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If you think the weather is bad now, wait until El Niño returns

If you think the weather is bad now, wait until El Niño returns | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it

Droughts, high temperatures, heavy rain and floods are all sparked by the El Niño weather pattern.

Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: If You Think The Weather is Bad Now, Wait Until El Nino Returns

Author: Alex Kane

Main Idea: Scientists believe that El Nino will occur in 2015

Summary:

1) Researchers say that there is a 75% chance that El Nino could happen later this year

2) El Nino develops off of the West coast of South America, and it causes change in climate and warm temperatures

3) If the prediction is correct then we could possibly see a new global temperature record in the year 2015

Opinion: Yes, the article was based off of opinions

Question: Is this a global problem?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because El Nino affects temperature and can do serious damage to our weather.

Source: http://www.alternet.org/environment/el-nino-predicted-2015

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Taylor Godbolt's curator insight, March 7, 2014 8:34 AM

If you think the weather is bad now, wait until El Niño returns

 

Author: Alex Kane

Date: Feb. 17, 2014

 

Main Idea: Most likely in 2015, it could be disastrous because of El Nino

 

Summary: El Nino develops off the west coast of South America. It causes change in climate and warm temps

 

This article is Factual

 

Question: What if they had wrong predictions? What if El Nino happens at a different time?

 

www.alternet.org

mitaliamontes's curator insight, March 12, 2014 12:12 PM

title:El Nino

author: Alex Kane

date: 2-17-14

main Idea: This article is about El Nino and what it does to us and how it effects.

summarize: - what El Nino causes- The weather conditions when El Nino comes to and when it might come back, which they say next year!

my question is what can we do so we can prepared when it comes.

I think this article is important to science because it has to do with climate. 

Taylor Godbolt's comment, March 12, 2014 12:52 PM
If you think the weather is bad now, wait until El Niño returns<br> <br>Author: Alex Kane<br>Date: Feb. 17, 2014<br> <br>Main Idea: Most likely in 2015, it could be disastrous because of El Nino<br> <br>Summary: El Nino develops off the west coast of South America. It causes change in climate and warm temps<br> <br>This article is Factual<br> <br>Question: What if they had wrong predictions? What if El Nino happens at a different time?<br> <br>www.alternet.org
Rescooped by Celest Ybarra from Soggy Science
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How bubbles in your bath predict HURRICANES: Movement of soap suds mimic the beginnings of cyclones

How bubbles in your bath predict HURRICANES: Movement of soap suds mimic the beginnings of cyclones | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it
French physicists claim fluid on the surface of bubbles behaves in the same way as low-pressure systems. They used these findings to create a cyclone prediction model.

Via Grant W. Graves
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: How Bubbles In Your Bath Predict HURRICANES: Movement of Soap Suds Mimic the Beginnings of Cyclones

Author: Ellie Zolfagharifard

Main Idea: Scientists, or physicists, say that if we look at soap bubbles it may help meteorologists when they are predicting the weather.

Summary:

1) The membrane on our bubbles behave like our weather system

2) The bubbles' vortices intensify to a maximum peak before entering a phase of decline like tropical storms

3) Surface liquids behave the same way weather systems over Earth do

Opinion: No, it was a factual article.

Question: Why do the bubbles behave the same way as tropical storms? Who made the discovery that linked the bubbles to the storms?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it's one of many things that scientists talk about around the world 
Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2536641/How-bubbles-bath-predict-HURRICANES-Movement-soap-suds-mimic-beginnings-cyclones.html

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Katie Vazquez's curator insight, March 6, 2014 8:31 PM

Title: How Bubbles in Your Bath Predict HURRICANES: Movement of Soap Suds Mimic the Beginnings of Cyclones

Author: Ellie Zolfagharifard

Date: January 9, 2014

 

Main Idea: Physicists in France have created a cyclone prediction model based on the fluid on the surface of bubbles.

 

Summary:

1. It is said that the flow of surface liquid on bubbles behave like weather systems.

2. Tested against 150 real cyclones and it was accurate for all of them.

3. The bubbles' vortices intensify to a maximum peak before entering a phase of decline like tropical storms. 

 

Opinion/POV: I'm pretty sure there's not an opinion nor POV.

 

Question: Who first thought that bubbles could predict hurricanes?

 

Is this article important to science?

I believe that this article is important to science because this could possibly be a new method of predicting hurricanes even if it is a strange way of doing so.

 

Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2536641/How-bubbles-bath-predict-HURRICANES-Movement-soap-suds-mimic-beginnings-cyclones.html

mitaliamontes's curator insight, March 20, 2014 1:24 PM

Title:  How bubbles in your bath predict hurricanes 

author: Ellie 

date:: 1-9-14

Main idea: this is about how the bubbles in our bath predict hurricane and this might help prevent  a lot of damage for when this happens. 

Summary: French physics have study that soap could help predict if a hurricane may occur.  Physics think that this will predict the intensity of hurrricanes. 

My opinion  about this selection is that I don't think bubbles could predict all this. Sure this is important to science but I don't think it's true. 

1st poin of view.

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Weather-making high-pressure systems predicted to intensify

Weather-making high-pressure systems predicted to intensify | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it
High-pressure systems over oceans, which largely determine the tracks of tropical cyclones and hydrological extremes in much of the northern hemisphere, are likely to intensify this century, according to a new study.

