le personnage de BD s’est vu attribuer pour tâche la protection des femmes et des jeunes filles victimes de harcèlement sexuel en Egypte.

“J’ai mis un peu de moi dans le personnage de Supermakh, et aussi un peu du citoyen égyptien, qui voudrait bien aider mais n’en est pas toujours capable. C’est un superhéros qui réussit parfois, mais pas à tous les coups...”, confie Makhlouf, le créateur de Supermakh dont les traits ressemblent étrangement à son héros.

Après une brève apparition dans le journal d’opposition El Doustour en 2007, la première aventure de ce superhéros à la sauce cairote a été publiée dans Tok Tok, premier fanzine égyptien lancé en janvier 2011, dont il a eu l’honneur de faire la couverture. Dans cette première histoire, un peu absurde et assez étonnante, Supermakh vient au secours d’une jeune femme qui tente de repousser les avances pressantes du père Noël. Grâce au superhéros, elle parvient à s’enfuir...“L’histoire a plu, et surtout aux filles”, poursuit Makhlouf.

On imagine que certaines se sont retrouvées dans le personnage de la jeune fille sauvée par Supermakh des griffes masculines mal intentionnées. En effet, selon un rapport de l’ONG égyptienne de défense des droits de la femme (ECWR) publié en 2008, 83% des femmes ont déjà été victimes de harcèlement sexuel en Egypte, faisant de cette question un vrai problème de société. (France 24)

 

Plus : http://www.france24.com/fr/20130305-egypte-bande-dessinee-superman-egyptien-secours-femmes-harcelement-harassmap-toktok-tahrir?ns_campaign=editorial&ns_source=RSS_public&ns_mchannel=RSS&ns_fee=0&ns_linkname=20130305_egypte_bande_dessinee_superman_egyptien_secours

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Harcèlement, attouchements et violences en Egypte : les Femmes dénoncent le « terrorisme sexuel »

Harcèlement, attouchements et violences en Egypte : les Femmes dénoncent le « terrorisme sexuel » | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Les viols en réunion, en Egypte, existaient déjà sous le régime d’Hosni Mubarak. Dans certains cas, ils étaient même initiés par sa police secrète. Mais depuis la révolution du 25 janvier 2011 qui a renversé l’ancien « raïs » égyptien, les manifestantes de la Place Tahrir et les femmes journalistes sont de plus en plus prises pour cible par les hommes. Des attaques physiques sournoises se multiplient. Cette fois-ci, elles ont décidé de ne plus se taire, mais de libérer la parole

Depuis deux ans, harcèlement, attouchements et violences sont des interactions devenues de plus en plus fréquentes de la part des hommes égyptiens envers les femmes engagées dans l’espace public national.

 

Les Egyptiennes n’ont plus peur, aujourd’hui, de dénoncer « le terrorisme sexuel » dont elles font l’objet face à une société qui se terre dans le mutisme et des autorités qui réagissent à peine. Plusieurs témoignages ont afflué à la télévision pour donner un visage humain et uneparole sensible aux victimes de ces agressions. Les femmes s’enhardissent face caméra. «Nous ne sommes pas des victimes, nous sommes des révolutionnaires. Ce qui nous est arrivé nous a rendues plus fortes et nous continuerons à descendre dans la rue », s’est écriée, sur la chaîne privée Dream 2, Aïda al-Kachef, une militante agressée.

 

Les agressions verbales (sifflements, phrases obscènes) et physiques (effleurements, attouchements) quotidiennes que les égyptiennes subissent ne constituent pas un fait nouveau. Après la révolution, les choses ont empiré pour celles qui s’engagent politiquement et manifestent sur la Place Tahrir et ses quartiers environnants, au Caire. Elles deviennent très souvent la proie des attaques menées par des bandes d’hommes organisés, quelques fois armés. (Marie Claire)

 

Plus : http://www.marieclaire.fr/,harcelement-attouchements-et-violences-en-egypte-les-femmes-denoncent-le-terrorisme-sexuel,20123,688142.asp

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Women in Egypt stand strong against “sexual terrorism”

Women in Egypt stand strong against “sexual terrorism” | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Faced with a spike in sexual violence against female protesters, Egyptian women are overcoming stigma and recounting painful testimonies to force silent authorities and a reticent society to confront "sexual terrorism."

The victims of the attacks have been talking openly about their ordeals, insisting they will not be intimidated by a campaign they believe is aimed at shunning them from public life.

