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Education, Curiosity, and Happiness
What roles can curiosity and happiness play in learning?
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Mindfulness Does Not Equal Happiness

This is a big question, and one I was asked this week by a friend, and I thought I’d share my answer with you. Firstly let’s explore happiness and what most people think happiness is and how they feel happiness. In the modern day happiness is perceived as excitement, jumping up and down shouting “wooohoo” perhaps, or being out at a bar or club drinking and dancing and laughing with friends. When a person becomes excited a friend will often say, “why are you so happy”. And, if you aren’t smiling, a friend will often say, “why are you so miserable”. If you aren’t excited or displaying physicals signs of enjoyment it may be perceived that you aren’t happy. Happiness is therefore misperceived as a heightened state of mind, one where the mind is overly stimulated, adrenaline is rushing; a natural buzz if you like. If a person is happy in this state, does that mean they aren’t happy when not in this state? And what of introvert personalities, those who naturally don’t overtly display emotion, are they to be classified as not happy? Of course not, because this definition of happiness is wrong.


Via Susan Taylor, Bobby Dillard
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

No, it is not, but it might help us understand how to get through the ups and downs of life.

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Susan Taylor's curator insight, November 8, 2013 7:16 AM

Happiness is often confused with a hightened state of mind -- a "natural buzz", if you will.  So it makes sense that people could confuse mindfulness with happiness.

 

Those who practice mindfulness, however, understand happiness in a different way: a natural state of contentment and balance which comes from emotional stability.

 

Temporary ecstasy or a constant feeling of appreciating life -- which do you prefer?

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A Wonderful Graphic Featuring The Importance of Music in Education [Infographic]

A Wonderful Graphic Featuring The Importance of Music in Education [Infographic] | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it

Via Gust MEES, Tom Perran, Audrey
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

I found students enjoyed finding out what music I listen to. It did not mean they liked it, but it gave them insight that other things don't always.

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Audrey's curator insight, November 8, 2013 12:57 PM

I believe this is absolutely amazing!  This must be really great for those people whose preferred way to learn is through sound. Music is a very helpfu way to encourage learning. I have watched young children become captivated when they hear certain types of music.  At the Royal Festival Hall in London there are concerts with classical music specifically aimed at pre-school youngsters and above.  The growth in their neurons must be incredible!!!  Written by Audrey Foster for curated content at www.homeschoolsource.co.uk

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Why staying calm is important

Why staying calm is important | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
 As a new employee, relatively fresh out of college and working at a Fortune 100 company, I had some preconceived notions about how people would behave in a

Via Anne Leong
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

It is interesting to find out what you missed when you got rattled.

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Overcome 4 Massive Motivation Killers

Overcome 4 Massive Motivation Killers | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
These 4 productivity and happiness assassins can work together in an effort to sap our motivation and kill our momentum, but we don't have to let them win.

Via Anne Egros
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

We need to have purpose in our lives and work.

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Anne Egros's curator insight, October 24, 2013 12:15 PM

Better to do something imperfectly than to do nothing flawlessly.” ~Robert H. Schuller

Catherine Macquart-Martin's curator insight, October 25, 2013 3:59 AM

A useful second shot ;-)

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decisive-dozen-research-v1.2.pdf

For decades, the workplace learning-and-performance field has found itself swamped with fads and misconceptions that harm learners and depress learning results. One of the most important sources of improvement is research. Unfortunately, research on learning is tucked away in academic journals that are essentially indecipherable to most practitioners. For research to be useful, it must be translated into clear, concise, and potent recommendations. Instead of focusing on hundreds or thousands of recommendations, practitioners need a short list of key factors to target for improvement. After 15 years of research, a dozen learning factors have been uncovered that—if implemented—can improve learning results dramatically. These “Decisive Dozen” will be detailed in a forthcoming book. This paper shares an abridged version of the research support.

 


Via Lynnette Van Dyke
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

It will be interesting to see the book.

 

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Leading Beyond the Status Quo – Are you a better leader than a 7th Grader?

Leading Beyond the Status Quo – Are you a better leader than a 7th Grader? | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it

Via AlGonzalezinfo
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

This is an interesting post.

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AlGonzalezinfo's curator insight, October 21, 2013 6:29 PM

Do you follow an inclusive and peaceful process that helps you resolve conflict with others?

 

Can you have a meaningful exchange with others who have hurt you without blaming them?