Via Maria Nunzia @Varvera
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: Weather-making High-pressure Systems Predicted to Intensify

Author: Wenhong Li

Main Idea: High-pressure systems over oceans are predicted to intensify this century

Summary:

1) High-pressure storms are causing systems to predict that they will intensify as a result in the increase of greenhouse gases concentrations

2) Students use climate model stimulations to predict the future changes in the intensification

3) The difference between ocean and land heating will also fuel the intensification

Opinion: Yes, because it was based off of the results of the studies that the students conducted.

Question: Is there anything that we can do to help prevent the cause?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it impacts our global climate and current weather conditions.

Source:http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121005123904.htm

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Katie Vazquez's curator insight, March 6, 2014 8:53 PM

Title: Weather-Making High-Pressure Systems Predicted to Intensify.

Author: Not sure

Date: October 5, 2012

 

Main Idea: High-pressure systems over oceans are predicted to intensify this century.

 

Summary: 

1. The high-pressure systems will intensify over the 21st century as a result of rising greenhouse-gas concentrations.

2. An increase in the land-sea thermal contrast between ocean and land heating, as Earth's climate warms -- will fuel the systems' intensification.

3. Summertime near-surface high-pressure systems over the northern Pacific and Atlantic oceans strengthen and could play a big role in the coming years in shaping regional climate.

 

Opinion/POV: Neither.

 

Question: How can this affect the regional climate?

Is this article important to science?

I believe that this article is important because it explains how high-pressure systems could intensify and shape the regional climate in the coming years.

 

Source: Duke University 

Taylor Godbolt's curator insight, March 7, 2014 8:53 AM

Weather-making high-pressure systems predicted to intensify

 

Author: Wenhong Li

Date: Oct. 5, 2012

 

Main Idea: High pressure over seas are likely to intensify the 21st century.

 

Summary: Using climate model stimulations to predict future changes in intensification

 

Factual

 

Importance?: It goes into how high pressure will intensify and change weather conditions.

 

Duke University

Taylor Godbolt's comment, March 12, 2014 12:52 PM
Weather-making high-pressure systems predicted to intensify<br> <br>Author: Wenhong Li<br>Date: Oct. 5, 2012<br> <br>Main Idea: High pressure over seas are likely to intensify the 21st century.<br> <br>Summary: Using climate model stimulations to predict future changes in intensification<br> <br>Factual<br> <br>Importance?: It goes into how high pressure will intensify and change weather conditions.<br> <br>Duke University
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Tornadoes and Global Warming: Is There a Connection?

Tornadoes and Global Warming: Is There a Connection? | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it
Global warming is causing more extreme weather. But when it comes to tornadoes, it could go either way.

Via Kathy Dowsett, Rachel Strauss
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: Tornadoes and Global Warming: Is There a Connection?

Author: Robert Kunzig

Main Idea: Global Warming could be a major factor to the development of larger storms

Summary:

1) Climate change is increasing the Earth's temperature and is decreasing our atmospheric energy

2) The change in climate has the ability to not only strengthen storms, but also make less tornadoes

3) Global Warming might also be the cause to suppressing gases, which cause more dangerous tornadoes to form

Opinion: No, it was based off of scientific theories by researchers and scientists

Question: Can Global Warming be linked to other hazardous weather occurrences?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it informs us that since Global Warming may be a key factor to the fact that we have more dangerous weather it can help us to reduce anything that causes Global Warming, like burning fossil fuels.

Source: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/05/130522-tornado-climate-change-oklahoma-science-global-warming/

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mitaliamontes's curator insight, March 12, 2014 12:20 PM

title: Tornadoes and global warming: Is there a connection?

author: Robert Kunzig

date: may 22-13

Main Idea:  This article is about how greenhouse leads to more and more Tornadoes.

Summarize: The more the atmosphere traps gases, the more dangerous tornadoes are formed- Global warning might also suppress tornadoes-  the opposite forces of tornadoes

how aren't they assure of all this?

I think this is important for science because its just something I Would like to study in class. 

Martha Resavy's curator insight, July 14, 2015 3:59 PM

This article takes a look at global warming and its potential influence on the frequency/strength of tornadoes.

Logan Willits's curator insight, July 19, 2015 9:34 PM

Article discussing global warming and the changes in weather patterns and how it will affect tornadoes and their severity/commonality.

Rescooped by Celest Ybarra from Amazing Science
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Amazing Muscle Made of Fishing Line Is 100 Times Stronger Than Biological Muscle

Amazing Muscle Made of Fishing Line Is 100 Times Stronger Than Biological Muscle | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it

The high cost of powerful, large-stroke, high-stress artificial muscles has combined with performance limitations such as low cycle life, hysteresis, and low efficiency to restrict applications.

 

A team of material scientists at the University of Texas at Dallas have just discovered a new way to create powerful artificial muscles—synthetic sinew that forcefully expands and contracts on command—from low-cost, everyday fibers such as fishing line and high-tension sewing thread. In a study published today in the journal Science¸ the researchers described how they're doing it: by twisting the materials into springy and energy-dense coils. 

Extreme twisting produces coiled muscles that can contract by 49%, lift loads over 100 times heavier than can human muscle of the same length and weight, and generate 5.3 kilowatts of mechanical work per kilogram of muscle weight, similar to that produced by a jet engine. Woven textiles that change porosity in response to temperature and actuating window shutters that could help conserve energy were also demonstrated. Large-stroke tensile actuation was theoretically and experimentally shown to result from torsional actuation.

 

The researchers take polyethylene or nylon string, the plastics that can make up fishing line, and twist it under high tension over and over again. Once the plastic can't twist any more, it starts to coil up on itself like a curled telephone cord. This tightly bound coil is then temperature treated so that it's locked into place. 

