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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Législation : Plus d’armes en Egypte, moins de sécurité

Législation : Plus d’armes en Egypte, moins de sécurité | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Le nouveau projet de loi élargissant les « prérogatives » des entreprises privées de sécurité est un feu vert implicite à la création de milices armées. Il risque d’accentuer les dérives d’un système sécuritaire déjà défaillant.

La police sera-t-elle un jour dans les mains de puissants hommes d’affaires ou de particuliers ? Le ministre adjoint de la Justice pour les législations, Omar Al-Chérif, a révélé la semaine dernière un projet de loi proposé par le ministère de l’Intérieur, dont l’objectif est d’organiser les activités des entreprises privées de sécurité. Celles-ci sont notamment chargées de la garde de personnalités publiques, ainsi que de la sécurisation de certains bâtiments et des convois de fonds.

 

Selon Al-Chérif, qui s’exprimait par téléphone sur la chaîne privée ONTV, ce projet de loi autoriserait le port d’armes au personnel de ces entreprises. Leur armement, toujours selon le même responsable, sera assuré en vertu de permis limités par la loi et sous le contrôle du ministère de l’Intérieur. « Cette nouvelle loi permettra d’alléger le ministère de certaines charges, en l’assistant dans sa mission », explique Al-Chérif.

Des déclarations qui ont laissé perplexes les militants des droits de l’homme, les juristes et les entreprises de sécurité elles-mêmes. « L’objectif de cette loi est de légitimer la naissance de milices armées », estime Nasser Amine, président du Centre arabe pour l’indépendance de la justice. « Il s’agit d’améliorer l’armement des entreprises privées de sécurité, tout en allégeant les conditions de la détention d’armes. Or, tout le monde doit être conscient que les grands conflits armés en Afrique, comme au Rwanda, au Congo ou en Sierra Leone, ont commencé avec des milices couvertes par la loi et prétendant veiller sur la sécurité », met-il en garde.

Amine va plus loin en accusant, sans les nommer, « certaines formations » de chercher un moyen « légitime » pour assurer leur armement collectif. « Je doute même que ces grèves de la police ne soient orchestrées pour créer un vide sécuritaire propice à l’adoption de ce genre de lois », accuse-t-il.

 

(May Atta / Al-Ahram Hebdo)

Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/965/1/130/1990/L%C3%A9gislation--Plus-d%E2%80%99armes-en-Egypte,-moins-de-s%C3%A9cu.aspx

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Libya: Libyan Arms Stockpiles in Egypt Causing Concern

Since Moammar Gadhafi was ousted as Libya’s leader over a year ago, Egyptian officials have been intercepting large caches of weapons smuggled from Libya destined for black-market transfer to Syria and Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.

But in recent weeks the pattern of the arms shipments has shifted, according to officials, and fundamentalist Muslim groups in Egypt, known as Salafis, also are receiving the weapons.

The pattern shift is alarming Egyptian officials, who estimate they are seizing only a fraction of the weaponry - including shoulder-fired surface-to-air missiles - flowing across the border from Libya.

In late February, Egyptian authorities announced they had intercepted two pickup trucks carrying 60 anti-tank missiles smuggled in from Libya.

Arms to Egyptian groups

The trucks, which were loaded in Mursa Matruh, 430 kilometers northwest of the Egyptian capital on the Mediterranean Coast, were heading to the increasingly lawless Sinai Peninsula. But officials now think that not all the missiles were earmarked for transfer to Hamas and other Palestinian militant groups in the Gaza Strip.

“Not all the weaponry flowing into Libya is going to the Gaza,” a European diplomat told VOA on the condition of anonymity. “The Egyptians are becoming alarmed that weapons are now being stockpiled by Egyptian Salafi groups. They are starting to uncover arms trafficked from Libya in the [Nile] Delta and believe other weapons are being stored in Sinai. It is making them very nervous.”

 

More on: http://www.ionglobaltrends.com/2013/03/libya-libyan-arms-stockpiles-in-egypt.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FzqKG+%28i+On+Global+Trends%29

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Covert auctions in Egypt put arms that freed Libya into hands of terrorists

Covert auctions in Egypt put arms that freed Libya into hands of terrorists | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The weapons that helped Libyan rebels oust dictator Muammar Qaddafi are turning up for sale at clandestine auctions in Egypt’s lawless Sinai Desert, where shadowy buyers purchase firearms for Al Qaeda and Hamas operatives, sources told FoxNews.com.

The illicit sales take place in the barren Sinai peninsula, where Moses is believed to have wandered with the children of Israel for 40 years. Auctions announced through the grapevine bring caravans of foreigners, all with huge sums of money at their disposal and all with the same mission, Israel Defense Force sources told FoxNews.com.

