Educommunication
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Educommunication
Education for - and about - communication and media
Curated by Manuel Pinto
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4 factors that influence people’s attitudes toward facts

4 factors that influence people’s attitudes toward facts | Educommunication | Scoop.it
The simple but frustrating truth is that facts alone are not enough to provide context and clarity for your audience. Even the most thorough, accurate piece of reporting might still be trumped by a poorly reasoned and false counterargument.

Decades of research into the way humans process information and deal with misinformation and propaganda show that people are more inclined to believe things that are in line with their existing views — even if proven truth contradicts their beliefs.

Here are some factors that make it difficult to convince people of facts.
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Comment la fiction influence les enfants

Comment la fiction influence les enfants | Educommunication | Scoop.it

"Pourquoi les petites filles sont-elles attirées par telles couleurs, tels jouets ou telles histoires ? Comment se fait-il qu’elles préfèrent souvent s’habiller en rose et jouer les princesses, tandis que les garçons s’identifient plutôt à Dark Vador, à de farouches guerriers ou à des astronautes ? En réalité, les histoires que nous leur racontons peuvent faire toute la différence."

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From Prosumer to Prodesigner: Participatory News Consumption

"New democratic participation forms and collaborative productions of diverse audiences have emerged as a result of digital inno-vations in the online access to and consumption of news. The aim of this paper is to propose a conceptual framework based onthe possibilities of Web 2.0. Outlining the construction of a “social logic”, which combines computer and communicative logics,the conceptual framework is theoretically built to explore the evolution of news consumption from a pure circulation of designedproducts towards a global conversation of proactive news designers. Then, the framework was tested using an empirical databasebuilt by the P EW Research Centre, which investigates the future of the news industry, through a large-scale survey with adults.Results show significant differences (by age, gender and educational level) in the forms of participation, access and consumptionof news. However, whilst immersed in the culture of Web 2.0 there is a low-level of user participation in news production; far from being proactive news designers, findings suggest that citizens are still located in the lower participatory levels of our concep-tual framework. Conclusions suggest there is a need for media education providers to carry out training initiatives according tothe social logic possibilities through proposed guidelines".

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Fake news: Tips on how to distinguish it from the real thing

Fake news: Tips on how to distinguish it from the real thing | Educommunication | Scoop.it
Teachers from elementary school through college are instructing students on how to decipher fact from fiction when it comes to online news, after an election season that saw made-up stories abound. Some of their lessons:
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Discernment: What is it and am I able to do it? A guide into the murky waters of media literacy

Discernment: What is it and am I able to do it? A guide into the murky waters of media literacy | Educommunication | Scoop.it
What is Discernment and can you do it? The word 'Discernment' and the term 'discerning' are tossed around constantly when it comes to media literacy, but what does it mean? Why do we use it? and why is it so important? Well folks, this blog plans the bust down the door on discernment and shed…
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Schools Fight Fake News, Teach 'News Literacy'

"They are the unexpected classroom lessons of the election season - on the reach and repercussions of fake news. Teachers across the country have been ramping up media literacy training to help students recognize bogus reports. (Feb. 13)"

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L'éducation aux médias pour les adolescents dans le secondaire

L'éducation aux médias pour les adolescents dans le secondaire | Educommunication | Scoop.it

"Il s’agit de jeunes adolescents ayant de 15 à 20 ans, scolarisés dans une école secondaire bruxelloise. J’ai pu les observer en milieu scolaire et quelques-uns à l’extérieur de l’établissement. Ce sont des jeunes faisant face à toutes sortes de difficultés (familiales,financières,…). La plupart d’entre eux souffre de troubles de comportements et pour certains la langue maternelle n’est pas le français. L’école accueille,également, des primo-arrivants. Tous ces facteurs favorise le décrochage scolaire, fortement présent dans l’institution et que l’équipe éducative tente de gérer le plus possible."

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Teaching in a "Post-Truth" World: Do Teachers and Students Need More Training in Media Literacy?

