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Kenya: Six Poachers Shot Dead At Timau, Meru County

Kenya: Six Poachers Shot Dead At Timau, Meru County | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Six suspected poachers have been killed at the Timau police road block during a shoot out with police Tuesday morning.
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Now that's what I'm talkin' about.

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GarryRogers Biosphere News
Nature Conservation News and information for animals, plants, and nature.  See more at http://garryrogers.com.
Curated by Garry Rogers
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Balancing hydropower and biodiversity in the Amazon, Congo, and Mekong

Balancing hydropower and biodiversity in the Amazon, Congo, and Mekong | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
GR:  Why don't conservationists give up their pleas for river ecosystems.  After a century of effort, they should have learned that investors will do nothing that might jeopardize profits. From Science Policy Forum:  "The world's most biodiverse river basins—the Amazon, Congo, and Mekong—are experiencing an unprecedented boom in hydropower dam construction. These projects address important…
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Churchill Photos of the Week | Churchill Polar Bears

Churchill Photos of the Week  | Churchill Polar Bears | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Although the heart of winter has really just begun in Churchill, we are starting to dream of summer and the Arctic secrets revealed during the warmer months.

Via Wildlife Defence
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Wildlife: Wintry weather to take toll on Colorado mule deer

Wildlife: Wintry weather to take toll on Colorado mule deer | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Harsh winter conditions in northwestern Colorado may take a toll on already struggling mule deer herds, state biologists said last week, explaining that they’ve started a limited feeding program to try and keep ungulates from invading cattle grazing areas.
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  This was NOT overheard in a U. S. Forest Service Office:  "Deer might die, but please don't feed them. They must not develop any dependency on us.  Moreover, you can rest assured that we will not let them eat a single weed that a cow might want.  The deer might die, but that's nature.  They're used to harsh winters, and we must protect the valuable cows."

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Niagara Parks Butterfly Conservatory To Host We Are The Insects Exhibit

Niagara Parks Butterfly Conservatory To Host We Are The Insects Exhibit | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

Exhibition to Include Public Workshops on Role and Benefit Provided by these Biodiversity Champions News from Ontario’s Niagara Parks Commission Posted February 8th, 2016 on Niagara At Large Niagara Falls, Ontario - The Niagara Parks Commission...

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New Commission proposal puts EU on path from hero to zero to address global mercury crisis

New Commission proposal puts EU on path from hero to zero to address global mercury crisis | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
The European Commission has quietly launched its new mercury package on 2nd February 2016 [1], moving the EU a step closer towards ratifying the Minamata Convention, a UN treaty to stamp out mercury [2]. While the European Environmental Bureau (EEB) welcomes the new package, its content fails to meet even the lowest of expectations.

“We are deeply disappointed with this bare-bones proposal from the Commission,” said Elena Lymberidi-Settimo, Zero Mercury Campaign Project Manager. “Under the guise of Better Regulation, it is putting the EU on an embarrassing path from hero to zero in addressing the global mercury threat. The proposal effectively ignores a public consultation, progressive industry voices, and even the scientific findings of its own impact assessment.”
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Moorland Forum - Understanding Predation Report Launch

Moorland Forum - Understanding Predation Report Launch | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

Framing a new dialogue for biodiversity: science and local knowledge https://t.co/wWXE28S37p #BTO #GWCT #RSPB #NGO https://t.co/3Mk3cRlpT4...

Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  This work begins with an inventory of a select group of species.  And this is where research on the factors contributing to species numbers must begin (http://wp.me/p26kDO-xC).  Predation is mentioned, but many other factors could be involved.  Human impacts through habitat use and removal, climate change, toxic chemicals, livestock, and recreation are just a few of the possible explanations for wildlife population changes..

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A global evaluation of forest interior area dynamics using tree cover data from 2000 to 2012 | SRS Publication

A global evaluation of forest interior area dynamics using tree cover data from 2000 to 2012 | SRS Publication | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Conclusion Forest area loss alone from 2000 to 2012 underestimates ecological risks from forest fragmentation. In addition to the direct loss of forest, there was a widespread shift of the remaining global forest to a more fragmented condition.
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Climate Change Is Leaving Native Plants Behind : DNews

Climate Change Is Leaving Native Plants Behind : DNews | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

“Plants and animals aren’t moving together in sync,” University of Connecticut ornithologist Morgan Tingley, who has studied the shifting ranges of native birds in parts of California, said after reading the new paper.

“This leads us to suspect that ecological communities are breaking down and disassembling,” Tingley said. “It’s a worrying possibility, and one that we don’t yet know the consequences of.”

"The native plants were also found to be moving more slowly into higher altitudes than their invasive counterparts, one in four of which were found to be spreading uphill."

