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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Suite à la rencontre Ashton-Morsi : le REMDH plaide pour un retrait urgent du projet de loi égyptienne sur les ONG

Suite à la rencontre Ashton-Morsi : le REMDH plaide pour un retrait urgent du projet de loi égyptienne sur les ONG | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le Réseau Euro-Méditerranéen des droits de l’Homme (REMDH) appelle les autorités égyptiennes à retirer de toute urgence le projet de loi sur les ONG, et à promulguer une loi qui soit respectueuse des normes internationales des droits de l’Homme1.

 

« Le REMDH accueille favorablement les éléments indiquant que les questions des droits de l’Homme et le projet de loi sur les ONG ont été abordées lors de la rencontre qui s’est tenue entre la Haute Représentante de l’UE Ashton et le Président égyptien Morsi, le 7 avril dernier. Cependant, ces discussions doivent être suivies d’actes et du retrait immédiat de ce projet de loi  », a déclaré Moataz El Fegiery, membre du Comité exécutif du REMDH.

En marge de sa rencontre avec le Président égyptien, Ashton s’est également entretenue avec certains représentants d’organisations de la société civile. Au cours de cette réunion, les représentants des ONG ont dressé à Madame Ashton un portrait alarmant sur la rapide détérioration de la situation des droits de l’Homme en Égypte, y compris des droits des femmes, au cours des dix derniers mois. Ils lui ont demandé de prendre clairement position contre le projet de loi sur les ONG et de conditionner le soutien financier de l’UE à une amélioration tangible des droits de l’Homme, y compris de l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes. Les représentants des ONG ont aussi demandé à Ashton de conditionner tout soutien financier européen à l’adoption d’une loi sur les ONG qui soit respectueuse des normes internationales.

« Nous avions demandé qu’Ashton rencontre les ONG de défense des droits de l’Homme en Egypte, en incluant celles qui militent pour les droits des femmes. Souligner une volonté de sa part d’interagir avec la société civile est vital étant donné le climat d’attaques hostiles qui règne en ce moment à l’encontre la société civile égyptienne, en particulier les ONG œuvrant pour la promotion des droits de l’Homme et l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes, car leur existence-même est actuellement menacée. Ceci dit, nous regrettons que l’invitation à rencontrer Ashton ait été principalement envoyée aux ONG internationales et qu’elle n’ait été adressée ni au REMDH, ni à de nombreuses importantes ONG égyptiennes de défense des droits de l’Homme, y compris des ONG qui militent pour l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes », a ajouté Moataz El Fegiery. »

Pour conclure, le REMDH se dit surpris de constater qu’aucune déclaration publique n’ait été faite de la part d’Ashton en ce qui concerne son entretien avec le Président Morsi, ni sur sa rencontre avec les organisations de la société civile égyptienne.

 

 

Ligue des Drots de l'Homme

http://www.ldh-france.org/Communique-du-REMDH-sur-le-projet.html

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It's a Charity! It's a Movement! It's the Muslim Brotherhood! by Issandr El Amrani

It's a Charity! It's a Movement! It's the Muslim Brotherhood! by Issandr El Amrani | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The feints and pretenses of Egypt’s post-revolutionary politics have been dizzying, but the situation in which the Muslim Brotherhood finds itself these days may be the most puzzling yet.

Although it is the most powerful political group in Egypt — the country’s president, his immediate entourage and half of the Parliament are all members — a lawsuit has been filed to declare it illegal. In response, the Muslim Brotherhood is trying to pass itself off as an nongovernmental organization. (...)

What’s more, because NGOs usually are closely regulated, the government is now rushing through a new NGO law that would exempt the Brotherhood from having to reveal much about its finances, recruitment practices or activities overall while allowing it to do things NGOs normally are not permitted to do, like engage in politics. At the same time, the legislation would introduce more restrictions on human rights groups, which often are critics of the Islamists. (...)

Every time the Muslim Brotherhood bends the rules in its favor, it gives credence to the opposition’s claim that the chief result of the 2011 revolution will have been to replace one oppressive regime with another. The Brotherhood no longer is banned, but it is not entirely tolerated.


IHT Global Opinion

More : http://latitude.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/03/28/its-a-charity-its-a-movement-its-the-muslim-brotherhood/?partner=rssnyt&emc=rss

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NGO law agreed upon ‘in principle’

NGO law agreed upon ‘in principle’ | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Shura Council agreed in principle during its Sunday session to the law proposal governing civil society organisations operating in Egypt. The agreed on proposal was submitted by the council’s Human Development Committee.

Meanwhile the cabinet of ministers is planning to submit another law proposal for the same cause.

Sunday’s session witnessed arguments between several Shura members, some criticising the cabinet for not submitting necessary laws to the council, while others insisting that the council has full authority to legislate without the interference of governmental ministries.

