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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Egypte: les ONG dénoncent le procès de journalistes d'Al-Jazeera

Egypte: les ONG dénoncent le procès de journalistes d'Al-Jazeera | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les défenseurs des droits de l'Homme s'inquiètent d'un revers "effrayant" pour la liberté de la presse en Egypte, où seront jugés des journalistes d'Al-Jazeera, accusés par les autorités d'avoir pris le parti des Frères musulmans évincés du pouvoir par les militaires.
La chaîne satellitaire basée au Qatar - en froid avec les nouvelles autorités dirigées de facto par l'armée depuis la destitution le 3 juillet du président islamiste Mohamed Morsi - a dénoncé des "accusations idiotes et infondées" contre ses reporters.
Dès l'annonce du Parquet, Amnesty International a déploré un "revers majeur pour la liberté de la presse" qui "envoie le message effrayant qu'aujourd'hui, une seule version des faits est acceptable en Egypte: celle autorisée par les autorités", alors que le pays est profondément divisé entre les partisans des nouvelles autorités et ceux des Frères musulmans qu'elles répriment dans le sang depuis l'éviction du président issu de leurs rangs.
Jeudi, Reporters Sans Frontières, dénonçant un "harcèlement à l'encontre d'Al-Jazeera et de ses journalistes", estimait que "cet acharnement ne faisait que renforcer le clivage au sein de la société égyptienne, de plus en plus polarisée, et décrédibiliser davantage encore les autorités égyptiennes auprès de l’opinion publique internationale". (...)
Amnesty les a qualifié de "prisonniers d'opinion" mais les autorités égyptiennes soulignent qu'ils travaillaient sans accréditation.
En outre, un haut responsable gouvernemental a accusé Al-Jazeera de suivre "les orientations politiques du Qatar, seul Etat du Golfe à soutenir les Frères musulmans". "Ce ne sont pas des journalistes mais des militants pro-Frères musulmans", a-t-il affirmé à l'AFP, sous le couvert de l'anonymat.

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Washington urges Egypt to respect human rights

Washington urges Egypt to respect human rights | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

U.S. state department has expressed concern over violence that has swept Egypt since the 2011 uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak, asking the Middle East's most populous country to respect human rights and the law.

U.S. State Department Spokesman Patrick Ventral told a press conference on Monday that Egypt must guarantee standard rights, urging the authorities to take steps and conduct investigations through credible and independent means.

He stressed on the United States' support for freedom of expression and independent press in Egypt, adding that Washington has contacted the Egyptian administration more than once in regards to this point.

 

More on: http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=a353e44b-5614-424b-977f-ae0e709995f1

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1er Festival du film des droits de l'Homme les 25/26 mars 2013

1er Festival du film des droits de l'Homme les 25/26 mars 2013 | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Eye To Heart est une initiative présentant des projections de court-métrages, sur les droits de l’Homme, produit par des amateurs issus du monde entier, dans le cadre de la 1ère édition du Festival du film des droits de l’Homme, qui se tiendra les 25/26 Mars 2013 à Tunis.

Cette manifestation vise à promouvoir la tolérance interconfessionnelle et l’échange des idées partout dans le monde.

Durant ces deux journées, plusieurs court-métrages sont programmés, à savoir un film sur l’histoire des droits de l’Homme, des dessins animés sur la déclaration universelle des droits de l’Homme, Rapt - Sudan/Koweït, Bubble – UAE, One Day in the Heart of the Revolution– Yemen, Freedom - Pakistan, Sign of the Time – Egypte, Breaking the silence – Yemen, Tank man – Egypte, Unlocked - Pakistan et Leaving Tunisia - Tunisie.

 

http://www.leconomistemaghrebin.com/2013/03/19/1er-festival-du-film-des-droits-de-lhomme-les-2526-mars-2013/

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Hassan Mustapha from Mubarak’s Prisons to Morsi’s Prisons on Trumped up Charges

Hassan Mustapha from Mubarak’s Prisons to Morsi’s Prisons on Trumped up Charges | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI), denounces today the unfair sentence issued by Manshiayah Misdemeanor Court I on last Tuesday of two years imprisonment to the political activist “Hassan Mustapha” on the background of the clashes that took place in front of the court last January as a result of the protests that were demanding retribution for for the Egyptian revolution’s martyrs.

The public prosecution pressed against him the charges of assaulting “Ahmed Darwish”, the deputy of the general attorney, during interrogating 27 protesters who were arrested by the security bodies during the clashes that took place around the criminal court and Alexandria Security Directorate.

It is worthy to be mentioned that, a similar charges were trumped up against him at the time of Mubarak and he was sentenced to two months imprisonment due to that.

