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Climate

Ecuador (Listeni/ˈɛkwədɔr/ E-kwə-dawr), officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador [reˈpuβlika ðel ekwaˈðor], which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator") is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland.

The main spoken language in Ecuador is Spanish (94% of the population). Languages of official use in native communities include Quichua, Shuar, and 11 other languages. Ecuador has an area of 275,830 km2 (106,500 sq mi). Its capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the 1970s for having the best preserved and least altered historic center in Latin America.[8] The country's largest city is Guayaquil. With its international port and tuna fishing industry, Manta is the third most important city in the country economically. The historic center of Cuenca, the third largest city in the country, was also declared a World Heritage Site in 1999, for being an outstanding example of a planned inland Spanish style colonial city in the Americas.[9] Ecuador is also home to a great variety of species, many of them endemic, like those of the Galápagos islands. This species diversity makes Ecuador one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world.[10] The new constitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights.[11]

Ecuador is a presidential republic and became independent in 1830, after having been part of the Spanish colonial empire, and for a much shorter time of the republic of Gran Colombia. It is a medium-income country with an HDI score of 0.720 (2011).[7]

The climate in Ecuador is determined by altitude. The pacific coastal region has a severe rainy season. It has a humid sub tropical climate at the coast. It experiences little change in daylight hours due to the location near the equator. Sunrise and sunset occur each day at six am and pm.

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Biodiversity

Ecuador (Listeni/ˈɛkwədɔr/ E-kwə-dawr), officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador [reˈpuβlika ðel ekwaˈðor], which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator") is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland.

The main spoken language in Ecuador is Spanish (94% of the population). Languages of official use in native communities include Quichua, Shuar, and 11 other languages. Ecuador has an area of 275,830 km2 (106,500 sq mi). Its capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the 1970s for having the best preserved and least altered historic center in Latin America.[8] The country's largest city is Guayaquil. With its international port and tuna fishing industry, Manta is the third most important city in the country economically. The historic center of Cuenca, the third largest city in the country, was also declared a World Heritage Site in 1999, for being an outstanding example of a planned inland Spanish style colonial city in the Americas.[9] Ecuador is also home to a great variety of species, many of them endemic, like those of the Galápagos islands. This species diversity makes Ecuador one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world.[10] The new constitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights.[11]

Ecuador is a presidential republic and became independent in 1830, after having been part of the Spanish colonial empire, and for a much shorter time of the republic of Gran Colombia. It is a medium-income country with an HDI score of 0.720 (2011).[7]

Ecuador is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the World, It has the most biodiversity per square kilometer of any nation. Ecuador has 1,600 bird species. This is 15% of the worlds known species. It also has 16,000 species of plants.

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Weather in Quito, Ecuador

THe high in Ecuador was 64 degrees. At night the low is 49 degrees. The chance of rain ath night is 60%. Humidity was at 86% at night. The sunset was at 6:07 pm.

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Important People

Eugenio Espejo is a very important person from Ecuador. He made contrabutions in science and literature. Also he was a well known polemicist. He was also important in the seperatist movement in quito. finally he was the first journalist from Ecuador. Eduardo Kingman is another important person from Ecuador. He was among the top 20 th century artists from Ecuador. He spent his first years of education in Quito. Later he studied in Venezuela, Peru and Bolivia. He was even a student of the San Francisco Art Institute in California. Fanny Carrion de Fierro is another important person from Ecuador. She is famous for her work in Ecuadorian Literature. She is a poet, literary critic, and essayist. She is a Doctor of literature. Also she has many literary works that are famous in her name. 

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Timeline

This is a timeline of key events in Ecuador. In 1830 Ecuador leaves Gran Colombia and becomes fully independent. In 1941 peru invades El oro for mineral rich amazon. In 1942 Ecuador cedes 200,000 square kilometres of disputed territory to peru. Through 1948 to 1960 growth in the banana trade is prosperous.

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Typical Crops

Some of the major crops of Ecuador are coffee, bananas, sugar, cacao, palm oil, and rice. Because of cool temperatures in the highlands some un tropical plants can be grown. Some of these include potatoesl corn, beans, wheat, barley, and tea. THe regions of planting are divided into the coast and highland. Both have very different crops. Some nontraditional crops include flowers, asparagus, and snow peas. 

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Religion

Ecuador (Listeni/ˈɛkwədɔr/ E-kwə-dawr), officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador [reˈpuβlika ðel ekwaˈðor], which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator") is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland.