 

Fady Salah | Daily news Egypt

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/24/ngo-law-agreed-upon-in-principle/

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Drôle d’ONG, par Nabil El Choubachy

Drôle d’ONG, par Nabil El Choubachy | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

La confrérie, au cœur d’un recours étudié par la justice égyptienne en vue de sa dissolution, a donc un nouveau statut, mais pas une nouvelle virginité. 
Selon les critères d’attribution du statut d’ONG, les Frères musulmans sont donc une organisation dont la constitution est d’origine privée, dont l’action est non lucrative et d’intérêt public, indépendamment financière et indépendante également de tout organe politique.
Jamais une organisation non gouvernementale n'aura attisé autant de haine. Jamais une ONG n'aura autant divisé un pays. 
Avec cette décision, les Frères musulmans vont rentrer dans l'Histoire en tant que première ONG à gouverner un pays ou à posséder une milice privée. 
C'est donc une ONG, et non pas un courant politique, qui a appelé ses sympathisants à venir défendre son siège principal dans le quartier de Mokattam au Caire vendredi dernier. C'est donc une ONG qui a affrété à ses frais des dizaines de bus pour que ses partisans empêchent les jeunes révolutionnaires de manifester devant son siège. C'est donc une ONG qui menace le pays d'un bain de sang si ses locaux sont envahis par les manifestants. 
Drôle d'ONG… La réponse des Egyptiens à cette ONG semble claire. Ils ne veulent plus de cette ONG à la tête de leur pays. Si les révolutionnaires n'ont pas pu accéder au siège de la confrérie à Mokattam car le quartier a été transformé en véritable forteresse avec la présence de milliers de policiers pour défendre le quartier général de la confrérie, les bureaux des Frères musulmans ont été brûlés ou saccagés à Alexandrie, à Mansoura à Mahallah ou au Caire.


Le Progrès égyptien

Plus : http://213.158.162.45/~progres/index.php?action=news&id=20387

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Muslim Brotherhood Officially Registered as NGO

Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt's largest Islamist group, the Muslim Brotherhood, has been officially registered as a non-governmental organization by the ministry of social security. The announcement of the group's status came shortly after the State Commissioners Board recommended the Supreme Administrative Court (SAC) reject the Brotherhood's longstanding appeal against a 1954 decision by the then-ruling Revolutionary Command Council declaring the group illegal and ordering its dissolution

 

Atlantic Council

More : http://www.acus.org/egyptsource/top-news-muslim-brotherhood-officially-registered-ngo

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Human rights group receives anonymous threats

Human rights group receives anonymous threats | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Basil El-Dabh | Daily news Egypt

 

The workers for a local human rights group have received numerous threats, according to a statement from El Nadeem Centre for the Psychological Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence and Torture.

“Over the past weeks team members of El Nadeem Centre received many unsightly messages and threats across all mediums of notifications, whether the hotline, e-mail, or Facebook messages, both on our private pages and El Nadeem Centre page,” said the organisation on Sunday.

The most recent threat, according to the group, was a video containing sexual content that was sent to one of the employees. The video threatened to “expose” the employee.

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/11/human-rights-group-receives-anonymous-threats/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+DailyNewsEgypt+%28Daily+News+Egypt%29

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Egypt quietly stifles NGOs by cutting off foreign cash flow

Egypt quietly stifles NGOs by cutting off foreign cash flow | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Civil society organizations in Egypt are struggling to work, and sometimes even survive, as the government begins to cut off the foreign funding they rely on.

 

Employees of nongovernmental organizations say the government is refusing to approve most of the outside grants they receive to run programs in Egypt, forcing some to lay off staff or cut salaries, and keeping them from the work they were founded to do.

 

Many say the situation is worse now, under President Mohamed Morsi, than it was under ousted President Hosni Mubarak, whose regime was notoriously hostile to civil society.

 

“It's worse, and it gets worse and worse and worse,” says Magdy Abdel Hamid, head of the Egyptian Association for Community Participation and Enhancement (EACPE.) “Under Mubarak there were problems, and sometimes they refused [to approve foreign-funded grants], but in general, under the Mubarak regime we were in better condition.”

 

Since a military junta took power when Mubarak stepped down, the government hasn't allowed his organization to receive a single grant, Mr. Hamid says. He thought that might change when the junta relinquished power, but the Morsi government has continued to refuse grants; The government refused to allow EACPE to receive one grant it received from a Swedish organization, and has not approved others. 

 

“We don't submit any new requests because we know what the answer will be,” Hamid says.

