A number of these stand out to me but #4 especially did. When kids are "off task" we blame the kids and/or look for ways to punish the student. Too few times do we take a look at the activity. It may be too long, or confusing, or maybe it's just plain boring. As educators we check out of boring activities ourselves yet seem not to understand when students do the same.
Restorative justice is something that I will be learning more about but on its face it seems like it is something that more schools should really look into. Especially if it is effective and gives something for schools to use that may rely to heavy on suspensions and expulsions.