"We are not victims, we are revolutionaries. What happened to us has made us stronger and we will continue" to take to the streets, said activist Aida al-Kashef.

Harassment of women is by no means new on Egypt's streets, where they were often the target of verbal abuse and sometimes groping.

But since the revolution that toppled long-time president Hosni Mubarak in 2011, the problem has snowballed, with women now being regularly attacked by mobs of men in and around Tahrir Square.

 

The attackers have stripped women of their clothes with knives, sexually assaulted them and penetrated them with their fingers.

Yasmine al-Baramawy, who was assaulted in November, highlighted the degree of violence when during a talk show she held up the ripped trousers she wore the day she was attacked.

"They gathered around me and started ripping my clothes off with knives," Baramawy told AFP.

She was then dragged several hundred meters (yards), while being touched and groped, until residents of a neighboring area saved her from the crowd.

 

More on: http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2013/03/06/269872.html

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Court fines vendor LE2,000 for molesting woman

Court fines vendor LE2,000 for molesting woman | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Abdin Misdemeanor Court on Tuesday fined a 25-year-old vendor LE2,000 for molesting a woman in downtown Cairo, an Egyptian rights group said Tuesday. The vendor is also to pay LE50 to cover her lawyers' fees and expenses.

The Aswat Masriya news website, affiliated with Reuters news agency, quoted the El Nadeem Center for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence, which said the incident took place last September on Shawarby Street in downtown Cairo.

According to the center, the vendor sexually harassed two women, although only one pressed charges.

The group's lawyer Michael Raouf said the sentence was minor since the man was not imprisoned and that Egypt needed to do more to protect women.

“The law punishes people for molesting women in public, but does not punish other crimes, such as rape, severely enough,” Raouf said in a statement Tuesday.

Twenty-three women's organization drafted a bill in September criminalizing all forms of physical and sexual violence against women, men and children. Activists then marched to the presidential palace to submit it to his office.

 

More on: http://arabia.msn.com/news/middle-east/1353372/court-fines-vendor-for-molesting-woma/

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Egypt Activists launch 'Know Me' initiative to support women's rights

Egyptian Political activists launched on Saturday an initiative called E'rafni (Know Me) to support women candidates in the upcoming parliamentary elections, to help convey their voices to everyone in Egypt.

The initiative was launched on the sidelines of a workshop hosted by the International Centre for Development under the title "activating the political participation of women."

A member of the initiative, Dina Bahaa, said that the initiative relies on direct contact and a door to door campaign, in addition to campaigning in streets and public transportations.

She stressed that these campaigns are fruitful in raising public awareness of women's issues and the importance of their role in political life.

Another member of the initiative, Samara Sultan, believes in the importance of targeting the less educated segments of society to raise their awareness of how to choose their representatives in the parliament.

Meanwhile, member of the Wafd Party, Samah Farrag, said that reaching out for Upper Egypt and the rural areas should be a priority, explaining that rural areas suffer from high illiteracy rates, as well as political illiteracy.

Farrag added that the Islamists exploits women's poverty and buys their votes with food and other electoral bribes.

The executive director of the International Centre for Development, Mohamed Adel, suggested establishing an academy to support women's social, political and economic rights and help raise their political awareness and activate their participation in public and political life. (Egypt news)

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With Tasers and placards, the women of Egypt are fighting back against sexism

With Tasers and placards, the women of Egypt are fighting back against sexism | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

‘‘The youth will liberate Egypt!” A girl in a sky-blue headscarf is yelling and 300 women shout the words back at her outside the Sayyida Zeinab Mosque in central Cairo. Behind the gates of the mosque, men in long robes stare at the growing crowd, growling insults at anyone who comes close, but also curious.

“These men, they’ve been brainwashed,” says Fawzie, 68, a retired engineer. “I am angry, devastated. I went several times to Tahrir Square, doing my best to help. “They want women to stay at home. I want to see liberty.”

For the women of Egypt, freedom from sexist oppression and freedom from state repression are part of the same battle. It is now dangerous for women and girls to go out alone without anticipating sexual and physical assault from mobs of men, from armed police, or both. The story being told by most of the western press is that Egypt’s revolution has been “spoiled” or “tainted” by this pandemic of violent misogyny – but at street level, something else is going on. The question is: whose revolution is this, anyway?

 

Before we came to the women’s march, my friends and I had been told to wear heavy belts, baggy trousers and several layers, to make it as difficult as possible for attackers to shove their hands inside our clothes.