 

Foreign funds make up most of the budget of many civil society organizations here because there's little money to go around locally. Under the law governing such organizations, any grants from foreign organizations to run projects in Egypt must receive approval from the Ministry of Insurance and Social Affairs before they can be disbursed.(...)

 

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) recently laid off more than half its staff because of the lack of funding, says Hafez Abu Saeda, EOHR chief. Under Mubarak, the organization only had one project rejected in its 28 years of existence, he says, while the Ministry of Insurance and Social Affairs has rejected three of its grants in the past six months. They included projects to train young people on how to protect human rights and encourage political participation and to monitor freedom of expression in Egypt.(...)

 

More on:  http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2013/0228/Egypt-quietly-stifles-NGOs-by-cutting-off-foreign-cash-flow?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+feeds%2Fworld+%28Christian+Science+Monitor+%7C+World%29

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Guest Post: Egypt's New NGO Law Will Block Vital FDI

Guest Post: Egypt's New NGO Law Will Block Vital FDI | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Rebel Economy spoke to Robert Becker, a political organiser based in Cairo who was charged in last year’s NGO crackdown.  He is a Senior Partner at WellsBecker, a global communications firm based in New York and Cairo. 

 

Egypt-actus's insight:

You had a choice to leave Egypt, why didn’t you? 

 

Loyalty. Several of the Egyptians charged in this case worked directly for me. Their only “crime” was taking a good job with a well-established and legal organisation in a tough economy, aimed at improving democratic institutions and civil society in post-Mubarak Egypt.

After two decades working in the trenches of democracy around the world, I have learned that I am only as good as the people I work with. There was no question I had to stay with my co-workers, as they were family to me and loyalty and solidarity matters in life.

When you advocate and teach democracy and human rights, you also stay and fight when faced with “paperwork felonies”, clearly motivated by politics, and aimed at denying Egyptians the very rights you fight for. Staying and fighting these charges side-by-side with Rawda, Hafsa, Mohamed, Amgad and the other Egyptians charged, was the easiest decision I ever made.

 

Is the new NGO law that is being drafted by government adequate to replace the old law in force? 

 

As the draft stands today, it is far worse. If this draft is passed democracy will cease to exist. In a democracy there are three pillars of power: those who have it (government); those who want it (political forces); and those who give it (the people).

If the people of Egypt are denied the right to organise, speak out and hold government accountable, then democracy fails. What the government draft misunderstands badly is the definition of an NGO: Nongovernmental Organisation… emphasis on the word non. Citizens should be able to, without fear of government persecution, organize themselves to hold their government accountable. If government can control NGOs, how then can a citizens group in Faiyum fight local government corruption? Or a national NGO advocate against police brutality or torture?

Egypt should scrap this draft all together and start with a premise that they should not fear their own citizens and institute a 21st century NGO law that encourages the right to free assembly and citizen participation in government.

 

More : http://rebeleconomy.com/2013/02/25/guest-post-egypts-new-ngo-law-will-block-vital-fdi/

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Is the Muslim Brotherhood seeking to kill Egypt's NGOs?

Is the Muslim Brotherhood seeking to kill Egypt's NGOs? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
A restrictive draft law sponsored by a member of the Muslim Brotherhood's party echoes the philosophy of the Mubarak government, which saw independent groups as a threat.

 

A government minister and member of the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) has proposed a highly restrictive law that rights activists say would cripple civil society groups in Egypt and mark an alarming shift by the Brotherhood toward the methods of the oustedHosni Mubarak.

The draft law is likely to be revised before it is sent to Egypt's legislative body for approval. Even so, nongovernmental organization (NGO) leaders and activists say the draft shows that the FJP is adopting the philosophy of former President Mubarak, whose government saw independent groups as a threat and sought to restrict their actions and funding.

Last year, before the FJP's Mohamed Morsi was elected president, the party proposed a law that earned cautious praise from rights organizations. Last week, Mohamed Ali Bishr, a prominent Muslim Brotherhood and FJP member and minister of local development, proposed a new draft that is closer to the highly restrictive bill proposed by another government ministry. (The Chistian Science Monitor)

 

More : http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2013/0222/Is-the-Muslim-Brotherhood-seeking-to-kill-Egypt-s-NGOs?utm_medium=referral&utm_source=t.co


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Amnesty International report criticizes Egypt’s NGO restrictions

Amnesty International report criticizes Egypt’s NGO restrictions | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Amnesty International deeply criticized Thursday a letter from Egyptian authorities to an NGO requiring it not to engage into contacts with foreign organizations.

