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Critical Insights in European Media Literacy Research and poIicy

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This special issue of Mediske Studije [Media Studies] has resulted from the work of the Task Force on “Media Literacy” of the COST Action, “Transforming Audiences, Transforming Societies,” IS0906, http://www.cost.eu.

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Lourense Das's curator insight, January 30, 2013 3:10 AM

Report in both English and Croatian with articles on European Media Literacy Research and Policy issues.

Educommunication
Education for - and about - communication and media
Curated by Manuel Pinto
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Mapping Media Literacy Practices and Actions in EU28 - just published

Mapping Media Literacy Practices and Actions in EU28 - just published | Educommunication | Scoop.it
"So what is Europe doing to encourage our media literacy? What measures are being taken at national and European levels to improve our critical appreciation and understanding of the mass media? The European Audiovisual Observatory, part of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, has just published a brand new study - Mapping of media literary practices and actions in EU - 28 - free to download by clicking on the button above. This study has been financed by the European Commission with the goal of analysing the various media literacy initiatives on a national or regional level in order to provide an overview of what is currently being undertaken. This is the first major mapping exercise to survey the field in Europe."
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Many people can’t tell when photos are fake. Can you?

Many people can’t tell when photos are fake. Can you? | Educommunication | Scoop.it

"We are a society drowning in doctored photos. Strategically touched-up profiles on dating websites. Magazine covers adorned with pixel-shaved jaws and digitally enhanced busts. Twitter feeds ablaze with images manipulated for maximum outrage. So amid this fakery and our obsession these days with “fake news,” just how good are we at separating fact from fiction when it comes to photos?"

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Whose responsibility is it to teach digital and media literacy skills?

Whose responsibility is it to teach digital and media literacy skills? | Educommunication | Scoop.it

"Digital and media literacy is a paramount characteristic of a successful student in this day in age and is built on three values, per Digital Medial Fundamentals (n.d.) – use, understand and create. Students who are able to demonstrate the technical ability to participate in the basic functions of computers show ability of use. Students who can evaluate and comprehend digital media messages, as well as make educated decisions about how they interact with technology, exercising caution, evaluating credible sources, and understanding how their behavior and feelings can be manipulated by the messages demonstrate the ability to understand. Students who can produce digital content using multimedia tools such as audio and video and photos, etc. providing a clear, thoughtful, intentional message demonstrate the ability to create."

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Conselhos inúteis para reaprender a falar

Conselhos inúteis para reaprender a falar | Educommunication | Scoop.it

"Insistir nas formas do politicamente correto pode ser um equivalente contemporâneo do ensinar a comer à mesa de faca e garfo, não limpar a beiça às costas da mão e não cuspir para o chão. E é importante, porque é melhor comer a partir de um certo número de códigos de civilidade. Mas é mais importante saber se comemos todos do que andar obcecado com o modo como comemos. E pode a rígida adesão ao vocabulário do politicamente correto ser uma nova modalidade de policiamento moral, uma reintrodução do pudor que a tanto custo vencemos ainda há poucas décadas. Pode bem ser a pantomima que ilude o essencial — porque falar é fácil, falar bem para muitos é muito fácil, falar politicamente correto pode até ser facílimo. O mais difícil vem depois, quando temos de lidar com os que não pensam como nós — e às vezes nem sequer são politicamente corretos... E se, à força de querer instalar a cidadania plena a toda a força, estivéssemos a engendrar novas contenções e a caucionar novas censuras do verbo?"

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Facebook: dois mil milhões de utilizadores e só quatro tipos de pessoas?

Facebook: dois mil milhões de utilizadores e só quatro tipos de pessoas? | Educommunication | Scoop.it
Estudo divide jovens adultos norte-americanos que usam a rede social entre “construtores de relações”, “observadores”, “pregoeiros” e “selfies”. Falta saber se a categorização é extensível a toda a comunidade.
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States Should Require Schools To Teach Media Literacy To Combat Fake News

States Should Require Schools To Teach Media Literacy To Combat Fake News | Educommunication | Scoop.it
As I emphasize in my book, “Skewed: A Critical Thinker’s Guide to Media Bias” (Prometheus Books) ,  it is important for K-12 students and college students to be educated about media and news literacy if we are to give them tools to evaluate the news and information that bombards them 24 hours a day. Teachers need to be given extensive media literacy training so they can pass on that knowledge to their students. There needs to be more legislation like the law in Washington state that encourage the creation of media literacy education in schools. Pennsylvania State Representative Tim Briggs (D. Montgomery) recently announced that he is seeking to introduce legislation that would require that media literacy be taught in grades K-12.