 

Rana and Gina, young students who have been part of the revolution since 2011 and have experienced sexual harassment, are holding up placards demanding that passersby acknowledge sexism. “They don’t want us in the revolution. But we are here and none can push us away by raping us, by making women afraid to go out of their homes,” Rana says. “We are fed up. The police don’t listen to us. [They say] you are wearing unsuitable clothes, you deserve to be harassed. We are here to say we are not afraid.” (...)

 

Egypt has tolerated a culture of misogyny for many generations. In the past year, however, there has been a change in mood. Women from all walks of life are afraid to go out in the street at all, whether they’re marching to bring down the government or popping to the shop for a pint of milk. Even Tahrir Square, the symbolic political heart of the nation, has become all but impassable to any woman without a hefty male escort.

 

One of the groups fighting back is Op - AntiSH – pronounced “Oppantish” and standing for Operation Anti-Sexual Harassment – a gang of volunteers, some of them men and many of them women who have been raped and assaulted. OpAntiSH physically stops assaults in Tahrir Square and the surrounding areas, using Tasers, spray paint, fists, force, sticks, anything they can put their hands on to protect women from “mob attacks. (...)

 

The significant shift is in how women see the issue,” says Reem Labib, an OpAntiSH member. “We’ve been violated and we will not be silenced. I’ve never seen it like this before. There’s always been this barrier of shame and fear.”

 

More on: http://www.newstatesman.com/world-affairs/2013/02/tasers-and-placards-women-egypt-are-fighting-back-against-sexism

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Les femmes apprennent les arts martiaux pour se défendre contre le harcèlement sexuel

Les femmes apprennent les arts martiaux pour se défendre contre le harcèlement sexuel | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Kung Fu. The name evokes images of a steely-eyed Bruce Lee, muscles flexed, hands ready to strike. But in today’s Egypt the name could easily evoke images of young women in loose fitting tracksuits and hijabs. Martial arts are growing in popularity among Egyptian women who feel the need to defend themselves in a country with alarming rates of sexual harassment. For VOA, Sebastian Meyer reports.
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National Council for Women fights sexual harassment

National Council for Women fights sexual harassment | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt’s National Council for Women (NCW) has put forward a new bill against sexual harassment to the cabinet, according to state-owned Al-Ahram.

The bill proposes a minimum sentence of one year to five years in prison for harassers, along with fines of up to EGP 10,000.

Sexual harassment in the workplace would result in a minimum three-year prison sentence and a minimum fine of EGP 10,000.

 

Salma Hegab | Daily news Egypt

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/04/06/national-council-for-women-fights-sexual-harassment/

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Spot TV contre le harcèlement sexuel

مصر محدش يتحرش بيها , خالد النبوي, حملة ضد التحرش

 

Merci à Nadéra Bouazza pour ce lien

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Women only: Will a segregated transport system solve the problem of harassment - or perpetuate it?

Women only: Will a segregated transport system solve the problem  of harassment - or perpetuate it? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

“Women only,” a driver’s assistant calls out loudly, while expertly hanging out the door of a microbus on the corner of Abbas al-Aqqad Street, in the upper-middle class neighborhood of Nasr City.

As he repeats the call, women start piling up to board the microbus, labeled with a bright orange banner reading: “Transportation for women only, by the Strong Egypt Party.”

In January, the moderate Islamist party led by former presidential candidate Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh launched an initiative called “Transportation that respects women,” in an effort to alleviate the problems many women face daily on public transport.

Female commuters have a very tough time traveling safely, says Fatma Badr, the mastermind behind the initiative and one of the party’s founders.

“We have to squeeze our way through a crowd, particularly in rush hour,” Badr says. “Otherwise, we’d be waiting around for hours trying to find vacant seats.”

Hence the idea of women-only transport.

 

Heba Helmy / Egypt independent

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/women-only-will-segregated-transport-system-solve-problem-harassment-or-perpetuate-it

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Egyptian Women Take on Sexual Assault Problem

Egyptian Women Take on Sexual Assault Problem | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The sheer number of women sexually abused and gang raped in a single public square had become too big to ignore. Conservative Islamists in Egypt’s new political elite were outraged — at the women.

 

“Sometimes,” said Adel Abdel Maqsoud Afifi, a police general, lawmaker and ultraconservative Islamist, “a girl contributes 100 percent to her own raping when she puts herself in these conditions.”