ANHRI said that “the activist played a pivotal role in exposing the case of torturing “Khaled Saaed” until death. In addition to his significant oppositions to the authorities, that didn’t stop even after the success of overthrowing Mubarak, so it is likely that the charges that pressed on him were due to using his legitimate right to freedom of expression in order to silence him”.

At the time that ANHRI announce its full solidarity with the activist, it also demands from the authorities to release the activist and reconsider the sentence issued against him through the legal means.

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Accord de coopération entre le ministère de la justice et l'UE

Le représentant spécial de l'Union européenne (UE) pour les droits de l'Homme, Stavros Lambrinidis, s'est mis d'accord avec le ministre de la Justice Ahmed Mekki, pour coopérer en matière de droits de l'Homme, a annoncé le président du bureau technique du ministre de la Justice, Ibrahim Abdel Khaleq.

L'accord stipule également d'établir des contacts avec la Commission européenne pour la démocratie par le Droit (Commission de Venise) pour envoyer au ministère de la Justice des experts internationaux spécialistes dans la rédaction des lois sur les droits de l'Homme et les libertés générales, a signalé M. Abdel Khaleq.

La commission de Venise œuvre à soutenir la démocratie, les droits de l'Homme, la souveraineté de la loi à travers des mécanismes et à présenter l'assistance technique aux pays pour mettre en vigueur des législations conformes aux critères internationaux en la matière.

(Egypt State Information Service, via All Africa)

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Mission de l'Ambassadeur chargé des droits de l'Homme en Egypte

Mission de l'Ambassadeur chargé des droits de l'Homme en Egypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

M. François Zimeray, Ambassadeur chargé des droits de l’homme, se rend en Egypte du 5 au 8 mars 2013 à l’occasion de la Journée internationale des droits des femmes.

Les femmes égyptiennes ont joué un rôle très actif pendant la révolution. M. Zimeray leur exprimera l’attention et le soutien de la France pour défendre leur dignité et faire respecter leurs droits.

A l’occasion de ce déplacement, M. Zimeray s’entretiendra notamment avec le ministre de la justice et le président de la commission des droits de l’homme du Conseil consultatif. Il apportera son soutien aux organisations de la société civile engagées dans la protection des droits des femmes et la lutte contre le harcèlement sexuel dans les manifestations, telles que les associations Nazra for Feminist Studies et OpAntiSh et le Centre d’accueil pour les femmes du quartier des chiffonniers.

M. Zimeray interviendra le 6 mars devant les étudiants francophones de l’Université du Caire et le 7 mars à l’Institut français sur le thème de la place des femmes dans le monde du travail.

http://www.ambafrance-eg.org/Mission-de-l-Ambassadeur-charge

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Egypt: ANHRI Denounces the Deny an Entry of a Bahrain Activist by the Egyptian Authorities

Egypt: ANHRI Denounces the Deny an Entry of a Bahrain Activist by the Egyptian Authorities | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI), denounces the deny an entry of a Bahraini activist without clear reasons, in a persistence of Egyptian regimes hostile to the rights’ activity.

The Egyptian authorities, on night of Friday March 1, 2013, prevented the Bahraini writer, political activist and the member of the Shura member of Al-Wefaq National Islamic Society in Bahrain- the most prominent political opposition movements in Bahrain- “Ramala Abdulhamid”, from entering Egypt after scanning her documents and detention her in the Airport authorities for three hours before deporting her to Bahrain again; without clear reasons.

The preventing of the female activist from entering the persistent of preventing the Arab political and rights’ activities from entering the Egyptian territories. As the authorities prevented the rights’ activist “Mariam El-Jhawajah” in April 2012 from entering the country before some of the civil society organizations be in solidarity with  her until she was able to enter the country. In August the same thing repeated with her but this time she didn’t enter. In addition to held and preventing the rights’ advocate “Nabil Rajab” and his deportation from the country, after the fail of the attempts of the activists and the lawyers to convince the authorities to let him in during April 2012.

ANHRI said that “the determination of the Egyptian authorities to prevent the Arab political and rights’ activists from entering its territories without reasons, is a continuation to the policies of the department of security of the state that was existed before the revolution of January 25th, which is totally refused and the dictatorship regimes adopted it, which is not suitable with Egypt after the revolution”.

ANHRI added that “the authorities must clarify the reasons behind the prevention of the activist on transparency basis, as the Bahraini regime, which exert all the efforts to repress the Bhariani people, sends list of the political activists and opposition to the allied countries to prevent them from entering their territories. In this frame, on last week, Bahriani media-professionals and journalists were prevented from entering UAE without reasons. Egypt, aftermath, the revolution must not be a member in this repressive coalition, that aims to harass the activists and rights’ advocates from different Arab nationalities.
For more information
http://www.anhri.net/?p=58211
http://www.anhri.net/?p=51907

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Human rights rapidly deteriorating in Egypt: human rights organisations

Human rights rapidly deteriorating in Egypt: human rights organisations | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Morsi regime’s abuse of human rights worse than that of Mubarak’s, says 21 human rights groups.

