LONDON, UK, January 9, 2015 (ENS) - A third of the world's oil reserves, half of gas reserves and over 80 percent of all coal reserves should remain in the ground and not be burned before 2050 if global warming is to stay below the 2°C target...
GarryRogers NatCon News
Nature Conservation News and information for animals, plants, and nature. See more at http://garryrogers.com.
Curated by Garry Rogers
Land-use intensification is a central element in proposed strategies to address global food security. One rationale for accepting the negative consequences of land-use intensification for farmland biodiversity is that it could ‘spare’ further expansion of agriculture into remaining natural habitats. However, in many regions of the world the only natural habitats that can be spared are fragments within landscapes dominated by agriculture. Therefore, land-sparing arguments hinge on land-use intensification having low spillover effects into adjacent protected areas, otherwise net conservation gains will diminish with increasing intensification. We test, for the first time, whether the degree of spillover from farmland into adjacent natural habitats scales in magnitude with increasing land-use intensity. We identified a continuous land-use intensity gradient across pastoral farming systems in New Zealand (based on 13 components of farmer input and soil biogeochemistry variables), and measured cumulative off-site spillover effects of fertilisers and livestock on soil biogeochemistry in 21 adjacent forest remnants.
Just too many people!
'This is important because cyanobacteria are on the increase in response to global change ...' Staff Report FRISCO — Fish-killing bacterial blooms are becoming more common in lakes around the world...
Too many human impacts happening too quickly. In hindsight, we may one day see a news story like this as the dread harbinger of a sudden drop in global productivity.
The battle to save Earth's biodiversity will not end soon. Coming generations must be introduced to the issues so that they can decide whether or not to begin working to protect their environmental future. This article from CBD offers suggested topics to present to children.
Even as scientists are confirming that it's time to keep fossil fuels in the ground, the U.S. Department of the Interior continues to open the door for extensive coal, oil, and gas development on o...
The U.S. Department of the Interior has never behaved as if the public lands belonged to American citizens. They have always put the interests of harvesters--loggers, grazers, and miners--ahead of ordinary people. Because when they don't, Congress gives them the boot.
Shocking public opinion poll on bison in Montana- A random sample survey of 500 Montana registered voters just released shows that Montanans strongly support free roaming bison on some public lands...
Typically, our government is responding to the desires of a special interest group, not to the desires of the majority of the people. More research on public opinion might indicate a desire for fewer cattle and more wild buffalo.
Target: Minister of the Environment Nguyễn Minh Quang
Goal: Stop accidental killing of endangered saolas
Saolas are beautiful and unique animals, but they’re also incredibly endangered.
Please sign the petition.
Most animals use touch, smell, hearing, taste and sight to identify and attract a mate (that goes for humans too).
This study confirms that other species suffer from one of the same sexual problems we've seen in our own species; male efforts to hook up can be harmful, even lethal.
A new study from the Wildlife Conservation Society shows that habitat alteration may be less important than other factors- such as human behavior- in driving the effects of "exurban" development on bird communities.
This limited study needs repetition. Its results suggest that the human impacts identified in other studies overwhelm the contribution of natural habitat diversity. Thus, regulation of human activity can be equal across habitats, and need not vary with habitat structural diversity. The human activities include initial construction that eliminates habitat, introduction of exotic species, movements, noise, lighting, and pets that degrade habitat quality. We really need to stop destroying habitat. A first step is revising our building and zoning codes to combine new residences and community activities into single tall buildings.
A third of oil reserves, half of gas reserves and over 80% of current coal reserves globally should remain in the ground and not be used before 2050 if global warming is to stay below the 2 C target agreed by policy makers, according to new...
GR: That cuts it close, and there is no indication that we will do it.
A new study shows that removing native forest and starting intensive agriculture can accelerate erosion so dramatically that in a few decades as much soil is lost as would naturally occur over thousands of years.
GR: Add soil erosion to the top five human impacts: Construction, invasive species, toxic wastes (including CO2), soil erosion, and harvesting (farming, fishing, grazing, hunting, logging, and mining). The five are hard to separate, and they all relate to human population growth and migration.
According to Japan's Meteorological Agency, 2014 set new inauspicious marks as the hottest year in the global climate record since measures began in 1891. Temperatures rocketed to 0.27 C above the ...
GR: NOAA and NASA determinations not yet in, but will probably agree with Japan's. It is interesting that there is no leveling in the annual global average temperature trendline computed by the Japanese Meteorological Agency.
