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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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L’internet haut débit et les valeurs du Printemps arabe

L’internet haut débit et les valeurs du Printemps arabe | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Dans l’ensemble du monde arabe, Internet joue un rôle essentiel : il favorise l’inclusion sociale, la responsabilité, les droits de l’homme et la participation citoyenne. Pendant le Printemps arabe, le rôle capital des médias sociaux a fait de la Toile un facilitateur de la démocratie et de la transformation sociale. Cependant, trois ans plus tard, la région est en pleine agitation et la transition politique a des répercussions économiques complexes, dont pâtissent les jeunes en particulier. Aujourd’hui, dans le monde arabe, un jeune sur quatre ne travaille pas, et on dénombre quatre jeunes sans emploi pour un adulte au chômage. Dans cet environnement difficile, il est clair pour les jeunes de la région que la démocratie à laquelle ils aspirent ne pourra devenir une réalité que si, outre la liberté d’expression, ces pays peuvent également parvenir à une solide croissance économique qui offrira des opportunités d’emploi à la jeunesse. La question est de savoir si l’internet, qui a joué un rôle si crucial pendant le Printemps arabe, contribuera autant à répondre à ces nouvelles aspirations.
Environ 30 % de la population des pays arabes a entre 15 et 24 ans. Une génération d’environ 100 millions de jeunes grandit ainsi dans un monde de plus en plus interconnecté et où les technologies de l’information et de la communication évoluent rapidement. Cette jeunesse nombreuse, interactive, férue de technologie et désireuse de profiter de la révolution du savoir qui est en marche dans le monde, cette jeunesse est une chance pour le monde arabe.
D’ici 2020, 50 milliards d’appareils seront reliés à l’internet, faisant des données et des contenus en ligne le pétrole de l’avenir. Mais, dans cette perspective, le monde arabe est-il bien préparé et bien connecté ? Aujourd’hui, moins de 20 % du monde arabe a accès à l’internet haut débit. L’amélioration des performances et l’accessibilité à l’internet haut débit devraient être une priorité des pouvoirs publics. Sans un accès internet d’un coût abordable et de qualité, 100 millions de jeunes seront exclus et ne pourront pas profiter d’une multitude de débouchés et de connaissances échangées. Pourra-t-on encore parler de « printemps » dans ces conditions ? (...)
Aujourd’hui, grâce au pouvoir de la connectivité numérique, les pays de la région MENA ont une occasion historique de faire progresser leurs programmes de développement en direction d’une société de plus en plus jeune. Considérer le développement dans la région sous l’angle de la connectivité peut être vu comme une réponse naturelle aux défis de la transition.
Pourquoi ? Parce que l’amélioration de la connectivité est une nécessité si l’on veut que les jeunes soient en mesure d’innover au niveau local. C’est le fondement de toute économie tournée vers l’avenir. L’accès à l’enseignement à distance, à des cours en ligne, à des sites d’apprentissage des langues, à des blogs éducatifs, à des vidéos pédagogiques, aux médias sociaux, à l’information, au commerce électronique, à des jeux en ligne, à des loisirs, à des réseaux sociaux et à des plateformes de crowdsourcing peut contribuer à stimuler l’innovation locale et permettre aux jeunes de la région de relever eux-mêmes les défis auxquels ils sont confrontés et de trouver eux-mêmes des solutions. (...)
Le monde arabe doit parler la langue de l’avenir. Les outils de réseautage social non seulement renforcent l’engagement des citoyens dans la région et favorisent l’inclusion sociale, mais ils peuvent également créer de nouvelles opportunités sur le plan de l’emploi, de l’entrepreneuriat et du développement social. L’accès à l’internet haut débit peut accroître les débouchés pour les start-up et les entrepreneurs, qui pourront ainsi atteindre des marchés plus vastes, ainsi que pour les entreprises locales, qui pourront se développer et devenir compétitives à l’échelle mondiale. Il peut jouer un rôle majeur dans la modernisation des secteurs clés pour le développement, tels que l’éducation, la santé et les services publics, car il crée un environnement favorable aux idées innovatrices et à l’expansion de nouveaux modèles économiques.

On voit que la connectivité haut débit est, à l’évidence, un outil stratégique pour l’avenir de la région et sa jeunesse, et qu’elle doit constituer à ce titre une priorité. En renforçant l’accès au haut débit, on peut permettre au monde arabe de devenir un important fournisseur de contenu numérique original, et donc un acteur de premier plan de l’économie numérique de demain. Internet a autonomisé les jeunes pendant le Printemps arabe et il continue de jouer un rôle important aujourd’hui.
 