A statement prepared by 21 human rights organisations Thursday evening urged President Mohamed Morsi to put an end to the rapid deterioration of human rights in Egypt.

“The human rights record over the past eight months since President Mohamed Morsi took the seat of power… are worse than it was before the revolution in the era of the former president,” the joint-statement warned.

Among the statement’s signatories are the Arab Network for Human Rights Information, the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, the Egyptian Organisation for Human Rights and the Egyptian Centre for Economic and Social Rights.

The report said Egypt is witnessing “another version of an authoritarian regime, with special features”.

One such “feature” is the use of torture by members of the ruling Freedom and Justice Party on civilian protesters. During former president Hosni Mubarak’s regime, the human rights organisations concluded, such dirty work conducted by security forces and paid citizens.

The levels of attacks on the media during Morsi’s tenure and on the independence of the judiciary are also new phenomena, according to the statement.

The report echoes another report issued by the Cairo Centre for Human Rights Studies last October, which stated concerns over the government’s handling of human rights abuses. As it was in October, the statement said, the issue of human rights still rests beyond the circle of attention today.

The rights groups’ statement also criticised Morsi for not including human rights violations as a concern in during first 100 days as president, and for not taking advantage of proposed initiatives by several human rights groups at the beginning of his tenure. (Daily news Egypt)

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/02/22/human-rights-rapidly-deteriorating-in-egypt-human-rights-organisations/

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Droits de l'Homme : L’Occident à l’écoute

Droits de l'Homme : L’Occident à l’écoute | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

La situation actuelle des droits de l’homme en Egypte a été au centre d’intérêts cette semaine durant 2 réunions qu’ont tenues séparément 13 ONG de défense des droits de l’homme avec StavroLambrinidis, représentant spécial de l’Union européenne pour les droits de l’homme, et Michael Posner, secrétaire d’Etat adjoint américain pour la démocratie et les droits de l’homme. Parmi les ONG participant aux 2 réunions figurent le Centre du Caire pour les études des droits de l’homme, l’Organisation égyptienne pour les droits de l’homme, le Centre Al-Andalus pour les études de la tolérance et la lutte contre la violence, l’Initiative égyptienne pour les droits personnels, le Centre égyptien pour les droits économiques et sociaux, le groupe Egyptiens contre la discrimination religieuse et l’Organisation arabe pour la réforme pénale. Les politiques de l’Union européenne à l’égard des droits de l’homme, l’avenir des libertés publiques en Egypte, surtout celles d’expression, des médias et de culte en Egypte ont été les principaux sujets abordés avec le représentant de l’Union européenne. « La liberté religieuse était à la tête des questions examinées avec le responsable européen qui a discuté des violations contre les minorités religieuses, de la tension sectaire et du droit de construire des lieux de culte », dit Hafez Abou-Seada, directeur de l’Organisation égyptienne pour les droits de l’homme. Il ajoute que les organisations participantes ont par ailleurs abordé, durant leur rencontre avec le responsable américain Michael Posner, les récentes violences commises contre les militants politiques, la politique des Etats-Unis vis-à-vis de la violence et de la torture systématiques pratiquées par la police égyptienne contre les manifestants pacifiques et les forces de l’opposition, ainsi que la violence sexuelle dirigée contre des manifestantes. (Ola Hamdi/Al-Ahram Hebdo)


Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/962/1/130/1746/Droits-de-lHomme--L%E2%80%99Occident-%C3%A0-l%E2%80%99%C3%A9coute.aspx

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Protest law will infringe on human rights

Protest law will infringe on human rights | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A protest bill proposed by the government threatens the right to demonstrate in addition to encouraging police brutality, human rights organisations have said.

The drafted protest bill was sent to the Shura Council to be reviewed. The bill, drafted by the Ministry of Justice, will then be voted upon by members in the upper house of parliament and, if passed, will be signed into law by President Mohamed Morsi.

The proposed bill stirred controversy among activists and human rights organisations who argue it infringes upon freedoms of expression and movement, the right to protest, the right to strike, and sanctions the use violence by security forces against protesters.

“This law infringes upon the right to protest and freedom of movement,” said Ahmed Ezzat, who heads the legal unit of the Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression. (Daily news Egypt)

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/02/18/protest-law-will-infringe-on-human-rights/

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NCWR acquires release of 22 detained children in Tanta

NCWR acquires release of 22 detained children in Tanta | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt’s National Council for Women Rights (NCWR) said on Saturday that it acquired the release of 22 discriminatorily detained children who were pending investigation in Tanta’s police stations.