When this coil is heated, the plastic tries to untwist. But this causes the entire thing to compress. "At first it seems confusing, but you can think of it kind of like a Chinese finger-trap," Baughman says. "Expanding the volume of the finger-trap, or heating the coil, actually makes the device shorten." And this is compounded by the fact that the molecules in polyethylene and nylon string also naturally contract lengthwise ever-so-slightly when they're heated. Together these effects make the plastic coil contract with incredible power—like a muscle. 


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: Amazing Muscle Made of Fishing Line is 100 Times Stronger Than Biological Muscle

Author: William Herkewitz

Main Idea: A new type of material that is made with a fishing line is used to make artificial muscles

Summary:

1) The material is flexible, dynamic, reusable, and is designed to be better and stronger compared to our biological muscle

2) The 'muscles' are made of inexpensive plastic strings and wires

3) Can be used in many things

Opinion: The text was factual

Question: How was it created? Will it help further advances for humans or technology?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it shows how much we are advancing in technology.

Source: http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/health/breakthroughs/synthetic-muscle-made-of-fishing-line-is-100-times-stronger-than-the-real-thing-16514805

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Taylor Godbolt's curator insight, March 7, 2014 8:07 AM

Amazing Muscle Made of Fishing Line Is 100 Times Stronger Than Biological Muscle


Author: William Herkewitz

Date: Feb. 20, 2014


Main Idea: Newest material that is stronger than the stuff we have stuck in our body, muscle.


Summary: This material is artificial muscle that is flexible, dynamic, and can be used many times.


Importance: It was an experiment in which you have to use many things and test.


www.populermechanics.com



Taylor Godbolt's curator insight, March 7, 2014 8:09 AM

This article was factual

Taylor Godbolt's comment, March 12, 2014 12:54 PM
Amazing Muscle Made of Fishing Line Is 100 Times Stronger Than Biological Muscle<br><br>Author: William Herkewitz<br>Date: Feb. 20, 2014<br><br>Main Idea: Newest material that is stronger than the stuff we have stuck in our body, muscle.<br><br>Summary: This material is artificial muscle that is flexible, dynamic, and can be used many times.<br><br>Importance: It was an experiment in which you have to use many things and test.<br><br>www.populermechanics.com <br>
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The future of food

The future of food | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it

When three continents witnessed food riots in 2007 and 2008, we saw the international food system is not as stable as it looks. There’s unprecedented competition for food due to population growth and changing diets. Experts predict that by 2050, if things don't change, we will see mass starvation across the world.

In this documentary, George Alagiah travelled the world to unravel the complicated web of links that binds the world's food together, bringing it from farm to table. It reveals a growing global food crisis that could affect the planet in the years ahead. What can we do to avert this?


Via Szabolcs Kósa
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: The Future of Food

Author: BBC

Main Idea: Prediction that if eating habits don't change now, there will be a mass food scarce in the future

Summary:

1) The world is constantly changing and evolving over time, and if things don't change soon then we could be in serious trouble

2) A growing global crisis means that's there's competition for food and could affect the planet years ahead

3) Since food has become a commodity in other countries it makes it hard to believe that we could possibly run out in the future

Opinion: No, its factual.

Question: Why do researchers believe this theory? How can we help change this idea?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it can help us figure out how to not make this come true since food is such an important factor, and key, to our survival.

Source: http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20140206-the-future-of-food

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aanve's curator insight, February 16, 2014 9:53 PM

www.aanve.com

 

RuthHoward's curator insight, February 17, 2014 6:38 AM

BBC doco link below regarding overconsumption on the one hand and inability to maintain the enormous variety and stocks of food that the recent food markets have enjoyed into our future. I'm a meat eater BTW. I'm not advocating everyone stop eating meat, although some do. But I do think its a worthy problem to help solve.
There will be so many solutions already being developed, how to cultivate and develop a long term plan to develop diversification of crops not reliant upon heavy oil and water production and use, that sustain populations through unpredictable climate changes with responsive agility to markets? In my mind a plan that doesn't rely on super farms, but responds to the small farmer and the local market as much as to export demand is preferable and more resilient. On that note I know the robots cometh. How to factor all of those exponential technological leaps in, to include them but not at human expense.

http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20140206-the-future-of-food

My notes here. Earth Policy Institute Lester Brown foresees food security as the number one challenge for affluent and non affluent countries. He's been an environmental and agricultural analyst for 50 years.

Todays modern farming techniques wont feed us by 2050 unless we double productivity/yield. The finite arable land wont support this.
In addition changing weather is destined to reduce all crop yields world wide which will increase food prices.

-Richard Warburton head of Bidwells Agribusiness predicts food and water wars.

-Maasai Chief Saamy Ole Terakuai states weather has changed. He cant use his cattle for sale, for food, nor for milk, nor use their hides. Based upon Kenya, Australia in particular is at risk.

-Waitrose Farmer UK recounts volatility in grain market in part due to climate changes.
-Oil is used in intensive agriculture for fuel, fertilisers, pesticides, packaging, processing. 100g of cheese requires 140ml of oil. One tomato grown in a greenhouse uses more than a third of a litre of oil. Oil prices inflate food prices let alone affect food production.
Cuba's economy collapsed due to their reliability upon oil. A fuel shock fuels a food shock.
A very important part of this discussion documents that fuel crops (biofuels) are replacing food crops! At huge cost to locals, workers and future food security. Demonstrating that competition between fuels (cars) and food (for people) needs monitoring, especially as it is further exacerbating the divisions between rich and poor, developed and undeveloped worlds.