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How forest management and deforestation are impacting climate

How forest management and deforestation are impacting climate | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Two new studies reveal how altering the composition of trees in forests is influencing not only the carbon cycle, but air surface temperatures to a significant degree as well. The results highlight how human-made changes to forests hold more severe consequences than previously believed. Worldwide, reforested areas are increasingly prominent; for example, in Europe, 85% of forests were managed by humans as of 2010. Strong favoritism of foresters to plant more commercially valuable trees -- such as Scot pines, Norway spruce and beech -- has resulted in reforestation of 633,000 square kilometers of conifers at the expense of broadleaved forests, which decreased by 436,000 square kilometers since 1850.
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  Another look at this story.

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Ship noise extends to frequencies used by endangered killer whales (Canada, USA)

Ship noise extends to frequencies used by endangered killer whales (Canada, USA) | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
February 2nd, 2016. When an endangered orca is in hot pursuit of an endangered salmon, sending out clicks and listening for their echoes in the murky ocean near Seattle, does the noise from the nearby shipping lane interfere with them catching dinner? To find out scientists measured underwater noise as ships passed their study site 3,000 times. This unprecedented characterization of ship noise will aid in the understanding of the potential effects on marine life, and help with possible mitigation strategies.
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Animals begin to die as drought grips Region Nine

Animals begin to die as drought grips Region Nine | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
– no rainfall in last 16 weeks
The extreme dry weather occasioned by El Niño has taken a heavy toll on a number of Indigenous communities, with reports emerging of livestock perishing in the Region Nine community of Anaputa.
This is according to the Regional Executive Officer (REO), Carl Parker. He noted that the hardest hit area has been North Rupununi and Anaputa, outside of Annai. He stated that agriculture teams have been dispatched to the area and he expects a full report on the effects of the drought.
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Less polluted nations most vulnerable to climate change - The Economic Times

Less polluted nations most vulnerable to climate change - The Economic Times | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

This dramatic global mismatch was highlighted in a study by researchers at Australia's University of Queensland and Wildlife Conservation Society.

Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  FAO, World Bank, and others project that in the year 2050, global food supplies will still be adequate, but growing population and declining available water will have forced numerous locations to become net food importers.

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EARTHWORKS

EARTHWORKS | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
The proposed PolyMet copper-nickel mine threatens the clear waters and biodiverse forests of Northern Minnesota.

Government regulators have failed to adequately address the impacts this mine poses to our water, land, wildlife or air, leaving Minnesota at risk.

Now, the federal government wants to give our National Forest land to Polymet in a federal land exchange, turning beautiful forest into an ugly open pit mine.


Superior National Forest, MN.

PolyMet's proposed mine is bad for wildlife, bad for habitat, and bad for Minnesota.

TAKE ACTION: Tell MN-DNR to protect our natural treasures from mining!

Instructions:
Garry Rogers's insight:

There is a petition you can sign too (http://www.care2.com/news/member/862450128/3953230).

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Japan and the whale - BBC News

Japan and the whale - BBC News | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
It is probably the one issue that brings more international condemnation on Japan than any other. The BBC's Rupert Wingfield- Hayes asks why Japan keeps on whaling?

Via Wildlife Defence
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Forest Service at 'Tipping Point' Because of Wildfires

Forest Service at 'Tipping Point' Because of Wildfires | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

The agency says it needs more funding in the wake of climate change

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New figures uncover the hidden truth behind 'green' Rural Development funding

New figures uncover the hidden truth behind 'green' Rural Development funding | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

"Analysis (1) carried out by the European Environmental Bureau (EEB) and BirdLife Europe has revealed a one billion euro (2) fall in the actual amount of funding for Rural Development (3) measures meant to benefit the environment on farmland. This comes despite a pledge from the EU that the whole Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is greener than ever.

"As well as showing a reduction compared with the previous funding period, the findings also highlight that the environmental quality of some measures is very poor and in several of the analysed cases is not properly targeted.

"Rural Development Policy is widely seen as the most positive side of the CAP as it has the best potential to deliver environmental benefits on farmland by offering Member States the possibility to target their programmes to specific environmental needs. However, the analysis shows that this potential has been mostly disregarded."

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New On-line Classes and Models

New On-line Classes and Models | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

My free online class on Coursera.org entitled Global Warming I: The Science and Modeling of Climate Change has already served 45,000 people (started, not finished) in the four times that it's run.

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El Niño wreaks havoc in Colombia

El Niño wreaks havoc in Colombia | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

Droughts and forest fires are severely damaging Colombia's crops, economy and way of life.

Experts are blaming the recent high temperatures and lack of rainfall on El Niño, a repeated climatic phenomenon which sees a rise in...