The Council issued a statement saying that it has sent a memorandum to Tanta’s attorney general of appeals asking for the release of the arrested children.

The Council based its argument on the absence of any reason for their detention. Furthermore, the detention of children under the legal age is contrary to the Egyptian and international law.

"It is a humanitarian issue which agitates all Egyptians. It is also a clear flagrant violation of child rights, the law and human rights," the Council said stressing that it adopts the issue of releasing all children detained under the legal age.

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=d2c67b15-3890-41ea-8c0f-c49d05c47136 
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U.S. Concerned At 'Climate Of Impunity' In Egypt

U.S. Concerned At 'Climate Of Impunity' In Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The United States expressed concern on Tuesday about growing political polarisation in its major ally Egypt and a "climate of impunity" over abuses by police and security forces in the most populous Arab nation.

At a news conference after a four-day visit, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights, Democracy and Labour Michael Posner avoided direct criticism of the Muslim Brotherhood-led government of President Mohamed Mursi.

But he said young people's economic and political concerns, which had led to recent violent protests, should be addressed, and the government should "reach out widely" to other political and social forces and hold consultations on concerns about the Islamist-tinged constitution it pushed through in December.

 

"While recognising the need for the Egyptian government to take specific steps to build confidence and to address valid concerns, we condemn this violence unequivocally," Posner said.

Noting that the authorities had the right and duty to ensure public order and stop violence by protesters, he said: "At the same time there are credible reports that police and security forces have used excessive force. (...)

 

He reaffirmed Washington's concerns about legislation under discussion regulating non-governmental organisations and the right to demonstrate, saying it was vital but should respect international standards.

 

More on: http://www.60news.com/news-u-s-concerned-at-climate-of-impunity-in-egypt-185790/

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Egyptian rights group reveals human cost of recent violence

 

The organisation said 1,667 civilians and 361 police across eight governorates have been injured. Fifty-three civilians and three police officers have died.

 

Moreover, 35 governmental institutions and 13 private institutions have been attacked.

 

Until Wednesday, 450 protesters had been detained, with 70 released pending investigations.

 

An EOHR fact-finding committee went to Port Said, Ismailiya, Suez, Alexandria, Beheira, Sharqiya, Cairo and Gharbeya. During these visits, 75 testimonies were collected from eyewitnesses, injured people recovering in hospital, government officials, and heads of government hospitals.

 

The organisation called for a committee to be formed to hold guilty persons accountable. (Ahram online, via Egypt.com)

 

More : http://news.egypt.com/english/permalink/171616.html

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Suite à la rencontre Ashton-Morsi : le REMDH plaide pour un retrait urgent du projet de loi égyptienne sur les ONG

Suite à la rencontre Ashton-Morsi : le REMDH plaide pour un retrait urgent du projet de loi égyptienne sur les ONG | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le Réseau Euro-Méditerranéen des droits de l’Homme (REMDH) appelle les autorités égyptiennes à retirer de toute urgence le projet de loi sur les ONG, et à promulguer une loi qui soit respectueuse des normes internationales des droits de l’Homme1.

 

« Le REMDH accueille favorablement les éléments indiquant que les questions des droits de l’Homme et le projet de loi sur les ONG ont été abordées lors de la rencontre qui s’est tenue entre la Haute Représentante de l’UE Ashton et le Président égyptien Morsi, le 7 avril dernier. Cependant, ces discussions doivent être suivies d’actes et du retrait immédiat de ce projet de loi  », a déclaré Moataz El Fegiery, membre du Comité exécutif du REMDH.

En marge de sa rencontre avec le Président égyptien, Ashton s’est également entretenue avec certains représentants d’organisations de la société civile. Au cours de cette réunion, les représentants des ONG ont dressé à Madame Ashton un portrait alarmant sur la rapide détérioration de la situation des droits de l’Homme en Égypte, y compris des droits des femmes, au cours des dix derniers mois. Ils lui ont demandé de prendre clairement position contre le projet de loi sur les ONG et de conditionner le soutien financier de l’UE à une amélioration tangible des droits de l’Homme, y compris de l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes. Les représentants des ONG ont aussi demandé à Ashton de conditionner tout soutien financier européen à l’adoption d’une loi sur les ONG qui soit respectueuse des normes internationales.