    Media literacy can provide skills that are essential for an educated society, and it can serve as a life raft to save us from drowning in a vast sea of competing ideas  It’s important that people become aware of the concept of media literacy and demand that schools teach their children well on this topic. The media should also give exposure to media literacy education and its importance so that people don’t shrug and have blank stares when they hear the term media literacy.  
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Dossier Clemi: Développement d'une webTV dans les établissements scolaires

"L’objectif de ce dossier conçu par le CLEMi de l’académie de Versailles est de permettre de mettre en place et/ou d’accompagner la mise en place d’une webTV dans les établissements. Y sont développés l’accompagnement académique des projets, les matériels nécessaires ainsi que des propositions de séquences pédagogiques. Ce dossier est en cours de construction, il sera alimenté au fur et à mesure par d’autres articles complémentaires."

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A reconquista do invisível pelas imagens: uma história que não se repete

A reconquista do invisível pelas imagens: uma história que não se repete | Educommunication | Scoop.it
A partir das muitas visualidades da mediasfera, esboçam-se neste ensaio alguns traços da contemporaneidade. Esse esboço configura uma imagem que corresponde à representação que vamos tendo do mundo atual, deste imenso mundo do qual apenas conhecemos uma parte, ainda que pretensamente alargada, mesmo global: do modo como se expressa, se materializa, como desponta e flui, como se constrói e destrói, como se densifica. Essa será uma imagem da qual não devemos esperar mais que aquilo que nos pode oferecer, uma imagem difícil de designar e de fixar num ecrã. Mas é esta a natureza mesma das imagens em que estamos mergulhados: dispersas, mutantes e passageiras, sempre desfocadas. Ainda assim, imagens.
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Does cellphone use in class encourage active learning? (essay)

Does cellphone use in class encourage active learning? (essay) | Educommunication | Scoop.it
Perhaps faculty members’ conflicting views reflect that academe is made up of people who hold different paradigms related to authority, writes Aubree Evans.
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Moderate use of social media 'builds resilience and wellbeing in young people', report suggests

Moderate use of social media 'builds resilience and wellbeing in young people', report suggests | Educommunication | Scoop.it
Engagement in social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook can build up children’s resilience and have a beneficial impact on mental wellbeing, an extensive new study suggests, despite previous warnings to the contrary.

Analysing evidence from Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development data, the NSPCC and other independent studies into the effects of technology on young people, researchers found using social media helped children to develop their social skills, collaborate better with peers, and access help and emotional support more easily.

Teenagers with mental health problems are also increasingly likely to seek support from charities such as Childline through the internet, researchers noted.
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Ler e escrever… por Teresa Calçada

Conferência de Teresa Calçada, Comissária do Plano Nacional de Leitura, no evento TIC@Portugal´17, no auditório da Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade Nova de Lisboa, no Monte da Caparica.
 
O TIC@Portugal´17 é uma iniciativa da Associação EDUCOM – APTE (Associação Portuguesa de Telemática Educativa), através do seu Centro de Competência TIC e do seu Centro de Formação de Professores.
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Digital Citizenship: What’s Your Approach?

Digital Citizenship: What’s Your Approach? | Educommunication | Scoop.it

" Who’s a model of digital citizenship in your world? Why? 

What habits do you want to change about your online life? 

What practices would you recommend for others? 

What’s one simple thing you could do to improve your “digital health”? What people or organizations do you think exemplify digital citizenship when it comes to questions of embracing difference — of thought, identity, or any other variable that you value?"

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Media and information literacy - A practical guidebook for trainers

Media and information literacy - A practical guidebook for trainers | Educommunication | Scoop.it
Media and information literacy (MIL) requires lifelong learning and creative training. DW Akademie has just published "Media and information literacy - A practical guidebook for trainers. "


"Communication technology is developing rapidly throughout the world. ... This opens up vast opportunities for people to communicate, engage in global conversations, and make their voices heard—even in developing societies," says Ute Schaeffer, Head of Media Development at DW Akademie.

Ute Schaeffer writes these sentences in her introduction to a new book DW Akademie has just published: Media and information literacy - A practical guidebook for trainers.
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Screen time for children not necessarily the 'evil' we think, researchers say

Screen time for children not necessarily the 'evil' we think, researchers say | Educommunication | Scoop.it

"Parents engaging with their children in screen time can help them get more from the experience, researchers Alicia Blum-Ross and Sonia Livingstone said. Students across 10 east Auckland schools can read and share their blogs with one another, giving and receiving feedback. It’s paying off, she said: "We’re seeing incredible gains personally, socially, developmentally, in terms of literacy achievement in both reading and writing". Targeted, controlled screen time is an "untapped resource," which can be used to build social and creative competency in a way that kids might not do face-to-face, Williams said. Screens can create a "safe space" where a child can get information at their own pace, consider their responses and adjust the way they engage with others, reducing anxiety which might otherwise come up in a classroom setting, she said."