 

The vast and rugged desert area inhabited by an estimated 250,000 Bedouins has borders with Egypt, Gaza and Israel, as well as a long coastline on the Red Sea. While the location makes it easy for buyers to come from various regions, it also combines with the impromptu nature of the auctions to make them almost impossible to stop.

 

“There are more and more contacts between Al Qaeda and the small groups in Sinai,” a senior source in the Israel Defense Force told the Washington-based Investigative Project on Terrorism. 

 

The hosts of these auctions aren’t just doing it for the money, the source said. Al Qaeda-linked jihadists are becoming more and more influential in the region, and playing a large role in who shows up for the auctions and who leaves with the bombs, anti-tank missiles, rocket-propelled grenades and automatic weapons that are peddled there.

 

“If at the beginning we saw these tribes supporting terror cells for the sake of money, now we see it becoming more an ideological support, and we see more and more cases that these groups of Al Qaeda-influenced extreme jihadists are becoming more powerful than the tribes," the source said.(...)

 

With Libya rendered an unstable tribal nation rife with internal power struggles between secular moderates and radical Islamists in the wake of Qaddafi’s ouster, accountability for weapons in the north African country is impossible. The U.S., which denies directly supplying arms to the Libyan rebels, is concerned about weapons being sold in the region.(...)

 

The New York Times reported in December 2012 that the Obama administration secretly gave its blessing to arms shipments to Libyan rebels from Qatar, only to express alarm when evidence mounted that Qatar was turning some of the weapons over to Islamic militants



More on: http://www.foxnews.com/world/2013/02/26/arms-that-freed-libya-turning-up-at-desert-auctions-and-in-hands-terrorist/

 

 

 

 

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EIPR says police carry live ammunition

EIPR says police carry live ammunition | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

In response to claims by protesters and civil groups that the police use live ammunition, the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) published segments of resolutions which govern the arming of security forces.

The EIPR found that by law police are allowed to carry a substantial amount of live ammunition both on their person and within their vehicles. This statement contradicts the official position taken by the Ministry of Interior, which has claimed security forces do not use live ammunition and has said security forces are inadequately armed.

The law the EIPR referred to is the ministerial decree 156 of 1964 on the regulation and use of firearms. Under this decree police officers are permitted to use live ammunition to disperse protesters. Combined with the third administrative decree of 2007, which regulates the arming of Central Security Forces (CSF) and private security, as well as the third administrative decree from 2000 which regulates the arming of public security forces, the EIPR concluded that all formations of security include a certain amount of live ammunition, and that all vehicles used by these forces contain a wealth of live ammunition.

Every police officer, EIPR pointed out, also carries a 9mm pistol with live ammunition.

The EIPR, the Egyptian Centre for Economic and Social Rights, the Nadim Centre for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence, the Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression and the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information filed a case against the implementation of these laws in February 2012. The case, according to EIPR, will be brought to the Administrative Court on 26 February. (Daily news Egypt)

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/02/21/eipr-says-police-carry-live-ammunition/

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L'Égypte arme sa police malgré les bavures

L'Égypte arme sa police malgré les bavures | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

«Les nouvelles armes ne seront pas utilisées contre les civils. Elles ne seront fournies qu'aux policiers qui poursuivent des voleurs et des criminels, et qui ont pour tâche de protéger des bâtiments publics. C'est indispensable pour faire face à la détérioration du climat sécuritaire», s'efforce de tempérer le brigadier général Ayman Helmy, un des porte-parole du ministère de l'Intérieur.

Mais pour l'avocate Magda Boutros, de l'Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, ces nouvelles dispositions «ne règlent pas le problème, elles le renforcent, surtout que les officiers de police recourent déjà systématiquement aux armes à feu, en toute impunité». Que ce soit lors de la répression de la révolution, dont le bilan s'élève à quelque 900 morts, ou pendant les violences qui ont suivi, aucun agent de sécurité n'a, à ce jour, été condamné.

 

Delphine Minoui/Le Figaro

 

Plus : http://www.lefigaro.fr/international/2013/02/17/01003-20130217ARTFIG00173-l-egypte-arme-sa-police-malgre-les-bavures.php

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Egypt's Interior minister agrees to arm low-ranking officers

Egypt's Interior minister agrees to arm low-ranking officers | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim has agreed to arm low-ranking police officers and personnel "to combat dangerous criminals," among 19 other accepted demands the officers had been on strike action for since Tuesday.

 

 

Ibrahim agreed to allocate 100,000 pistols to low-ranking officers and personnel, ostensibly to allow them to protect themselves during riots.