The main spoken language in Ecuador is Spanish (94% of the population). Languages of official use in native communities include Quichua, Shuar, and 11 other languages. Ecuador has an area of 275,830 km2 (106,500 sq mi). Its capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the 1970s for having the best preserved and least altered historic center in Latin America.[8] The country's largest city is Guayaquil. With its international port and tuna fishing industry, Manta is the third most important city in the country economically. The historic center of Cuenca, the third largest city in the country, was also declared a World Heritage Site in 1999, for being an outstanding example of a planned inland Spanish style colonial city in the Americas.[9] Ecuador is also home to a great variety of species, many of them endemic, like those of the Galápagos islands. This species diversity makes Ecuador one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world.[10] The new constitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights.[11]

Ecuador is a presidential republic and became independent in 1830, after having been part of the Spanish colonial empire, and for a much shorter time of the republic of Gran Colombia. It is a medium-income country with an HDI score of 0.720 (2011).[7]

The main religion in Ecuador is Roman Catholic. The percent of Roman Catholics in Ecuador is 80.44%. The second largest is protestant. The percent of protestants in Ecuador is 11.30%. The total amount of people with religion is 91.95%

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Literacy Rate

91 percent of Ecuador's population that is older than 15 can read and write. The literacy rate of males is 92.3 percent. The literacy rate of females is 89.7 percent.  The average life expectancy of males is 73.94. The average life expectany of females is 79.84.

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President

President | Ecuador, Cole Dunbar | Scoop.it

The president of Ecuador is Rafael Correa. The vice president is Lenin Moreno. Both the president and the vice president are elected on the same ticket. They are elected by popular vote. Also the president and vice president are of the Alianza Pais party.

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Population and Racial Demographics

The population of Ecuador in 2010 was 14,306,876. The largest ethinic group is the Mestizos who make up 71.9 percent of the population. The Amerindians account for 7 percent of the population. Afro-Ecuadorians makeup 7 percent of the population. 91.95 percent of the population has a relgion.

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Map of Country

Map of Country | Ecuador, Cole Dunbar | Scoop.it

The area of Ecuador is 275,830km sq. The largest city in Ecuador is Guayaquil. The population is 15,223,680. The density is 52.5/km sq. 5 percent of Ecuador is water

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Health

Ecuador (Listeni/ˈɛkwədɔr/ E-kwə-dawr), officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador [reˈpuβlika ðel ekwaˈðor], which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator") is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland.

The main spoken language in Ecuador is Spanish (94% of the population). Languages of official use in native communities include Quichua, Shuar, and 11 other languages. Ecuador has an area of 275,830 km2 (106,500 sq mi). Its capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the 1970s for having the best preserved and least altered historic center in Latin America.[8] The country's largest city is Guayaquil. With its international port and tuna fishing industry, Manta is the third most important city in the country economically. The historic center of Cuenca, the third largest city in the country, was also declared a World Heritage Site in 1999, for being an outstanding example of a planned inland Spanish style colonial city in the Americas.[9] Ecuador is also home to a great variety of species, many of them endemic, like those of the Galápagos islands. This species diversity makes Ecuador one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world.[10] The new constitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights.[11]

Ecuador is a presidential republic and became independent in 1830, after having been part of the Spanish colonial empire, and for a much shorter time of the republic of Gran Colombia. It is a medium-income country with an HDI score of 0.720 (2011).[7]

The life expectancy of Ecuadorians is 75 years. Their infant mortality rate is 13 per 1,000 live births. One fourth of children under five are malnourished. There are 686 cases of malaria in 100,000 people. Basic health care has been free since 2008.

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Military

Ecuador (Listeni/ˈɛkwədɔr/ E-kwə-dawr), officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador [reˈpuβlika ðel ekwaˈðor], which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator") is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland.

The main spoken language in Ecuador is Spanish (94% of the population). Languages of official use in native communities include Quichua, Shuar, and 11 other languages. Ecuador has an area of 275,830 km2 (106,500 sq mi). Its capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the 1970s for having the best preserved and least altered historic center in Latin America.[8] The country's largest city is Guayaquil. With its international port and tuna fishing industry, Manta is the third most important city in the country economically. The historic center of Cuenca, the third largest city in the country, was also declared a World Heritage Site in 1999, for being an outstanding example of a planned inland Spanish style colonial city in the Americas.[9] Ecuador is also home to a great variety of species, many of them endemic, like those of the Galápagos islands. This species diversity makes Ecuador one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world.[10] The new constitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights.[11]

Ecuador is a presidential republic and became independent in 1830, after having been part of the Spanish colonial empire, and for a much shorter time of the republic of Gran Colombia. It is a medium-income country with an HDI score of 0.720 (2011).[7]

The Ecuadorian armed forces consists of three branches. The first is the navy. The second is the air force. The third is the navy. Their responsibility is to the preservation of the integreity and national sovereignty of the national territory. This is very similar to the United States.

