Ecuador, Devin Elder
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Ecuador's Economy

Ecuador's Economy | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

Ecuador's economy has based its performance on agriculture. Mainly on the exports of cocoa, coffee, and bananas. In the early 1970's oil was discovered in the Amazon region. This brought economic improvement, improved living standards, and transformed the economy into one that depends on the exports of petroleum products.There was an "oil boom" that improved the economy and increased Government spending. After the economic prosperity, there was a decline in the economy. Three major things caused this decline to the economy:

           1: The foreign debt crisis

           2:The 1986 sharp decline in world oil prices

           3:1987 earthquake damaged a large portion of Ecuador's oil pipeline.

 

 

 

 

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Ecuador Sports

Ecuador Sports | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

Soccer is the most popular or prominent sport in Ecuador. Ecuador's best win was in 1975 when they beat Peru 6-0. Ecuador's worst loss was when they lost 12-0 to Argentina in 1942. Another popular sport is basketball. It has been growing momentum with universities. Hockey has also been growing in popularity since 1990. Ecuavoli is their local version of volleyball. Other sports/activities include horse riding, tennis, bullfighting, and paddle ball. 

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Weather in Quito, Ecuador

Weather in Quito, Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

The weather in Quito, Ecuador is very rainy. On a 10 day forecast, every single day is calling for rain/ showers. There is anywhere from a 30% to a 60% chance of rain every day. Winds mainly around 10 mph heading North and Northeast. On average, the high is about 67 degrees every day. The low is about 49 degrees.  

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Important People from Ecuador

Important People from Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

Juan Jose Flores y Aramburu was a military general. He became the first President of Ecuador. He was made Supreme Chief of Ecuador in 1830. On August 14, 1830 he became President of Ecuador. Luis Miranda was one of the most prominent painters in Ecuador. His unique art was seen since his early years when he kept drawing and scribbling or copyiing pictures from books that his mother had. He received a scholarship to UNESCO in Italy after he graduated from the School of Fine Arts. His unique style of paining earned him his recognition. Eugenip Espejo was a pioneer for science and literature. He was also a polemicist. He was the first journalist of Ecuador. He is held in high regard by Ecuadorians.

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Timeline of Ecuador

Timeline of Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

In 1531 the Spanish, led by Francisco Pizarro, landed on Ecuador's coast en route to Peru. In 1822, Antonio Jose de Sucre defeated Spanish royalists at the battle of Pichincha. Ecuador became part of "Gran Colombia" along with Colombia, Panama, and Venezuela. Then in 1830 Ecuador aparts from Gran Colombia and it became fully independent. In 1972, oil production begins in Ecuador and emerges as a very important oil producer. The petroleum industry is a very important key in the economy of Ecuador.

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Typical crops/ agriculture in Ecuador

Typical crops/ agriculture in Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

Main tropical crops include cacao, rice, coffee, maize, plantain, banana, African Palm, and sugar cane. In the highlands, main crops include maize, potatoes, faba bean, barley, and bush bean. In the amazon, the main crops include coffee, sugar cane, plantain, cocoa, rice, and maize. Other Ecuadorian crops include avocado, black berries, citrus, tea, cassava, and flowers, mainly roses. Cattle is a very important part of agriculture in Ecuador. Large numbers of cattle are being grown and raised in the coastal area and the highlands.

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Ecuador Religion

Ecuador Religion | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

There are about 1,300 different religious groups, churches, societies, and foundations in Ecuador. Roman Catholic is by far the most dominant religion. It was introduced by the Spaniards in 1540. Along with the government and military, Roman Catholicism is considered to be one of the three pillars. In 1998, more than 90% of the total population considered themselves as Roman Catholics.  Freedom of worship is guaranteed by the constitution of Ecuador.

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Literacy Rate

Literacy Rate | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

Literacy is defined as being 15 years of age of older and can read and write. Ecuador's literacy rate of the total population is 91%. The male literacy rate is 92.3%. The literacy rate for females is 89.7%. In the terms of literacy, Ecuador ranks number 93 out of 194 countries.