Several police officers were reportedly killed in recent clashes with protesters. Tens of citizens have have also been reported killed and rights organisations in Egypt have also frequently condemned police brutality. 

Ibrahim also agreed to cancel all existing penalties and disciplinary military trials for police personnel.

In addition, the interior ministry agreed to facilitate administrative requirements for low-ranking personnel to be promoted, and is planning to accept 1500 low-ranking officers for the "officers of honour" cadre. (Ahram Online)

More : http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/64946/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-Interior-minister-agrees-to-arm-lowranking-.aspx

Egypt-actus's insight:

http://www.scoop.it/t/egypte-actualites/p/3997069949/egypt-s-police-to-get-100-000-9mm-pistols

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Interior Ministry says police gun use will increase "gradually"

Interior Ministry says police gun use will increase "gradually" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

An Interior Ministry official said Thursday that gun use among police and security forces will increase “gradually.”


Abdel Fattah Othman, the head of the ministry’s general administration for media and public relations, said the Police Authority Law allows members of police to use arms in the defense of public buildings in a Facebook post.    Othman added that the ministry “will not back away from its role to protect state establishments and will confront [any attempts of vandalism]” or “be involved in attempts to creating division between the ministry and Egyptians.”   The comments were made in response to questions over whether more police forces will be allowed to carry guns and use live ammunition, which many low-ranking officers have demanded during a nationwide strike.     Currently, most low-ranking offers do not carry guns.    Meanwhile, the Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim said Thursday that police forces have a “national apparatus to serve the people,” adding that they cannot be influenced by political factions because they are governed by the ministry alone.   Othman said that Ibrahim is looking to implement some of the striking police forces’ requests and that he understood the inherent challenges they face trying to enforce the law under difficult circumstances.    

Almasry Alyoum, via Egypt.com

http://news.egypt.com/english/permalink/175420.html

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Le complexe militaro-industriel s'exporte en Egypte

Le complexe militaro-industriel s'exporte en Egypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Il est presque impossible d’échapper à l’hystérie de l’establishment de Washington à l’égard du « séquestre » - 85 milliards de dollars de coupes budgétaires indistinctes, soit une réduction inférieure à 2,3 % du budget fédéral de 3 640 milliards de dollars.

Malgré toute la rhétorique exaltée quant aux conséquences du séquestre sur les dépenses militaires, décrites comme « dévastatrices », « scénario catastrophe », et même « vidage de la force », peu de gens aux USA savent où leurs dollars durement gagnés vont et si oui ou non ces dépenses sont absolument nécessaire. Et parmi les nombreux programmes fédéraux dispendieux on trouve la subvention pluri-décennale des contribuables américains aux militaires d’Égypte.

Si l’on exclut l’aide économique et l’aide au développement, depuis 1987, Washington a donné au Caire 1,3 milliards de dollars par an en aide militaire, en grande partie sous forme de dons et de prêts par le biais du Foreign Military Financing (financement militaire étranger). Dans ce cadre, les fabricants d’armes américains contractent avec le Département de la Défense pour fournir à l’Égypte des systèmes et services d’armement militaires, des mises à niveau et du suivi de maintenance. Selon le service de recherche du Congrès américain, même si les chiffres sont difficiles à vérifier, on estime que l’aide militaire américaine couvre jusqu’à 80 pour cent des coûts d’approvisionnement en armes du Ministère de la Défense égyptien.

Cette aide généreuse a permis à l’Égypte de devenir le quatrième utilisateur mondial de F-16 et d’acquérir environ 4000 chars de combat. En fait, les contribuables américains facilitent la coproduction de chars de bataille Abrams M1A1, et désormais du nouveau M1A2, dont certaines pièces sont fabriquées en Égypte, et d’autres aux USA pour être ensuite expédiés en Égypte pour assemblage final. Selon les termes de ce programme, le contracteur principal est General Dynamics, localisé à Sterling Heights dans le Michigan aux USA.

 

Plus: http://www.afrik.com/le-complexe-militaro-industriel-s-exporte-en-egypte

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Border troops thwart rocket smuggling attempt

Border troops thwart rocket smuggling attempt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Military Spokesperson Ahmed Mohamed Ali said border troops in a military area in western Egypt have thwarted an attempt to smuggle rockets into the country.

Ali said Monday in a Facebook post that the smugglers escaped after a gunfight about six km away from the Salloum border crossing. The Public Prosecution has recovered 19 rockets.

The Armed Forces said that it will continue foiling attempts that aim to destabilize the country, adding that it was intensifying its efforts to secure Egypt's borders.

