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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Ce qu’il reste des chrétiens d’Orient

Ce qu’il reste des chrétiens d’Orient | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Dans les pays arabes ils sont de moins en moins nombreux et ils sont poussés à l’exode par une hostilité croissante. Une présentation mise à jour indique combien ils sont et qui ils sont, trois mois avant le voyage que le pape va effectuer en Terre Sainte
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« La situation des chrétiens au Moyen-Orient est l’une des grandes préoccupations du Saint-Siège, qui ne cesse de sensibiliser à cette question ceux qui exercent des responsabilités politiques, parce qu’il en va de la coexistence pacifique dans cette région et dans le monde entier ».

Et il a ajouté, faisant référence à la présence au Moyen-Orient de chrétiens de diverses confessions et, implicitement, à la rencontre du pape François et du patriarche œcuménique de Constantinople, qui aura lieu à Jérusalem un demi-siècle après le baiser de paix échangé par Paul VI et Athénagoras :

« C’est également un contexte particulièrement significatif au niveau de l’œcuménisme, étant donné que les chrétiens peuvent chercher et trouver des voies communes pour aider leurs frères dans la foi qui souffrent dans différentes parties du monde ».
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Si l’on prend en considération les chiffres actuels, on ne peut partir que des chrétiens d’Égypte, héritiers du patriarcat d’Alexandrie. Et particulièrement de l’Église copte orthodoxe, dirigée par le pape Tawadros II, à laquelle se rattachent plus de 90 % des chrétiens d’Égypte.

On l’appelle « copte orthodoxe », mais il faut préciser tout de suite qu’elle n’a rien à voir avec l’orthodoxie issue du schisme entre Rome et Constantinople. La genèse d’une Église autonome égyptienne résulte en effet du refus du patriarche d’Alexandrie de participer au concile de Chalcédoine de 451, à l’époque des querelles théologiques à propos de la nature de Jésus.

Les coptes constituent actuellement la communauté chrétienne la plus nombreuse du Moyen-Orient. Mais combien sont-ils ? Lors des deux derniers recensements, réalisés en 1996 et en 2006, la question portant sur la religion d’appartenance en Égypte avait été omise dans les questionnaires, afin de respecter une indication en ce sens provenant des Nations-Unies. Mais ce fait a alimenté deux comptabilités parallèles.

D’une part il y a celle de l’Église copte orthodoxe qui, s’appuyant sur ses registres, affirme que les chrétiens représentent 10 % de la population du pays, autrement dit de 8 à 9 millions d’individus.

D’autre part il y a les statistiques officielles, selon lesquelles ils sont beaucoup mois nombreux : en 2012 l’Agence gouvernementale indiquait qu’il n’y avait pas plus de 5 130 000 chrétiens. Et une source indépendante telle que le Pew Research Center américain va même jusqu’à estimer qu’il n’y a que 4 290 000 chrétiens en Égypte, soit 5,3 % de la population. Cependant il n’est pas dit que ces chiffres des statistiques officielles soient en eux-mêmes plus exacts : il faut tenir compte du fait que l’Égypte, ce n’est pas seulement Le Caire et que – surtout dans les régions les plus périphériques – les chiffres relatifs à la population totale sont eux-mêmes très douteux.

Il faut ajouter que les chiffres concernant les chrétiens égyptiens comprennent également l’Église copte catholique, de rite copte mais en communion avec Rome, dirigée par le patriarche Ibrahim Isaac Sidrak, qui compte environ 160 000 fidèles. Et puis il y a les chrétiens égyptiens de confession évangélique, dont le nombre est estimé à environ 250 000 personnes.

S’il y a d’aussi grandes incertitudes en ce qui concerne les coptes présents en Égypte, le problème ne peut pas être différent pour ce qui est des estimations relatives aux chrétiens égyptiens qui ont quitté le pays au cours de ces dernières années.

Ce qu’il y a de certain, c’est que la communauté la plus nombreuse de la diaspora est celle des États-Unis, pour laquelle circule le chiffre de 900 000 personnes. On trouve également des communautés très importantes au Canada (environ 200 000 personnes) et en Australie (75 000). En revanche, il y a deux ans encore, les populations de coptes dans les pays d’Europe étaient plus faibles.