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President of Ecuador

President of Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

The president of Ecuador is Rafael Correa. He was born on April 6, 1963. He was elected to office in late 2006 and assumed office in January of 2007. His term was due to end on January 15, 2011, but a new constitution called for another election. In this election, he won almost 52% of the votes. This was the first time in 30 years that a representative was elected without going to a second round. He is regarded as Ecuador's strongest leader in decades.

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Population and Racial Demographics

Population and Racial Demographics | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

The population of Ecuador is 14,666,055 which is based on the 2011 estimate. Ecuador is a very ethnically diverse country. Each ethnic group living in the different regions of the country have their own cultures and values. 60% of the population are Mestizos, which is a mixed race mostly Indian and White. There are about 20% Indians. 10% are White, which are mostly of Spanish origin. The remaining 10% is made up of people of black African origin.

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Map of Ecuador

Map of Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

Ecuador is located on the Northwest coast of South America. It is the second smallest country of South America, right behind Uruguay. Ecuador is bordered by Colombia to the North, Peru to the South and East, and the Pacific Ocean to the West. It is one of two countries that does not border Brazil. The three largest and most significant cities are Quito, Guayaquil, and Cuenca. Quito is the capital and second largest city. Guayaquil is the main port and largest city, and Cuenca is third largest city and a very cultural city. Despite its very small size, Ecuador is a very biological, cultural, ethical, geographically diverse countries in the world.

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Ecuador's Coat of Arms

Ecuador's Coat of Arms | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

Ecuador's Coat of Arms was given to them at the National Congress of 1900. It rests on a bundle of sheaves. The bundle of sheaves is the Republic's insignia for dignity. Four flags are on the outer part of the it. The palm and laurel branches between them symbolize victory. The condor on top gives the country shelter and protection and is ready to strike any enemy. The sun is in the middle corresponding to the months of March, April , May, and June. They are all historically important to Ecuador. The Chimborazo mountain is in the background. It unites with the Guayas River. It is formed from its snow. It gives us brotherhood of the Sierra and the Coast.

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Ecuador's Imports and Exports

Ecuador's Imports and Exports | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

Ecuador's total exports in 2009 were worth $13.63 billion. It's primary exports are petroleuml, bananas, shrimp, cacao, coffee, tea, fish products, wood products, and scrap iron. Ecuador's largest export partner is the United States. Ecuador is a very oil rich nation. Oil the number 1 export of Ecuador and it is very important. It is a major contributor to Ecuador's economy. Cut flowers is also an important export. Ecuador exports a lot of cut flowers to the United States. Ecuador's total imports in 2009 were worth $14.23 billion. It's primary imports are industrial metals, lubricants, and non durable consumer goods. Ecuador's largest import partner is also the U.S.

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Tourist Attractions in Ecuador

Tourist Attractions in Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

The Galapagos Islands are small volcanic islands in the Eastern Pacific Ocean that belongs to Ecuador. They are very remote and very isolated. The Islands are known for their unique ecosystem. It was the inspiration for Charles Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection. The Galapagos Islands is one of the largest tourist attractions in Ecuador. Another tourist attraction in Ecuador is the ciyt of Banos. It is at the foot of the active volcano Tungurahua. It is name after the hot springs fed by the thermal waters of the volcano. It is known as the " Gateway to the Amazon". Banos is a very popular  tourist spot in Ecuador.

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Important Holidays in Ecuador

Important Holidays in Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

Carnival is the ultimate party in the Catholic countries of Latin America. Celebrations include waterfights and parades.Carnival is always celebrated as just before Lent of prior to Ash Wednesday. May 24 celebrates the battle of Pichincha, which was the most important battle for independence. August 10 celebrates the independence of Quito, which is the capital of Ecuador. On November 2, Ecuador celebrates All Soul's Day, or Day of the Dead. Families celebrate in cemetaries. They celebrate the lives of those who have passed on.