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The future of fake news: don't believe everything you read, see or hear

The future of fake news: don't believe everything you read, see or hear | Educommunication | Scoop.it

"In an age of Photoshop, filters and social media, many of us are used to seeing manipulated pictures – subjects become slimmer and smoother or, in the case of Snapchat, transformed into puppies. However, there’s a new breed of video and audio manipulation tools, made possible by advances in artificial intelligence and computer graphics, that will allow for the creation of realistic looking footage of public figures appearing to say, well, anything. Trump declaring his proclivity for water sports. Hillary Clinton describing the stolen children she keeps locked in her wine cellar. Tom Cruise finally admitting what we suspected all along … that he’s a Brony. This is the future of fake news. We’ve long been told not to believe everything we read, but soon we’ll have to question everything we see and hear as well."

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Non-aligned? Young persons who are non-users of social media sites: a weberian approach 

Responding to the dominant body of research on young people and their use of social networking sites, this article analyzes narratives of non-use. Drawing on 30 interviews with young adults, we explored meanings of voluntary exclusion of digital platforms that seem to be progressively embedded in the daily life of this cohort. Findings show that non-use is diverse and transient, being deeply connected to identity(ies) and social actions. As such, we identify four types of non-users: rejecters, resisters, surrogate users, and potential converts. This typology challenges the dichotomies present in the literature around use and non-use, access and non-access, and consumption and non-consumption. We suggest and discuss the sociological perspective and “ideal type” of Max Weber as a valuable analytical approach to deconstruct such dichotomies.
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Spreading fake news becomes standard practice for governments across the world

Spreading fake news becomes standard practice for governments across the world | Educommunication | Scoop.it

"Campaigns to manipulate public opinion through false or misleading social media postings have become standard political practice across much of the world, with information ministries, specialized military units and political operatives shaping the flow of information in dozens of countries, a British research group reported Monday. These propaganda efforts exploit every social media platform — Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and beyond — and rely on human users and computerized “bots” that can dramatically amplify the power of disinformation campaigns by automating the process of preparing and delivering posts. Bots interact with human users and also with other bots. Though most social media platforms are designed and run by corporations based the United States, the platforms are infiltrated almost immediately upon their release to the public by a range of international actors skilled at using information to advance political agendas, within their own countries and beyond, said the researchers from Oxford University’s Computational Propaganda Research Project."

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Full text report here:
Http://comprop.oii.ox.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/sites/89/2017/07/Troops-Trolls-and-Troublemakers.pdf
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Opinião pública nos média em Portugal: quem participa e porquê?

"Como consequência do desenvolvimento tecnológico dos últimos anos, a participação e os média inscrevem-se num vasto campo de estudo sobre as possibilidades de interação promovidas pelo contexto digital. Neste sentido, a multiplicação exponencial de perspetivas e abordagens decorreu, em boa medida, do interesse de diversos especialistas na área, assinalando, por exemplo, o impacto e a popularização que estão a desempenhar atualmente as redes sociais e as aplicações móveis de comunicação instantânea. Se na era analógica importava observar e medir as ações que a imprensa, a rádio ou a televisão levavam a cabo para garantir a participação como um direito das sociedades democráticas, hoje a preocupação incide sobretudo na utilização destas ferramentas para a cidadania, a partir de uma emissão em direto num determinado formato jornalístico, uma opinião em tempo real sobre a informação veiculada por um jornal, os comentários relativos à imagem de marcas de uma empresa ou instituição sobre os seus produtos ou serviços, só para citar alguns dos exemplos mais ilustrativos. Ainda que estudada de forma escassa, uma das questões mais interessantes desta área prende-se com as razões que motivam os indivíduos a tomar a decisão de se relacionar com os média..."
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Eli Pariser: “Internet nos aísla tanto como nos comunica”

Eli Pariser: “Internet nos aísla tanto como nos comunica” | Educommunication | Scoop.it
Es cierto que la sociedad digital podría ser una gran ventana al conocimiento, pero es un túnel narcisista que vuelve a darte algo igual a lo que has pedido una y otra vez. Si, como la mayoría de los usuarios, pides clics sensacionalistas, sólo te dará búsquedas y publicidad de baja calidad, de acuerdo con tu perfil.
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There are only four types of Facebook users, researchers have found

There are only four types of Facebook users, researchers have found | Educommunication | Scoop.it

"Now a new study, published in the International Journal of Virtual Communities and Social Networking, confirms that Facebook has a Rashomon effect: various user groups interpret the experience of using it very differently. Surprisingly, however, the researchers also found they could easily categorize users into four broad types: “relationship builders,” “window shoppers,” “town criers,” and “selfies.” The study authors, from the School of Communication at Brigham Young University, say these four categories emerged from a survey that asked subjects to respond to a list of 48 statements. These included phrases like, “Facebook is a source of stress, and it depresses me” and “Facebook is an instant way to ask for help or something I need from people.” Subjects ranked each statement on a scale from “most like me” to “least like me,” and were later interviewed by the researchers who gathered additional insights and qualitative data."