-Water is then tackled as a diminishing resource. Obviously essential for food production.

-Overfishing is next. World stocks of seafood could collapse by 2048. 90% of bottom fish (bottom trawls) are already gone! 80% of UK fish species are under threat. Meanwhile the market demand for fish in the UK is greater than ever, sourcing from outside including poorer countries such as Senegal, who themselves have food shortages. Senegalese are forced to share their waters with modern european fleets-Trawlers. Actionaid who monitor overfishing, observe the unlimited trawling by europeans who are profiteering from and at the expense of the Senegalese. 3/4 global fish stock are overexploited.

-Milk and meat consumption are expanding unsustainably as developing world's incomes rise. The film states that there's not enough land to produce the meat that both the developed and developing world require. 2.3kg of grain to produce 1 kilo of chicken, 15kg of grain to produce 1 kilo of beef.

 

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2 Billion years-old trapped helium-4 gas released in large quantities at Yellowstone National Park

2 Billion years-old trapped helium-4 gas released in large quantities at Yellowstone National Park | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it

Vast stores of helium are escaping from the steam vents and hot springs of Yellowstone National Park after being trapped within Earth's crust for up to 2 billion years, according to new research.

 

In fact, researchers say, the escaping helium -- about 60 tons per year --  is enough to fill one Goodyear blimp every week.

They also calculate that this "sudden" release of gas began roughly 2 million years ago, with the advent of volcanic activity there.

"That might seem like a really, really long time to people, but in the geologic time scale, the volcanism is a recent phenomenon," said study coauthor Bill Evans, a research chemist at the USGS office in Menlo Park, Calif.

 

Helium, or more accurately the isotope helium-4, is produced in Earth's crust as uranium and thorium decay. Often, this nonradioactive, crustal helium is swept away by groundwater, or freed as a result of tectonic movement.

 

But in areas where there is little groundwater or movement in Earth's crust, helium-4 can remain trapped and build up over time. This is especially true at Yellowstone, where inactive rocks, or what geologists call "craton," have been estimated to be 2.5 billion years old. The park is located primarily in Wyoming.

 

"The Yellowstone crust is among the oldest on Earth, and for most of its history had been part of the tectonically moribund core of North America," said lead study author Jacob Lowenstern, a research geologist and scientist-in-charge of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory.

 

Things began to change roughly 2 million years ago, however,  when hot magma intruded on the crustal system from below and triggered several enormous volcanic eruptions, the most recent about 640,000 years ago.  

 

"Think of it this way: You have these old crustal rocks just sitting around for hundreds of millions, perhaps billions of years," Evans said. "They have this boring little existence, and then suddenly somebody puts the heat on under them and they start giving up all their long-held secrets."

 

Yellowstone's so-called magma "hot spot" still exists, and gives rise to the park's numerous and crowd-pleasing geysers, hot springs and fumaroles.

 

The researchers said the discovery of high levels of helium was a result of their investigations into volcanic activity at the park, and came as a surprise.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: 2 Billion years- old trapped helium-4 gas released in large quantities at Yellowstone National Park

Author: Monte Morin

Main Idea: Large amounts of helium-4 gas was escaping from the steam vents and hot springs of Yellowstone National Park after being trapped within Earth's crust for up to 2 billion years

Summary:

1) The national park was releasing hundreds -- if not thousands -- of times more helium than anticipated.

2) Helium is produced in Earth's crust as uranium and thorium decay. 3) Swept away by groundwater, or freed as a result of tectonic movement

Opinion: There was no opinion in this article because it was based off of facts

Question: Can this be harmful to our environment?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it gives readers insight on what can happen to the Earth when helium is trapped inside of it for too long.
Sources: http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-yellowstone-helium-degassing-20140218,0,1665876.story#axzz2toFIavqe

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Katie Vazquez's curator insight, February 23, 2014 7:48 PM

Title: 2 Billion years-old trapped helium-4 gas released in large quantities at Yellowstone National Park

Author: Monte Morin

Date: February 19, 2014

 

Main Idea: Large quantities of helium that's up to 2 billion years old is escaping from steam vents and hot springs of Yellowstone National Park.

 

Summary:

1. 60 tons of the escaping helium per year is enough to fill one Goodyear blimp every week.

2. Helium is created in the Earth's crust as uranium and thorium decay.

3. Helium can remain trapped and build up as time goes in areas where there's little groundwater or movement in the Earth's crust.

 

Opinion/POV: I didn't see an opinion nor POV in this article.

 

Question: Is it dangerous to have that much helium escape at once?

 

Is this article important to science? Why? 

 

Yes, this article is important to science because it talks about what can happen if helium is trapped within the Earth's crust for a long period of time.

 

Source: http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-yellowstone-helium-degassing-20140218,0,1665876.story#axzz2toFIavqe

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From Human to Cyborg? Custom-designed, Enhanced Prosthetics Are in Our Future

From Human to Cyborg? Custom-designed, Enhanced Prosthetics Are in Our Future | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it
The technology and engineering behind artificial limbs - or prosthetics - has advanced with amazing speed and, when combined with 3D printing technology and the advances in what is generally called...

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET, michel verstrepen, Kalani Kirk Hausman
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: From Human to Cyborg? Custom-designed, Enhanced Prosthetics Are in Our Future

Author: Graham Noble

Main Idea: Prosthetics can not only help to enhance your ability to move but can also enhance it with the help of new technology

Summary:

1)This article is about limb replacement for people who want to enhance their ability to move better

2)The development of exoskeletons and 'smart' armor were designed to perform better than the originals: faster, stronger, more dexterous and more precise than it’s organic predecessor.