Teaching in a "Post-Truth" World: Do Teachers and Students Need More Training in Media Literacy? | Educommunication | Scoop.it
So what does it mean to be living in the era of post-truth? For starters, it means more responsibility on the shoulders of people who make use of media (i.e., everyone). First, as consumers of media content, individuals have a new responsibility to sort reliable information and credible sources from the questionable, the unreliable and the downright false information that may be masked as news for their consumption. Second, as producers of media in online spaces — whether through posting of tweets, blogs, photos or Facebook entries — individuals have a new responsibility to consider the impact of the content that they create or sponsor.
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Teaching Tomorrow’s Editors: How to read media critically

"What can journalists share with teachers and students to support media literacy? Join this webinar to hear the Newsela content team share editorial skills they use to assess media and media they think are critical for students comprehension. Teachers will be able to ask the Newsela content team questions and will walk away with strategies to address media literacy in their classrooms."

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Watch 100 Years of Stop-Motion in 3 Minutes | The Creators Project

Vugar Efendi's video ode to the evolution of stop-motion showcases filmmaking's oldest technique.
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Digital generations, but not as we know them

Digital generations, but not as we know them | Educommunication | Scoop.it
The aim of this article is to see whether or not adolescents were the real leaders of the digital ‘revolution’ in the 1990s and whether they have sustained or even improved their position in the 2000s. The analysis is based on two surveys carried out in Italy, France, the United Kingdom, Germany, and Spain in 1996 (N = 6609) and in 2009 (N = 7255). The results show that the adolescents belonging to the first digital generation in 1996 were the most equipped with new technologies, although not the most intensive users. In 2009, the adolescents lost their position as the leading adopters and lagged behind youth and young adults regarding the use of new technologies and computer skills.
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Literacy: Understanding Media and How They Work

"What society needs from media in the age of digital communication is literacy in understanding media, they ways they operate, and what it means for society, All over the world, from the most affluent urban cities to the poorest slums, children grow up with mass media, popular culture and digital media. Today people experience a surfeit of information and entertainment choices that require them to use increased discrimination in evaluating the content and value of media messages. For many years, advocates, reformers, educators, and public officials – and the media industry – have made sustained efforts in the U.S. and around the world to advance public understanding of mass media, digital media and popular culture in the hopes of transforming passive consumers into critical users and active citizens. Because people are now using media in new ways and the volume of information shared is enormous, “all citizens need to have the ability to access, analyze and evaluate images, sounds and texts on a daily basis especially if they are to use traditional and new media to communicate and create media content."
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Toolkit for Digitally-Literate Teachers

Toolkit for Digitally-Literate Teachers | Educommunication | Scoop.it
USC Rossier's Toolkit for Digitally-Literate Teachers provides teachers with how-to guides, actionable strategies and real-life examples of the benefits of digital literacy in the classroom.

Via Ana Cristina Pratas
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WAN-IFRA, news literacy and youth engagement

WAN-IFRA, news literacy and youth engagement | Educommunication | Scoop.it
No matter what business model news publishers devise or platform they choose, it will all be for naught if they do not pay meaningful attention, right now, to youth.
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Licenciatura em Educomunicação: reflexão acerca da grade curricular

"O presente artigo é fruto da pesquisa de iniciação científica realizada no estudo bibliométrico das disciplinas obrigatórias do curso Licenciatura em Educomunicação, ministradas na Escola de Comunicações e Artes, da Universidade de São Paulo. O objetivo da pesquisa foi verificar os fundamentos teóricos e epistemológicos do curso a partir de sua bibliografia, por meio da metodologia da bibliometria, a fim de entender como as disciplinas impactam na formação acadêmica do profissional de educomunicação. As bibliografias foram cruzadas e chegou-se a três principais descobertas: existem dezesseis autores muito recorrentes no curso; são quatro as obras mais utilizadas pelos professores e as disciplinas do curso se dividem em quatro grandes núcleos, quando categorizadas por meio das bibliografias. O artigo pretende apresentar reflexão acerca da pesquisa realizada e dos resultados encontrados".
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Arming the young against fake news

Arming the young against fake news | Educommunication | Scoop.it
"Journalists and educators around the world continue working urgently to make news literacy and media and information literacy key priorities in helping young people learn how to navigate digital content."
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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, February 14, 7:17 PM
We should assume that many adults need help, too. This likely includes teachers.
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Library Works to Build Information Literacy

Library Works to Build Information Literacy | Educommunication | Scoop.it
“We want our students to be sophisticated users of information,” said Yvonne Nalani Meulemans, the library’s Head of Teaching and Learning. “We don’t want students to just Google something. We want them to be able to assess the sources and the validity of what they find.”
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Fake news: Tips on how to distinguish it from the real thing

Teachers from elementary school through college are instructing students on how to decipher fact from fiction when it comes to online news, after an election season that saw made-up stories abound. Some of their media literac
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Media Literacy Education: Do we have to?