Tous ces chiffres, cependant, sont donnés en tenant compte de ceux qui ont quitté le pays au cours des deux dernières années. Sur ce point le Washington Institute for Near East Policy a publié une estimation qui évalue à 100 000 le nombre de chrétiens qui ont fui l’Égypte après la chute de Moubarak. Cependant ce chiffre est contesté par l’Église copte orthodoxe : elle parle de quelques dizaines de milliers de personnes mais elle a également intérêt à limiter le phénomène.

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Upper Egypt protests over conversion to Christianity rumour

Upper Egypt protests over conversion to Christianity rumour | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
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Around two thousand people have protested in Upper Egypt against the alleged kidnapping and forced conversion to Christianity of a Muslim woman.

Protesters gathered in Al-Wasti in Beni Suef governorate on Tuesday to condemn what they claimed was the kidnapping last month of a 21-year-old woman by Christians. The woman was allegedly forced to marry a Coptic Christian man and sent to live in Turkey.

Security forces were deployed to protect the local church and police station.

 

El Ahram, via Aswat Masriya

More : http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=a518667b-b2cc-4a08-9b54-bdb97f61e4c1

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Muslims attack Christians in Egypt's south

Egypt-actus's insight:

Hundreds of Muslim villagers in Egypt's south have attacked Christian-owned stores in search of a girl whose family claims was abducted.

The villagers assaulted the stores Tuesday and surrounded two churches in the city of al-Wasta in Bani Suef province in Egypt's south. Security forces guarded the churches. No casualties were reported.

The college-aged girl disappeared around one month ago. The crowd accused local Christian of kidnapping her.

 

AP, via Yahoo news

More : http://news.yahoo.com/muslims-attack-christians-egypts-south-205610047.html;_ylt=AgQ3oZtq3qPIaz7nH4kF5121qHQA;_ylu=X3oDMTQ0YWl0OHViBG1pdANUb3BpY3MgQ29sbGVjdGlvbiBKdW1ib3Ryb24EcGtnAzBkYjQ4NzBjLTNhZDQtMzhhMC1iM2RlLWFiMDI5ZjgwOWYxOARwb3MDMQRzZWMDbWVnYXRyb24EdmVyAzhkMGY2MTYwLTkwZDctMTFlMi1iZGE2LTFmYTdiNzNhODRmNw--;_ylg=X3oDMTFlamZvM2ZlBGludGwDdXMEbGFuZwNlbi11cwRwc3RhaWQDBHBzdGNhdAMEcHQDc2VjdGlvbnM-;_ylv=3

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Pape François : les attentes des chrétiens d’Egypte (vidéo)

Pape François : les attentes des chrétiens d’Egypte (vidéo) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Quel accueil les chrétiens d’Orient réservent-ils au nouveau souverain pontife ? Une des plus grandes communautés chrétiennes d’Orient vit en Egypte. Notre correspondant au Caire Mohammed Shaikhibrahim est allé à la rencontre du responsable de la communauté arménienne catholique en Egypte, l‘évêque Krikor Augustinos Coussan. Il lui a demandé ce qu’il attendait du pape François.
“Nous demandons au pape d’oeuvrer en faveur d’une paix juste et équitable notamment au Proche-Orient, la région où sont nés et où ont vécu Jésus et les apôtres, la région qui a porté l‘évangile et l’enseignement du Christ pour le monde entier”, a-t-il indiqué.

 

http://fr.euronews.com/2013/03/15/pape-francois-les-attentes-des-chretiens-d-egypte/

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Persécutés, les minorités chrétiennes attendent le résultat du conclave (vidéo)

Persécutés, les minorités chrétiennes attendent le résultat du conclave (vidéo) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

La lutte contre la persécution des chrétiens à travers le monde sera sans nul doute l’un des défis à relever pour le futur pape. En Egypte, euronews est allé à la rencontre de cette communauté stigmatisée par un gouvernement issu de la mouvance islamiste.