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Important Industries of Ecuador

Important Industries of Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

Industry is very important to Ecuador's economy. Industry makes up 36% of the Gross Domestic Product. It also uses 25%, or 1 million workers, of the total labor force.The three top industries in Ecuador is petroleum (oil), shrimping, and the mining of metals. Oil is Ecuador's top export. The revenue of oil exports makes up about 10% of the GDP.They export 60% of the oil that they produce. Shrimping is a major industry in the coastal region. The mining of metals has recently emerged as a large industry. Other industries include paper products, wood products, textiles, and chemicals.

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Typical food in Ecuador

Typical food in Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

There are very diverse dishes for each region of Ecuador. Traditional dishes in the highland region

are often based on potatoes, sweet corn, cheese, and avocadoes. "Cuy", which is guinea pig, is a very famous dish from the highlands and used only for special occasions because it is expensive. Typical dishes in the coastal area use ingredients such as plantain, yuca, coconut, rice, and a lot of tropical fruits. The plantain, a banana, is a staple of Ecuador and is used very often. Chifles are deep fried thin slices of plantains.

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Government in Ecuador

Government in Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

Ecuador's political system is a representative democracy. It is divided into 3 branches: the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The " Tribunal Supremo" is an autonomous electoral agency. The president is over the executive branch and is also the Commander In Chief of the Armed Forces. The Unicamaral Congress of the Legislative branch levies taxes, passes laws, and approves treaties. The Judicial system is made up of administrative courts, trial courts, Provincial
Superior Courts, and a Supreme Court. The people  directly elect the president and congressmen and voting is a constitutional right for all citizens.

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Currency and Exchange Rate of Ecuador

Currency and Exchange Rate of Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

The U.S. dollar is now the national currency of Ecuador. It was accepted in January, 2000 and it replaced the Sucre, which was their original currency. Before the change of currency, it took 25,000 Sucre to equal 1 US dollar. They are now using our currency, so 1 dollar in Ecuador will get you 1 dollar in the US. They are using the same bills as we do currently, including the 2 dollar bill. They adopted the US dollar to improve the economic condition of the country and to help eliminate poverty.

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Area of Ecuador

Area of Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

Ecuador had 283,561 sq km total. Ecuador's land is 276,841 sq km and it has 6,720 sq km of water. Ecuador includes the Galapagos Islands. Compared to the world, Ecuador is number 74 and is slightly smaller than Nevada. There are 2,010 km of land boundaries : Peru is 1,420 km and Colombia is 590 km. There are 2,237 km of coastline.

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Flag of Ecuador

Flag of Ecuador | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

The flag of Ecuador was adopted on September 26, 1860. This makes it one of the oldest flags in the world. It consists of three horizontal stripes. The yellow stripe is on top and is twice the size of the red and blue stripes. The blue stripe is in the middle and the red is on the bottom. Ecuador's Coat of Arms is in the middle. The red represents the blood shed by the soldiers and martyrs in the battles for independence. The yellow represents the abundance and fertility of the crops and land. The blue symbolizes the sea and sky. The flags of Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela are very similar because they formed a confederation called Gran Colombia upon their independence in 1822. They parted ways in 1830 and they all retained the same flag design. The inspiration of the flag is from General Francisco Miranda, who was a freedom fighter. The bird on the Coat of Arms on the flag is an Andean Condor.

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Country name and capital- General Information

Country name and capital- General Information | Ecuador, Devin Elder | Scoop.it

The official country name of Ecuador is the Republic of Ecuador. It is located on the Northwest coast of South America. Ecuador lies on both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres because it is divided by the Equator line. It was named Ecuador because of its positioning on the Equator. It is bordered by Colombia to the North, Peru to the South and East, and the Pacific Ocean to the West. Quito is the capital of Ecuador and has 1,615,809 residents ( 2000 est.). The official language is Spanish and Ecuador has a total population of 13 + million.

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