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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Fatwa on Celebrating Mother\'s Day

Fatwa on Celebrating Mother\'s Day | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Among the outward expressions of respecting one's mother is celebrating this day in her honor and being kind and dutiful towards her. There is nothing in Islamic law to prohibit an occasion in which children can celebrate their mothers. This is an organizational matter; there is nothing wrong with it and it bears no connection to the issue about which so many people murmur; the rejected innovations are those newly introduced matters that contravene Islamic law. The Prophet said, "Whoever introduces into this affair of ours [the religion of Islam] that which is foreign to it, it will be rejected" [Reported by Bukhari and Muslim from a hadith narrated by 'A`isha, (may Allah be pleased with her)]. The hadith means that any newly introduced matter that does not contravene Islamic law will be accepted.


More : http://www.ali-gomaa.com/?page=fatwas&fatwa_details=768#.UUhKIU7UHPU.facebook

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Alexandria court bans unofficial fatwas

Alexandria court bans unofficial fatwas | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Alexandria Administrative Court banned Wednesday the issuance of religious edicts or fatwas from organizations with the exception Al-Azhar and Dar al-Iftaa.

The court also prohibited the use of mosques as partisan tools to promote political objectives.

“The mosque is the heart of the Muslim community,” said the court, presided over by Judge Mohamed Abdel Wahab Khafagi. “Therefore, imams shall not use mosques in achieving the political or partisan goals, since mixing of religion and politics is not acceptable.”

The Muslim Brotherhood and other religious groups have been harshly criticized over the past two years by secular opponents, who claim Islamists use mosques to further their political interests.

A recent fatwa was issued by Al-Azhar scholar Mahmoud Shabaan calling for the murder of National Salvation Front members during a program on the satellite chanel Al-Hafez.

The fatwa was officially condemned by the president's office, opposition parties and some Islamist groups.

Edited translation from MENA (Egypt independent)

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Morsy wishes Pope Tawadros II a merry Christmas

Morsy wishes Pope Tawadros II a merry Christmas | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

President Mohamed Morsy called Pope Tawadros II Sunday evening to offer him wishes for a merry Christmas and a year full of love and prosperity, according to German news agency DPA.

Morsy entrusted the pope with sending his message to Copts in Egypt and abroad, presidential spokesperson Yasser Ali said in a statement Sunday.

The president assigned Chief of Staff Mohamed Refaa al-Tahtawy to attend on his behalf Christmas mass at St. Mark’s Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Abbasseya.

Muslim Brotherhood Supreme Guide Mohamed Badie earlier Sunday wished the pope and church leaders a merry Christmas.

Badie and Morsy’s wishes come as a move to calm fears of Coptic Christians, who make up between six and 10 percent of the country’s 83 million people. Many Christians were outraged recently by a fatwa issued by the ultraconservative Islamic Legitimate Body of Rights and Reformation — which includes among its members Brotherhood Deputy Supreme Guide Khairat al-Shater — banning Muslims from wishing Christians a merry Christmas.

Though issued last year, the fatwa circulated widely on social media recently, saying a Muslim who wishes Christians a merry Christmas is violating Sharia.

Tawadros said Saturday that such a fatwa greatly hurt Christians, and told the private channel MBC Misr that “society should tell anybody who prohibits congratulating Copts that this is wrongdoing.” (Egypt independent)

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Egypt mufti did not issue fatwa to kill opposition figures: senior cleric

Egypt mufti did not issue fatwa to kill opposition figures: senior cleric | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Special Advisor to Egypt’s Grand Mufti Dr. Ibrahim Negm denied on Thursday that the mufti Dr. Ali Gomaa issued a fatwa sanctioning the killing of opposition figures as claimed by ultra-conservative preacher Mohamed Ahmed Abdullah, also known as Abu Islam.

The controversial Abu Islam stated Wednesday on the Islamist al-Umma channel, which he owns, that Grand Mufti Sheikh Ali Gomaa said that whoever opposes President Mohamed Mursi, the “legitimate ruler of the nation,” as he put it, will be punished by death and claimed he had an audio-visual proof of that.


“Go arrest Dr. Gomaa then pay five thousand pounds to bail him out,” Abu Islam said in reference to the summoning and release of Salafi preacher Mahmoud Shaaban who sanctioned the killing of members of the National Salvation Front, Egypt’s biggest opposition bloc, and anybody who opposes Mursi. 

“Those statements attributed to Gomaa are absolutely groundless and if Abu Islam has any proof of that let him present to the relevant bodies,” Negm told Al Arabiya.

Negm explained that Gomaa has always supported peaceful demonstrations as a legitimate means of exercising pressure for the aim of securing certain demands provided that these demands are legitimate too.

“He has repeatedly said that peaceful protesters have to respect the dignity of the state and not to engage in acts of vandalism or throw Molotov cocktails. Violence is rejected by everybody including protesters themselves.” (Al-Arabiya news)


More : http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2013/02/22/267660.html

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Les fatwas de la haine, par Nabil El Choubachy

Les fatwas de la haine, par Nabil El Choubachy | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

 Même le parti salafiste al-Nour, favorable à une application stricte de la loi coranique, a qualifié la fatwa «d'irresponsable». Des condamnations certes appréciables et nécessaires, mais qui resteront vaines si des mesures plus sévères ne sont pas prises contre ce prétendu prêcheur et ses semblables qui pullulent depuis l'arrivée des Frères musulmans à la tête du pays. Rien que l'année dernière, les prêcheurs islamistes ont fait dans la surenchère de fatwas plus dangereuses les unes que les autres. De la destruction des Pyramides et du Sphinx à l’interdiction de saluer le drapeau égyptien, des fatwas ont appelé à autoriser le mariage des mineurs, à interdire les fêtes chrétiennes, à obéir au président Morsi ou à tuer les opposants à l’islamisation. 
Et le pire, c'est que certaines de ces fatwas ont été prononcées par des "prêcheurs" tels que Yasser al-Burhami ou Ahmed Mahalawi, des personnes que l'on voit régulièrement sur les plateaux de télévision déversant leurs venins et leurs haines contre les gens qui ne partagent pas leurs avis. Si le président Morsi et son gouvernement veulent prouver au peuple égyptien que leur but est de faire de l'Egypte un état de droit comme ils le prétendent, ils doivent prendre des mesures spectaculaires contre ces personnes. Ils doivent prouver que personne n'est au dessus de la Loi. Au lieu d'utiliser le procureur général pour asseoir leur pouvoir et pour protéger les leurs, ils doivent traduire en justice ces escrocs qui se servent de l'Islam pour diviser le peuple égyptien et pour alimenter la haine dans notre société. (Le Progrès égyptien)


Plus : http://213.158.162.45/~progres/index.php?action=news&id=19448

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