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Demystifying Media: Five Lessons in Trust and the Media

Demystifying Media: Five Lessons in Trust and the Media | Educommunication | Scoop.it

This matters, given the that trust in the news is minimal. A Gallup poll last fall revealed that only 32 percent of the American public trust the mass media. That’s the lowest level of trust recorded in Gallup’s polling history, and the revelation set off a “familiar harmony of fear and self-loathing,” David Uberti observed in the Columbia Journalism Review.

Participants at the University of Oregon’s Demystifying Media series weren’t asked to address this issue head-on. But, interestingly, it emerged organically as a theme in each talk. There’s no simple solution to restoring trust. Different actors will all have to play a role in making that happen. In talking about what works, and what doesn’t, in terms of building audience trust across different realms of the media industry, speakers helped “demystify” many key areas of concern, and offered some potential ways forward.
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Tackling fake news: towards a new approach to digital literacy

Tackling fake news: towards a new approach to digital literacy | Educommunication | Scoop.it
Since November’s US presidential election, the issue of fake news stories spreading on social media has been in the spotlight, and there are currently efforts underway to limit the effects of fake news stories on the upcoming general election in the UK. Gianfranco Polizzi, a PhD researcher here at the LSE, explains what critical digital literacy means and the role it could play in tackling problems caused by fake news. For more on fake news see our policy brief ‘Fake news : public policy responses’.
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Media and Information Literacy - An Integrated Approach for the 21st Century

"Media and Information Literacy: An Integrated Approach for the 21st Century provides a novel rationale for the integration of media and information literacy and gives direction to contemporary media and information literacy education. The book takes a synthetic approach to these two areas, presenting critical histories of both. The book explores the influence of political forces and educational practice on media literacy and the contemporary media environment, focusing on computing and mobile technology as a platform for existing and non-computational media. The final section considers a new rationale for the adjustment of content and activities into a combined project, building on a range of skills from contemporary media, reconsidering the mission of media literacy, and advocating that media and information literacy be expanded out of the classroom and positioned as a ‘public pedagogy'. Key Features: 

Proposes a new route direction for media and information literacy; 

Combines critical histories of media literacy and information literacy; Integrates an account of technological development as a key driver to educational activities while retaining core progressive intents International in scope with recognition of international agencies, such as UNESCO and the UN".

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The Parent Network: Social Media and Your Kids – Understanding Privacy

"One of the biggest concerns parents have about their kids using online social networks is privacy. How can we make sure our kids protect their privacy and respect the privacy of others?"

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The Online and Offline Digital Literacy Practices of Young Children A Review of the Literature

"In this review of literature, the online and offline domains as they pertain to young children’s digital literacy practices are considered both separately and in relation to each other. What is offered is a narrative review of the literature in this area, which offers a critical review of studies conducted to date and identifies the areas in which there is an urgent need for further research."

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Lectura digital en la competencia lectora

"La mayoría de los países latinoamericanos están focalizados en elevar la calidad de los aprendizajes mediante la dotación de recursos tecnológicos a los centros educativos como si su mera presencia bastara para desarrollar las competencias fundamentales del siglo XXI. La lectura digital no es un fin en sí mismo, es un medio a disposición del usuario que la selecciona según sus propósitos y las utiliza en contextos socioculturales específicos. Los adolescentes acceden a Internet, al menos con cuatro fines: académicos, recreativos, para participar en la sociedad y comunicarse. Este estudio describe dichos fines en jóvenes de la República Dominicana y lo relaciona con el nivel de competencia lectora en dos contextos educativos, escuelas públicas y privadas. La muestra está compuesta por 382 estudiantes de cuarto de Secundaria. Se aplicaron dos instrumentos: CoLeP, basado en los textos liberados de PISA y una Escala de Práctica de Lectura, que clasifica los cuatros fines de lectura en dos formatos, impreso o digital. La conclusión es que casi todos los estudiantes acceden a Internet y lo utilizan para fines académicos sin importar el sector educativo, sin embargo, el nivel de competencia lectora difiere significativamente, ubicándose los estudiantes de las escuelas públicas en los niveles más bajos, lo que resta oportunidades a sectores socialmente más vulnerables y produce neoanalfabetos con altos costos económicos para la nación."
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