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Gamal al-Banna, un théologien atypique

Gamal al-Banna, un théologien atypique | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Le plus jeune frère du fondateur des Frères musulmans dénonçait le port du voile et estimait que le Coran n'était pas une "science exacte". Il s'est éteint à 92 ans.

(...)

Gamal al-Banna dénonçait également la récupération totale du mouvement syndical par le pouvoir égyptien, le leader de l'Union syndicale étant "généralement nommé ministre du Travail, les chefs syndicaux accédant aux postes de député du parti au pouvoir", écrit Mouna A. Akouri, qui a publié un ouvrage en français en 1997 sur L'enseignement de Gamal al-Banna.

"Le Coran n'est pas une science exacte"

Mais ce sont surtout ses prises de position sur l'islam qui lui valent les foudres répétées d'al-Azhar, la principale autorité religieuse de l'islam sunnite. Elle exige notamment la saisie d'un pamphlet intituléLa responsabilité de l'échec de l'État islamique. Le vieil homme souriait. "Cette interdiction m'a plutôt fait de la publicité. Je considère que l'islam des cheikhs d'al-Azhar n'est pas l'islam du Coran. Ils n'ont pas une culture générale très étendue, ils s'encombrent de détails", avait-il déclaré à l'auteur de cet article.

Entouré de 30 000 ouvrages, qui couvraient sa fondation du sol ou plafond, appuyé par quelques fidèles, le frère d'Hassan al-Banna assénait que "le plus important, c'est la foi et non la forme", et que le Coran est "un guide pour les lecteurs, par une science exacte". "Il faut réintégrer le Coran à l'aune de nos préoccupations actuelles." Le vieil homme était apparemment si dérangeant que ses deux neveux, l'islamologue Tariq Ramadan et son frère Hani Ramadan, dirigeant du Centre islamique de Genève, n'ont guère pensé à lui rendre hommage. (Ian Hamel/Le Point)

 

Plus : http://www.lepoint.fr/monde/egypte-disparition-de-gamal-al-banna-un-theologien-atypique-05-03-2013-1636131_24.php

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Author Gamal al-Banna dies aged 93

Author Gamal al-Banna dies aged 93 | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Author Gamal al-Banna died Wednesday at age 93 after receiving treatment at a Cairo hospital for pneumonia.

Born in 1920, he was the younger brother of Hassan al-Banna, the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, a group whose policies he rejected. Banna was a liberal thinker who wrote about controversial Islamic issues.

Banna wrote and translated more than 150 books including his first,"Three Hurdles to Glory"(1945), and "New Democracy" (1946).

Banna lectured for 30 years until 1993 at the Workers University in Cairo and other specialized institutes. He was also an expert who consulted at the Arab Labor Organization.

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Gamal al-Banna leaves behind a legacy of controversial views on Islam

Gamal al-Banna leaves behind a legacy of controversial views on Islam | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

In his home office in Bab al-Shaariya, the late Gamal al-Banna always had his door open to curious guests seeking personal interaction with the controversial writer, whose works branded him an apostate in the eyes of many Muslims.

With his soft-spoken voice, he often engaged in lengthy discussions with visitors about Muslim thought. At times, he would walk up to one of the many bookshelves in his apartment and suddenly pull out a text he thought was a must-read.Despite his advanced age, his concentration rarely failed him in such conversations.

 

Last week, Banna died at the age of 92, leaving behind a controversial legacy. For some, he will be commemorated as a high-profile Muslim reformer. For many, he will remain dismissed as a pretentious, malicious writer who sought to undermine the fundamentals of the Muslim faith.(...)

 

A feminist at heart

Womens issues constituted one of the pillars of Bannas work. He dedicated at least two of his books to emancipating Muslim women and girls, and challenging religious dogmas that tightened mens grip over womens bodies and minds.

 

In his oeuvre, “The Muslim Woman between the Emancipation of the Quran and Jurist-made Constraints,” Banna drops a plethora of bombshells by arguing that the Quran neither obliges women to wear the hijab nor denies them the right to run for the highest posts, including the presidency.

To substantiate his propositions, Banna had engaged with the verses and the Prophets sayings that were put forward by Muslim jurists to prove that women should cover up, and to disqualify them for leading positions. The late author had offered a different interpretation of the verse on the hijab, and refuted the authenticity of the Prophets saying that asks women to conceal all body parts expect their faces.(...)

 

Flexible Quran and fabricated Sunna

In his works, Banna also refuted the canonical rule of naskh employed in interpreting the Quran. According to this rule, some early Quranic verses were abrogated by other verses that were revealed to Prophet Mohamed later on. By virtue of this rule, mainstream scholars hold that verses about jihad and war against non-Muslims overrule others promoting tolerance.(...)

 

More on: http://arabia.msn.com/news/middle-east/1306592/gamal-albanna-leaves-behind-legacy-co/

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