3)3D technology can also help make the prosthetics more affordable, thus more popular

Opinion: The article was mostly based on facts, so I don't think was any opinions.

Questions: How much does it cost to get a prosthetic object? How many people already have this product?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it helps improves peoples lives, and results from using this product can help scientists, or researchers, in the future. With all of the information that that receive from the people who use the product, it can help further them into building even better prosthetics.

Source: http://guardianlv.com/2014/02/from-human-to-cyborg-custom-designed-enhanced-prosthetics-are-in-our-future/

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Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET's comment, February 19, 2014 2:49 PM
Thank you very much Kalani for all these interesting information.
Esther Garcia's curator insight, February 20, 2014 11:22 PM

Title: From Human to Cyborg? Custom-designed, Enhanced Prosthetics Are in Our Future

 

Author: Graham Noble

 

Date: February 5, 2014

 

Main Idea: Prosthetics can now not only help your ability but enhance it with this new technology.

 

Summary: 1) enhances your physical performance.

2) 3D printing technology can make it more affordable

3) New defensive armor could help our soldiers survive.

 

Opinion: I think this article was factual mostly.

 

Questions: Would this be considered a kind of a steroid?

 

Important: I think it is important because advances in technology could change our physical performance.

 

Sources: http://guardianlv.com/2014/02/from-human-to-cyborg-custom-designed-enhanced-prosthetics-are-in-our-future/

Katie Vazquez's curator insight, February 23, 2014 7:26 PM

Title: From Human to Cyborg? Custom-designed Enhanced Prosthetics Are in Our Future

Author: Graham Noble

Date: February 5, 2014

 

Main Idea: The creation of bionic prosthetics that not only restore physical ability, but perform better than the originals could be seen in the near future.

 

Summary:

1. The development of exoskeletons and "smart" armor that are designed to enhance soldiers' protection and physical capability is currently being worked on by the military.

2. Neural interfacing aims to work in ways that the central nervous system can control the operation of a prosthetic and even receive sensory information from it.

3. 3D printing technology can help make artificial limbs more affordable and also allows for nearly limitless customization of prosthetics.

 

Opinion/POV: I didn't see an opinion nor POV in this article.

 

Question: How would a bionic prosthetic function?

 

Is this article important to science? Why?

 

Yes, I believe this article is important to science because it talks about the future of technology in prosthetics.

 

Source: http://guardianlv.com/2014/02/from-human-to-cyborg-custom-designed-enhanced-prosthetics-are-in-our-future/

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Video Games - Do They Make You Smarter

Video Games - Do They Make You Smarter | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it
More video games may soon be developed specifically for enhancing cognitive functioning to help make individuals smarter

Via ThePinkSalmon, Aki Puustinen
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: Video Games- Do They Make You Smarter

Author: Yukaichou

Main Idea: Researchers were conducting experiments, or tests, on others to see if video games can help you to become smarter.

Summary:

1)Video games can be helpful to us, but if we use them everyday then it can have a negative effect

2)Help us develop problem solving skills and help our brains become sharper

3)New games developments are made in order to improve our mental skills

Opinion: The author seemed biased and agreed that video games can help us become smarter

Questions: Do all of the that are produced help us to become smarter? What about video games gets people addicted to them?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because our generation plays a lot of video games and new ones are always being produced, so this could help benefit us and future generations.

Source:http://www.yukaichou.com/chou-musings/video-games-can-increase-intelligence/#.UzdLa8Ln-M9

more...
Esther Garcia's curator insight, February 20, 2014 11:42 PM

Title: Video Games - Do They Make You Smarter

 

Author: Yukaichou

 

Date: February 15, 2014

 

Main Idea: Researchers are doing tests on others to see if video games have a positive effect on you.

 

Summary: 1) New game development to improve mental skills.

2)Neuro Racer actually helped the older peoples skills and they outperformed the younger group.

3) Improved performance on cognitive skills were showed.

 

Opinion: The author of this blog is pro video game playing.

 

Questions: Could practicing something in a video game prepare you for the real thing?

 

Important: I think this blog is important because our generation plays a lot of video games and they might actually be helpful.

 

Sources:http://www.yukaichou.com/chou-musings/video-games-can-increase-intelligence/#.Uv80INLuKtM  

Taylor Godbolt's curator insight, February 21, 2014 8:55 PM

Week of 2-20-14

 

Video Games - Do They Make You Smarter

 

Author: Yukaichou

Date: February 15, 2014

 

Main Idea: Games have positive effect on brain functions. It's the way they're made.

 

Summary: They are studying how playing video games have a positive effect on the brain and experimenting different types of games.

 

Opinion: The way they did experiments on different games to see how the games effected the brain was very smart to do.

 

Questions: Do ALL games have positive effect on our brains?

 

Important?: Yes, because we as humans can improve our brain flexibility by playing games that have positive effects on us.