 

Amnesty said the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights had received a letter from the Insurance and Social Affairs Ministry that stated no “local entity” is permitted to engage with “international entities” in any way without the permission of the “security bodies.” “NGOs in Egypt already face staggering restrictions, but this instruction is a new low,” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, Amnesty International deputy director for the Middle East and North Africa. “It is a disturbing indicator of what may lie ahead for human rights groups in the government’s new law.” In late 2011, Egyptian authorities staged a crackdown against several NGOs over allegations of illegal foreign funding, drawing criticism from human rights advocates. “The authorities must stop using independent civil society organizations as scapegoats for all the ills of Egypt,” said Sahraoui. “Banning contacts with international ‘entities’ invokes Mubarak-era practices that the current President had pledged to break with.” The ministry had finalized a draft law regulating the establishment and funding of NGOs, which is to be presented to Parliament for approval. The draft received criticism for its allegedly restrictive approach. The draft law bans NGOs from taking part in political activities, and comprises articles that may considerably restrict their scope of work, particularly foreign organizations.

 

About 40,000 NGOs would be required to legalize their status and address funding issues retroactively.




Almasry Alyoum

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Morsi s’oriente vers le tout contrôle en Egypte

Morsi s’oriente vers le tout contrôle en Egypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Pendant de nombreuses années et en vertu de la loi, le régime de Moubarak n’a cessé de violer les droits de l’homme. La création des partis était criminalisée, les manifestations, les grèves, les rassemblements comme presque toute critique du régime aussi. Cet arsenal juridique, soutenu par un état d’urgence permanent confisquant les droits, n’a pourtant pas empêché les Egyptiens d’exercer leurs droits en violation de la loi et n’a pas non plus entravé la chute de Moubarak.

 

Quelques mois avant l’arrivée du président Morsi, l’état d’urgence prolongé par les militaires qui assuraient l’intérim a été abrogé. Mais les mois qui ont suivi l’installation de Morsi à la tête du pays ont été marqués par un ensemble de lois ou projets de loi qui reprennent dans le fond l’arsenal législatif utilisé par l’ancien régime pour « légaliser la répression et restreindre les libertés », selon l’opposition et les ONG.

Des lois sont passées, d’autres sont en cours de préparation. L’un des projets de loi les plus dangereux est intitulé « Protéger la société contre les personnes dangereuses » et il reprend une ancienne loi de l’époque royale des années 1940 dite « loi soupçon », car elle criminalise les suspects avant de commettre le crime et entreprend comme mesures préventives leur placement sous surveillance policière ou l’interdiction de leur présence dans des lieux spécifiques, ou leur détention sans accusation précise ou verdict de justice. « Cette loi a été jugée inconstitutionnelle car elle ouvre la voie à l’arbitraire dans son application et à des abus sur les libertés individuelles », explique Hafez Abou-Seada, directeur de l’Organisation égyptienne des droits de l’homme.

Mais il semble que le ministère de l’Intérieur veut la faire passer, si l’on en croit les discussions à la Chambre haute du Parlement, qui détient temporairement le pouvoir législatif. Le Sénat examine déjà ces jours-ci une loi qui « réglemente » les manifestations. Approuvée par le gouvernement, elle a pour objectif d’ « assurer la nature pacifique des manifestations » et de « protéger le droit » de manifester, se défend le ministre de la Justice, Ahmad Mekki. (Samar Al-Gamal/Al-Ahram Hebdo)

 

Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/962/10/124/1749/Politique-Morsi-s%E2%80%99oriente-vers-le-tout-contr%C3%B4le-en.aspx

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New draft law would limit the scope of work of NGOs

New draft law would limit the scope of work of NGOs | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

It didn’t take long for the draft law regulating the NGOs’ work to be finalized before it was dubbed “suppressive,” swiftly incurring the ire of a civil society community already under scrutiny and increasingly wary of the tightening grip of the executive branch.

The Social Affairs Ministry, responsible for supervising the work of NGOs in Egypt, finalized the draft law and will submit it to the Shura Council for approval.

The upper house of Parliament — which, like the dissolved lower house as well as the Constituent Assembly, is dominated by Islamists — has had temporary legislative powers since the passing of the new Constitution and until a new House of Representatives is elected.

Activists are angry and concerned about the future of NGOs in light of the stipulations delineated in the proposed law.

Local and international NGO employees interviewed by Egypt Independent have criticized the law for giving authorities the power to control their operations by requiring these organizations to obtain permission from more than one state body before receiving foreign funding. Under current legislation, they only need to acquire the go-ahead from the Social Affairs Ministry. (Egypt independent)

 

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/new-draft-law-would-limit-scope-work-ngos

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NGO calls for closure of National Council for Women

NGO calls for closure of National Council for Women | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A non-governmental organization with links to the Muslim Brotherhood demanded the National Council for Women be abolished on Wednesday, saying the group sought to destroy Egyptian families and did not conform to Sharia Law.