 

From El Masry el Yom

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Ministry of Interior : Police will not use new weapons in protests

Ministry of Interior : Police will not use new weapons in protests | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Media official of the Ministry of Interior said on Monday that the new weapons, which will be provided to the police, will only be used during confrontations with dangerous criminals and according to hazardous situations defined by law. 

The weapons will not be used against peaceful demonstrations and marches.

He said in a statement published on the official page of the Interior Ministry that the police only has teargas bombs to disperse protesters when necessary.

A security source said on Saturday that the Interior Minister Mohammed Ibrahim agreed to several demands of the police, after they held protests demanding weapons and better work conditions, including aiding the ministry with 100,000 pistols.

He also agreed to cancel disciplinary military tribunals for policemen.

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  
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Security seizes weapons in Arish

Security seizes weapons in Arish | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Security forces in North Sinai have seized 21 anti-aircraft missiles, six anti-tank landmines and two cannons in al-Reissa, near Arish. Security officers had received reports saying the weapons were cached in a desert area in Reissa.(...)

 

Egyptian security forces have foiled several weapon smuggling attempts since the breakout of the January 2011 revolution.

 

Several police stations and military checkpoints have been attacked by radical and unknown elements since the revolution, and the bloodiest of those attacks resulted in the killing of 16 security guards. Islamist extremists were said to have carried out the assault.

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Enshrining Ideologies: Egypt and the US

Enshrining Ideologies: Egypt and the US | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Key to "managing relations" with Morsi is ignoring almost everything related to the Muslim Brotherhood and everything Morsi does that defies democratic norms. The F-16s will be delivered and aid will go forward.

 

For days now, the twittersphere and even the mainstream media have been agog at the anti-Semitism spewing in a now-viral video by Mohammed Morsi in 2010 when he was head of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. He called President Obama a liar as well, but the administration will do its best not to let it matter.
 

It's not as if they didn't know. The Muslim Brotherhood is more than 80 years old and is organized around anti-Israel, anti-Christian and anti-Semitic claptrap. It also does not hide its anti-Western, anti-imperialist rhetoric that shares the stage with an interpretation of Islam that is homophobic and misogynistic. Last summer, the Brotherhood's leader, Mohammed Badie, accused Jews of corrupting the world and slaughtering Palestinians. Essem al Erian, Vice President of the Brotherhood's political party, last month invited Jews to return to Egypt -- not because he likes them, but, as he said, "Why stay in a racist entity, an occupation, and be tainted with war crimes that will be punished? All occupation leaders will be punished." The "Zionist project," he added, will end.

 It is unimaginable that President Obama thought Morsi would dump the Brotherhood and become a small-d democrat at precisely the moment his party took power in Egypt and he had the opportunity to implement the agenda to which he has devoted his entire adult life: the Muslim Brotherhood. Just as President Obama did not win the American presidency with the intention of governing the way George W. Bush did before him, Morsi did not win to govern as a liberal democrat. His goal, like that of any electoral victor, is to enshrine his views in law and ensure their continuance.


The Obama administration placed a very heavy bet on its ability to manage relations with Morsi, and the world's discovery of his virulent anti-Semitism will not change it. Key to "managing relations" with Morsi is ignoring almost everything related to the Muslim Brotherhood and everything Morsi does that defies democratic norms. This includes ignoring the Brotherhood's lie that it would not run candidates for all the seats in Parliament and would not run a presidential candidate. It includes ignoring massacres against the Coptic Christian community; the hasty construction of the constitution; the dismissal of judges; the quick-and-dirty "referendum" that claims 63% of the vote without noting that less than 25% of Egyptians voted; and the December protests. It requires, then, allowing Morsi to run roughshod over the Egyptian people, much as his predecessor did.(...)


Egypt-actus's insight:

But the F-16s will be delivered and aid will go forward.

 

Discussing the recently finalized U.S. decision to deliver the advanced aircraft to the Egyptian military, retired Brigadier General Safwat Al-Zayat told Al-Ahram Weekly, "It is obvious that the finalisation of the deal on 11 December, which happened to be at the height of the mass demonstrations in Tahrir Square against Morsi, conveyed a political message. Between the lines, Washington was sending a message to three parties. The first was to Morsi and it stated, 'We support you. Move ahead.' The second was to the army and it said, 'We are encouraging this man,' meaning Morsi. The third was to the opposition forces and it said the same thing."

In this you have President Obama indeed governing as George W. Bush -- and Bill Clinton, George H.W. Bush and Ronald Reagan, in fact.

Domestic Egyptian politics -- including Morsi's anti-Semitism, which President Obama has no reason to believe is in the past -- have been and will remain a distant second priority, to the chagrin of those who thought change in Cairo and change in Washington would produce something better for the Egyptian

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