Au Caire il fut un temps où les religions cohabitaient sans difficulté, comme le rappel ce musulman : “J’ai 65 ans. A l‘époque les chrétiens vivaient avec nous, c‘étaient nos voisins Si vous regardez mon téléphone vous verrez que mes amis sont en majorité chrétiens. Quand je vois qu’ils ont des problèmes je ne veux pas les laisser seuls. S’ils voyaient ma maison brûler ils ne m’abandonneraient pas. Nous sommes interdépendants depuis des lustres.”

L’Egypte, l’Irak ou encore plusieurs pays d’Afrique du nord voient leurs minorités chrétiennes pesécutées. Inacceptable pour ce Egyptien chrétien :
“Nous espérons que le prochain pape prendra soin des Chrétiens de l’Orient et de leur souffrance. J’attends de lui qu’il unisse toutes les Eglises en Egypte, en Grèce et ailleurs durant son pontificat.”

 

 Rome, en marge du conclave, l’archevêque italien Salvatore Rino Fisichella reconnait qu’il faut agir. “Les religions ne peuvent être vécues dans la violence, ce n’est pas leur nature. Il faut donc assumer une responsabilité très forte pour que les chrétiens ne soient pas persecutés à la limite du martyre, pour qu’ils ne soient pas exposés à de nouvelles formes de persécution telles que la dérision, la marginalisation, ou la discrimination.”

 

http://fr.euronews.com/2013/03/13/persecutes-les-minorites-chretiennes-attendent-le-resultat-du-conclave/

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Un chrétien égyptien torturé à mort en Libye, selon un avocat

Un chrétien égyptien torturé à mort en Libye, selon un avocat | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it


Un chrétien copte égyptien détenu par les  services de sécurité libyens à Benghazi (est) a été torturé à mort, a affirmé  lundi au Caire un avocat spécialisé dans la défense de cette communauté.    Ezzat Hakim Attallah "est décédé après avoir été torturé avec d'autres  détenus", a déclaré à l'AFP Naguib Guebraïl, avocat de confession copte qui  dirige une ONG, l'Union égyptienne pour les droits de l'Homme.    Le 1er mars, un responsable des services de sécurité de Benghazi avait  indiqué qu'une cinquantaine de chrétiens égyptiens soupçonnés de prosélytisme  avaient été arrêtés quelques jours auparavant dans cette ville de l'est de la  Libye.    Ce responsable avait ajouté que ce groupe était en possession de bibles,  d'ouvrages encourageant la conversion au christianisme, et d'images du Christ  et de l'ancien chef de l'Église copte orthodoxe Chenouda, décédé en 2012.    Ces Egyptiens sont par ailleurs accusés d'"entrée illégale sur le  territoire libyen", avait-il ajouté.    Quatre étrangers --un Egyptien, un Sud-africain, un Sud-coréen et un  Suédois détenteur d'un passeport américain-- soupçonnés de prosélytisme  chrétien avaient aussi été arrêtés mi-février à Benghazi.    Me Guebraïl a mis en cause les autorités égyptiennes, notamment le  président islamiste Mohamed Morsi et le Premier ministre Hicham Qandil, leur  reprochant de ne pas être intervenus en faveur des personnes arrêtées.    Depuis la chute du régime de Mouammar Kadhafi en 2011, la minorité  chrétienne en Libye exprime des craintes quant à la montée de la mouvance  islamiste extrémiste.    Les Coptes représentent 6 à 10% de la population égyptienne et constituent  la plus grande communauté chrétienne du Moyen-Orient. 

(Ennahar)

http://ennaharonline.com/fr/news/19110.html

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Foreign Ministry: 20 Egyptian Copts held in Libya released

Foreign Ministry: 20 Egyptian Copts held in Libya released | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Libya released 20 Egyptian Copts who were being held in the country on charges of proselytizing, said Ali al-Esheiry, foreign deputy minister for consular affairs, attributing their release to the Egyptian Consulate in Benghazis efforts.


Esheiry said the mission is still working toward the release of 23 other people as part of the consulates efforts, which started when Libyan authorities summoned a church pastor to testify in a case before arresting several Egyptians.

Esheiry said efforts by the foreign minister and Egyptian mission in Libya to secure the release of all arrested are ongoing.

Libyan authorities had arrested about 50 Egyptian Copts in the eastern Libyan city of Benghazi over charges of proselytizing and illegally entering the country.