Media Literacy Education: Do we have to? | Educommunication | Scoop.it

"As teachers we are in a constant dilemma of how to best use our time in the classroom. We must deliver a curriculum that excites, engages and meets the needs of our diverse students whilst simultaneously linking it to national requirements and assessments. The dilemma of what we include is continuous and not for the fainthearted. We often fight to priortise key learning areas and somehow manage to skim the surface of other learning areas. Some we barely do justice to. Lets face it, the fight is real. It exists beyond you as an individual teacher and school. In fact, research illustrates that this happens internationally across the teaching profession. Teachers grapple to remain true to the learning areas and competencies they hold so dear, the areas they know develop the whole child while juggling the increasing demands of National Standards, which require us to document, collect, assess, annotate on a seemingly endless basis."

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Who should teach our kids the difference between real and fake news? Our librarians

Who should teach our kids the difference between real and fake news? Our librarians | Educommunication | Scoop.it
In a post truth era where emotional appeals and unsubstantiated claims sway popular opinions over factual information, who teaches our K-12 students how to interpret the multitude of media messages that daily bombard them? 
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Want to resist the post-truth age? Learn to analyze photos like an expert would

Want to resist the post-truth age? Learn to analyze photos like an expert would | Educommunication | Scoop.it

"“When photography was invented,” photo historian Vicki Goldberg once said, “it was thought to be an equivalent to truth. It was truth with a capital T.” But as viewers quickly learned, seeing isn’t always believing. Even in the early history of photography, hoaxes like the Cottingley fairies taught people to question the validity of the images they saw. Today, we’re well aware that photos can be digitally altered—which means that the public trusts the authority of photos, including journalistic images, a whole lot less."

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Controverse Décodex : et si on pensait la qualité de l'information comme un Commun ?

Controverse Décodex : et si on pensait la qualité de l'information comme un Commun ? | Educommunication | Scoop.it
Décodex est une boîte à outils proposée en accès gratuit depuis le 1er février 2017 par Les Décodeurs, rubrique du site lemonde.fr. Elle vise à permettre aux internautes de distinguer les sites d’information fiables de ceux qui ne le sont pas, à l’aide d’une classification selon plusieurs critères (voir plus bas).

Sont concernés les sites, blogs, sites de presses mais aussi les comptes Youtube ou Twitter. Les internautes sont mis à contribution pour répertorier les sites avec la possibilité d’envoyer une requête aux Décodeurs, ce qui place le projet dans une « démarche citoyenne » mais aussi d’éducation aux médias pour tous et dans les écoles. A noter que ce projet est financé par le Fonds pour l’innovation numérique de la presse (« Fonds Google »).
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How to Read: Media Literacy Lessons for the Age of Post-Truth and Fake News

How to Read: Media Literacy Lessons for the Age of Post-Truth and Fake News | Educommunication | Scoop.it
I’m not trying to be patronizing with this headline, I promise. I don’t doubt that you can read. But in today’s Wild West media landscape, content is evolving rapidly, and it’s easy to let overconfidence and a busy schedule cloud our critical eyes when it comes to reading news, conducting market research, and so on.
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Le Metropolitan Museum of Art diffuse 375 000 œuvres en accès libre

Le Metropolitan Museum of Art diffuse 375 000 œuvres en accès libre | Educommunication | Scoop.it
Depuis le 7 février, le musée new-yorkais autorise le téléchargement en haute définition des photos d’une partie de ses collections.
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How media literacy is critical to saving our democracy

How media literacy is critical to saving our democracy | Educommunication | Scoop.it
A Stanford study suggesting how easily manipulated students are online should be a wake-up call for school leaders nationwide.
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