"New rules eliminate penalty cap. Penalties for fracking leaks and spills, or other environmentally dangerous accidents associated with fossil fuel development will go up to as much as $15,000 per day in Colorado, under new rules adopted this week by the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission.The beefed-up penalty structure also does away with a $10,000 penalty cap for each violation."
GR: We applaud attempts to hold the mining industry accountable for environmental impacts. Fracking can be the worst source of environmental degradation. In the pursuit of profits, the energy industry is unconcerned with the effects of their actions (look at the photo below). Other governments should begin forcing responsible behavior.
"World oil prices routed to 49 dollars per barrel today amidst weak global demand. It's a sea change in the oil and energy markets that is now in the process of rattling many previously well established oil ventures to their foundations. A shot across the bow that may well signal the beginning of the end of crude due to a combination of expensive production, competition by renewables and efficiencies, and a widespread recognition of ramping hazards from human-caused climate change. Photo: Fracking Pads stretch as far as the eye can see in North Dakota's Bakken Formation (Image source: Greenpeace)."
This is an excellent review of the current global oil market. As Scribbler points out, there has been a huge sacrifice of nature for oil profits.
Please understand that the majority of U.S. citizens do not wish for any of our Yellowstone bison to be taken to slaughter. Something that has not been mentioned in this controversy is that the super-volcano underneath the state of Wyoming has been rising at a record rate since 2004. Its floor has gone up three inches per year for the last three years indicating the fastest rate since records began in 1923. It's certainly possible that animals as intelligent and instinctual as bi
GR: The great war between humans and wildlife is generally invisible. We build on, dump on, and step on wildlife and their homes in unconscious pursuits. When we can see, as in the case of Bison, it is imperative that we act responsibly and accept our species' role as nature's only possible defender. Please sign.
Between crazy weather, international events, and global agreements, 2014 was a year in which climate change took center stage. Whether it was a catastrophic drought in California, accelerated ice melting in Antarctica, or even record-breaking heat disrupting the Australian Open, the impacts of climate change are being felt around the world—and people are starting to take notice.
As we begin the new year, however, there are a number of stories slipping past the public eye that are worth highlighting. Five stand out.
--Siberia’s Natural Resources—Exploited without Scrutiny
--A New Grand Canal
--The Smog of Iran
--The Brazilian Amazon—Is It Really on the Upswing?
--Environmental reporting on the upswing?
GR: I have to add --Population and --Invasive species. There were some reports in 2014, but the serious nature of these environmental problems should have generated much more thought and commentary.
A few years ago, photographer Bill Hubick generously donated the use of his photos in NCC publications. We recently chatted with him about a new project he is also involved with – the Maryland Biodiversity Project.
GR: This is essential work that governments and volunteers must carry out across the Earth. As Hubick says, " We live in a time of unparalleled environmental change. How do we assess impacts if we don't have baseline data? State and federal agencies work tirelessly with limited resources to monitor just our rarest species. We need to monitor changes across the board for many reasons. First, it is far cheaper to manage for a given species when it is declining slightly than to wait until it requires a captive breeding program. Ecosystems are also complex, so trying to understand issues without information about what was present in the area five, 20, or 50 years ago is often impossible."
We truly need Citizen Naturalists biodiversity survey projects in every country, state, county and city.
Target: Juliana Machada Ferreira, Wildlife Conservationist
Goal: Thank Ms. Machada Ferreira for working to stop the illegal poaching and trafficking of wild animals in Brazil
In Brazil, wildlife trafficking is a two-million-dollar industry.
People must come to understand that many of the animals for sale in pet stores and on display in circuses and zoos were stolen from their native homes. Some of the most beautiful and most trusting species have been devastated for human entertainment. Please help.
Studies document loss of kelp forests and overall biodiversity
FRISCO — Tropical fish are moving north as the global climate warms, in some cases with devastating impacts to ocean ecosystems.
GR: Invasive species of the land, water, and air are causing greater immediate impacts on Earth ecosystems than global warming. At present, human activities are spreading far more invasive species than global warming. This will change in the future, but for now, we can stoop many invasives with the well-known methods for inventorying, monitoring, and prevention. Of course, the cost might be as astronomical as that of a warplane.
California remains emblematic of the American dream - and of how that has become a nightmare.
GR: Anyone familiar with natural landscapes recognizes that California has suffered destruction on a grand scale. So great has been the loss of wildlife and wild habitat, thousands of years will be required for recovery once we are gone. The longer we remain, the more that is permanently lost.
At dawn this morning, Idaho gun-lovers began a contest to kill as many wolves and coyotes as possible – with prizes of $1,000 each for the overall winners and rifles for winners in the 10-13 and 14-17 age categories.
The photo says it all.