Egypts Coptic Orthodox Church had called on the Foreign Ministry to intervene.

This text is from: El-Masry el Youm

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Churches ask for more accuracy in tallying Christian population

Churches ask for more accuracy in tallying Christian population | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt’s churches have called for more accurate representation of the Coptic population in the census.

“Statistics in Egypt are inaccurate,” said Evangelical Church spokesperson Ikram Lamei. “Officials often use figures to serve political or security purposes.”

The last census, conducted in the 1980s, counted 2.8 million Copts.

“The church objected to it at the time, and said Copts constitute 8 to 10 percent of the population,” Lamei noted.

Father Salib Matta of the Mar Girgis Church in Shubra called on the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) to be more precise. “They like to reduce the size of the Coptic population, though everyone knows the true percentage,” he said. Roman Catholic Bishop Adel Zaki agreed with Matta’s statement.

A CAPMAS report on Wednesday said the country’s population would reach 92 million by March, without specifying the ratio of Coptic Christians.

 

This content is from EgyptIndependent

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Novelist accused of contempt of religion

Novelist accused of contempt of religion | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Novelist and author Youssef Zidan was referred to investigation on Tuesday for contempt of religion.

Zidan is a writer known for reflecting controversial opinions on religious matters through his books. Azazil, the novel which earned Zidan the Arab Booker Prize, challenged Christian beliefs when weighed against philosophy and logic.

The novelist was released after an investigation, reported state-owned Al-Ahram. Zidan requested a respite to respond to the notes issued in the Islamic Research Complex’s report regarding his case.

Eleven Coptic rights organisations had filed a report to the prosecutor general in 2010 accusing Zidan of contempt of the Christian religion, reported Al-Ahram. The organisations stated Zidan taunts the doctrines of the trinity, unification and redemption adopted by Christians.

The organisations claimed in their report that Zidan is accustomed to attacking Christianity and the Christian dogma, reported Al-Ahram. They added that his writings threaten national unity and undermine social peace. (Daily news Egypt)

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/02/19/novelist-accused-of-contempt-of-religion/

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Libya arrests Egyptian for spreading Christianity

Libya arrests Egyptian for spreading Christianity | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

An Egyptian and three other foreigners were arrested in Libya for proselytising. The four were arrested on 12 February, and could face the death penalty under laws enacted by the former leader Muammar Gaddafi.

“Proselytising is forbidden in Libya. We are a 100% Muslim country and this kind of action affects our national security,” security official Hussein Bin Hmeid told Reuters. (DailEgypt)y news 

 

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Interview: Egyptian Pastor on the Revolution, Coptic-Evangelical Unity, Muslim Relations

Interview:  Egyptian Pastor on the Revolution, Coptic-Evangelical Unity, Muslim Relations | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A window into the remarkable leadership and ministry of the Al-Dubara Evangelical Church in downtown Cairo, Egypt, was opened when the Arab Spring blew across Tahrir Square right into the palace of President Mubarak. Over the coming months, the media trained their cameras on a city church surprising the world. The Al-Dubara Evangelical Church was turned into a field hospital for the injured, welcomed young revolutionaries and offered counsel and encouragement amid chaos.

 

To radical Islamists, the church's pastor Dr. Sameh Maurice spoke wise words, and to the bereaved, he spoke words of comfort. Maurice, an evangelical pastor in Cairo, sat down with Brian Stiller, the global ambassador of the World Evangelical Alliance and a senior editorial advisor to The Christian Post, in late January in a conference center outside of Cairo, for a conversation about his church's active role in the recent revolution in Egypt, the improved relationship between the Coptic Church and evangelicals since the revolution, and the respect Muslims now have for the Church.

