e-Xploration
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e-Xploration
antropologiaNet, dataviz, collective intelligence, algorithms, social learning, social change, digital humanities
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Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics - Third Edition Preparation Site | CxAnnouncements

Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics - Third Edition Preparation Site | CxAnnouncements | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
The Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics is a joint project by the IFSR - International Federation for Systems Research and ISCE - the Institute for the Study of Coherence and Emergence.

Via Spaceweaver
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The Human Face of Big Data

Learn. Compare. Discover.
The Human Face of Big Data is a globally crowdsourced media project focusing on humanity's new ability to collect, analyze, triangulate and visualize vast amounts of data in real time.


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Petite Poucette, la génération mutante

Petite Poucette,  la génération mutante | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

Philosophe et historien des sciences, Michel Serres réclame l’indulgence pour les jeunes, obligés de tout réinventer dans une société bouleversée par les nouvelles technologies.


Via Pierre Levy
luiy's insight:
Vous annoncez qu’un «nouvel humain» est né. Qui est-il ?

Je le baptise Petite Poucette, pour sa capacité à envoyer des SMS avec son pouce. C’est l’écolier, l’étudiante d’aujourd’hui, qui vivent un tsunami tant le monde change autour d’eux. Nous connaissons actuellement une période d’immense basculement, comparable à la fin de l’Empire romain ou de la Renaissance.

 

Nos sociétés occidentales ont déjà vécu deux grandes révolutions : le passage de l’oral à l’écrit, puis de l’écrit à l’imprimé. La troisième est le passage de l’imprimé aux nouvelles technologies, tout aussi majeure. Chacune de ces révolutions s’est accompagnée de mutations politiques et sociales : lors du passage de l’oral à l’écrit s’est inventée la pédagogie, par exemple. Ce sont des périodes de crise aussi, comme celle que nous vivons aujourd’hui. La finance, la politique, l’école, l’Eglise… Citez-moi un domaine qui ne soit pas en crise ! Il n’y en a pas. Et tout repose sur la tête de Petite Poucette, car les institutions, complètement dépassées, ne suivent plus. Elle doit s’adapter à toute allure, beaucoup plus vite que ses parents et ses grands-parents. C’est une métamorphose !

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MOOCs in 2012: Dismantling the Status Quo

MOOCs in 2012: Dismantling the Status Quo | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
The dominant story in higher education for 2012 was clearly the rise of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), particularly the xMOOCs such as Coursera, Udacity, and edX. There has been a lot of deba...

Via Ignacio Baixauli Quiles, Rui Guimarães Lima
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Predictions – Strategic Big Data

Predictions – Strategic Big Data | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
This is the third of five blog posts on a series entitled “ThreeWill Predictions for 2013.” Continue reading → (Predictions - Strategic Big Data http://t.co/27el6GSD)...
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Changing Perceptions of Big Data

In recent years, the widespread perception of Big Data as exhibited in buzzwords, the popular press and other areas is has been: Big Data is not just big…It is HUGE! Big Data is fast!
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Transgender and Transhuman - the alliance, the complaints and the future

Transgender and Transhuman - the alliance, the complaints and the future | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

Transhumanism and Transgenderism enjoy a close relationship due to mutual interest in enhancement technology. - an interview with Valkyrie Ice


Via Robert Farrow
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Humanity 2.0

Humanity 2.0 | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
What does it mean to be human? To have the capacity to ask the question, perhaps. However smart a chimp might be, none has had the audacity to leave its troop and ponder what it means to be Pan troglodytes.

Via Robert Farrow
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The Noun Project: Using Iconic Design Tools for Social Change

The Noun Project: Using Iconic Design Tools for Social Change | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
The Noun Project: Using Iconic Design Tools for Social Change (Learn how @Catapult_Design used @NounProject's icons in design for social change http://t.co/wo2VHQ1i (via @GOOD) #socent)...
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5 Ways Social Media Will Change Your Job in 2013

5 Ways Social Media Will Change Your Job in 2013 | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
I recently wrote this article for Forbes, in which I looked at five social media innovations poised to transform the workplace and the way we do our jobs in 2013.
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Could artificial intelligence take over Earth? | Neuromorphic ... | Fernando Jimenez Motte

Could artificial intelligence take over Earth? | Neuromorphic ... | Fernando Jimenez Motte | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Could artificial intelligence take over Earth? | Neuromorphic ... | Fernando Jimenez Motte http://t.co/wY3pywDv
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Artificial intelligence: plastic move a no-brainer for Montrose, as Rangers ... - The Courier

Artificial intelligence: plastic move a no-brainer for Montrose, as Rangers ...The CourierArtificial intelligence: plastic move a no-brainer for Montrose, as Rangers told to expect perfect pitch.
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Design Anthropology for Social Change

MIAD Gallery Talk: Design Anthropology for Social Change Date? January 24 Time? 7:00 pm – 9:00 pm Where? MIAD How Much? free The details… Designing Desire: The Cultural Effects of Marketing, on view through Feb.
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Complex Systems as a Foundation for a Grand Theory of Everything

Collective Dynamics of Complex Systems Research Group Seminar Series December 12, 2012 J. David Schaffer (Bioengineering) "Complex Systems as a Foundation for…

Via Complexity Digest, Spaceweaver
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1951 – SNARC Maze Solver – Minsky / Edmonds (American). cyberneticzoo.com

1951 – SNARC Maze Solver – Minsky / Edmonds (American). cyberneticzoo.com | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:
1951 – SNARC Maze Solver – Minsky / Edmonds (American)

In 1951 Marvin Minsky teamed with Dean Edmonds build the first artificial neural network that simulated a rat finding its way through a maze.