 

From www.yukaichou.com

Taylor Godbolt's comment, March 12, 2014 12:57 PM
Video Games - Do They Make You Smarter<br> <br>Author: Yukaichou<br>Date: February 15, 2014<br> <br>Main Idea: Games have positive effect on brain functions. It's the way they're made.<br> <br>Summary: They are studying how playing video games have a positive effect on the brain and experimenting different types of games.<br> <br>Opinion: The way they did experiments on different games to see how the games effected the brain was very smart to do.<br> <br>Questions: Do ALL games have positive effect on our brains?<br> <br>Important?: Yes, because we as humans can improve our brain flexibility by playing games that have positive effects on us.<br> <br>From www.yukaichou.com
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Study Reveals Why Life in Earth’s Early Oceans Increased in Size

Study Reveals Why Life in Earth’s Early Oceans Increased in Size | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it
A newly published study examined the earliest communities of large multicellular organisms in the fossil record, revealing why life in Earth’s early oceans increased in size.

Via Catherine Russell, Kathy Bosiak
Celest Ybarra's insight:

<Title> Study Reveals Why Life in Earth's Early Oceans Increased in Size

<Co-authors> David Gold, Roger Summons, David Johnston, Guy Narbonne, Marc LaFlamme, Matthew Clapham, Marco Ghisalberti

<Main Idea> How marine life evolved.

<Summary of the article>

-Rangeomorphs couldn't photosynthesize because they received no sunlight

-When marine organisms received more nutrients they grew more which helped them evolve over time

-Properties of water flow change can help further growth

<Opinion or point of view?>

*No there isn't a point of view or opinion because all of the information given was based purely off of facts that they have gathered.

<Questions?>

*My question is: What is coral bleaching?

<Important Information?>

*Yes, I believe that this article is important to science because it helps us understand how marine life has grown and evolved over time.

<Sources>UCLA Newsroom

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Floating Wetland Project To Improve Water Quality At Inner Harbor

Floating Wetland Project To Improve Water Quality At Inner Harbor | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it

Baltimore's Inner Harbor is ringed with concrete, and that's helped make for poor water quality. Can floating wetlands improve the water quality?


Via YSI
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: Floating Wetland Project To Improve Water Quality At Inner Harbor

Author: Alex Demetrick

Main Idea: Water quality in the Boston Harbor has decreased so much that they're going to create an 'island' of wetlands.

Summary:

1) The project will cost about 6 million dollars to fund

2) Due to contamination they are taking an acre and a half to turn it into a floating wetland to help clean the water

3) Somewhere between 70,000 and 80,000 pounds or debris, or pollutants, in the water will be eaten by plant life

Opinion: No it was based off of research

Question: How long will it take to clear up the water and restore it back to its former self?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it tells us how much damage dumping concrete can cause to water and the marine life that thrives in it.

Source: http://baltimore.cbslocal.com/2012/10/16/floating-wetland-project-to-improve-water-quality-at-inner-harbor/

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On Our Radar: Gaping Hole in Arctic Ozone

On Our Radar: Gaping Hole in Arctic Ozone | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it
The hole over the Arctic now rivals the one over the Antarctic, where a hole has formed in the ozone layer every spring since the 1980s.

Via Sakis Koukouvis
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: On Our Radar: Gaping Hole in Artic Ozone

Author: New York Times

Main Idea: Due to the serious amount of damage, a hole has formed in the ozone layer over the Arctic

Summary:

1) For the first time since record-keeping began, destruction of the ozone layer over the Arctic in early 2011 was comparable to that in the Antarctic ozone hole

2) This hole forms every spring and threat animal life

3) European Union’s plan to make foreign carriers start paying for their pollution

Opinion: No, it was factual

Question: How serious is the damage? Does the whole affect the Earth's climate in any way?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it informs us on the destruction of our ozone layer

Source: http://green.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/10/03/on-our-radar-gaping-hole-in-arctic-ozone/

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Ozone-Friendly Refrigerants | DuPont

Ozone-Friendly Refrigerants | DuPont | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it

Protecting the environment | DuPont is helping to make ozone-friendly natural refrigerants designed to replace R-22 in existing air conditioning and refrigeration systems.


Via DuPont ASEAN
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: Ozone-Friendly Refrigerants

Author: DuPont ASEAN

Main Idea: To have ozone friendly refrigerators so that the depletion of the ozone layer doesn't disappear completely.

Summary:

1) Scientists are trying to save the ozone by inventing ozone refrigerators that provides cooling

2) They also want to phase out HCFC's before the year 2020

3) The invention was designed to be better than the R-22 

Opinion: Though factual, the author hopes that DuPont programs will help the environment

Question: Will this product be open to the public at an affordable price? Is his invention also environmental friendly?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it can help us save the ozone instead of destroying it.

Source: http://www2.dupont.com/inclusive-innovations/en-us/gss/global-challenges/protection/ozone-friendly-refrigerant.html

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Thousands of puffins wiped out in storms

Thousands of puffins wiped out in storms | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it
Thousands of puffins are feared to have been killed in the recent storms that have hammered the UK for the last month.

Via Kathy Dowsett, Jukka Melaranta
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Article: Thousands of Puffins Wiped Out in Storms

Author: Daily Mail Reporter

Main Idea: Many puffins from the UK are being found dead and washed up on the shores of Spain and France

Summary:

1) Puffins are fighting for survival due to storms in the bay of Biscay

2) The original amount of deaths recorded was only 17 back in 1979

3) The rapid increase of the puffins death has significantly began to affect other animal populations

Opinion: No, it was based purely off of facts

Question: Why is drowning a major cause of death for puffins? How will this affect the UK and other countries?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because this tells us how much the world is changing and evolving since so many animals, like puffins, are beginning to go extinct or are now few in numbers due to the increase of their deaths.

Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2563343/Thousands-puffins-wiped-storms-Dead-birds-washed-coasts-France-Spain.html

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Katie Vazquez's curator insight, March 6, 2014 7:57 PM

Title: Thousands of puffins wiped out in storms

Author: Daily Mail Reporter

Date: February 19, 2014

 

Main Idea: Many puffins may have been killed in the storms in the UK.