Misr Awalan, which would also see the Personal Affairs Law amended, also called for councils, authorities and associations promoting women's rights to be shut down because they "discriminate between men and women on the basis of gender."

The organization accused the NCW of supporting Western ideologies and forcing Egypt to sign agreements that "violate Islamic Sharia," such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. (Egypt independent)

 

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/ngo-calls-closure-national-council-women

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EMHRN demands NGO draft law withdrawal

EMHRN demands NGO draft law withdrawal | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The current non-governmental organisation (NGO) draft law should be repealed, said the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (EMHRN) on Thursday. The network of human rights organisations said that one that is in “compliance with international human rights standards” should replace the current draft.

“The EMHRN greets the indications that human rights, in particular gender equality and the draft NGO law were addressed during the meeting between [European Union] High Representative [Catherine] Ashton and President [Mohamed] Morsi on 7 April,” said Moataz El Fegiery, a member of EMHRN’s Executive committee, in a press release.

 

Basil El-Dabh | Daily news Egypt

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/04/11/emhrn-demands-ngo-draft-law-withdrawal/

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Is the Brotherhood’s registration as an NGO a nominal gesture?

Is the Brotherhood’s registration as an NGO a nominal gesture? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

“The Muslim Brotherhood is a legal association registered under number 644 for the year 2013,” the main headline on the group’s official website Ikhwanonline.com declared on 20 March, only hours after the Supreme Administrative Court’s Board of Commissioners said the group was illegal and should be dissolved.

The court adjourned to 23 April the ruling on the challenge filed by Brotherhood lawyers in 1992 after the Cairo Administrative Court ruled to reject a similar challenge filed by former Brotherhood Supreme Guide Omar al-Telmesany in 1977.

Telmesany had sought to challenge the 1954 Revolution Command Council decision to dissolve the group, despite the fact that the 1956 Constitution protected any council decision, even in the event that the Constitution expired.

In an attempt to preempt the ruling expected Tuesday, the Insurance and Social Affairs Ministry and Brotherhood announced the group was registered and had legalized its status in accordance with Law 84/2002, which governs the activities of civil society entities operating in Egypt.

The timing of the registration raised the ire of many who have been calling for the Brotherhood — which is now in a position of power in both the executive and legislative branches of the state — to reveal more details about its organization. The looming question is whether legalizing the group is merely a gesture — or a true commitment to stepping out of its long-held opacity.

 

Omar Halawa / Egypt independent

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/brotherhood-s-registration-ngo-nominal-gesture?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

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Égypte: le dilemme des Frères musulmans reconnus ONG

Égypte: le dilemme des Frères musulmans reconnus ONG | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Devenus une « organisation non gouvernementale », les Frères musulmans sont censés désormais respecter les codes d’une ONG. Indépendance financière et indépendance politique sont aujourd’hui les mots d’ordre pour la confrérie panislamiste qui aura sans doute quelques difficultés à remplir le contrat qui lui a été confié par l’Etat égyptien. (...)

En Egypte, la branche politique des Frères, réunis sous la bannière du Parti de la Liberté et de la Justice (PLJ) mène une action politique, et pas des moins discrètes depuis la révolution. C’est sous cette bannière qu’ont été élus la moitié des députés de l’Assemblée nationale. Ce sont les membres de ce parti qui ont constitué la quasi-totalité des membres de l’assemblée constituante qui a achevé ses travaux en décembre dernier. C’est également sous cette bannière que le président Morsi a été élu à la présidence, alors même que quelques mois auparavant, les Frères musulmans affirmaient ne pas vouloir présenter de candidats pour ne pas briguer tous les pouvoirs et assurer le peuple de leur souci de la séparation et de la démocratie.

Quant au financement, la case n’est sans doute pas cochée. En effet, les Frères musulmans, forts aujourd’hui de plusieurs dizaines d’antennes et de relais à travers le monde et constitués de plusieurs centaines de milliers de personnes, sont devenus une entreprise.

 

JOL

Plus : http://www.jolpress.com/egypte-confrerrie-freres-musulmans-ong-politique-finances-mohamed-morsi-article-818308.html


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News Analysis: Registration of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood as NGO trick to avoid judicial challenges

The registration of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood (MB) group as a legal civil society body is seen by many as "a trick" to avoid judicial challenges about its legal status and to quench opposition calls to dismantle the group.

"The MB registration as an NGO was just meant to circumvent the law," political expert Ammar Ali Hassan, head of the Middle East Center for Political Studies, said. He described the group's move as "more like a political propaganda rather than a proper legal action."

Egypt's State Commissioners Authority, a judicial body with the Supreme Administrative Court, issued a report Wednesday, recommending the court to dismantle the MB, arguing "its presence has no legal basis." However, on Thursday, Insurance and Social Affairs Minister Nagwa Khalil said the MB was already registered as a civil society organization on Tuesday after the group had submitted a legal request approved by the ministry.

