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This map shows the regions of Earth most vulnerable to climate change

This map shows the regions of Earth most vulnerable to climate change | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Scientists from Stanford University and the Wildlife Conservation Society in Australia have produced a map illustrating the global distribution of climate instability.
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Julia Connor's curator insight, October 11, 2013 3:25 PM

This is a real eye opener.

GarryRogers Biosphere News
Nature Conservation News and information for animals, plants, and nature.  See more at http://garryrogers.com.
Curated by Garry Rogers
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Balancing hydropower and biodiversity in the Amazon, Congo, and Mekong

Balancing hydropower and biodiversity in the Amazon, Congo, and Mekong | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
GR:  Why don't conservationists give up their pleas for river ecosystems.  After a century of effort, they should have learned that investors will do nothing that might jeopardize profits. From Science Policy Forum:  "The world's most biodiverse river basins—the Amazon, Congo, and Mekong—are experiencing an unprecedented boom in hydropower dam construction. These projects address important…
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Island Biodiversity - What's the Problem?

Island Biodiversity - What's the Problem? | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
The unique characteristics that make island biodiversity so special also leave it particularly fragile and vulnerable. Despite the high levels of biodiversity and the prevalence of endemism, island species are present in relatively small numbers, making them very vulnerable to extinction. Furthermore, because island species have diminished dispersal capability and evolve in competition with relatively few other species, they develop survival strategies based on interdependency, co-evolution, and mutualism rather than defence mechanisms against a broad range of predators and competitors. As a result, many island species have become rare or threatened, and islands have a disproportionate number of recorded species extinctions when compared to continental systems. Of the 724 recorded animal extinctions in the last 400 years, about half were of island species. At least 90% of the bird species that have become extinct in that period were island-dwellers.
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Palm Oil Scorecard 2015: Fries, Face Wash, Forests

Palm Oil Scorecard 2015: Fries, Face Wash, Forests | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

While some companies took big steps forward in 2014, too many still haven't committed to deforestation-free palm oil. Tell the makers of your favorite brands that deforestation is not an acceptable ingredient in their products!

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Part 2: What’s really driving loss of nature in New Zealand?

Part 2: What’s really driving loss of nature in New Zealand? | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Last week I demonstrated that despite a proud history of conservation and environmental management, New Zealand is still fast losing its natural heritage and, with it, our future prosperity.

Addressing that requires some reframing of what conservation is for New Zealand, and recognition that doing more of the same might slow ongoing loss but cannot reverse the trend.

The things usually seen as barriers to effective conservation and environmental management (e.g. inappropriate development, weak compliance with consent conditions, under-funded pest control and threatened species management) are actually symptoms of fundamental drivers that set up conflict between environmental and development interests and bring about the loss of nature.

The fundamental drivers are:
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Save the Gray Wolf from Extinction

Save the Gray Wolf from Extinction | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

Oregon refuses to protect its gray wolf population despite dangerously low numbers. Urge officials to reinstate the gray wolf's status as an endangered species and save these precious animals from extinction.

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RealClimate: How likely is the observed recent warmth?

RealClimate: How likely is the observed recent warmth? | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
By Michael Mann
25 January 2016

(RealClimate) – With the official numbers now in 2015 is, by a substantial margin, the new record-holder, the warmest year in recorded history for both the globe and the Northern Hemisphere. The title was sadly short-lived for previous record-holder 2014. And 2016 could be yet warmer if the current global warmth persists through the year.
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Global Sea Levels Could Rise Due To Melting Antarctic Ice

Global Sea Levels Could Rise Due To Melting Antarctic Ice | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

"Loss of ice in Antarctica caused by a warming ocean could raise global sea levels by three meters, research by Northumbria and Edinburgh universities suggests.  . . . relatively quickly."

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Can Burning Forests To Power The Grid Be Carbon Neutral? The Senate Just Said ‘Yes’

Can Burning Forests To Power The Grid Be Carbon Neutral? The Senate Just Said ‘Yes’ | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

Can burning trees to power the grid be carbon neutral?

Garry Rogers's insight:

Seems . . . stupid?

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SAVE THE OLDEST AND DEEPEST LAKE IN EUROPE!
LAKE OHRID NEEDS YOUR ACTION!

SAVE THE OLDEST AND DEEPEST LAKE IN EUROPE!<br/>LAKE OHRID NEEDS YOUR ACTION! | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

Located in the Dinaric Alps on the border between the Republic of Macedonia and Albania, with estimated age of around 4 million years, Lake Ohrid is the oldest natural lake in Europe and one of the oldest lakes in the whole world.