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Great Lakes nearly devoid of ice as El Nino-influenced warmth dominates early winter

Great Lakes nearly devoid of ice as El Nino-influenced warmth dominates early winter | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
As of Feb. 2, 2016, the total ice coverage on the Great Lakes was less than 6 percent, just a fraction of what it was at the start of February in 2014 and 2015, according to the Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL).
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Sea-level rise 'could last twice as long as human history'

Sea-level rise 'could last twice as long as human history' | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

“The long-term view sends the chilling message of what the real risks and consequences are of the fossil fuel era,” said Prof Thomas Stocker, at the University of Bern, Switzerland and also part of the research team. “It will commit us to massive adaptation efforts so that for many, dislocation and migration becomes the only option.”

"The report, published in the journal Nature Climate Change, notes most research looks at the impacts of global warming by 2100 and so misses one of the biggest consequences for civilisation - the long-term melting of polar ice caps and sea-level rise.

"This is because the great ice sheets take thousand of years to react fully to higher temperatures. The researchers say this long-term view raises moral questions about the kind of environment being passed down to future generations.

"The research shows that even with climate change limited to 2C by tough emissions cuts, sea level would rise by 25 metres over the next 2,000 years or so and remain there for at least 10,000 years - twice as long as human history. If today’s burning of coal, oil and gas is not curbed, the sea would rise by 50m, completely changing the map of the world."

Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  This report focuses on sea level.  It reaffirms previous realizations by climate scientists that even after we stop adding CO2 to the atmosphere and limit global temperature rise to 2C, sea level will keep rising for thousands of years.  That's not all, extreme storms, droughts, fires, and disease outbreaks, and the extinction of wildlife and ecosystems will also continue.  As frightening as this is, many have acknowledged that 2C is an optimistic value.  Human nature (avarice) and the inertia of our grow-or-die civilization will take us past 2C.  There is no doubt now that we have condemned our descendants to a stark future of uncertain survival. Thus we belatedly learn that the American Dream was a Pandora's Box nightmare the pursuit of which has doomed human civilization to regret lasting for a thousand generations or more.

We may see civilization collapse before the seas rise by 150 feet.  A growing number of scientists foresee that our growing population and shrinking resources will soon join climate change as major destructors of our current economic, social, and cultural systems, our civilization (http://wp.me/p26kDO-j2l).

Share lines:

T:  Even if global temperature rise is limited to 2C, the oceans will rise 75 feet

FB:  Like a kettle on the stove, current CO2 levels guarantee that global warming, sea-level rise, and wildlife extinctions will continue for thousands of years.

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Island Biodiversity - What's the Problem?

Island Biodiversity - What's the Problem? | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
The unique characteristics that make island biodiversity so special also leave it particularly fragile and vulnerable. Despite the high levels of biodiversity and the prevalence of endemism, island species are present in relatively small numbers, making them very vulnerable to extinction. Furthermore, because island species have diminished dispersal capability and evolve in competition with relatively few other species, they develop survival strategies based on interdependency, co-evolution, and mutualism rather than defence mechanisms against a broad range of predators and competitors. As a result, many island species have become rare or threatened, and islands have a disproportionate number of recorded species extinctions when compared to continental systems. Of the 724 recorded animal extinctions in the last 400 years, about half were of island species. At least 90% of the bird species that have become extinct in that period were island-dwellers.
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Palm Oil Scorecard 2015: Fries, Face Wash, Forests

Palm Oil Scorecard 2015: Fries, Face Wash, Forests | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

While some companies took big steps forward in 2014, too many still haven't committed to deforestation-free palm oil. Tell the makers of your favorite brands that deforestation is not an acceptable ingredient in their products!

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Part 2: What’s really driving loss of nature in New Zealand?

Part 2: What’s really driving loss of nature in New Zealand? | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Last week I demonstrated that despite a proud history of conservation and environmental management, New Zealand is still fast losing its natural heritage and, with it, our future prosperity.

Addressing that requires some reframing of what conservation is for New Zealand, and recognition that doing more of the same might slow ongoing loss but cannot reverse the trend.

The things usually seen as barriers to effective conservation and environmental management (e.g. inappropriate development, weak compliance with consent conditions, under-funded pest control and threatened species management) are actually symptoms of fundamental drivers that set up conflict between environmental and development interests and bring about the loss of nature.

The fundamental drivers are:
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Save the Gray Wolf from Extinction

Save the Gray Wolf from Extinction | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

Oregon refuses to protect its gray wolf population despite dangerously low numbers. Urge officials to reinstate the gray wolf's status as an endangered species and save these precious animals from extinction.

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RealClimate: How likely is the observed recent warmth?

RealClimate: How likely is the observed recent warmth? | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
By Michael Mann
25 January 2016

(RealClimate) – With the official numbers now in 2015 is, by a substantial margin, the new record-holder, the warmest year in recorded history for both the globe and the Northern Hemisphere. The title was sadly short-lived for previous record-holder 2014. And 2016 could be yet warmer if the current global warmth persists through the year.
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