"The law regulating NGOs does not allow exercising political work. I do not think the MB will be committed to this rule as an NGO," Hassan said, expressing his belief that the group's Freedom and Justice Party and the NGO were just legal covers to justify their too many headquarters across the country.

 

More on: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/world/2013-03/22/c_132252569.htm

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Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood becomes NGO

Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood becomes NGO | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood Organization (Ihvan) has gained a "legitimate" status after being legally registered as a non-governmental organization (NGO).

Abdel-Moneim Abdel-Maksoud, a lawyer for the Islamist group, on Wednesday said, "The Brotherhood has gained a legitimate status as of 2013 according to the NGO law in effect under the name of 'Muslim Brotherhood Association'."

The legal expert of the Organization Mukhtar al-Usri stated that the Muslim Brotherhood Organization was an association with its cultural and social activities.

 

More on: http://www.aa.com.tr/en/rss/145581--egypts-muslim-brotherhood-becomes-ngo

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NGO trial verdict set for 4 June

The trial of non-governmental organisation (NGO) workers accused of receiving foreign funding resumed on Wednesday and the judge set 4 June as a verdict session. The trial has been on-going since December 2011.

Defence lawyers made their closing statements in the Wednesday session, arguing that the case against the NGO workers was politically motivated.

A lawyer for the Freedom House organisation also used Article 6 of Law 84 of 2004 to argue that NGOs are automatically registered if the government does not reject their applications for registration within 60 days of submitting documents.

Police arrested 43 people in December 2011 and they were charged with receiving illegal foreign funding by the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation.

The accused NGOs included 17 foreign nationals from the American National Democratic Institute, the International Republican Institute, and Freedom House as well as the German Konrad Adenauer Foundation. (Daily news Egypt)

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/06/ngo-trial-verdict-set-for-4-june/

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Egyptian civil society see echoes of past in new law

Egyptian civil society see echoes of past in new law | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A law drafted by the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice (FJP) party threatens to stifle Egyptian civil society and takes a cue from the authoritarian ways of ousted leader Hosni Mubarak, rights groups said.

The draft law, due to be presented to Egypt's temporary legislature the Shura Council, places tight restrictions on the funding of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), a problem which plagued civil society groups in Mubarak's days.

  

 

Raising further alarm, civil society groups have pointed to a recent government letter instructing a leading human rights group not to engage with foreign organizations without the permission of the security apparatus.

It is reminiscent of the tight restrictions that stifled civil society in Mubarak's day, leading to the imprisonment of some prominent activists. Last year, under the generals who assumed power from Mubarak, 19 American pro-democracy activists faced prosecution under the same laws. They were charged with receiving foreign funds illegally.

 

The draft NGO law follows another from the Islamist-led administration that was criticized for being authoritarian, giving the state too much power to stifle dissent.

 

The latest draft law prevents any organization from receiving funds from foreign individuals or groups or Egyptians living abroad without the permission of the authorities. It appears to be more restrictive than an earlier draft that was discussed in 2012 in the Muslim Brotherhood-led parliament before it was dissolved by a court order.

 

"It's once again a reflection of a general sense of paranoia when it comes to human rights and democracy," said Heba Morayef, Egypt Director of Human Rights Watch. "When you compare this draft law to the one submitted early last year, you see a shift in approach."

 

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Mokhtar al-Ashry, head of the FJP's legal committee, said restrictions on sources of foreign funding were needed to stop Egypt's enemies hatching plots against the country and preventing money laundering.

 

More on: http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/02/25/us-egypt-ngos-idUSBRE91O0TZ20130225?feedType=RSS&feedName=worldNews

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Égypte. Des restrictions encore plus sévères pour les ONG

Égypte. Des restrictions encore plus sévères pour les ONG | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Une décision récente des autorités égyptiennes soumet tout contact entre les ONG nationales et des organisations étrangères à l'approbation préalable d'organismes de sécurité. Cette mesure accentue encore l'hostilité du régime envers la liberté d'association, a déclaré Amnesty International. 

Dans une lettre à l'Organisation égyptienne des droits humains, le ministère égyptien des Assurances et des Affaires sociales a déclaré qu'aucune « entité locale » n'était autorisée à entrer en relation avec des « entités internationales » sans avoir d'abord obtenu l'aval des « organismes chargés de la sécurité ». Cette déclaration s'appuyait sur des instructions du Premier ministre. 

Amnesty International a pu obtenir copie de cette lettre. L'expression « entités internationales » est suffisamment vague pour pouvoir désigner à la fois des organisations internationales de défense des droits humains et des organismes des Nations unies. 