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Egypt's unique Job Portal launch

Egypt's unique Job Portal launch | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

www.EgyptianJobCafe.com  is where prospective employees are meeting forward looking company representatives on and careers being made.  

The EgyptianJobCafé is an employee- employer engagement platform and is a welcoming change from the staid job  listing   non interactive portals in the region. While giving due consideration to having a listing of jobs available in the market on a separate site (www.EgyptianJob.com) where prospective employees can go check the latest vacancies and apply online:  it is at the cafe where truly good things can happen over coffee and more !

For a start : the cafe wears a new avatar each Friday  : the topic of the week is an employee engagement term : thematically converting the platform magically to represent everything around this one  engagement term : 52 terms for 52 weeks.... CREATIVITY.. PERSPECTIVE IMAGINATION. FUN.....  each week a new word to engage around and share on. Motivational quotes ,leadership quips, trivia , group sharing , videos and learning resources...so much that can be created, shared and networked around.


More : http://www.prlog.org/12106042-egypts-unique-job-portal-launch.html

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CEMEX cement joins new Nile project

CEMEX cement joins new Nile project | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

CEMEX Readymix has signed a distribution agreement with Assiut Cement in one of the largest development projects currently underway in Egypt.

The project is expected to create 3,000 new job opportunities during its implementation, in addition to 500 permanent jobs after its completion, and is due to be completed after five years.

It will be funded by EGP 2.4bn worth of investments from both the Egyptian and German governments.

The project seeks to better help navigate and direct the waters of the Nile River in an attempt to provide the country with adequate water resources for future generations.

It will also include the establishment of a number of environmentally friendly electric generators expected to produce 32 megawatts of energy, serving the provinces of Assiut, Minya, Beni Suef, Fayoum and Giza.

The plan is also expected to help irrigate 1.7 million acres of soil, a territory roughly eight times the size of the state of New York.

Expected to be completed by 2017, the project will include the construction of eight floodgates standing at a height of 17 metres, a hydroelectric station, four 8 megawatt energy generators, in addition to one 11 metre high dam.

Large swaths of the Nile are expected to be dug up as part of the project in order to limit the rises in water level around the river banks in the Asyut province and surrounding areas.

 

Daily news Egypt

http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/18/cemex-cement-joins-new-nile-project/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+DailyNewsEgypt+%28Daily+News+Egypt%29

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World Bank invests $250m, creates 250,000 jobs in Egypt

World Bank invests $250m, creates 250,000 jobs in Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

By: Nada Badawi / Daily news Egypt


World Bank’s Country Director for Egypt, Yemen and Djibouti Hartwig Schafer announced that the bank has invested $250m in a labour-intensive project to create 250,000 job opportunities.

The project targets those who are incapable of finding a job, and labourers who lack skills in a particular field, especially those in the poorest areas such as Upper Egypt.

“The plan is to reach local communities that are deeply affected by Egypt’s weak economic performance, this way we can invest in improving their schools and roads,” said Schafer during a workshop organised in coordination with Cairo University and The Egyptian Centre for Economic Studies.

“This will help us develop infrastructural projects in areas that need it,” he said.

Schafer added that the bank mainly aims to support the Egyptian government achieve economic stability, and create a suitable environment to attract investments.

He elaborated saying that this will be achieved through “fostering employment and encouraging Egyptians to participate in development projects”.

“This is the time to do this,” said Schafer, as he believes that the project is reflected in the popular revolution chant “bread, freedom and social justice”.

He highlighted problems encountered by Egyptian youth, who represent the biggest percentage in Egypt’s population in terms of unemployment.

Other issues include inability to receive proper education or health due to poverty, in comparison to other citizens in the nation.

“The problem now is that it is hard to break the vicious poverty cycle, so poor children will grow up and become poorer,” he said.

Hala El-Saeed, an economics professor at Cairo University, said that the rationale behind such workshops is to “view how the job market looks and look at factors affecting it”.

El-Saeed stressed that Egyptians lack training for the job market, which affects local production negatively.

“Lack of training places Egypt way behind when it comes to international competition,” she said.

El-Said emphasised the importance of issuing an effective law that sets a limit on minimum and maximum wages, which she believes will motivate workers.