 

The increase in sexual assaults over the last two years and the ensuing battle over who is to blame has become a stark and painful illustration of the convulsions racking Egypt as it tries to reinvent itself after the toppling of the police state. (...)

But women have tried to harness at least one aspect of a society increasingly unmoored, by turning to a newly aggressive news media to go public, defying social taboos to demand attention for a problem the old government often denied. At the same time, some Islamist elected officials have also gone public — with the most patriarchal impulses in Egypt’s traditional culture that reveal deep hostility toward politically active women.

These officials declared that the female victims had invited the attacks by participating along with men in public protests. “How do they ask the Ministry of Interior to protect a woman when she stands among men?” said Reda Saleh Al al-Hefnawi, a lawmaker from the Muslim Brotherhood’s political party, asked at a parliamentary meeting called to discuss the issue.

 

More on: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/23/world/middleeast/egyptian-women-take-on-sexual-assault-problem.html?partner=rssnyt&emc=rss&_r=0

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Prosecutor orders forensic reports for sexual harassment victims

Prosecutor orders forensic reports for sexual harassment victims | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

A Cairo prosecutor ordered on Wednesday that forensic reports be conducted for five female political activists to determine the attacks they suffered during demonstrations that marked the second anniversary of the 2011 uprising. 

The prosecutor listened to the victims among 30 cases of sexual harassment and one rape attempt and ordered that evidence be investigated.  

Local feminist initiative, “Shoft Taharosh”, had reported 19 cases of sexual harassment including six that required medical attention and four that were helped by volunteers. 

The five victims told the prosecutor that young men circled them at the square claiming to  protect them, in some cases attempting to strip them off their clothes. 

One of the protesters had told the prosecutor that it is an organized act whose purpose is to scare off political activists from joining Tahrir protests. 

The Nadim Center for the Management and Rehabilitation of victims of violence had referred to the prosecutor documented cases of sexual harassment that took place during the demonstrations.

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya
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Égypte : les femmes se révoltent face au "terrorisme sexuel"

Égypte : les femmes se révoltent face au "terrorisme sexuel" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

En Égypte, de nombreuses femmes brisent le silence entourant les violences sexuelles dont elles sont victimes. Le harcèlement est quotidien et les agressions fréquentes. Portées par l’énergie du Printemps arabe, elles s’organisent en collectif, militent et combattent pour leurs droits.  

« Ce dont il s'agit aujourd'hui, c'est de terrorisme sexuel », dit Inas Mekkawy, du mouvement de défense des droits des femmes « Baheya ya Masr ». Face à la multiplication des agressions sexuelles contre des manifestantes en Égypte, des femmes n'hésitent plus à braver l'opprobre pour obliger des autorités silencieuses et une société réticente à faire face à ce « terrorisme sexuel ». Beaucoup ont récemment témoigné de leur calvaire à visage découvert et à la télévision, en disant clairement qu'elles ne se laisseraient pas intimider par des violences visant selon elles « à les exclure de la vie publique et à les punir de leur participation au militantisme politique et aux manifestations. »

Le harcèlement des femmes dans les rues d'Égypte à coups de remarques obscènes, voire d'attouchements, n'est pas nouveau. Mais depuis la révolte qui a renversé Hosni Moubarak il y a deux ans, des manifestantes sur la place al-Tahrir et ses environs, dans le centre du Caire, sont régulièrement attaquées par des groupes d'hommes organisés. Parfois armés de couteaux, ils dénudent la femme avant de procéder à de violents attouchements et de la pénétrer avec leurs doigts. Yasmine al-Baramawy, attaquée en marge d'affrontements en novembre, ne se sent pas « triste » ou « atteinte dans sa dignité » mais profondément « en colère ». (Jeune Afrique)

 

Plus : http://www.jeuneafrique.com/Article/ARTJAWEB20130308124818/gypte-place-tahrir-baheya-ya-masr-abou-islamgypte-les-femmes-se-revoltent-face-au-terrorisme-sexuel.html

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Raped Egypt Women Wish Death Over Life as Crimes Ignored

Raped Egypt Women Wish Death Over Life as Crimes Ignored | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Joseph, a volunteer with Operation Anti-Sexual Harassment, helped rescue the 19-year-old from Cairo’s Tahrir Square on Jan. 25 as Egyptians marked the second anniversary of the uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak. Walking through the square on her way home from work, the victim was accosted by a gang that raped her with a knife, according to the doctor who operated on her and witnesses of the attack. It was one of 29 assaults documented that day in Tahrir, which has been plagued by sexual violence since it became the center of political protests.