« Les ONG présentes en Égypte sont déjà confrontées à des restrictions exorbitantes, mais cette nouvelle décision aggrave encore la situation, a déclaré Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, directrice adjointe d'Amnesty International pour le Moyen-Orient et l'Afrique du Nord. Nous sommes en présence d'une décision qui annonce probablement d'autres mesures hostiles aux groupes de défense des droits humains dans la loi que prépare le gouvernement. » 

Au nom de la législation en vigueur, les ONG se voient opposer de nombreux obstacles, notamment des restrictions à leur enregistrement officiel et à l'obtention de fonds provenant de l'étranger. Des projets de lois nouvelles ont pu être examinés par Amnesty International. Ils accentuent encore les restrictions existantes et, dans certains cas, limitent considérablement la capacité des ONG à mettre sur pied des visites et d'autres activités destinées à recueillir faits et témoignages ainsi que leur droit de recevoir des fonds pour financer leurs activités. 

« Nous craignons que les autorités soient sur le point de faire adopter une législation dont le but serait de faire taire la société civile afin d'empêcher l'expression de toute critique », a déclaré Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui. 

Depuis la « Révolution du 25 janvier 2011 », les autorités égyptiennes n'ont eu de cesse de réprimer les organisations internationales et les groupes de défense des droits humains. 

En juillet 2011, le gouvernement égyptien a ouvert une enquête sur le financement des ONG par des pays étrangers. Celle-ci a débouché en décembre 2011 sur une série sans précédent de descentes policières visant des groupes internationaux ou de la société civile égyptienne. 

Cette répression s'était traduite par la mise en accusation de 43 membres du personnel d'associations internationales, soupçonnés d'avoir exercé leur activité sans autorisation officielle et d'avoir obtenu des fonds provenant de l'étranger sans l'approbation des autorités égyptiennes. Amnesty International avait aussitôt demandé l'abandon des poursuites. 

« Les autorités doivent cesser de présenter les organisations indépendantes de la société civile comme des boucs émissaires responsables de toutes les plaies de l'Égypte », a déclaré Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui. « L'interdiction de contacts avec des "entités" internationales renvoie à des pratiques qui avaient cours sous Moubarak et que le président actuel avait promis de bannir. » 

« Nous demandons aux autorités égyptiennes de faire en sorte que la loi qui remplacera celle qui s'applique aujourd'hui aux ONG respecte le droit international, notamment la liberté d'expression et d'association. Elle doit en outre faire appel à la consultation transparente des organisations de défense des droits humains et autres ONG. » 

Le gouvernement égyptien a dû récemment faire face à l'expression de critiques relatives à un nouveau projet de loi limitant la liberté de réunion, entre autres projets législatifs de nature restrictive. 

L'année dernière, l'Organisation égyptienne des droits humains s'était vue interdire par le gouvernement la possibilité de mettre en chantier un projet portant sur la liberté d'association. (communiqué de presse)

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Human rights rapidly deteriorating in Egypt: human rights organisations

Human rights rapidly deteriorating in Egypt: human rights organisations | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Morsi regime’s abuse of human rights worse than that of Mubarak’s, says 21 human rights groups.

A statement prepared by 21 human rights organisations Thursday evening urged President Mohamed Morsi to put an end to the rapid deterioration of human rights in Egypt.

“The human rights record over the past eight months since President Mohamed Morsi took the seat of power… are worse than it was before the revolution in the era of the former president,” the joint-statement warned.

Among the statement’s signatories are the Arab Network for Human Rights Information, the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, the Egyptian Organisation for Human Rights and the Egyptian Centre for Economic and Social Rights.

The report said Egypt is witnessing “another version of an authoritarian regime, with special features”.

One such “feature” is the use of torture by members of the ruling Freedom and Justice Party on civilian protesters. During former president Hosni Mubarak’s regime, the human rights organisations concluded, such dirty work conducted by security forces and paid citizens.

The levels of attacks on the media during Morsi’s tenure and on the independence of the judiciary are also new phenomena, according to the statement.

The report echoes another report issued by the Cairo Centre for Human Rights Studies last October, which stated concerns over the government’s handling of human rights abuses. As it was in October, the statement said, the issue of human rights still rests beyond the circle of attention today.