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AZGFD.gov Sunday is last day to hunt Arizona’s quail

AZGFD.gov Sunday is last day to hunt Arizona’s quail | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
PHOENIX — With nothing but sunshine and spring-like temperatures in the weather forecast for this weekend, there’s really no excuse for hunters not to get out in the field and chase quail one last time.

The season for the state’s three main species – Gambel’s, scaled and Mearns’ – ends Sunday, Feb. 7. The general bag limit is 15 quail per day in the aggregate, of which no more than eight may be Mearns’ quail. The general possession limit is 45 quail in the aggregate, of which no more than 15 Gambel’s, scaled or California quail in the aggregate may be taken in any one day. The 45-quail possession limit may include 24 Mearns’ quail, of which no more than eight may be taken in any one day.
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  Many of these beautiful birds will die over the next 72 hours.  Shouldn't killers be given psychiatric treatment rather than living targets? 

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Rapid Acceleration in Sea Level Rise -- From 2009 Through October 2015, Global Oceans Have Risen by 5 Millimeters Per Year

Rapid Acceleration in Sea Level Rise -- From 2009 Through October 2015, Global Oceans Have Risen by 5 Millimeters Per Year | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

The evidence that a human-forced warming of the globe is hitting a much higher gear in terms of both added heat and ramping impacts just keeps streaming on in. Today, an update in the satellite monitor tracking global sea level rise provides yet one more ominous marker. The world’s oceans are rising at an unprecedented rate not seen since the end of the last Ice Age. A rate that appears to be rapidly accelerating.

It’s a tough bit of evidence that the world is swiftly accumulating heat. For aside from atmospheric temperature readings, the rate of sea level rise is probably the best marker for how fast the world is warming. It’s a sign of heat build-up that’s thermally expanding the ocean. And, far more ominously, it’s a sign that the great glaciers of the world are starting to accumulate enough heat to go into a more and more widespread melt and destabilization.

Garry Rogers's insight:

There is hope that the rate of sea-level rise will slow in 2017, but not much hope.  All evidence points to a 15-20 foot rise even if we stop our CO2 emissions now (within 10-15 years).  If we don't, the rise will be greater.  Read Scribbler's article for a clearer understanding of what's going on.

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Continental Refugium in the Mongolian Plateau during Quaternary Glacial Oscillations: Phylogeography and Niche Modelling of the Endemic Desert Hamster, Phodopus roborovskii

Continental Refugium in the Mongolian Plateau during Quaternary Glacial Oscillations: Phylogeography and Niche Modelling of the Endemic Desert Hamster,  Phodopus roborovskii | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

The Mongolian Plateau (MP), which is situated in the interior of Asia and possesses a typical continental climate, experienced harsh climatic conditions during the Quaternary glacial fluctuations.

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fundoshi's curator insight, February 5, 7:35 AM

ロボちゃん。。。

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Sea Ice Death Spiral Continues -- Start of 2016 Sees Arctic Ocean Ice Hitting New Record Lows

Sea Ice Death Spiral Continues -- Start of 2016 Sees Arctic Ocean Ice Hitting New Record Lows | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
In January, Arctic sea ice extent hit a new record average low for the month. Meanwhile, during the first days of February, both Arctic sea ice extent and area hit new daily record lows even as global sea ice area also entered the second lowest range ever recorded. And so it seems that the sea ice death spiral of a record warm world continues.

January lowest sea ice on record

(According to the National Snow and Ice Data Center, Arctic sea ice extent averages were the lowest on record for the month of January since at least 1979. The new low beats out 2011, continuing an ongoing decadal January decline of about 420,000 square kilometers every ten years. Image souce: NSIDC.)

But before we go more into the new spate of record low Arctic and global sea ice measures, it’s important to consider the context — our world has not seen the current level of heat forcing from greenhouse gasses (CO2 + methane + NOx + other greenhouse gasses) in the atmosphere since about 15 million years ago. It’s an unprecedented amount of hothouse potential that is having equally unprecedented results.
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How forest management and deforestation are impacting climate

How forest management and deforestation are impacting climate | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Two new studies reveal how altering the composition of trees in forests is influencing not only the carbon cycle, but air surface temperatures to a significant degree as well. The results highlight how human-made changes to forests hold more severe consequences than previously believed. Worldwide, reforested areas are increasingly prominent; for example, in Europe, 85% of forests were managed by humans as of 2010. Strong favoritism of foresters to plant more commercially valuable trees -- such as Scot pines, Norway spruce and beech -- has resulted in reforestation of 633,000 square kilometers of conifers at the expense of broadleaved forests, which decreased by 436,000 square kilometers since 1850.
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  Another look at this story.