 

If the answer to those questions is no, there may be a few 12 year olds that can lead through conflict better than you.

 

This week, Kate Salmon, a Montesorri teacher at the Elizabeth Ann Clune school of Ithaca, NY, shares the Peace Treaty model, a feedback process that enables children to lead through difficult conflict in a respectful and peaceful manner, without blaming or judging the other person.

 

The Peace Treaty is definitely an example of the benefits of direct and inclusive feedback, very different from what many of us experience at work.

 

To access the podcast, go to:  http://bit.ly/17Ffvig

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How to Know If You're Working (and Living) With Purpose

How to Know If You're Working (and Living) With Purpose | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
Who doesn't want a deeper sense of purpose? Ask these four questions to discover your path to more meaningful work.

Via Anne Leong, Wise Leader™, Ricard Lloria, David Hain
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

Life does have a way of showing us what holds meaning for us.

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John Michel's curator insight, October 20, 2013 11:52 AM

Regardless of your neurological wiring, when you're living with purpose you should be feeling one of these two ways--excitement or satisfaction--most of the time. Your moments of exhilaration, curiosity, and contentment should far outnumber your moments of boredom, frustration, or despair.

David Hain's curator insight, October 21, 2013 12:19 PM

Four great questions here - but the health warning is that they are easy to state, difficult to answer and even harder to put into practice.

Starts with asking them though...

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Howard Gardner: ‘Multiple intelligences’ are not ‘learning styles’ - Washington Post

Howard Gardner: ‘Multiple intelligences’ are not ‘learning styles’ - Washington Post | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
The famed psychologist explains why one is not the other though they are often confused.

Via John Evans, Mary Perfitt-Nelson
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

Makes good clarification points.

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Tom Hood's curator insight, October 19, 2013 11:35 AM

I am a fan of Gardner and his Five MInds for the Future. This new work is needed and I like the emphasis on designing learning to work with these multiple intelligences. In this world of rapid change and increasing complexity, learning is THE competitive advantage we can control. 

Ante Lauc's curator insight, October 21, 2013 3:39 AM

For me the most important is moral and emotional intelligence, than cognitive and other that HG did discover.

Rhiannon Boyd's curator insight, November 18, 2013 8:33 PM

From the article: 

 "On the basis of research in several disciplines, including the study of how human capacities are represented in the brain, I developed the idea that each of us has a number of relatively independent mental faculties, which can be termed our “multiple intelligences.” The basic idea is simplicity itself. A belief in a single intelligence assumes that we have one central, all-purpose computer—and it determines how well we perform in every sector of life. In contrast, a belief in multiple intelligences assumes that we have a number of relatively autonomous computers—one that computes linguistic information, another spatial information, another musical information, another information about other people, and so on." - HG

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What saying 'I' says about you

What saying 'I' says about you | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
Researchers say that your usage of the pronoun 'I' says more about you than you may realize.

Via Sharrock
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

I wonder what it means when the person who overuses "I" has no real authority based on experience?

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Sharrock's curator insight, October 10, 2013 10:39 AM

One interesting statement: "Avoiding the first-person pronoun is distancing." I would be interested in the book "The Secret Life of Pronouns" just to find out why people refer to themselves in the third person (techically, using one's name when talking about oneself is not often using a pronoun, but maybe cognitively, it is. 

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Why Bosses Think They're Stressed When They're Not

Why Bosses Think They're Stressed When They're Not | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
Relax: If you're on top you're not really that worried. Just ask science.

Via george_reed
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

We need a certain amount of stress in life, but bosses need to be aware when too much is too much.

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george_reed's curator insight, October 8, 2013 3:17 PM

It's not that the bosses aren't stressed, it's just that their subordinates are even more stressed. 

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The Foundational Importance Of Trust In Management

The Foundational Importance Of Trust In Management | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
Trust is a fragile commodity in management, yet an exceedingly valuable one. It can make the difference between an employee who is emotionally committed to an organization - or destructive.

Via Andrea Johnson
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

The opening line says it all. Leadership and management is all about trust, gaining it and retaining it. It cannot be cognitized and made into something we know about but cannot do.

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Article | Creating a Positive Classroom Environment

Article | Creating a Positive Classroom Environment | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it

When you plant lettuce, if it does not grow well, you don't blame the lettuce. You look into the reasons it is not doing well. It may need fertilizer, or more water, or less sun. You never blame th...