« Nous avions demandé qu’Ashton rencontre les ONG de défense des droits de l’Homme en Egypte, en incluant celles qui militent pour les droits des femmes. Souligner une volonté de sa part d’interagir avec la société civile est vital étant donné le climat d’attaques hostiles qui règne en ce moment à l’encontre la société civile égyptienne, en particulier les ONG œuvrant pour la promotion des droits de l’Homme et l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes, car leur existence-même est actuellement menacée. Ceci dit, nous regrettons que l’invitation à rencontrer Ashton ait été principalement envoyée aux ONG internationales et qu’elle n’ait été adressée ni au REMDH, ni à de nombreuses importantes ONG égyptiennes de défense des droits de l’Homme, y compris des ONG qui militent pour l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes », a ajouté Moataz El Fegiery. »

Pour conclure, le REMDH se dit surpris de constater qu’aucune déclaration publique n’ait été faite de la part d’Ashton en ce qui concerne son entretien avec le Président Morsi, ni sur sa rencontre avec les organisations de la société civile égyptienne.

 

 

Ligue des Drots de l'Homme

http://www.ldh-france.org/Communique-du-REMDH-sur-le-projet.html

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A Revolution Striving for Human Dignity Must not Deviate from its Objectives

A Revolution Striving for Human Dignity Must not Deviate from its Objectives | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The undersigned human rights organizations are deeply concerned by reports and testimonies indicating that groups of demonstrators on Friday, 22 March, targeted individuals for the purpose of physically harming them. Citizens were targeted during clashes at various sites in Muqattam, and several vehicles were stopped and their passengers assaulted based on the belief that they were affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood, due to their outward appearance or because the car bore license plates from outside Cairo.

We stress that all parties’ recourse to physical violence and the arrest and assault of persons based on their identity will have catastrophic consequences for the country.

The undersigned organizations reiterate that a revolution that opposed torture and aspired to promote the value of human dignity must never deviate from these objectives, even in the face of its bitterest enemy.

We further stress that these practices are unacceptable from any party. The increasing frequency and public acceptance of these practices is extremely dangerous. It signals that citizens, observing the actions of some state institutions, have lost confidence in legal channels designed to uphold and enforce their legitimate rights. Feeling they cannot find justice, some have adopted other methods.

The undersigned organizations note that those in power bear a special responsibility for the situation. It is they who deployed civil violence during the Ittihadiya events in December, while prominent leaders have repeatedly threatened to escalate the violence, all the while studiously ignoring assaults on citizens. These actions only served to escalate matters, bringing us to the events in Muqattam, the location of the main office of the Muslim Brotherhood, the president’s group.

 

Signatory organizations

Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights

Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies

Arabic Network for Human Rights Information

Hisham Mubarak Law Center

Center for Egyptian Women’s Legal Assistance

Appropriate Communications Techniques for Development

Egyptians Against Religious Discrimination

New Woman Foundation

Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression

El Nadeem Center for Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence and Torture

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights

 

http://www.anhri.net/en/?p=11957

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Egypt rights record under scrutiny (video)

Egypt rights record under scrutiny (video) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The International Human Rights Federation has held a press conference to discuss the latest findings of their 2013 report on human rights violations. The draft law currently before Egypt’s upper House of Parliament was one of the items on the agenda.

More on: http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/03/20/294460/egypt-rights-record-under-scrutiny/

 

 

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Egypte : Une définition des libertés numériques · Global Voices en Français

Egypte : Une définition des libertés numériques · Global Voices en Français | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

L'association pour la liberté d'opinion et d'expression en Egypte a publié en février dernier sa première publication [en arabe] sur les libertés numériques ; il s'agit d'un texte qui définit différents droits de l'Homme et les principes qui y sont associés, en l'occurrence l'accès (aux technologies de l'information et de la communication), la liberté d'opinion et d'expression, la confidentialité, le droit à la création, au développement et à l'innovation.

En ce qui concerne le droit à l'accès, la fiche aborde de façon générale l'accès à la technologie et à l'information en mettant l'accent sur la nécessité de prendre en considération des facteurs importants comme le rapport qualité/prix des services de télécommunications ainsi que leur adaptation aux besoins de la population. La fiche aborde aussi la problématique des autorisations nécessaires pour le fonctionnement et l'utilisation des réseaux de télécommunication. Brièvement, la fiche résume le principe de droit à l'accès comme suit :

- Le droit des personnes à bénéficier des télécommunications et des technologies de l'information à travers la diminution des obstacles, de distance et de coût et l'adaptation des systèmes à l'utilisation de chacun..

Les exemples de cette accessibilité sont nombreux, on peut citer le droit des handicapés à l'utilisation des technologies de communication et d'accès à l'Internet et la mise à disposition des appareils nécessaires, ou encore, le droit des enfants venant des milieux ruraux ou pauvres à l'accès aux formations aux technologies de l'information.