 

http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/12/world-bank-invests-250m-creates-250000-jobs-in-egypt/

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MENA hiring up: Regional job index sees hiring picking up in the short and medium term

MENA hiring up: Regional job index sees hiring picking up in the short and medium term | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Research from YouGov and the Middle East jobsite Bayt has shown that in the next three months, 30 per cent of Middle East and North Africa (MENA) employers are ‘definitely hiring’, with an additional 27 per cent stating that they are ‘probably hiring’. These figures represent an increase of two per cent over previous figures from Q3 2012.

 

According to the Middle East and North Africa Job Index survey 24 per cent of companies in Egypt are ‘definitely hiring’ in the next three months (compared to 22 per cent previously), with 26 per cent stating that they are ‘probably’ hiring. Looking to the future in a year’s time, 61 per cent of companies expect to hire new employees.

 

“The clear improvement in the number of jobs to be available in the coming three and 12 months is a positive sign for Egypt’s economy,” said Suhail Masri, VP of Sales, Bayt.com. “We have seen a regional increase in terms of the numbers of employment opportunities, and this is a good indicator of the region’s growth and development.

 

More on: http://www.theglobalrecruiter.com/news/regional-job-index-sees-hiring-picking-up-in-the-short-and-medium-term/4249

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Manpower Ministry Provides 46.700 Job Opportunities In KSA

Manpower Ministry Provides 46.700 Job Opportunities In KSA | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Egyptian Minister of Manpower and Immigration, Khaled Al Azhary, has received a report from the labor advisor at the Egyptian Embassy to Saudi Arabia about all the conditions of the Egyptian labor in Jeddah during 2012, in the framework of the ministry's following up the interior and exterior Egyptian labor.

The report elucidated that about 46.700 permanent job opportunities in the Saudi market had been provided, as to 16.788 jobs had been renewed, and 1498 complaints out of 1650 ones resolved.

The Egyptian labor office in Jeddah in 2012 restored the dues and compensations, amounted to 1610026 Saudi Riyal, to the Egyptian labor, finished the procedures of 2694 Egyptians and resolving the problems of them; besides replying to 1319 complaints received from the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The minister called on the advisor to always visit the work locations amid the workers to know their problems and resolve them immediately.

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"No Jobs and Bad Jobs", by Ghada Barsoum

"No Jobs and Bad Jobs", by Ghada Barsoum | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Youth employment issues pose a threat to Egypt’s democratic transition. Persistent high unemployment rates among youth, the increasing deterioration of the quality of jobs available with no social protection and the growth in employment informality are central policy challenges in Egypt.

The concern about unemployed youth has long stemmed from the potential political volatility of this group. In post-January 25 Egypt and amid the ensuing economic stagnation, the unemployment rate in the age group 20-24 reached 33 percent in September 2011, according to Egypt’s central statistical bureau, CAPMAS. Almost one in three young people in this age group is unable to find work. Among those aged 15-19, the unemployment rate is a high 24.4 percent.

The unemployment rate in Egypt is much higher than the global youth unemployment rate of 13 percent as recently reported by the International Labor Organization (ILO). Research has repeatedly shown that unemployment in Egypt is primarily a problem of youth insertion to labor market. This explains the fact that unemployment rates are highest at points of school to work transition. Young women are at a particular disadvantage in Egypt’s labor market. The unemployment rate among female youth aged 20-24 years is 52.8 percent (compared to 33% among male youth). While most unemployed male youth eventually find work, most young women move out of the labor force in conjunction with marriage and childbearing.

(The Cairo Review)


More : http://www.aucegypt.edu/gapp/cairoreview/Pages/articleDetails.aspx?aid=280

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Le ministère de la Jeunesse implique les entreprises dans la lutte contre le chômage des jeunes

Le ministère de la Jeunesse implique les entreprises dans la lutte contre le chômage des jeunes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

By Khaled Diab 
Vice Minister of Youth Khaled Tallima said Sunday the ministry increased efforts together with corporations to solve the crisis of over 30 percent youth unemployment as soon as possible.
Tallima told Youm7 that ministry is doing its best for youth, explaining that job changes for highly educated youth are low because corporations only have a limited number of positions for them.
The vice minister pointed out that once they reach an agreement with the corporations, expected within two weeks, they will announce about 20.000 vacant jobs.

Originally published in Youm7.