Via Dan Kirsch
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

And, not a mention about technology; that is interesting.

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Re-Imagining Work

How can we get people more engaged, more productive, and happier at work? Is technology part of the problem - and could it also be part of the solution?


Via Kenneth Mikkelsen
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

Yes, technology is part of the problem. No, technology is not part of the problem. The problem is exacerbated by people.

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Sandeep Gautam's curator insight, October 3, 2013 1:17 AM

 a really good talk about what flexible working really means!

bancoideas's curator insight, October 3, 2013 12:46 PM

Algunas #ideas interesante sobre el #trabajo en nuestros tiempos

Eliane Fierro's curator insight, October 3, 2013 5:32 PM

Are the office spaces that we have created fit for purpose? How can you create trust and be able to innovate in the creation of work spaces?

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The Neuroscience Of Learning: 41 Terms Every Teacher Should Know

The Neuroscience Of Learning: 41 Terms Every Teacher Should Know | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
The Neuroscience Of Learning: 41 Terms Every Teacher Should Know

Via Dr. Susan Bainbridge, Margarida Sá Costa
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

This is interesting. I recognized some, but not others.

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Pamela D Lloyd's curator insight, November 8, 2013 10:25 PM

This article is part of a larger, on-going effort to help connect teachers and other learning professionals with the neuroscience of learning.

Moses B. Tambason's curator insight, November 9, 2013 2:40 PM

More people are running to charity tube to post free videos and watch free videos than posting on you tube. Try posting at charity tube and you will never leave. http://www.africatube.net/ More visitors and more video views. Don't take our word for it, try it. Post one same video on youtube and put it on  http://www.africatube.net/ and return ater five hours and compare the viewers rate and decide for yourself. Create your very own group or forum and control who watch it and invite everyone to watch the video. Above all, post video in English or in any language and viewers can watch video description in their own language. Try it and let us know your experience. Above all it is absolutely free like youtube

Vincent Munch's curator insight, November 25, 2013 12:51 PM

Something we should all read

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Does power make you mean?

Does power make you mean? | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
Research suggests that a default brain mechanism may cause us to lose empathy when we gain power. So promotions really do make us mean.

 

In one of the first studies to make this claim, scientists now say a default brain mechanism may cause us to lose empathy when we gain power...

 

Obhi and his team found feelings of increased powerfulness shut down our mirroring system -- and potentially our empathy -- through a default mechanism in our brains.

 

Liza Aziz-Zadeh, assistant professor at the University of Southern California, studies empathy from a neuroscience perspective and says the findings are interesting. "People who activate their mirroring system more, also score higher on empathy."

 

By Susanne Gargiulo, CNN


Via Edwin Rutsch, David Hain, Wise Leader™, Roy Sheneman, PhD
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

This is an interesting study. What about those who begin with little or no empathy?

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Jennifer Wu's curator insight, October 25, 2013 10:27 PM

MIRROR NEURONS:  People who activate their mirroring system more, also score higher on empathy.

AlGonzalezinfo's curator insight, October 30, 2013 9:29 AM

Very interesting.  I especially like the following section:

 

"What we have found is that when people get power and move up, but don't understand how to relate, don't communicate well, and appear insensitive, cold, and authoritarian -- that ultimately derails their careers," he says.

 

This comes at an enormous cost in time, money, and morale to companies, he adds.

 

 

"In practical terms, this type of research may eventually be used and put together with training programs like mindfulness training and educational workshops for executives to deal with power better," says Obhi, but adds that we are only just beginning to understand the effects of power.

Monique Nillessen's curator insight, November 11, 2013 8:01 AM

Hopefully this study is wrong! So when you go up in the rankings, please practice empathy, to keep the standards up.

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Why Women Collaborate, Men Work Alone, And Everybody's Angry

Why Women Collaborate, Men Work Alone, And Everybody's Angry | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
At the intersection of selfishness and team structure is an interesting lesson about gender.

Via donhornsby
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

It is an interesting point about the inverse relationship between collaboration and women's pay. Perhaps, the demand for collaboration is part of the myth we build around organizations?