 

Summary:

1. More than 35 puffins have been reported to have washed up on the bays of Spain and France.

2. The original record was 17 back in 1979.

3. Drowning is a common cause of death for puffins.

 

Opinion/POV: No.

 

Question: How far do puffins usually travel before returning back to their shelter?

 

Is this article important to science? 

I believe that this article is important to science because the number of puffins could have dropped a lot due to the heavy storms in the UK.

 

Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2563343/Thousands-puffins-wiped-storms-Dead-birds-washed-coasts-France-Spain.html

Taylor Godbolt's curator insight, March 7, 2014 7:46 AM

 

 Thousands of puffins wiped out in storm

Author: Daily Mail Reporter

Date: Feb. 19, 2014


Main Idea: Thousands of puffins havr been killed due to the storm in the UK


Summary: Puffins are fighting for survival due a storm far out


This article was factual


Question: Couldn't these birds sense the danger of weather?


Importance: It could help with seeing how bad the storm was far out


www.dailymail.co.uk

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The Dawn of the Age of Artificial Intelligence

The Dawn of the Age of Artificial Intelligence | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it

The advances we’ve seen in the past few years—cars that drive themselves, useful humanoid robots, speech recognition and synthesis systems, 3D printers,Jeopardy!-champion computers—are not the crowning achievements of the computer era. They’re the warm-up acts. As we move deeper into the second machine age we’ll see more and more such wonders, and they’ll become more and more impressive.

How can we be so sure? Because the exponential, digital, and recombinant powers of the second machine age have made it possible for humanity to create two of the most important one-time events in our history: the emergence of real, useful artificial intelligence (AI) and the connection of most of the people on the planet via a common digital network.

Either of these advances alone would fundamentally change our growth prospects. When combined, they’re more important than anything since the Industrial Revolution, which forever transformed how physical work was done.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: The Dawn of the Age of Artificial Intelligence

Author: Erik Brynjolfson and Andrew McAfee

Main Idea: How artificial intelligence is gaining popularity in the world

Summary:

1) The technology ranges from smart phones to hearing aids and much, much, more.

2) The world is beginning to industrialize and expand more in technology

3) It's believed that in the future everything will be automated

Opinion: No, its filled with facts about the present and hypotheses about the future

Question: Is the advancement in technology a good or bad thing? Will it make people more lazy in the future?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because its beneficial to people who are interested in knowing about the future of technology.

Source: http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/02/the-dawn-of-the-age-of-artificial-intelligence/283730/

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'Extremely Red' Brown Dwarf Discovered With Water, Methane and Ammonia in Atmosphere

'Extremely Red' Brown Dwarf Discovered With Water, Methane and Ammonia in Atmosphere | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it
European astronomers led by Dr Federico Marocco from the University of Hertfordshire have discovered a brown dwarf with unusually red skies.

 

Brown dwarfs are too big to be considered as planets; yet they do not have sufficient material to fuse hydrogen in their cores to fully develop into stars. Sometimes described as failed stars, they are midway in mass between stars, like our Sun, and giant planets, like Jupiter and Saturn.


Using ESO’s Very Large Telescope in Chile and an innovative data analysis technique, Dr Marocco’s team detected a very thick layer of clouds in the upper atmosphere the brown dwarf ULAS J222711-004547. “These are not the type of clouds that we are used to seeing on Earth. The thick clouds on this particular brown dwarf are mostly made of mineral dust, like enstatite and corundum. Not only have we been able to infer their presence, but we have also been able to estimate the size of the dust grains in the clouds,” Dr Marocco said.


The giant planets of the Solar System, like Jupiter and Saturn, show various cloud layers including ammonia and hydrogen sulfide as well as water vapor. The atmosphere observed in ULAS J222711-004547 is hotter – with water vapor, methane and probably some ammonia but, unusually, it is dominated by clay-sized mineral particles. Getting a good understanding of how such an extreme atmosphere works will help us to better understand the range of atmospheres that can exist.


“Being one of the reddest brown dwarfs ever observed, ULAS J222711-004547 makes an ideal target for multiple observations to understand how the weather is in such an extreme atmosphere,” said Dr Avril Day-Jones from the University of Hertfordshire, who is a co-author of the paper published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society(arXiv.org).


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: 'Extremely Red' Brown Dwarf Discovered With Water, Methane and Ammonia in Atmosphere

Author: Science News

Main Idea: European astronomers discovered a brown dwarf with unusually red skies.

Summary:

1) The atmosphere observed is hotter – with water vapor, methane and some ammonia but, it is dominated by clay-sized mineral particles

2) Brown dwarfs are too big to be considered as planets; yet they do not have sufficient material to fuse hydrogen in their cores to fully develop into stars.

3) Being one of the reddest brown dwarfs ever observed, it makes an ideal target for multiple observations to understand how the weather is in such an extreme atmosphere

Opinion: No, it was based off of a discovery

Question: Why is it called a dwarf?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it can help us better understand the range of atmospheres that can exist.

Source: http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/science-red-brown-dwarf-01770.html

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We're One Step Closer to Nuclear Fusion Energy

We're One Step Closer to Nuclear Fusion Energy | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it

Scientists with the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory announced today that they have achieved a critical step in fusion research: For the first time, their hydrogen fuel has given off more energy than it took in.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: We're One Step Closer to Nuclear Fusion Energy

Author: Adam Mann

Main Idea: Scientists have a breakthrough and have discovered a new way to harness power through the use of fusion.

