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e-Xploration
antropologo.net, dataviz, collective intelligence, algorithms, social learning, social change, digital humanities
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Big Data and Big Data Analytics: Separating Reality from Hype | The Big Data Hub

Big Data and Big Data Analytics: Separating Reality from Hype | The Big Data Hub | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Video: Colin White of BI Research and Harriet Fryman of IBM describe use cases and the benefits customers are already gaining by applying analytics to big data.
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Emptylemon Careers News - IT study reveals greater need for ‘big data’ specialists

Emptylemon Careers News - IT study reveals greater need for ‘big data’ specialists | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Thousands of IT specialist roles are set to be created over the next few years after a study by IT skills agency – e-skills UK and software supplier – SAS revealed a gap in the market (IT study reveals greater need for ‘big data’ specialists
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Unfolding Maps: Library to create interactive maps and geovisualizations

Unfolding Maps: Library to create interactive maps and geovisualizations | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

Unfolding is a library to easily create interactive maps and geovisualizations in Processing and Java


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Métaphysique et cyberespace. NT2 | Nouvelles technologies, nouvelles textualités.

Métaphysique et cyberespace. NT2 | Nouvelles technologies, nouvelles textualités. | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:
Poétique du cyberespaceDans l’introduction de son ouvrage Interactive Realism. The Poetics of Cyberspace, Daniel Downes utilise la «Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace» écrite par John Perry Barlow pour explorer les causes de l’échec apparent du projet cybernétique [3]. En effet, en 1996, Barlow écrivait:We are creating a world that all may enter without privilege or prejudice accorded by race, economic power, military force, or station of birth … where anyone, anywhere may express his or her beliefs, no matter how singular, without fear of being coerced into silence or conformity. Your legal concepts of property, expression, identity, movement and context do not apply to us. They are all based on matter, and there is no matter here [4].Depuis les débuts d’Internet, plusieurs œuvres sur le Web ont essayé de donner vie à cette idée de communauté rêvée par Barlow – on peut penser à We Feel Fine de Jonathan Harris et Sep Kamvar [5], au très poétique Log-Book of a Common Journey de Johannes Auer [6], ou même au Cimetière des Données Disparues du Marseillais BlueScreen [7]. Chaque fois, le même principe se répète: en réunissant les traces laissées par un ensemble d’individus isolés un peu partout sur le Web, on espère les faire entrer en relation, faire naître une communauté, un espace d’expression là où il n’y avait auparavant que des phénomènes isolés.Mystique de la (télé-)présenceCette référence à la présence de l’autre n’est d’ailleurs pas accidentelle. La manière de penser la présence sur le Web est elle aussi hautement problématique, lieu de la deuxième «grande confusion» informant nos représentations du virtuel. Car comme nous le rappelle Jean-Louis Weissberg, la véritable téléprésence consiste non pas à dupliquer «l’apparence de la réalité», mais plutôt sa «mise en disponibilité – c’est-à-dire le mode d’accès à cette réalité transposée»
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Aspectos y avances en ciencia, tecnología e innovación

Aspectos y avances en ciencia, tecnología e innovación | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Este trabalho verifica e aplica alguns conceitos e relações entre conhecimento, pesquisa e desenvolvimento, e, mais tarde, entre ciência, tecnologia, inovação e companhia.
luiy's insight:

Este trabajo revisa y aplica algunos conceptos y relaciones entre conocimiento, investigación y desarrollo, y posteriormente, entre ciencia, tecnología, innovación y sociedad. Constituye una aproximación general, donde el conocimiento es visto como un proceso integrado que se inicia en el asombro y la curiosidad, se construye a través de la investigación y crece en múltiples disciplinas científicas básicas y aplicadas, que innovan y avanzan hacia el desarrollo y bienestar social, cultural y económico. A la luz de ciertos inventos y descubrimientos, nombres y figuras notables del saber, se discuten aspectos, avances y perspectivas de una cultura basada en el conocimiento, la información y la globalización.

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iCareers

iCareers | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Big Opportunities Big Data is a game changer and Karmasphere is as its forefront. Join us as we build upon the innovative Big Data technologies coming... (Join the Big Data revolution!
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Liste d'articles en français sur le journalisme de données

Liste d'articles en français sur le journalisme de données | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
OWNI, News, Augmented...

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Telepresence Robots Will Join Doctors on Their Rounds in Singapore Next Month | Popular Science

Telepresence Robots Will Join Doctors on Their Rounds in Singapore Next Month | Popular Science | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Telepresence Robots Will Join Doctors on Their Rounds in Singapore Next Month http://t.co/4wefhvZB...