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donhornsby's curator insight, October 24, 2013 9:16 AM

(From the article): So if compensation is clearly oriented toward the team, then men will jump at the chance to work more closely with their colleagues. This shows how something as simple as organizational structures--which are easy to leave unexamined--shape the behavior of the people in them. Which is why, perhaps, we should take an update from Yammer, the enterprise social network, and start iterating the way we construct our companies.

donhornsby's curator insight, October 24, 2013 9:17 AM

(From the article): So if compensation is clearly oriented toward the team, then men will jump at the chance to work more closely with their colleagues. This shows how something as simple as organizational structures--which are easy to leave unexamined--shape the behavior of the people in them. Which is why, perhaps, we should take an update from Yammer, the enterprise social network, and start iterating the way we construct our companies.

Doris Palomino's curator insight, October 24, 2013 6:02 PM

"In short, men tend to overestimate their abilities and downplay those of their coworkers, while women shortchange their skills and defer to their peers".

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Motivating Students with Teaching Techniques that Establish Relevance, Promote Autonomy ~ Faculty Focus

Motivating Students with Teaching Techniques that Establish Relevance, Promote Autonomy ~ Faculty Focus | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
by Katherine Robertson, PhD
 
"Underachievement in college students is linked to lack of motivation (Balduf, 2009 and references therein).

Via Jim Lerman, Kim Flintoff, Blaine Morrow
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

Technique in Ellulian language is problematic. We need to go beyond formula and to relational ways.

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The Not-So-Hidden Cause Behind the A.D.H.D. Epidemic

The Not-So-Hidden Cause Behind the A.D.H.D. Epidemic | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
How educational policy and the D.S.M. helped to make a disorder go viral.

Via Nancy Jones
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

It is not a made up ailment, but the way we school and fail to educate children is at the heart of it. It is the way we deal with what is not familiar.

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Nancy Jones's curator insight, October 23, 2013 12:07 PM

This just makes so much sense and, in many ways, is really sad. Something needs to change! What IS childhood supposed to be about?

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The Future of Work is NOT About Replacing Sharepoint and Email

The Future of Work is NOT About Replacing Sharepoint and Email | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it

The future of work is not about replacing sharepoint and email, it’s about re-defining what work means, why we work, and how we work.  Pass this along to anyone who thinks otherwise.


Via Kenneth Mikkelsen, David Hain
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

We needed to begin the conversation that redefined work a long time ago.

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David Hain's curator insight, October 21, 2013 12:11 PM

Made me laugh, but I should be despairing really...

Philippe Rivalant's curator insight, October 22, 2013 10:21 AM

nous parlons d'une évolution du travail ou peut-être d'une révolution du travail...

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Why Do Teachers Quit?

Why Do Teachers Quit? | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
And why do they stay?

Via Lance W. , Sharrock
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

A lack of respect is a substantial reason. I left because of it and many others stay despite it. It is not a lack of respect from students and parents. It is from colleagues and administrators.

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Nice Managers Embrace Conflict, Too

Nice Managers Embrace Conflict, Too | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
It's OK to channel Don Corleone every once in a while.

Via Roger Francis, David Hain, Bobby Dillard
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

"Recognize employees who question the status quo. When employees take the risk of creating a productive disruption, give them positive reinforcement. If someone pushes back or raises an uncomfortable question in a meeting, back them up rather than shut them down. If possible, use it as a teachable moment to encourage others to do the same.

Set ground rules for conflict. Since everyone struggles with conflict to some degree, develop a few standards for how your team can manage it constructively. For example in one company’s review sessions, participants need to begin with at least two positive comments before anyone is allowed to throw in a criticism. Although it feels a little awkward at times, this practice forces everyone to take a more balanced view of other people’s work, which reduces the tension and allows for more productive discussions. In another firm, every meeting ends with five minutes of what’s called a “plus/delta” critique of the meeting – with quick comments about what was good about it and what should be changed the next time. Again, this more structured practice makes it easy and acceptable to openly and constructively criticize."

 

Not everything can be structured, but the creation of a healthy environment where questions are welcome is essential.

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David Hain's curator insight, October 17, 2013 6:19 AM

But for most people it involves more than putting cotton wool buds in their mouths.  Focus on being respected not liked, say what you think, and both respect and affection will rise.

donhornsby's curator insight, October 17, 2013 7:55 AM

(From the article): In the short-term, it’s almost always easier to avoid conflict and come across as being a “nice” manager. But more often than not, being a little less nice might be the best thing for your people, your organization, and you.

Don Cloud's curator insight, October 17, 2013 9:42 PM

Leadership is about making the right decisions for the right reasons ... and at times, conflict is the right answer.