Summary:

1) The National Ignition Facility (NIF) have achieved a critical step in fusion research: hydrogen fuel has given off more energy than it took in.

2) Nuclear fusion is the energy source of the stars., and can now give off as much as 1.7 times more energy than it had taken in

3) Troubles came when scientists found it was extremely difficult to get their hydrogen fuel to compress in the right way, but  NIF scientists learned from their experiments, and tweaked their designs

Opinion: No, this article was based off of facts, research, and assumptions buy scientists.

Questions: How will nuclear energy effect the environment? Can it be used for war?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it was such a big breakthrough in science and can one day be a major energy resource.

Source: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2014/02/fusion-power-not-yet/

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Martin Jaime De Alda Earle's curator insight, February 15, 2014 11:52 AM

¿Sería bueno? Sí pero.....

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Greenland glacier hits record speed

Greenland glacier hits record speed | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it
A river of ice in Greenland has become the fastest-flowing glacier currently known in the world, a study suggests.

Via Kathy Bosiak
Celest Ybarra's insight:

Title: Greenland Glacier Hits Record Speed

Author: Paul Rincon

Main Idea: Greenland glaciers are hitting record speed and is the fastest-flowing glacier currently known in the world.

Summary:

1)Scientist are keeping track of this glacier that they believe have spawned from the glacier that sank the Titanic.

2)They are worried that it'll be gone in the next decade or so and are trying to find out what to do.

3)Since the glacier is moving so fast scientists believe that the glacier is adding more and more ice to the ocean, contributing to sea-level rise.

Opinion: The researchers believe Jakobshavn, the name of the glacier, is in an unstable state, meaning it will continue to retreat further inland in the future.

Questions: Does this have to do with global warming? Should people be worried about the glacier? Are other glaciers experiencing the same problems?

Is this article important to science?: Yes, because it can maybe help people realize how much fossil fuels can affect the environment if it was the cause. It can also teach us to be resourceful and help us take better care of the Earth in such ways that doesn't effect other parts of the planet.

Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/

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Taylor Godbolt's curator insight, February 13, 2014 11:47 AM

Title: Greenland Glacier Hits Record Speed 

 

By: Paul Rincon 

 

Main Idea: A river of ice in Greenland has become the flowing glacier currently known in the world. (Jakobshavn)

 

Summary: Keeping track on this glacier that is moving inland and raising sea level.

 

Opinion or POV: Paul is interviewing these professionals that are studying this glacier and he puts what the professionals said on here as facts.

 

Questions: How long are they going to be studying this?

 

Important to Science?: Yes, because it could be good in the future for measures and many more science related things.

 

Sources: www.bbc.uk 

Taylor Godbolt's comment, March 12, 2014 12:56 PM
Title: Greenland Glacier Hits Record Speed <br> <br>By: Paul Rincon <br> <br>Main Idea: A river of ice in Greenland has become the flowing glacier currently known in the world. (Jakobshavn)<br> <br>Summary: Keeping track on this glacier that is moving inland and raising sea level.<br> <br>Opinion or POV: Paul is interviewing these professionals that are studying this glacier and he puts what the professionals said on here as facts.<br> <br>Questions: How long are they going to be studying this?<br> <br>Important to Science?: Yes, because it could be good in the future for measures and many more science related things.<br> <br>Sources: www.bbc.uk
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What Killed the Great Beasts of North America?

What Killed the Great Beasts of North America? | Earth and Enviormental Science | Scoop.it
Humans may have had less to do with the demise of mammoths and other giant mammals than previously thought

Via Kathy Bosiak
Celest Ybarra's insight:

<Title> What Killed the Great Beasts of North America?

<Co-authors> Matthew Boulanger and R. Lee Lyman

<Date> 2/6/14

<Main Idea>Theory on what really killed the great beasts of America

<Article Summary>

-For years people believed in the "overkill hypothesis" which stated that early humans killed off the mammals like the mastodon

-Through research the scientist have not found significant evidence proving that the "overkill hypothesis" was correct

-The scientists believe that climate and environmental changes may have played a key role

<Opinions?>

The scientists have a theory that climate and environmental changes may have played a part into why some mammals went extinct.

The time period in which the animals stared dying off was around the same time when the climate began to get hotter

<Questions?>

No, I have no questions for this article.

<Important?>

Yes, because it gives us a chance to find out what really happened to the mammals in that time period.

<Sources>

Archaeology

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Esther Garcia's curator insight, February 6, 2014 10:26 PM

Title: "What Killed the Great Beasts of North America?"

 

Author: Michael Balter

 

Date: January 28, 2014

 

Main idea: Archaeologists are arguing the hypothesis the humans killed off many large mammals in North America.

 

Summarization: *Humans are not at fault for the extinction of large mammals

 

*Archaeologists studied North Eastern North America (which shows evidence of a lot of Mammals living during that time in that area) and came to a conclusion that many species of animals died there before humans came along

 

*Even though human may have had a part in the extinction they are asking themselves the question: what if humans had never came along would these animals still be living?

 

POV: I think they are taking the side of humans and blaming other natural events for the  extinction of the mammals.

 

Questions: The same question that is asked in the article “The fundamental question is whether these animals would have suffered extinction if humans had not arrived.”

 

Is this article important: I think it may be important because accusations against humans could be wrong.

 

Sources: http://news.sciencemag.org/archaeology/2014/01/what-killed-great-beasts-north-america