 

More on: http://www.christianpost.com/news/interview-egyptian-pastor-on-the-revolution-coptic-evangelical-unity-muslim-relations-89533/

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14-15 febbraio: alle radici del cristianesimo egiziano

14-15 febbraio: alle radici del cristianesimo egiziano<br /> | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
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Giovedì 14 febbraio 2013, ore 18.30Libreria Terra Santavia Gherardini 2, Milano
 Venerdì 15 febbraio 2013, ore 19.00chiesa copta ortodossa di S. Marcovia Senato 4, Milano

Di cristiani in Egitto, soprattutto copti, si è sentito molto parlare negli ultimi anni, purtroppo per episodi legati a violenze e intolleranza che hanno spesso dovuto subire. Ma poco, in Occidente, si conosce delle caratteristiche di questa presenza, e ancora meno della ricchezza della sua spiritualità. Tra le esperienze monastiche cristiane delle origini, quella egiziana è infatti una delle più feconde e importanti: in essa affonda le proprie radici anche l’avventura del monachesimo europeo. È una tradizione ricca di figure di santi, la cui vita e le cui gesta a volte sembrano sconfinare nella leggenda. A Milano se ne parlerà in due incontri (il 14 febbraio alla Libreria Terra Santa di via Gherardini 2, il 15 presso la chiesa di S. Marco di via Senato 4) in compagnia del prof. Bartolomeo Pirone, autore di “Vite di santi egiziani” (Edizioni Terra Santa), e dei padri Antonio Ava Shenuti e Pietro Said, della Chiesa copta ortodossa di Milano. 
 Partecipano:- Bartolomeo Pirone, autore, professore incaricato presso la Pontificia Università Lateranense di Roma, studioso di manoscritti arabo-cristiani- p. Antonio Ava Shenuti, p. Pietro Said, sacerdoti della diocesi copta ortodossa di Milano 

Introduce Giuseppe Caffulli, direttore della rivista Terrasanta

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En Egypte, le cardinal Sandri évoque les souffrances des communautés chrétiennes

En Egypte, le cardinal Sandri évoque les souffrances des communautés chrétiennes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Un haut responsable de la Curie romaine effectue une visite en Egypte. Le cardinal Leonardo Sandri, préfet de la Congrégation pour les Eglises Orientales est arrivé sur place dimanche soir. Plusieurs rendez-vous importants figurent au programme de son séjour qui se poursuivra jusqu’au 11 janvier. Notamment une rencontre avec le nouveau Patriarche copte orthodoxe Tawadros II au Monastère de S. Bishoi, la célébration du centenaire de la Congrégation des religieuses égyptiennes du Sacré Cœur, aujourd’hui présentes également au Soudan et en Tunisie et l’inauguration à Charm el-Cheik d’une église consacrée à Notre Dame de la Paix. 

Les souffrances de chrétiens d'Egypte

Cette visite intervient à un moment critique pour la nation égyptienne. Les récentes évolutions inquiètent les chrétiens. Une situation que le cardinal Sandri n’a pas éludée. Lundi soir, au cours d’une messe à Alexandrie, il a évoqué les épreuves et les souffrances, que connaissent les communautés chrétiennes en Egypte et dans les pays d’Orient, les divisions intérieures et extérieures, le dialogue parfois difficile mais toujours à renouveler avec les institutions, des défis - a-t-il dit -qui ne doivent pas freiner les aspirations chrétiennes à la paix et au salut.


(Radio Vatican)

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Libya releases four Egyptian Christians

Egypt-actus's insight:

Libya on Thursday released four Egyptian Christians who spent more than a month in jail after being accused of proselytizing, Egypt's state news agency MENA said.

Quoting church sources, MENA said Libyan authorities had dropped the charges against them. A fifth detained Egyptian died in a Tripoli prison last month, it added.

The release comes after Egypt extradited two members of the regime of ousted Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi earlier this month. An Egyptian court barred the extradition of a cousin of Gaddafi claiming to hold Egyptian citizenship.

Last month, Egyptian judicial sources told Reuters Egypt was seeking to swap the Libyans with the Egyptian Copts.

 

Reuters, via Aswat Masriya

More : http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=a2ee0db9-66af-4164-a21a-436fda4488e1

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Gamal Heshmat: FJP Defends Coptic Families in Libya; Will Secure Their Rights

Gamal Heshmat: FJP Defends Coptic Families in Libya; Will Secure Their Rights | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Dr. Gamal Heshmat, member of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) National Committee and member of the Shura Council (upper house of Egyptian parliament)’s Committee on Foreign Affairs and National Security, said: "We condemn crimes against Egyptians in Libya regardless of their faith. We are dealing with them as Egyptians, not only as Copts."

