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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Polémique : Champollion enflamme les passions

Polémique : Champollion enflamme les passions | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Cela fait déjà quelque temps que cette statue de Champollion placée dans une cour du Collège de France à Paris suscite l’indignation en Egypte. La statue représente le déchiffreur des hiéroglyphes posant le pied sur la tête du roi Akhenaton. Tout commence il y a quelques semaines lorsqu’un musicien égyptien habitant Paris passe par hasard devant le Collège et découvre cette statue. Hicham Gad ramène sa caméra, filme la statue et poste la vidéo sur Youtube. « C’est une insulte à l’Egypte et sa civilisation. Cette statue me scandalise en tant qu’être humain », dit le musicien dans une interview à TV5 Monde. Dans sa vidéo, Gad commente en arabe : « Si la statue avait été à l’inverse : la tête de Champollion par terre et le pied du pharaon dessus, est-ce que le gouvernement français et les pays européens seraient restés silencieux ? ».

La diffusion de la vidéo sur Internet a provoqué une chaîne de réactions en Egypte. Des archéologues et des intellectuels égyptiens la considèrent comme « insultante » et demandent qu’elle soit retirée de la cour de l’éminent Collège de France. Indignation aussi au ministère de la Culture où la statue est qualifiée de « honteuse ». Certains archéologues comme Abdel-Halim Noureddine, ancien secrétaire général du Conseil suprême des antiquités, proposent que la statue soit enlevée. « J’ai proposé aux autorités françaises d’effacer les traits du visage du pharaon et de les remplacer par des signes hiéroglyphiques, mais je n’ai reçu aucune réponse concrète », explique Noureddine.

Le ministère d’Etat pour les Affaires des antiquités a décidé d’agir. Une lettre officielle sera envoyée à l’ambassadeur de France au Caire ainsi qu’au ministre français de la Culture pour exprimer l’indignation de l’Egypte, surtout que les relations égypto-françaises sont exemplaires depuis très longtemps.

Des égyptologues français en Egypte interrogés par l’Hebdo se sont voulus plutôt discrets. « C’est une question délicate. Il est difficile de juger une oeuvre d’art qui a été faite il y a plus de 200 ans. A l’époque, cet art ne posait pas de problème. Tous les aventuriers du XVIIIe siècle qui se sont rendus en Orient ou en Afrique ont été présentés dans des oeuvres d’art de ce genre », souligne un égyptologue qui a préféré garder l’anonymat. Et d’ajouter : « On ne doit pas attaquer Champollion pour cette statue ». Des Egyptiens de France prévoient « manifester pacifiquement devant le Collège de France ».

 

Nasma Réda / Al-Ahram Hebdo

Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/965/32/97/1980/Pol%C3%A9mique%C2%A0-Champollion-enflamme-les-passions.aspx

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Em Hotep Digest vol. 02 no. 06: Jean-François Champollion

Em Hotep Digest vol. 02 no. 06:  Jean-François Champollion | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

This week’s digest is dedicated to the French Egyptologist Jean-François Champollion, who is credited with the translation of the Rosetta Stone, thereby cracking the code of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs and opening the mysteries of the ancients for all Egyptologists who followed.


Contributors:  Celeste Albo, Claudia Ali, Yvonne Buskens, José Luis Santos Fernandez, Ia Georgia, Heidi Kontkanen, Luxor Times, Vicky Metafora, Nebty, Keith Payne, Jean Smith, François Tonic, and the many people who contributed to the various conversations in the Em Hotep BBS group on Facebook.

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Ancient Egypt S01E02 - Rosetta Stone

In 1799, French troops near the Egyptian town of Rosetta discovered an ancient basalt slab that would prove to be the key to unlocking Egypt's mysteries. Carved in 196 BC, the Rosetta stone bore a decree praising the Egyptian king Ptolemy V etched in hieroglyphs, demotic Egyptian and Greek. From the discovery and the long struggle to uncover the secrets of the ancient language to the birth of modern Egyptology, this is the fascinating saga of the Rosetta Stone. Trace the many failed attempts and dead-ends that stumped scholars. Leading experts tell the story of the brilliant, obsessed Jean Francois Champollion, who finally broke the code. And see how, within a few years, the secrets revealed because of the Rosetta Stone had transformed our understanding of the ancient world.

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'Derogatory' Champollion statue in Paris angers Egyptians

'Derogatory' Champollion statue in Paris angers Egyptians | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A statue in Paris of Jean François Champollion, the French archaeologist who deciphered hieroglyphics, has been condemned as "derogatory" and "shameful" by Egyptian Egyptologists.

 

Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi carved the marble statue depicting Champollion standing with his left foot on a pharaonic head in 1875.

It was put on display in the Parc Egyptian created by French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette for the Universal Exhibition of 1877.

It was originally intended to be transported to Figeac, the birthplace of Champollion, but the project did not find sufficient support and it remained in Paris. In 1878, the statue was placed in its current location in the courtyard of the Collège de France.

The statue has triggered the anger of Egyptian Egyptologists and the antiquities ministry.

Some Egyptian archaeologists sent a petition to the foreign and antiquities ministries condemning the statue as "derogatory toward Egyptian Civilization."

They urged the French government to remove this "shameful statue."

Omar Al-Hadary, chairman of the Tourism and Antiquities Committee of the Revolutionary Youth Federation, asked the antiquities ministry to stop all French archaeological missions to Egypt until an official apology is made and the statue removed.

Antiquities Minister Mohamed Ibrahim told Ahram Online that he would send an official complaint about the statue to the French ambassador to Egypt and the French culture minister.

"Such a statue disturbs the cultural relationship between Egypt and France which has been good since the French expedition to Egypt," said Ibrahim.

He said he supports creative freedom but things that affect the dignity and reputation of Egypt's cultural and archaeological heritage cannot be ignored.

The French government has not taken action on the issue.

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Archaeologists outraged by 'derogatory' statue at College de France

Archaeologists outraged by 'derogatory' statue at College de France | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Archaeologists issued a statement slamming a statue in the courtyard of the College de France showing the French Egyptologist Jean Francois Champollion standing with his foot on the head of a Pharaoh, saying it is derogatory toward Egyptian civilization.

Egypt-actus's insight:

“The Foreign Ministry did nothing about it,” said Omar al-Hadary, chairman of the Tourism and Antiquities Committee of the Revolutionary Youth Federation on Thursday. “The West will repeat such things if there is no firm reply.”

“This will make us hate the West more,” he continued. “The French learned a hard lesson during their campaign that Egypt gained independence with the blood and lives of its sons.”

“The French government must remove this shameful statue or we will make thousands of insulting statues to put in all squares of Egypt and outside the French Embassy,” Hadary added.

The chairman asked the Ministry of Antiquities to stop all French archaeological missions working in Egypt until a formal apology is issued and the statue is removed. He also requested that all streets named after the Frenchman be renamed.

Champollion famously deciphered the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics on the Rosetta Stone that was discovered by the French colonial campaign in the beginning of the nineteenth century.

Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm (Egypt independent)

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François Tonic's comment, January 11, 2013 5:10 AM
c'est quoi se délire ? c'est du populisme de bas niveau. La France n'a pas à retirer la statue de Champollion. lamentable cette histoire