 

For example, if someone is failing to meet expectations or standards, is the right answer to simply be nice and let it slide (avoiding confrontation) or to be honest and confront the individual to give them the opportunity to improve?

 

If someone violates trust, the values of the organization, or the ethical standards of the profession, have they not initiated the conflict?  In these cases, it is the leaders duty to confront the problem openly and transparently in order to enforce accountability.

 

To quote General Curtis LeMay, "I don't mind being called tough, because in this racket it's tough guys who lead the survivors."

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"..the power to make change happen is not in someone else’s hands, but yours" - You're Ok, Now Let's Make A Change

"..the power to make change happen is not in someone else’s hands, but yours" - You're Ok, Now Let's Make A Change | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
As a young couple in the 70’s, my parent’s library consisted of a closet bookshelf. I developed my love of reading by carefully studying...

Via Anne Leong
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

When we understand there are roles, there is a certain stablity that comes with it. It is not certainty but a sense of stablity in otherwise chaotic lives.

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Learning to learn: losing yourself in passion

Learning to learn: losing yourself in passion | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it

 

Learning to learn: losing yourself in passionPosted on August 30, 2013 by Ally — 14 Comments ↓

 

Have you ever noticed that, when we’re younger, school and learning seem like a chore, and yet when we’re older, we wish we could just spend all of our time consuming information and advancing our knowledge?

Perhaps this is because our minds have matured with age, or simply because we always want to do things once we don’t have to. Or, maybe it’s because once we’ve been through certain experiences, we’re more capable of identifying our true passions.

I recently had a conversation with a friend of mine who also happens to be an entrepreneur named Josh. (Whether he knew it or not, picking his brain was actually a part of my mission to learn more about entrepreneurship and running a business.) I was interested to hear that, once he started a company, even though it was based around his passion for social media, a large part of his work days consists of administrative and management-related tasks. In explaining this, he said the following:

“I work hard during the day, but at night I get to plan the future and expand my knowledge.”

There was my answer. As human beings, we may not always be able to spend all of our lives doing exactly what we want to be doing, but as long as there is something that we “get” to learn about in our off time, the drive will never fade.

How is it, then, that we come across this special subject? First, let’s figure out what passion actually is. According to Merriam Webster, passion is an “intense, driving, or overmastering feeling or conviction.” When I hear this definition, a few things come to my head: social media, relationship building, and innovation, to name a few. What comes to yours?

If there isn’t anything that instantly comes to mind, try doing a few of these exercises:

Ask yourself, “What would I do with my life if money didn’t matter?”Talk casually with your friends and colleagues and observe what makes you go on for hours.Wander into a bookstore. What section do you immediately go for?

-Allow your brain to follow its own course. The things you don’t have to try to think about are usually the ones you end up giving the majority of your thoughts to.

Finding, and subsequently losing yourself in, your passion may not be easy, but when it does happen, it sure is worth it. Is there topic that you constantly find yourself coming back to in your reading and conversations? One that, once you start reading about it, the hours pass like minutes? Identify it, roll with it, and lose yourself in it.

And in case you needed one last bit of inspiration, I leave you with Josh’s words:

“Let’s say, you’re sitting in a coffee shop, minding your own business, and the person at the table over starts talking about a specific subject. You may only hear a word or two, but it’s enough. It registers. And before you realize it you’ve stopped everything you’re doing. Focusing on your own task/conversation/activity suddenly becomes impossible. Your heart beats super fast because you’re doing everything in your power not to compulsively jump in, ask questions, correct them, and find out who they are.”

 


Via Lynnette Van Dyke
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

Learning should be about learning.

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Smart Strategies That Help Students Learn How to Learn

Smart Strategies That Help Students Learn How to Learn | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
What’s the key to effective learning? One intriguing body of research suggests a rather riddle-like answer: It’s not just what you know. It’s what you know about what you know.

Via Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

Learning how to learn is more important than content. In an increasingly complex and face-paced world it is essential students know how to learn.

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Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s curator insight, October 7, 2013 6:56 PM

Developing those smart strategies within the 21st century learner...

Lynnette Van Dyke's curator insight, October 8, 2013 12:50 PM
Teaching StrategiesSmart Strategies That Help Students Learn How to LearnAnnie Murphy Paul | October 7, 2013 | 7 Comments PrintinShare41Email Post

Bruce Guenter

 

What’s the key to effective learning? One intriguing body of research suggests a rather riddle-like answer: It’s not just what you know. It’s what you know about what you know.