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Unemployed youth stage vigil in Suez

Scores of unemployed youth and activists staged a vigil in Suez Wednesday, demanding the release of peers arrested by the Armed Forces earlier in the week.Seven of the detainees are accused of forcing the closure of Port Tawfik's habor during a previous demonstration calling for jobs.The protesters chanted anti-government and Muslim Brotherhood slogans, saying their peers had not committed crimes. Instead, they were simply calling for employment initiatives and work opportunities.  The Port Tawfiq habor re-opened Wednesday after being shut for 48 hours. MENA, via Egypt independenthttp://www.egyptindependent.com/news/unemployed-youth-stage-vigil-suez?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter
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Arab Economies Must Create Millions of Jobs, Warns UN Report

Arab Economies Must Create Millions of Jobs, Warns UN Report | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Asharq Al-Awsat

 

The states of the Arab world must create millions of new jobs for their young people if they are to avoid serious economic and political problems, a new UN report warned this week.

The organization’s annual Human Development Report was launched on Wednesday in Mexico City, and focuses on the “global south,” which encompasses the Arab states and the Middle East.

The report concludes that the Arab states have become the victims of their own success in improving healthcare, life expectancy and access to education, but are in danger of further instability if they do not create prospects for a better future for the region’s youth.

“Most countries that were part of the recent unrest in the Arab States had major gains in educational attainment but below-median employment to population ratios,” notes the report.

This has led to a situation in many Arab countries where there is a large population of educated young people who find themselves unable to join the workforce.

According to the statistics contained in the report, Egypt has the most acute problem with unemployment among the young running at over 50 per cent.

“The turmoil in several countries in the Arab States is a reminder that people, especially the young, who are better educated and healthier than previous generations put a high premium on meaningful employment, on exercising a voice in affairs that influence their lives, and on being treated with respect,” the report warns.

It also called for swift action to rectify the problem: “The challenge of attacking unemployment and poverty by creating productive and gainful jobs for today’s openly unemployed plus those newly entering the labor force is enormous, but it is also critical for Arab countries (especially in environments where formal safety nets are ineffective)—and it must be addressed now”.

Overall, the Arab states scored slightly below the world average in the report’s rankings of human development, but bottom in the employment to population ratio, indicating the scale of the problem.

In terms of recommendations, the report called on Arab banks and states with major sovereign wealth funds to build on their existing investments in infrastructure in sub-Saharan Africa.

It also recommended improving access to education and employment for women and girls and the reduction in income inequalities worldwide.

 

The full report can be read here : http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2013/

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Souq.com and “Education for Egyptian Employment” establish the country’s first internet-based commerce training academy for youth

Souq.com and “Education for Egyptian Employment” establish the country’s first internet-based commerce training academy for youth | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Souq.com, the largest internet-based marketing platform in the Arab world, working in conjunction with the Education for Egyptian Employment foundation, has announced plans to establish the country’s first training academy for youth working in internet-based commerce.

Shahinaz Ahmed, Executive President of Education for Egyptian Employment, announced that his organisation and Souq.com had recently run a special training program for 120 students on internet-based commerce. A number of these students, he said, have now been hired by Souq.com.

Electronic commerce is one of the largest contributors to economic development in Egypt, particularly in terms of job creation and growth. The sector has seen high growth rates as larger numbers of consumers begin to rely on internet-based commerce and trade.

This has been partly driven by soaring numbers of internet users since the 25 January revolution. Statistics show that nearly 31m Egyptians, or 27% of the country, are currently online. A number of retail companies have ranked Egypt 12th in the world in terms of best places to invest in internet based commerce.

Amr Sududi, General Director for Souq.com in Egypt, said that he considered improving social and economic development in the sector to be one of the company’s duties. “We do not only view our social and economic commitments as an attempt to lend a helping hand to the nation’s youth, but rather as part of our business strategy that looks to encourage and improve development efforts throughout the country,” he said. (Daily news Egypt)

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/02/24/souq-com-and-education-for-egyptian-employment-establish-the-countrys-first-internet-based-commerce-training-academy-for-youth/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+DailyNewsEgypt+%28Daily+News+Egypt%29

 

 

Those interested in learning more about the program can do so by going to:http://www.efeegypt.org/.

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Hatem Saleh Solves Problems Of 432 Factories To Provide 17.000 Jobs

Hatem Saleh Solves Problems Of 432 Factories To Provide 17.000 Jobs | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Egyptian Minister of Industry and Foreign Trade, Eng. Hatem Saleh, has revealed that the problems of 432 stalled factories are being resolved through providing financing programs for them; pointing out that operating these factories will provide more than 17.000 job opportunities.

(...) The meeting discussed the mechanisms of the National Project for Training for Employment, which was announced by both Ministries of Industry and Manpower to fight the unemployment.

