Quote: If you want to understand what and how your students are learning within your program, direct measures of student learning are more useful than indirect ones.
Quote: What counts as a direct measure of student learning? Here are some examples:
Student performance on standardized and locally developed exams
Student work samples (essays, lab reports, quizzes, portfolios, etc.)
Student reflections on their own values, attitudes, and beliefs
Behavioral observations of students (in person, via video- or audiotape, etc.)
Ratings of student skills by field experience supervisors