To put it in more straightforward terms, anytime a student learns, he or she has to bring in two kinds of prior knowledge: knowledge about the subject at hand (say, mathematics or history) and knowledge about how learning works. Parents and educators are pretty good at imparting the first kind of knowledge. We’re comfortable talking about concrete information: names, dates, numbers, facts. But the guidance we offer on the act of learning itself—the “metacognitive” aspects of learning—is more hit-or-miss, and it shows.

In our schools, “the emphasis is on what students need to learn, whereas little emphasis—if any—is placed on training students how they should go about learning the content and what skills will promote efficient studying to support robust learning,” writes John Dunlosky, professor of psychology at Kent State University in Ohio, in an article just published in American Educator. However, he continues, “teaching students how to learn is as important as teaching them content, because acquiring both the right learning strategies and background knowledge is important—if not essential—for promoting lifelong learning.”

“Teaching students how to learn is as important as teaching them content.”

Research has found that students vary widely in what they know about how to learn, according to a team of educational researchers from Australia writing last year in the journal Instructional Science. Most striking, low-achieving students show “substantial deficits” in their awareness of the cognitive and metacognitive strategies that lead to effective learning—suggesting that these students’ struggles may be due in part to a gap in their knowledge about how learning works.

Teaching students good learning strategies would ensure that they know how to acquire new knowledge, which leads to improved learning outcomes, writes lead author Helen Askell-Williams of Flinders University in Adelaide, Australia. And studies bear this out. Askell-Williams cites as one example a recent finding by PISA, the Programme for International Student Assessment, which administers academic proficiency tests to students around the globe, and place American students in the mediocre middle. “Students who use appropriate strategies to understand and remember what they read, such as underlining important parts of the texts or discussing what they read with other people, perform at least 73 points higher in the PISA assessment—that is, one full proficiency level or nearly two full school years—than students who use these strategies the least,” the PISA report reads.

[RELATED: What Students Should Know About Their Own Brains]

In their own study, Askell-Williams and her coauthors took as their subjects 1,388 Australian high school students. They first administered an assessment to find out how much the students knew about cognitive and metacognitive learning strategies—and found that their familiarity with these tactics was “less than optimal.”

Students can assess their own awareness by asking themselves which of the following learning strategies they regularly use (the response to each item is ideally “yes”):

• I draw pictures or diagrams to help me understand this subject.

• I make up questions that I try to answer about this subject.

• When I am learning something new in this subject, I think back to what I already know about it.

• I discuss what I am doing in this subject with others.

• I practice things over and over until I know them well in this subject.

• I think about my thinking, to check if I understand the ideas in this subject.

• When I don’t understand something in this subject I go back over it again.

• I make a note of things that I don’t understand very well in this subject, so that I can follow them up.

• When I have finished an activity in this subject I look back to see how well I did.

• I organize my time to manage my learning in this subject.

• I make plans for how to do the activities in this subject.

Askell-Williams and her colleagues found that those students who used fewer of these strategies reported more difficulty coping with their schoolwork. For the second part of their study, they designed a series of proactive questions for teachers to drop into the lesson on a “just-in-time” basis—at the moments when students could use the prompting most. These questions, too, can be adopted by any parent or educator to make sure that children know not just what is to be learned, but how.

• What is the topic for today’s lesson?

• What will be important ideas in today’s lesson?

• What do you already know about this topic?

• What can you relate this to?

• What will you do to remember the key ideas?

• Is there anything about this topic you don’t understand, or are not clear about?

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Higher Perspective: 10 Easy Things That Will Make You Happier, Backed By Science

Higher Perspective: 10 Easy Things That Will Make You Happier, Backed By Science | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it

Via The Learning Factor
Ivon Prefontaine's insight:

Most of this has been established through scientific research.

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The Learning Factor's curator insight, October 2, 2013 8:43 PM
Happiness is so interesting, because we all have different ideas about what it is and how to get it. So naturally we are obsessed with it.
I would love to be happier, as I’m sure most people would, so I thought it would be interesting to find some ways to become a happier person that are actually backed up by science. Here are ten of the best ones I found.
1. Exercise more – 7 minutes might be enough
You might have seen some talk recently about the scientific 7 minute workout mentioned in The New York Times. So if you thought exercise was something you didn’t have time for, maybe you can fit it in after all.