In a statement to Ikhwanweb Tuesday, Dr. Heshmat revealed that the Committee on Foreign Affairs and National Security held a fast-tracked meeting with Libyan officials, adding: "We discussed all issues relating to Egyptian families, including allegations of torture and murder, just as we discussed issues of Egyptian families in the UAE with relevant authorities.

"We reject torture and violence. We are trying to defuse current tensions. Meanwhile, we await Libyan investigation results. We will restore the rights and entitlements of any Egyptian whatever their faith. Ultimately, those who erred must be held accountable."

 

Ikhwan web

http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=30748

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Coptic Christians say they were tortured in Libya

Coptic Christians say they were tortured in Libya | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Dozens of Coptic Christians were tortured inside a detention center run by a powerful militia in eastern Libya, two of the recently released detainees told The Associated Press on Friday amid a wave of assaults targeting Christians in Benghazi and the latest instance of alleged abuse by Libyan security forces.

The two, among an estimated 50 Egyptian Christians who have been detained in Libya on suspicion of proselytizing, told of being rounded up in a market by gunmen who checked their right wrists for tattoos of crosses. (...)

Militias have been targeting Christians, women, journalists, refugees and those considered former loyalists of Moammar Gadhafi, who was toppled and killed in Libya's 2011 civil war. The state relies on the militias to serve as security forces since Libya's police and military remain in shambles.

Egypt's foreign ministry said that its embassy in Libya was investigating the allegations of torture.

The militia that held the group claimed it treated the Coptic Christian detainees well.

(AP, via dnj.com)

 

More : http://www.dnj.com/usatoday/article/1991753

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Egypt's Christians may find hope in new pope

One of the challenges facing the new pope and the Catholic Church is how best to help and bring comfort to Christians who feel persecuted in North Africa and the Middle East.

Many Christians living in Egypt worry about their future under a Muslim Brotherhood president.

However, an Egyptian Muslim living in Cairo described a peaceful coexistence.

"Christians have been my neighbours for 65 years. If you look at my phone, most of my friends are Christians. If my Christian friend has a problem, I'd never leave him alone and he feels the same about me," he said. 

What do the roughly 10 percent of Egypt's roughly 82.5 million people that are Christians want from a new pope?

"We hope that the new pope will take care of the Christians in the East and care about their suffering. I hope he will unite all Church denominations under his leadership - Egypt, Greek Christians and the rest," said one Christian man in Cairo.

President Mohamed Morsi has been accused of not defending Egypt's Christians from a rising number of attacks.

Now it's time for the Church to play a role, according to Italian archbishop Salvatore Rino Fisichella.

"Religions can not exist in perpetual violence. We have to assume our important responsibilities regarding Christians, so that people won't be persecuted like martyrs, or exposed to new forms of persecutions, I such as derision, marginalisation or discrimination," said Fisichella.

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Egyptians protest death of Christian in Libya

Egyptians protest death of Christian in Libya | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
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 Protesters burned a flag belonging to the Libyan Embassy in Cairo yesterday to protest the death in prison of an Egyptian Christian suspected of proselytizing in Libya.
The Egyptian Foreign Ministry said that Ezzat Atallah likely died of natural causes. He suffered from diabetes and a heart ailment.
Protesters said they suspect that poor prison conditions and possible abuse may have contributed to his death.
“The killing of Copts is illegal,” chanted the crowd of 100, mostly Coptic Christians. Some draped an Egyptian flag over the Libyan Embassy’s gates. Four foreigners are still in prison in Libya for alleged espionage and proselytizing. They are a Swedish-American, a South Korean, a South African and an Egyptian.
Last week, Egypt’s Foreign Ministry intervened to win release from Libya of 55 Egyptians also suspected of trying to spread Christianity. Thirty-five of them were deported for illegally entering the country, while 20 were cleared to stay in Libya.
The protesters are also angry over reports that around 100 Coptic Egyptians are being held by an Libyan militia.