 

Plus: http://fr.globalvoicesonline.org/2013/03/12/140483/

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Journée internationale des droits des femmes - Mission de l’ambassadeur chargé des droits de l’homme en Egypte (5-8 Mars 2013)

Journée internationale des droits des femmes - Mission de l’ambassadeur chargé des droits de l’homme en Egypte (5-8 Mars 2013) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

PARIS, France, 5 mars 2013/African Press Organization (APO)/ – Quai d’Orsay – Déclarations du porte-parole

 

M. François Zimeray, Ambassadeur chargé des droits de l’homme, se rend en Egypte du 5 au 8 mars 2013 à l’occasion de la Journée internationale des droits des femmes.

 

Les femmes égyptiennes ont joué un rôle très actif pendant la révolution. M. Zimeray leur exprimera l’attention et le soutien de la France pour défendre leur dignité et faire respecter leurs droits.

 

M. Zimeray s’entretiendra notamment avec le ministre de la justice et le président de la commission des droits de l’homme du Conseil consultatif. Il apportera son soutien aux organisations de la société civile engagées dans la protection des droits des femmes et la lutte contre le harcèlement sexuel dans les manifestations, telles que les associations Nazra for Feminist Studies et OpAntiSh et le Centre d’accueil pour les femmes du quartier des chiffonniers.

 

M. Zimeray interviendra le 6 mars devant les étudiants francophones de l’Université du Caire et le 7 mars à l’Institut français sur le thème de la place des femmes dans le monde du travail.

 

SOURCE 

France – Ministry of Foreign Affairs

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NCHR wants to improve legislation

NCHR wants to improve legislation | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The National Council for Human Rights announced they would be sending recommendations to the legislative and executive authorities to improve human rights conditions in Egypt.

Hossam El-Gheriany, the chairman of the council, promised on Monday during a comference that these recommendations would be sent to the legislative and executive authorities as soon as possible. The conference was titled Egyptian Legislation in Light of International Criteria.

The conference was held to discuss the findings of the council regarding amending legislation in five areas including freedom of expression and the press, freedom of gathering and peaceful protesting, elections, unemployment and the right to employment, and slums and the right to housing.

 

The meeting was attended by Shura Council Speaker Ahmed Fahmy as well as representatives from the Spanish embassy.

During the conference, El-Gheriany said the council will soon publish a guide to explain to citizens how to “correctly” hold protests, strike and practice their right to civil disobedience. He added that the guide will be published in various media services.

El-Gheriany said Egypt currently needs new laws as well as amendments to current laws.

 

 

More on: http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/04/nchr-wants-to-improve-legislation/

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The Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies at the United Nations: Human Rights Crisis Worsens in Egypt

The Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies at the United Nations: Human Rights Crisis Worsens in Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

 Monday, February 25, marks the beginning of the twenty-second session of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC), taking place at its headquarters in Geneva.  The session’s events will continue until March 22, 2013.

Non-governmental organizations play a critical role in bringing the human rights situation in different countries to light and in confronting governments based on their violations of these rights. As such, the HRC provides such organizations with the opportunity to review rights conditions through a system of written and oral interventions. The Cairo institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS) is one of the organizations that take advantage of this opportunity to discuss a broad range of rights issues affecting the countries of the Arab world. Due to its consultative status at the United Nations, CIHRS is able to provide observations and testimonies about the situation of rights in the Arab region through its interventions and reports to the HRC.

In preparation for this session of the HRC, CIHRS drafted six written interventions to be presented to the HRC. Among the issues dealt with in these written interventions is the situation of human rights defenders in the Gulf states, including the harassment and surveillance to which they are subjected by the security apparatuses in these countries as punishment for their cooperation with the United Nations.  The interventions also address the situation of human rights in Libya as well as the principle challenges faced by the region in terms of legislation regulating the right to freedom of assembly.

Egypt is a main focus of the written interventions for this session, as CIHRS, in cooperation with other international and Egyptian NGOs, submitted an intervention focusing on female human rights defenders in Egypt and how they have been the targets of various forms of violations and attacks which aim to discriminate against women and to force them out of the public domain.  In another intervention, CIHRS discussed the events which occurred at the Ittihadeyya Presidential Palace on 5-6 December 2012 and resulted in 11 deaths and hundreds of injuries.  In a separate intervention, CIHRS evaluated the state of human rights in Egypt, warning that the deterioration of the human rights crisis in the country is cause for serious concern.

As for the oral interventions, CIHRS is scheduled to participate in a number of meetings HRC at which it will deliver such interventions to address the rights situations in Egypt, Syria, Libya, and the occupied Palestinian territories. CIHRS will also focus in its oral interventions on the state of human rights defenders in the Arab region, particularly in light of the policies of retribution which have been undertaken by a number of Arab governments against those who cooperate with the mechanisms of the United Nations.