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Ship noise extends to frequencies used by endangered killer whales (Canada, USA)

Ship noise extends to frequencies used by endangered killer whales (Canada, USA) | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
February 2nd, 2016. When an endangered orca is in hot pursuit of an endangered salmon, sending out clicks and listening for their echoes in the murky ocean near Seattle, does the noise from the nearby shipping lane interfere with them catching dinner? To find out scientists measured underwater noise as ships passed their study site 3,000 times. This unprecedented characterization of ship noise will aid in the understanding of the potential effects on marine life, and help with possible mitigation strategies.
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Animals begin to die as drought grips Region Nine

Animals begin to die as drought grips Region Nine | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
– no rainfall in last 16 weeks
The extreme dry weather occasioned by El Niño has taken a heavy toll on a number of Indigenous communities, with reports emerging of livestock perishing in the Region Nine community of Anaputa.
This is according to the Regional Executive Officer (REO), Carl Parker. He noted that the hardest hit area has been North Rupununi and Anaputa, outside of Annai. He stated that agriculture teams have been dispatched to the area and he expects a full report on the effects of the drought.
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Less polluted nations most vulnerable to climate change - The Economic Times

Less polluted nations most vulnerable to climate change - The Economic Times | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

This dramatic global mismatch was highlighted in a study by researchers at Australia's University of Queensland and Wildlife Conservation Society.

Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  FAO, World Bank, and others project that in the year 2050, global food supplies will still be adequate, but growing population and declining available water will have forced numerous locations to become net food importers.

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How we can help nature adapt to climate change

How we can help nature adapt to climate change | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

Last October, I attended a symposium about managing biodiversity in Victoria under climate change.

Garry Rogers's insight:

"How can we . . ."  GR:  Answer:  Cut the human population, eradicate invasive species, restore damaged ecosystems, and switch landscape and wildlife management to scientific not political policies.

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The week in wildlife – in pictures

The week in wildlife – in pictures | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

Toxic toads, a feeding wolf and rare Grevy’s zebras are among this week’s pick of images from the natural world

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Forest management not so hot at fighting warming

Forest management not so hot at fighting warming | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it

Forest management practices in Europe have slightly worsened climate change, new research shows.

Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  Logging and replanting exotic species for commercial exploitation is not good for the climate?  What about the soils, watershed, and wildlife?

 

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Arizona Game & Fish Department - Off Highway Vehicles

Arizona Game & Fish Department - Off Highway Vehicles | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Off-highway vehicle (OHV) recreation is one of the most popular recreational activities taking place on public and state lands in Arizona. Please obey the laws, stay on designated open roads and trails, and ride safely and responsibly.
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  The sights and sounds of humans on foot and on wheeled vehicles are disruptive to wildlife.  Numerous studies have shown their harmful effects on foraging and reproductive success.  So why would a wildlife management agency promote such behavior?  Why in the midst of the great mass extinction of life on Earth would a government agency promote activities harmful to wildlife?  Oh, wait a minute, is it for money?  Crazy.  Will voters ever come to respect wildlife and require their management agency to dedicate its efforts to protection?

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18 cities in Pennsylvania reported higher levels of lead exposure than Flint

18 cities in Pennsylvania reported higher levels of lead exposure than Flint | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
There are 17 cities in Pennsylvania where 10 percent of children tested positive for lead exposure

Philadelphia was not able to share community-area lead level exposure rates, but a 2014 Pennsylvania Department of Health annual report that included detailed information on 20 cities showed that 17 of those had a higher percentage of children with blood lead levels (BLLs) ≥ 5 μg/dL than the rest of the state.
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Christina MacPherson

Christina MacPherson | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Read all of the posts by Christina MacPherson on Antinuclear
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North Atlantic CO2 Storage Doubles In 10 Years

North Atlantic CO2 Storage Doubles In 10 Years | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
From the University of Miami

A University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science-led study shows that the North Atlantic absorbed 50 percent more man-made carbon dioxide over the last decade, compared to the previous decade. The findings show the impact that the burning of fossil fuels have had on the world’s oceans in just 10 years.

To determine the total uptake and storage of carbon dioxide in the North Atlantic over the last several decades, researchers analyzed data collected from the same locations, but 10 years apart, to identify changes caused by man-made CO2. The data were collected during two National Science Foundation-funded international ship-based studies, CLIVAR (Climate Variability CO2 Repeat Hydrography) and GO-SHIP (Global Ocean Ship-Based Hydrographic Investigations Program).

“This study shows the large impact all of us are having on the environment and that our use of fossil fuels isn’t only causing the climate to change, but also affects the oceans by decreasing the pH,” said Ryan Woosley, a researcher in the UM Rosenstiel School, Department of Ocean Sciences.
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