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Tourist Attractions

This is a video of tourist places in Ecuador. One of these is to the Galapagos Islands. These Islands include many different species of animals. They help make Ecuador one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. Also it has many different species of plants.

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Important Holiday

This is a video of a army parade in Ecuador, This is during their independence day. It is on May 24 th. This started in 1822 when simon bolvar's army was defeated. There is much celebration around the country.

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Industry

Ecuador (Listeni/ˈɛkwədɔr/ E-kwə-dawr), officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador [reˈpuβlika ðel ekwaˈðor], which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator") is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland.

The main spoken language in Ecuador is Spanish (94% of the population). Languages of official use in native communities include Quichua, Shuar, and 11 other languages. Ecuador has an area of 275,830 km2 (106,500 sq mi). Its capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the 1970s for having the best preserved and least altered historic center in Latin America.[8] The country's largest city is Guayaquil. With its international port and tuna fishing industry, Manta is the third most important city in the country economically. The historic center of Cuenca, the third largest city in the country, was also declared a World Heritage Site in 1999, for being an outstanding example of a planned inland Spanish style colonial city in the Americas.[9] Ecuador is also home to a great variety of species, many of them endemic, like those of the Galápagos islands. This species diversity makes Ecuador one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world.[10] The new constitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights.[11]

Ecuador is a presidential republic and became independent in 1830, after having been part of the Spanish colonial empire, and for a much shorter time of the republic of Gran Colombia. It is a medium-income country with an HDI score of 0.720 (2011).[7]

The main types of industry in Ecuador are mining, chemical, petrochemical, and oil refinement. One type that is growing is power generation because of the high waster potential in various sectors of the country. Another growing industry is the production of pharmaceutical production. The melting of glass materials is another growing industry. The biggest project in industry being built is the Pacific Refinery in Manta.

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Typical Food

THe cusine in Ecuador is very diverse. One popular food is ceviche. This is made of shrimp, lemon, onions, and some herbs. The meals usually consist of three courses. Super is usually their lighter meal unlike lunch in the US.

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Type of Government

Ecuador (Listeni/ˈɛkwədɔr/ E-kwə-dawr), officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador [reˈpuβlika ðel ekwaˈðor], which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator") is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland.

The main spoken language in Ecuador is Spanish (94% of the population). Languages of official use in native communities include Quichua, Shuar, and 11 other languages. Ecuador has an area of 275,830 km2 (106,500 sq mi). Its capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the 1970s for having the best preserved and least altered historic center in Latin America.[8] The country's largest city is Guayaquil. With its international port and tuna fishing industry, Manta is the third most important city in the country economically. The historic center of Cuenca, the third largest city in the country, was also declared a World Heritage Site in 1999, for being an outstanding example of a planned inland Spanish style colonial city in the Americas.[9] Ecuador is also home to a great variety of species, many of them endemic, like those of the Galápagos islands. This species diversity makes Ecuador one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world.[10] The new constitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights.[11]

Ecuador is a presidential republic and became independent in 1830, after having been part of the Spanish colonial empire, and for a much shorter time of the republic of Gran Colombia. It is a medium-income country with an HDI score of 0.720 (2011).[7]

Ecuador has a republic government. It is governed by a democratically elected President who has a four year term. the current president is Rafael Correa. He lives in the pala de carondelet in Quito. He assumed office on January 15, 2007.

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Currency and Exchange Rate

Ecuador uses the US dollar. IN 2001 Ecuador switched from using sucre notes to the US dollar. 25,000 sucre notes were equal to one US dollar. The only coin that Ecuador produces now is the centavo coin. The sucre note stopped being legal tender on September 11, 2000.

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Area

Ecuador has a total area of 283,560km sq. 276,840km sq of Ecuador is land. 6,720km sq of Ecuador is water. It is one of the smaller countries in South America. It is slightly smaller than the US state of Nevada.

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Flag of Country

Flag of Country | Ecuador, Cole Dunbar | Scoop.it

Ecuador became independent from the Spanish Colonial Empire in 1830. It was also part of Gran Colombia for a short period of time. It is a medium income country. Its constitution was the first in the world to enforce Rights of Nature. It is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world.

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Country Name and Capital

The name of my country is Ecuador. The capital of Ecuador is Quito.  94 Percent of the people speak Spanish. Ecuador is a presidential republic. It became independent in 1830.

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