During this session, CIHRS will also organize a series of meetings and side events, which will be attended by state delegations and representatives of regional and international non-governmental organizations. On 6 March, CIHRS will hold a side event on the situation of human rights defenders in the Arab region which will feature the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders.  On 8 March, CIHRS, in collaboration with other regional and international organizations, will discuss the situation of human rights in Libya. On 11 March, CIHRS will hold an event to discuss the state of human rights in Egypt, specifically highlighting the recurring attacks on the right to peaceful protest and assembly, the right to association, and the right to freedom of expression and opinion.

 

More : http://www.cihrs.org/?p=5972&lang=en

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Egypt: 8 Months After Dr. Mohamed Morsi Assumed the Presidency, the Rapid Deterioration of the State of Human Rights in Egypt Must Be Halted

Egypt: 8 Months After Dr. Mohamed Morsi Assumed the Presidency, the Rapid Deterioration of the State of Human Rights in Egypt Must Be Halted | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A review of the situation in Egypt over the last eight months raises serious concerns about the extent to which the state of human rights has rapidly deteriorated under the leadership of President Mohamed Morsi.

Indeed, the rights situation in Egypt currently appears even direr than it did prior to the revolution and the ouster of the former president. The country has merely traded one form of authoritarianism for another, albeit with some new features.

Under the former president, the independence of the judiciary and freedom of the press were never attacked as fiercely as they have been over the last eight months. Similarly, supporters of the National Democratic Party, the ruling party prior to the revolution, never practiced torture themselves, nor did they attack protestors in the way that supporters and members of the current ruling coalition of parties have done. Rather, during the era of the former president, such 'dirty work' was left to the security establishment and its hired thugs.

On 15 October 2012, on the occasion of the 100th day of Mohamed Morsi's presidency, the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS) issued a report entitled "After President Mohamed Morsi's first 100 days: Worrying indications for future of human rights, major crises remain unresolved" in which it warned that "human rights issues remained neglected and state authorities continued to violate human rights, even though the current president possesses more legislative and executive powers than any president before him. The absence of human rights issues from the president's 100-day plan, as well as their absence from his practices and policies over this period, has made it impossible to end the numerous violations and infringements of these rights and, indeed, has given rise to three major crises(...) The report also shows that the president has no clear policy on human rights questions. He did not address vital human rights issues in his first 100-day plan and did not attempt to benefit from various initiatives posed to confront and address these problems, including the 100-day plan drafted by the Forum of Independent Human Rights Organizations and submitted the day he assumed office." [1]

 

More on: http://allafrica.com/stories/201302220258.html

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Égypte: le HCDH préoccupé par un projet de loi qui restreint le droit de rassemblement

Égypte: le HCDH préoccupé par un projet de loi qui restreint le droit de rassemblement | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies aux droits de l'homme (HCDH) a exprimé mardi sa préoccupation devant le projet de loi approuvé la semaine dernière par le cabinet égyptien et qui restreint considérablement la liberté de rassemblement.

« Nous regrettons que le projet de loi sur les manifestations approuvé le 13 février dernier ne prenne pas suffisamment en compte les observations du HCDH et d'autres organisations des droits de l'homme », a indiqué Rupert Colville, porte-parole du Haut Commissariat, lors d'un point de presse donné à Genève.

M. Colville a reconnu que la liberté de rassemblement, considérée comme l'une des pierres angulaires de la démocratie, peut être sujette à certaines restrictions. Cependant, « elle devrait aussi être considérée comme la règle, et les restrictions comme l'exception. Dans sa forme actuelle, le projet de loi soulève des préoccupations quant à la nature et à la portée des limites imposées », a-t-il noté.

Le texte prévoit notamment des sanctions pénales contre les organisateurs qui ne respecteraient pas le cadre juridique désormais fixé pour l'organisation d'une manifestation. Il impose également de larges restrictions aux rassemblements publics et limite le choix des lieux où ils peuvent se dérouler, tout en accordant aux Ministère de l'Intérieur toute discrétion pour annuler les rassemblements.

« Personne ne devrait être pénalisé ou exposé à des menaces d'actes de violence, de harcèlement ou de persécution pour avoir exprimé de manière pacifique des préoccupations quant aux questions relatives aux droits de l'homme», a rappelé M. Colville.

« Nous recommandons donc que les dispositions du projet de loi soient réexaminées, de manière à s'assurer qu'il respecte les normes internationales des droits de l'homme. »

Des dizaines de milliers d'Égyptiens ont pris part le mois dernier à des manifestations contre le Président Mohammed Morsi, deux ans après les soulèvements populaires qui avaient provoqué la chute de l'ancien Président Hosni Moubarak et ouvert une période de transition dans le pays. Des dizaines de personnes ont trouvé la mort lors des récentes manifestations, qui ont également fait plus d'un millier de blessés.