 

Saleh said further that the ministry is aiming at operating the stalled factories for providing real job opportunities; underlining the necessity of integrating the work and delivering these achievements to any coming government; pointing to solving the problems of 117 stalled factories out of 487 ones.

 

The Ministry of Manpower jointly with the Ministry of Industry have offered recently 20.000 job opportunities within the National Project for Training for Employment. Dr Khaled Al Azhary has announced lately that 114.000 job seekers applied for these jobs; affirming that the ministry still receives applications, paving the way for training them to be qualified

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Le Ministre de l'Industrie discute avec des sociétés Emiratis d'un projet industriel susceptible de créer 30 000 emplois

Le Ministre de l'Industrie discute avec des sociétés Emiratis d'un projet industriel susceptible de créer 30 000 emplois | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

L’intérêt porté par les investisseurs arabes et étrangers pour l’Egypte confirme l’importance du pays et de sa position sur le marché sur un plan régional et international.

Le gouvernement est soucieux d'offrir aux investisseurs des incitations telles que des subventions à l'exportation, ou la mise à disposition de terrains, ou encore l'accès à l'énergie à des prix compétitifs.

L’ingénieur Hatem Saleh, Ministre de l'Industrie et du Commerce Extérieur, a rencontré un groupe d’investisseurs Emiratis, intéressés par la mise en place en Egypte d’un complexe industriel pour la production de sucre blanc à partir de la betterave.

La capacité de production du complexe serait de 400 mille tonnes, avec des investissements s'élevant à environ 500 millions de dollars. L’investissement inclura également  la mise en place d'un projet agricole sur une superficie de 200 hectares pour la culture de la betterave, ainsi que d'autres cultures telles que le blé et le maïs, afin de combler le déficit alimentaire et d'augmenter la surface agricole.

Selon le Ministre, ce projet est l'un des plus grands investissements agro-industriel en Égypte et vise à réduire les importations de l'Egypte en sucre.  Il est à rappeler que l’Egypte est l’un des plus gros importateurs de sucre dans le monde.

 
Le Ministre a souligné que le projet sera réalisé sur une superficie de 100 feddans (acres), sur un terrain fourni par le Gouverneur d’Ismaliya dans la zone industrielle d’Abu Khalifa, et permettra la création d'environ 30 mille emplois.

 

Traduction par Randa CHART

 

 

«وزير الصناعة» يبحث مع شركات إماراتية إقامة مجمع لإنتاج السكر الابيض يتيح 30 ألف فرصة عمل
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No Jobs and Bad Jobs, by Ghada Barsoum

No Jobs and Bad Jobs, by Ghada Barsoum | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Youth employment issues pose a threat to Egypt’s democratic transition. Persistent high unemployment rates among youth, the increasing deterioration of the quality of jobs available with no social protection and the growth in employment informality are central policy challenges in Egypt.

The concern about unemployed youth has long stemmed from the potential political volatility of this group. In post-January 25 Egypt and amid the ensuing economic stagnation, the unemployment rate in the age group 20-24 reached 33 percent in September 2011, according to Egypt’s central statistical bureau, CAPMAS. Almost one in three young people in this age group is unable to find work. Among those aged 15-19, the unemployment rate is a high 24.4 percent.

The unemployment rate in Egypt is much higher than the global youth unemployment rate of 13 percent as recently reported by the International Labor Organization (ILO). Research has repeatedly shown that unemployment in Egypt is primarily a problem of youth insertion to labor market. This explains the fact that unemployment rates are highest at points of school to work transition. Young women are at a particular disadvantage in Egypt’s labor market. The unemployment rate among female youth aged 20-24 years is 52.8 percent (compared to 33% among male youth). While most unemployed male youth eventually find work, most young women move out of the labor force in conjunction with marriage and childbearing.

However, unemployment is not the only problem in Egypt’s labor market. There are two main issues that unemployment figures fail to capture. The first is what is termed by the World Bank as “joblessness.” By definition, the unemployed are those not working for at least one hour per week and are available for work and actively searching for a job. Statistics on joblessness include young people who have given up searching for a job due to limited opportunities. This group of “discouraged” youth is significant and is particularly high in rural areas in Egypt. Many young people have given up looking for work upon realizing that the search does not lead to employment. Analysis of recent survey data on Egypt’s youth shows that the joblessness rate among young people aged 15-29 reaches 60 percent. This means that almost two thirds of young people in this age group are not in school, or employed. Unemployment statistics, while significant, only refer to a sub-group within this large group of jobless youth.

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