(AP, via Arab News)

http://arabnews.com/middle-east/egyptians-protest-death-christian-libya

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Pour l’Evêque auxiliaire d’Alexandrie des coptes catholiques, les hommes politiques américains ne comprennent pas la situation égyptienne actuelle

Egypt-actus's insight:

(Agence Fides) – L'invitation à trouver un accord pour permettre le bon déroulement des élections adressée par le Secrétaire d’Etat américain, John Kerry, lors de sa visite dans le pays « ne peut être qualifiée d’ingérence mais révèle le déficit de compréhension de la réalité égyptienne de la part des responsables politiques américains ». C’est ce qu’indique à l’Agence Fides l’Evêque auxiliaire d’Alexandrie des coptes catholiques, S.Exc. Mgr Botros Fahim Awad Hanna.
Lors de son voyage en Egypte, le Secrétaire d’Etat américain a rencontré le Président Morsi et d’autres représentants politiques égyptiens mais différents responsables de l’opposition ont refusé de s’entretenir avec lui, critiquant les Etats-Unis pour leur soutien au gouvernement islamique conduit par les Frères musulmans. Les récents appels des responsables de la politique étrangère américaine à ne pas boycotter les élections parlementaires en Egypte – élections que le Président Morsi a fixé pour le 22 avril – « sont en un certain sens escomptés – pour l’Evêque – et répondent à la mentalité américaine selon laquelle participer aux élections est un élément distinctif du système démocratique. Mais une telle attitude ne tient pas compte de la réalité concrète de l’Egypte actuelle, où les consultations électorales et référendaires semblent désormais ne faire que confirmer des décisions et des structures de pouvoir déjà préétablies hors de toute règle démocratique. C’est pourquoi, certains en arrivent à dire : retirons-nous et laissons-les jouer seuls. Au moins, le monde se rendra compte qu’il n’existe pas de vraie démocratie en Egypte ». Selon Mgr Hanna, « des interventions de Kerry, il ressort également que les Etats-Unis raisonnent selon des schémas occidentaux abstraits et qu’ils ne comprennent pas profondément ce qui se passe en Egypte, où la situation politique et sociale se complique au-delà de toute attente ». (GV) (Agence Fides 04/03/2013)


http://www.fides.org/fr/news/34991?idnews=34991&lan=fra#.UTSgf3xvwiY

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Egyptian Christians trying to convert Muslims in Libya arrested

Egyptian Christians trying to convert Muslims in Libya arrested | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Around 50 Egyptian Christians suspected of trying to convert Muslims have been arrested in the eastern city of Benghazi on illegal immigration charges, a Libyan security official said on Friday.

“Forty-eight Egyptian traders who worked in the Benghazi municipal market have been arrested based on reports of suspect activities,” the source told AFP on condition of anonymity.

He said they were found in possession of a quantity of Bibles, texts encouraging conversion to Christianity, and images of Christ and the late Pope Shenuda of Egypt's Coptic Christians, none of which were for "personal use."

But the main charge was illegal entry into Libya, he said. (Al Arabiya)


More : http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2013/03/01/269013.html

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Egyptian 'bible-burning' preacher faces fresh investigation

Egyptian 'bible-burning' preacher faces fresh investigation | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The office of Egypt’s prosecutor-general has begun investigating Abu-Islam Ahmed Abdullah after he allegedly described Coptic Christian women as “whores” on his satellite television programme.

 

The complaint was filed by lawyer Naguib Gabriel.

Abu-Islam is also facing charges of defaming Christianity for burning copies of the New Testament.

Dozens of Abu-Islam’s supporters gathered in front of the Supreme Court on Saturday and chanted that the prosecutor-general is working for the Muslim Brotherhood. Security guards prevented them from entering the court.

Abu-Islam is the owner of the Umma and Mariya satellite television channels.

In a similar case, Egypt's Administrative Court recently ordered controversial Sheikh Abdullah Badr’s programme on the Al-Hafez religious channel to be taken off air for 30 days.

On 17 December, Badr was handed a one-year jail term and a LE20,000 fine for insulting the actress Elham Shahin on his show.

 

This content is from :El Ahram, via Aswat Masriya  
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Egyptian Council of Churches first meeting

Egyptian Council of Churches first meeting | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Representatives of Egyptian churches held the first meeting of the Egyptian Council of Churches on Monday, headed by Pope Tawadros II, Patriarch of the Coptic Orthodox Church.