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Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics - Third Edition Preparation Site | CxAnnouncements

Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics - Third Edition Preparation Site | CxAnnouncements | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
The Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics is a joint project by the IFSR - International Federation for Systems Research and ISCE - the Institute for the Study of Coherence and Emergence.

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The Human Face of Big Data

Learn. Compare. Discover.
The Human Face of Big Data is a globally crowdsourced media project focusing on humanity's new ability to collect, analyze, triangulate and visualize vast amounts of data in real time.


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Petite Poucette, la génération mutante

Petite Poucette,  la génération mutante | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

Philosophe et historien des sciences, Michel Serres réclame l’indulgence pour les jeunes, obligés de tout réinventer dans une société bouleversée par les nouvelles technologies.


Via Pierre Levy
luiy's insight:
Vous annoncez qu’un «nouvel humain» est né. Qui est-il ?

Je le baptise Petite Poucette, pour sa capacité à envoyer des SMS avec son pouce. C’est l’écolier, l’étudiante d’aujourd’hui, qui vivent un tsunami tant le monde change autour d’eux. Nous connaissons actuellement une période d’immense basculement, comparable à la fin de l’Empire romain ou de la Renaissance.

 

Nos sociétés occidentales ont déjà vécu deux grandes révolutions : le passage de l’oral à l’écrit, puis de l’écrit à l’imprimé. La troisième est le passage de l’imprimé aux nouvelles technologies, tout aussi majeure. Chacune de ces révolutions s’est accompagnée de mutations politiques et sociales : lors du passage de l’oral à l’écrit s’est inventée la pédagogie, par exemple. Ce sont des périodes de crise aussi, comme celle que nous vivons aujourd’hui. La finance, la politique, l’école, l’Eglise… Citez-moi un domaine qui ne soit pas en crise ! Il n’y en a pas. Et tout repose sur la tête de Petite Poucette, car les institutions, complètement dépassées, ne suivent plus. Elle doit s’adapter à toute allure, beaucoup plus vite que ses parents et ses grands-parents. C’est une métamorphose !

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MOOCs in 2012: Dismantling the Status Quo

MOOCs in 2012: Dismantling the Status Quo | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
The dominant story in higher education for 2012 was clearly the rise of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), particularly the xMOOCs such as Coursera, Udacity, and edX. There has been a lot of deba...

Via Ignacio Baixauli Quiles, Rui Guimarães Lima
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Predictions – Strategic Big Data

Predictions – Strategic Big Data | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
This is the third of five blog posts on a series entitled “ThreeWill Predictions for 2013.” Continue reading → (Predictions - Strategic Big Data http://t.co/27el6GSD)...
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A big data top 20 for 2012

A big data top 20 for 2012 | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Whether it’s technically “big” or not, the technologies, uses and understanding of data analysis have grown a lot.
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Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Creating More Intelligent Organizations

Irving Wladawsky-Berger: Creating More Intelligent Organizations | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
I recently read a fascinating online conversation on Collective Intelligence with Tom Malone. Malone is Professor of Management at MIT’s Sloan School and the founding director of the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence (CCI).
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The Myth of Presence. The Immediacy of Representation in Cyberspace

The Myth of Presence. The Immediacy of Representation in Cyberspace | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:

How is the effectiveness of a representation defined? It lies in its ability to make present that which is not, to ensure the illusion of a presence. A representation is only effective if it is able to convince a subject interpreting signs – a reader, a spectator or a witness – that something is starting to appear, something that has nothing to do with her, something that seems to possess its own dynamic, a relative autonomy and an undeniable transparency whose primary effect is the impression of a significant permanence.

Digital media are said to give rise to representations and effects of presence of an unsurpassed power. It is the myth of presence. I wish to explore this myth of presence that the digital brings to life. First, I will examine how digital media fulfil certain promises of the myth, thereby ensuring their credibility; and secondly, I will focus on their deconstruction to show their share of illusions. To do this, I will use a hypermedia work, entitled Adam’s Cam. This work by Sébastien Loghman creates a very subtle effect, an illusion of presence, which sustains the myth, while never completely achieving it.

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Let’s Play! Using Gamification to Encourage KM and Collaboration

Let’s Play! Using Gamification to Encourage KM and Collaboration | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
What can we expect from the new gamification features in SharePoint 2013?