They designed the first (40 neuron) neurocomputer, SNARC (Stochastic Neural Analog Reinforcement Computer), with synapses that adjusted their weights (measures of synaptic permeabilities) according to the success of performing a specified task (Hebbian learning) The machine was built of tubes, motors, and clutches, and it successfully modeled the behavior of a rat in a maze searching for food.


As a student, Minsky had dreamed of producing machines which could learn by providing them with memory "neurones" connected to "synapses"; the machine would also have to possess past memory in order to function efficiently when faced with different situations.


In 1951 the "machine" was born, consisting of a labyrinth of valves, small motors, gears and wires linking up the various "neurones". Some of these wires were connected up at random to the various memory banks in order to achieve a degree of causality of events. The reason such a machine had been put together was to try and find the exit from a maze where the machine would play the part of a rat whose progress would be monitored on a light network.


When the system was completed it was possible to follow all the movements of the 'rat' within the maze and it was only through a design fault that it was found more than one 'rat' could be introduced which would then interact together. After various casual attempts the rats started 'thinking' on a logical basis helped along by reinforcement of correct choices made and the more advanced rats would then be followed by the ones left behind. This first practical example, built by Minsky with the help of Dean Edmonds, also included numerous casual connections between its various 'neurones', acting like a sort of nervous system able to overcome any eventual information interruption due to one of the neurones failing.

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Stanford biologist and computer scientist discover the 'anternet' | School of Engineering

Stanford biologist and computer scientist discover the 'anternet' | School of Engineering | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

Swarm intelligence involves the aggregate behavior of actors who may be unintelligent. When swarm intelligence principles are more clearly understood and applied to collective intelligence of smart actors, we may see engineered stigmergic intelligence. -- Howard

 

"Transmission Control Protocol, or TCP, is an algorithm that manages data congestion on the Internet, and as such was integral in allowing the early web to scale up from a few dozen nodes to the billions in use today. Here's how it works: As a source, A, transfers a file to a destination, B, the file is broken into numbered packets. When B receives each packet, it sends an acknowledgment, or an ack, to A, that the packet arrived.

This feedback loop allows TCP to run congestion avoidance: If acks return at a slower rate than the data was sent out, that indicates that there is little bandwidth available, and the source throttles data transmission down accordingly. If acks return quickly, the source boosts its transmission speed. The process determines how much bandwidth is available and throttles data transmission accordingly.

 

It turns out that harvester ants (Pogonomyrmex barbatus) behave nearly the same way when searching for food. Gordon has found that the rate at which harvester ants – which forage for seeds as individuals – leave the nest to search for food corresponds to food availability."


Via Howard Rheingold
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Top 5 Myths About Big Data

Top 5 Myths About Big Data | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
With the amount of hype around Big Data it’s easy to forget that we’re just in the first inning. More than three exabytes of new data are created each day, and market research f...
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Big data for big ecology

Big data for big ecology | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
As buzz words go, ‘big data’ is right up there just now. It seems that every question you care to think of, in every field from public policy to evolutionary biology, can be hit with the big data hammer.
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Mayan Big Data and Predictive Analytics

Mayan Big Data and Predictive Analytics | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Doug Laney is a research vice president for Gartner Research, where he covers business analytics solutions and projects, information asset valuation and management, "big data" strategy, and data-governance-related issues ...
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Harvard cracks DNA storage, crams 700 terabytes of data into a single gram

Harvard cracks DNA storage, crams 700 terabytes of data into a single gram | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
A bioengineer and geneticist at Harvard's Wyss Institute have successfully stored 5.5 petabits of data -- around 700 terabytes -- in a single gram of DNA, smashing the previous DNA data density record by a thousand times.

Via Robert Farrow
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NT2 | Nouvelles technologies, nouvelles textualités.

NT2 | Nouvelles technologies, nouvelles textualités. | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:

Mystique de la (télé-)présence


Cette référence à la présence de l’autre n’est d’ailleurs pas accidentelle. La manière de penser la présence sur le Web est elle aussi hautement problématique, lieu de la deuxième «grande confusion» informant nos représentations du virtuel. Car comme nous le rappelle Jean-Louis Weissberg, la véritable téléprésence consiste non pas à dupliquer «l’apparence de la réalité», mais plutôt sa «mise en disponibilité – c’est-à-dire le mode d’accès à cette réalité transposée» [15]

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RSA Animate - The Power of Outrospection

Introspection is out, and outrospection is in. Philosopher and author Roman Krznaric explains how we can help drive social change by stepping outside ourselv...
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danah boyd | apophenia » The Kinder & Braver World Project: Research Series – Eight Papers on The Role of Youth Organizations and Youth Movements for Social Change

danah boyd | apophenia » The Kinder & Braver World Project: Research Series – Eight Papers on The Role of Youth Organizations and Youth Movements for Social Change | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
The Kinder & Braver World Project: 8 Papers on The Role of Youth Organizations and Youth Movements for Social Change http://t.co/bC1kdQsm
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The Smart Grid and Natural Disasters - Energy Collective

The Smart Grid and Natural Disasters - Energy Collective | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
The Smart Grid and Natural DisastersEnergy CollectiveConsider the possibilities of just two of the applications enabled by a more intelligent system of two-way, interstate power and information flow: distributed generation and microgrids.
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UCL Centre for Digital Humanities » Blog Archive » Slade Archive ...

UCL Centre for Digital Humanities » Blog Archive » Slade Archive ... | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Visualising the visualisers « Stuart Dunn's Blog on Infographic: Quantifying Digital Humanities; aspasia papakonstantinou on DDHL Meeting Next Week · An english professor, a programmer, a mathematician, and an ...
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