Devant ces incidents, le Secrétaire général Ban Ki-moon et la Haute Commissaire aux droits de l'homme Navi Pillay ont appelé les Égyptiens à restés engagés en faveur d'un dialogue pacifique et de la non-violence alors que se poursuit la transition démocratique.

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Egypt: EOHR Calls Upon Minister of Interior to Undo Police Arming Decision

Egypt: EOHR Calls Upon Minister of Interior to Undo Police Arming Decision | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) expresses worry for the official approval of General Mohamed Ibrahim, the Egyptian Minister of Interior, to import 100000 guns for arming the police soldiers and non-commissioned officers to face the outlaws. The import approval was given on February 16, 2013.(...)

EOHR views that arming policemen and drafting a new law for demonstration creates doubts regarding the way of dealing protesters in the near future. The massive arming of policemen opens the door to new policemen's violations. It could be an indicator to having security measures to deal with the opposition instead of the national dialogue that aims at gathering the political and social powers all together.

 

EOHR considers that arming the Egyptian police in this way comes in contradiction with Article III of the Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials of the United Nations Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by staff, which stipulates that the use of force must be appropriate with the goal of intended project and the gravity of the crime. when training policing officers, the state should pay special attention to alternatives to the use of force, including the peaceful settlement of conflicts, and understanding the behavior of the public, and methods of persuasion, negotiation and mediation in addition to technical means (including non-lethal weapons and protective clothing for police), as well as the necessity to have an exceptional use of force.

 

More on: http://allafrica.com/stories/201302170222.html

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Égypte : le Président de l’ère post-révolutionnaire prêt à marcher sur les traces de Mubarak ?

Égypte : le Président de l’ère post-révolutionnaire prêt à marcher sur les traces de Mubarak ? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

La FIDH (Fédération internationale des Ligues des droits de l’homme) déplore les évènements tragiques qui ont fait au moins 53 morts et 1.757 blessés depuis le 25 janvier 2013, à l’issue de quatre journées d’affrontements violents ayant opposé manifestants et forces de sécurité dans les principales villes d’Egypte, notamment au Caire, à Suez et Port Saïd. (...)

La FIDH est extrêmement préoccupée aussi par la décision du Président Morsy, qui a décrété l’état d’urgence à Suez, Port Said et Ismailia pour une durée de 30 jours, car elle constitue un pas en arrière important pour la révolution égyptienne qui réclamait l’abrogation de la loi sur l’état d’urgence, vieille de 30 ans, dont l’application octroyait aux forces gouvernementales des pouvoirs exorbitants, systématiquement utilisés pour empiéter sur les libertés fondamentales du peuple égyptien. Elle s’inquiète également de la décision prise par le Conseil Shura, qui a adopté le projet de loi du gouvernement autorisant l’armée à arrêter des civils dans le but de préserver la ’sécurité de l’Etat et de ses principales institutions’. En dépit de la déclaration selon laquelle tout civil arrêté en application de cette loi serait renvoyé devant des procureurs civils, la FIDH craint que l’armée n’abuse de pouvoirs aussi exceptionnels, ce qui pourrait risquer d’entraîner, là encore, une dégradation de la situation et de nouvelles violations de la liberté de réunion à des fins pacifiques.


Plus : http://www.fidh.org/Egypte-le-President-de-l-ere-post-12818

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ANHRI denounces assaulting the staff of “Egypt 25 channel” and holds the authorities and the political forces responsible for the protecting media-outlets during the protests

ANHRI denounces assaulting the staff of “Egypt 25 channel” and holds the authorities and the political forces responsible for the protecting media-outlets during the protests | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI) denounces today the assault on the staff of “Egypt 25” by unknown people during performing their job and media covering the Friday of dignity in Tahrir square, held them and ban them from continuing the live broadcast from Tahrir and confiscation of their equipments.

The correspondent “Ahmed Abdualeem” was surprised during the media-coverage of the demonstration on last Friday, when unknown person, his voice appears live, demanded from the staff of the channel to show their identities and forced them to shutdown the camera in addition to stop broadcasting, as he said “it is banned fro Egypt 25 channel which belongs to MB to broadcast from Tharir”, without having any capacity to do that. Then he and who were with him, held the staff and confiscated their equipments before they give it back to them after paying an amount of “3500 EGP about “650 USD” according to the correspondent of the channel.

ANHRI expressed its severe disturbance to the persistent of involving the media-outlets in the political conflicts that are going on between the various forces and repeating the assaults on the media-professionals and satellite channels during performing their job. As the media-outlets must work freely and independently, in a secure climate, without any control from the opposition or the authorities.

 

More on:  http://www.anhri.net/en/?p=11215

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