 

The wounds weren’t only physical. “She kept saying, ‘It would have been better that I’d died than live with such a shameful memory,’” Joseph, 46, said, recalling the drive to the hospital. The woman’s aunt said she tells neighbors her niece broke her leg to explain why she doesn’t leave the house. They both declined to be named, fearing dishonor to their family.

 

The case has helped galvanize human rights campaigners as Egypt’s Islamist-led government rewrites the penal code and definitions of gender-based violence. It has also underscored the uphill fight against society’s tendency to blame the victim and absolve men, and the state, of responsibility, said Mozn Hassan, head of Nazra for Feminist Studies, a Cairo-based nonprofit organization.

 

The Tahrir Square attacks constitute “a major crime against women,” said Nehad Abo Komsan, head of the Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights. “It can’t be brushed off.”

Female ‘Devils’

Some political and religious leaders have tried to do just that, she said. The anti-harassment group documented 19 assaults -- women being groped, violated, their clothes ripped off -- on Jan. 25 in the square.

Tahrir Bodyguards, another volunteer organization, chronicled 10. There have been no arrests.

 

While the state-run National Council for Women condemned the violence and opened a probe, council members declined to be interviewed about it, nor would they talk about the measure they’re writing to criminalize sexual harassment and assault. Mohamed Abdel-Salam, a spokesman for the 30-member council, 20 of whom are women, said he didn’t have copies of drafts of the bill. It’s supposed to be sent to the new parliament that will be seated after general elections are held.

 

More on: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-07/raped-egypt-women-wish-death-over-life-as-crimes-ignored.html

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En Egypte, des femmes en guerre contre le "terrorisme sexuel"

En Egypte, des femmes en guerre contre le "terrorisme sexuel" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Face à la multiplication des agressions sexuelles contre des manifestantes en Egypte, des femmes n'hésitent plus à braver l'opprobre pour obliger des autorités silencieuses et une société réticente à faire face à ce "terrorisme sexuel".

Beaucoup ont récemment témoigné de leur calvaire à visage découvert et à la télévision, en disant clairement qu'elles ne se laisseraient pas intimider par des violences visant selon elles à les bannir de la vie publique.


"Nous ne sommes pas des victimes, nous sommes des révolutionnaires. Ce qui nous est arrivé nous a rendues plus fortes et nous continuerons à descendre" dans la rue, a martelé, sur la chaîne privée Dream 2, Aïda al-Kachef, une militante ayant été agressée.

Le harcèlement des femmes dans les rues d'Egypte à coups de remarques obscènes, voire d'attouchements, n'est pas nouveau. Mais depuis la révolte qui a renversé Hosni Moubarak il y a deux ans, des manifestantes sur la place Tahrir et ses environs, dans le centre du Caire, sont régulièrement attaquées par des groupes d'hommes organisés.

Parfois armés de couteaux, ils dénudent la femme avant de procéder à de violents attouchements et de la pénétrer avec leurs doigts. Yasmine al-Baramawy, attaquée en marge d'affrontements en novembre, a marqué les esprits en montrant lors d'un talk-show très regardé le pantalon qu'elle portait lors de l'agression, arborant une longue déchirure.

"Ils se sont rassemblés autour de moi et ont commencé à lacérer mes vêtements avec des couteaux", a-t-elle raconté à l'AFP.

La foule l'a ensuite transportée sur plusieurs centaines de mètres sans que les attouchements s'arrêtent, jusqu'à ce que des habitants d'un quartier voisin la sauvent enfin.

"Je ne me suis pas sentie triste ou atteinte dans ma dignité. Je me suis sentie en colère, et je veux que justice soit rendue", a dit la jeune femme.
"Exclure les femmes de la vie publique"

Pour tenter de briser le déni qui entoure ces actes, les initiatives se multiplient depuis quelques mois. Des groupes auxquels se sont joints des hommes ont vu le jour, comme Operation Anti-Sexual Harassment, dont les volontaires interviennent lors des attaques sur Tahrir --la police étant largement absente-- et fournissent un soutien médical et psychologique aux victimes.

(....) "Ces attaques visent à exclure les femmes de la vie publique et à les punir de leur participation au militantisme politique et aux manifestations. Elles sont aussi une tentative de ternir l'image de la place Tahrir et des manifestants en général", accuse le groupe.