The council includes representatives of the Coptic Orthodox, Catholic, Evangelical, Episcopal and Greek Orthodox churches. It was held at the Coptic Cultural Center in St. Mark’s Cathedral in Al-Abbaseya district of Cairo.

“The council doesn’t have political goals; it aims to unite Christians on general matters to endorse the Christian stance and facilitate the Christian-Islamic dialogue,” said Coptic lawyer Naguib Gabriel.

“Unity does not involve issues of dogma; every church sustains its independence except on general issues regarding all Christians,” Gabriel added.

He added that the representatives decided the council’s presidency will rotate every three years. They nominated Pope Tawadros II for the first presidency as a way of honouring his achievements.

The meeting also discussed approving the final statute and the general rules of the council.

Gabriel stated that the council will be a national version of the Middle East Council of Churches and the World Council of Churches, but will not be a substitute for either of these councils. (Daily news Egypt)

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Egypt’s ‘Christian Winter’

Egypt’s ‘Christian Winter’ | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Arab Spring has become a Christian Winter. Egypt faces an exodus of its Christian population similar to those that have already been seen in other Middle Eastern states in the grips of Islamist governments. This will be tragic for Egypt. Not only do Christians control almost a third of business, they are well educated, trained as professionals. They contribute greatly to Egypt’s economic and social well-being.

It will be a tragedy if Egypt’s Christians are forced to flee after 1,300 years of largely successful co-existence with their Muslim neighbours. And it will be a tragedy felt even by those who would drive them from their homes.

(National Post)

 

More : http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2013/02/11/brian-c-stiller-egypts-christian-winter/?utm_medium=referral&utm_source=t.co

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"Christianity and Monasticism in Aswan and Nubia", edited by Gawdat Gabra, Hany Takla

"Christianity and Monasticism in Aswan and Nubia", edited by Gawdat Gabra, Hany Takla | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

 

The legacies of the Coptic Christian presence in Aswan and Nubia from the fourth century to the present day 

Christianity and monasticism have flourished along the Nile Valley in the Aswan region of Upper Egypt and in what was once Nubia, from as early as the fourth century until the present day. The contributors to this volume, international specialists in Coptology from around the world, examine various aspects of Coptic civilization in Aswan and Nubia over the past centuries. The complexity of Christian identity in Nubia, as distinct from Egypt, is examined in the context of church ritual and architecture. Many of the studies explore Coptic material culture: inscriptions, art, architecture, and archaeology; and language and literature. The archaeological and artistic heritage of monastic sites in Edfu, Aswan, Makuria, and Kom Ombo are highlighted, attesting to their important legacies in the region.

The American University in Cairo Press, 2013, 352 p.

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Egyptian police stop Muslims from storming a church after alleged harassment

Egyptian police stop Muslims from storming a church after alleged harassment | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Police in Egypt clashed on Friday with a crowd of furious Muslims who tried to storm a church after claiming that a Coptic man had tried to sexually abuse a six-year-old Muslim girl, security sources said.
Egypt-actus's insight:

Dozens of Muslims went on the rampage in the southern city of Qena, destroying two Coptic-owned shops and then marching on the church in a bid to storm it before police fired tear gas to disperse them, the sources said.

The Muslims claimed that a Coptic merchant had tried to sexually harass the girl, they said.

Police arrested the merchant as well as 10 Muslims who allegedly took part in the unrest, including pelting police with stones, they added.

Copts, who make up between six and 10 percent of Egypt's 83-million population, have suffered an increase in attacks since a popular uprising ousted Hosni Mubarak in early 2011, leading to a breakdown in security.

Earlier this month, Egyptian army forces stationed in the Sinai Peninsula foiled an attempt to bomb a church in Rahaf, a city in the border with Gaza Strip, during a Coptic holiday.

It was not immediately clear who was behind the planned attack but one security source said the perpetrators were “probably radical Islamists whom security forces have been tracking for months.”

Islamist President Mohamed Mursi, who hails from the powerful Muslim Brotherhood, visited the Sinai peninsula in October to meet with and reassure Coptic families, telling them that “your security is our security”.

Mursi, who was elected in June, has pledged to be the “president of all Egyptians” but many among the minority Christian community say they fear for their future under Islamist rule.

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