The rights groups’ statement also criticised Morsi for not including human rights violations as a concern in during first 100 days as president, and for not taking advantage of proposed initiatives by several human rights groups at the beginning of his tenure. (Daily news Egypt)

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/02/22/human-rights-rapidly-deteriorating-in-egypt-human-rights-organisations/

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Droits de l'Homme : L’Occident à l’écoute

Droits de l'Homme : L’Occident à l’écoute | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

La situation actuelle des droits de l’homme en Egypte a été au centre d’intérêts cette semaine durant 2 réunions qu’ont tenues séparément 13 ONG de défense des droits de l’homme avec StavroLambrinidis, représentant spécial de l’Union européenne pour les droits de l’homme, et Michael Posner, secrétaire d’Etat adjoint américain pour la démocratie et les droits de l’homme. Parmi les ONG participant aux 2 réunions figurent le Centre du Caire pour les études des droits de l’homme, l’Organisation égyptienne pour les droits de l’homme, le Centre Al-Andalus pour les études de la tolérance et la lutte contre la violence, l’Initiative égyptienne pour les droits personnels, le Centre égyptien pour les droits économiques et sociaux, le groupe Egyptiens contre la discrimination religieuse et l’Organisation arabe pour la réforme pénale. Les politiques de l’Union européenne à l’égard des droits de l’homme, l’avenir des libertés publiques en Egypte, surtout celles d’expression, des médias et de culte en Egypte ont été les principaux sujets abordés avec le représentant de l’Union européenne. « La liberté religieuse était à la tête des questions examinées avec le responsable européen qui a discuté des violations contre les minorités religieuses, de la tension sectaire et du droit de construire des lieux de culte », dit Hafez Abou-Seada, directeur de l’Organisation égyptienne pour les droits de l’homme. Il ajoute que les organisations participantes ont par ailleurs abordé, durant leur rencontre avec le responsable américain Michael Posner, les récentes violences commises contre les militants politiques, la politique des Etats-Unis vis-à-vis de la violence et de la torture systématiques pratiquées par la police égyptienne contre les manifestants pacifiques et les forces de l’opposition, ainsi que la violence sexuelle dirigée contre des manifestantes. (Ola Hamdi/Al-Ahram Hebdo)


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Egypt NGOs honor street children with social responsibility campaign

Egypt NGOs honor street children with social responsibility campaign | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt’s Coalition for Child Rights (ECCR) and the Egyptian network of organizations working with street children called on Tuesday for commemorating the National Day of Solidarity with Street Children which occurs on February 23.

Civil society organizations and Political Parties announced their participation in the day which takes place under the theme “Children in the street, responsibility of society”.

“Society deals with street children as if they are criminals, not victims of social and economic policies practiced by successive governments leading to the amplification of this phenomenon in Egypt,” said a statement by ECCR.

“The government and society have the responsibility to defend and protect street children from all the forms of abuses that they are exposed to on a daily basis,” the statement continued pointing to, “attempts to involve them in the political events and hold them liable because of the government’s inability to capture the real perpetrators of violence.”

The coalition condemned remarks made by the Minister of Justice Ahmed Mekki on a TV program, where he accused street children of being responsible for all setbacks, describing them as “sons of the Tourbini”. Ramadan Abdel Rehim Mansour, better known as al-Tourbini was known for sexually abusing dozens of street children.

The statement also rejected what a security source said on the event of capturing 354 minors from different areas in Cairo, accusing them of attacking security forces and the presidential palaces and being hired to attack the security forces with stones and petrol bombs.

The statement added that such remarks instigate violence and counter-violence towards a vulnerable segment of children that suffered and continues to suffer from injustice, social marginalization and political exploitation. (Bikya/news)

 

More : http://bikyanews.com/85701/egypt-ngos-honor-street-children-with-social-responsibility-campaign/

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Égypte : sous les frères musulmans, on verrouille encore les libertés

Égypte : sous les frères musulmans, on verrouille encore les libertés | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

L'actualité en Égypte a été marquée cette semaine par deux décisions contraignant encore les libertés et les droits de l'homme dans le pays. La censure temporaire de Youtube et la nouvelle loi sur les associations.

La cour administrative d'Égypte a ordonné hier, samedi 9 Fevrier, le gouvernement égyptien à fermer tous les sites qui ont partagé le film portant atteinte au prophète (PSSL) pendant un mois. Le blocage concerne le portail de partage de vidéos mondial Youtube. Cette décision ré-ouvre la porte de censure en Égypte.

(...)

Le ministère de la justice égyptien a présenté en milieu de cette semaine le draft de la nouvelle loi organisant le travail des organisations non gouvernementales (ONG). Les milieux associatifs et les défenseurs des droits de l'homme s'opposent à ce draft qui renforce la main mise et l'ingérence du pouvoir sur les associations. L'Institut du Caire pour les études des droits de l'homme trouve que cette loi est plus répressive et plus contraignante que celles sous les régimes d'Abdennaceur, de Moubarak et du Conseil Supérieur des forces armées (SCAF).

 

Plus : http://www.webdo.tn/2013/02/10/egypte-sous-les-freres-musulmans-on-verrouille-encore-les-libertes/

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