"Nous voulons que le terme +harcèlement+ ne soit plus utilisé. Ce dont il s'agit aujourd'hui, c'est de terrorisme sexuel", dit à l'AFP Inas Mekkawy, du mouvement de défense des droits des femmes "Baheya ya Masr".
Mais le problème se heurte toujours à l'indifférence des autorités et à l'opprobre d'une grande partie de la société. Plus: http://www.leparisien.fr/flash-actualite-monde/en-egypte-des-femmes-en-guerre-contre-le-terrorisme-sexuel-06-03-2013-2621019.php
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Tahrir's bodyguards fight to 'cure Egypt's disease'

Tahrir's bodyguards fight to 'cure Egypt's disease' | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Soraya Bahgat, a Cairo-based HR executive and postgraduate student, was on her way to join Tahrir Square protests on November 25 when an unwelcome thought stopped her in her tracks.

Mobs in the square had sexually assaulted women protesters there a week earlier, and reports of such incidents had become common enough for her to fear a repeat occurrence.

"A panic attack gripped me and prevented me from going because I thought no woman should go through this," said the 29-year-old.

"It was almost two years since the Lara Logan incident," she said, referring to the harrowing sexual attack on the CBS correspondent by a mob in Tahrir Square.

"I didn't understand what else we needed before collective action was taken to prevent these assaults. I felt that it was time to step up and do something about it."

 

Instead of going to Tahrir -- where, according to local reports, three women were sexually assaulted among the crowds that day -- she took to Twitter and started an account, Tahrir Bodyguard, encouraging a "collective effort to promote the safety of women protesters."

 

The response, she said, was "overwhelming."

 

More on: http://edition.cnn.com/2013/03/05/world/meast/tahrir-bodyguard-egypt-assaults/index.html

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Egypte : Les Tahrir Bodyguards, super-héros des temps modernes

Egypte : Les Tahrir Bodyguards, super-héros des temps modernes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Les Tahrir Bodyguards ou encore les « OpAntiSH » (Operation Anti-Sexual Harassment Group), sont présents à chaque manifestation en tenue voyante : casque de chantier et gilet jaune fluorescent, l’idée et de décourager les agresseurs, protéger les femmes et se faire remarquer des victimes. Lorsqu’ils ne sont pas dans les rassemblements, ils sont dans des salles de sports destinées aux femmes : des cours gratuits de self-défense sont donnés afin de donner confiance aux femmes face à une situation d’agression. Les femmes doivent être protégées non seulement place Tahrir mais aussi dans la vie de tous les jours. (Afriquinfos)


Plus : http://www.afriquinfos.com/articles/2013/2/26/egypte-tahrir-bodyguards-super-heros-temps-modernes-218246.asp

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For Egypt’s women, fear of rape now governs Cairo’s Tahrir Square

For Egypt’s women, fear of rape now governs Cairo’s Tahrir Square | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

In the weeks after a group of men surrounded and sexually assaulted her in Cairo’s iconic Tahrir Square, Yasmine Faithi has returned repeatedly to the place where the nearly hourlong attack began.

She’s retraced her steps from where the crowd of men insisted they were there to protect her even as they ripped off her clothes and groped and tore at every inch of her body. She’s walked past the spot where her attackers told those who were trying to help her that she was wearing a bomb – to keep them away. She’s ended up where a woman, accompanied by a group of men, finally rescued her.

 

All the while, she’s stared at the faces in the square. Were her attackers still here? Could she retaliate somehow?


“I needed to see where I was and understand and believe what happened,” Faithi said. “I still have the need to go again and again. Maybe my mind needs proof” that the assault really happened.(...)

 

No more. Now every demonstration in Tahrir – and they happen weekly – seethes with likely sexual violence. Faithi, along with at least 18 other women, was assaulted there Jan. 25 – during a demonstration to celebrate the beginning of the anti-Mubarak protests. Now women enter the square with trepidation.

 

Outside the square, men put lemons in their pockets and rub up against women in crowded spaces, such as packed buses, to test their reactions. If the women don’t protest, they rub against them with their genitals. If the women object, the other men on the bus call them crazy.(...)

 

At Tahrir, however, sexual assault is a form of organized warfare that starts when the sun sets. The attacks are sophisticated and violent.

 

More on:http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2013/02/25/183900/for-egypts-women-fear-of-rape.html

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