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The promise of big data: Analytics for all - ITworld.com

The promise of big data: Analytics for all - ITworld.com | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
The promise of big data: Analytics for all ITworld.comAs big data sources -- everything from social networks to operations--- touch more people inside the enterprise, more workers will need analytics to get value from the data.
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Howard Rheingold's Net Smart: living mindfully in cyberculture - Boing Boing

Howard Rheingold's Net Smart: living mindfully in cyberculture - Boing Boing | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

I believe that learning to live mindfully in cyberculture is as important to all of us as a civilization as it is vital to you and me as individuals. The multifold extension of human minds by chips and nets in the first decade of the 21st century has granted power to billions, but in these still-early years of multimedia production studios in your pocket and global information networks in the air, it is clear to even technology enthusiasts like me that our enhanced abilities to create and consume digital media will certainly mislead those who haven't learned how to exert mental control over our use of always-on communication channels.


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How Smart Drugs and Cybernetics Could Create a Superhuman Workforce | Motherboard

How Smart Drugs and Cybernetics Could Create a Superhuman Workforce | Motherboard | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:

The latest research suggests that we're not too far off from this sort of labor ecosystem. A new report compiled by the Royal Society (the United Kingdom’s national science academy) summarizes the findings of British academics, doctors, professionals and futurists, and it suggests, somewhat cautiously, that jacked-up worker ants could soon be marching en masse. 


“Work will evolve over the next decade,” the report, titled Human enhancement and the future of work, states, “with enhancement technologies potentially making a significant contribution. Widespread use of enhancements might influence an individual’s ability to learn or perform tasks and perhaps even to enter a profession; influence motivation; enable people to work in more extreme conditions or into old age, reduce work-related illness; or facilitate earlier return to work after illness.” 


Those “enhancements” include chemical cocktails, such as the sleep-annihilating drug Modafinil, and surgical improvements like directed-brain stimulation and bionic limbs. While many of these technologies are already available, their increasing proliferation in the workplace is expected to raise serious issues. Will those who can't afford them be hopelessly outpaced by those who can? Even more disturbingly, will workers soon be socially pressured, or even overtly coerced into going superhuman? 

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Complex Systems as a Foundation for a Grand Theory of Everything

Collective Dynamics of Complex Systems Research Group Seminar Series December 12, 2012 J. David Schaffer (Bioengineering) "Complex Systems as a Foundation for…

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1951 – SNARC Maze Solver – Minsky / Edmonds (American). cyberneticzoo.com

1951 – SNARC Maze Solver – Minsky / Edmonds (American). cyberneticzoo.com | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:
1951 – SNARC Maze Solver – Minsky / Edmonds (American)

In 1951 Marvin Minsky teamed with Dean Edmonds build the first artificial neural network that simulated a rat finding its way through a maze.


They designed the first (40 neuron) neurocomputer, SNARC (Stochastic Neural Analog Reinforcement Computer), with synapses that adjusted their weights (measures of synaptic permeabilities) according to the success of performing a specified task (Hebbian learning) The machine was built of tubes, motors, and clutches, and it successfully modeled the behavior of a rat in a maze searching for food.


As a student, Minsky had dreamed of producing machines which could learn by providing them with memory "neurones" connected to "synapses"; the machine would also have to possess past memory in order to function efficiently when faced with different situations.


In 1951 the "machine" was born, consisting of a labyrinth of valves, small motors, gears and wires linking up the various "neurones". Some of these wires were connected up at random to the various memory banks in order to achieve a degree of causality of events. The reason such a machine had been put together was to try and find the exit from a maze where the machine would play the part of a rat whose progress would be monitored on a light network.


When the system was completed it was possible to follow all the movements of the 'rat' within the maze and it was only through a design fault that it was found more than one 'rat' could be introduced which would then interact together. After various casual attempts the rats started 'thinking' on a logical basis helped along by reinforcement of correct choices made and the more advanced rats would then be followed by the ones left behind. This first practical example, built by Minsky with the help of Dean Edmonds, also included numerous casual connections between its various 'neurones', acting like a sort of nervous system able to overcome any eventual information interruption due to one of the neurones failing.

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Stanford biologist and computer scientist discover the 'anternet' | School of Engineering

Stanford biologist and computer scientist discover the 'anternet' | School of Engineering | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

Swarm intelligence involves the aggregate behavior of actors who may be unintelligent. When swarm intelligence principles are more clearly understood and applied to collective intelligence of smart actors, we may see engineered stigmergic intelligence. -- Howard

 

"Transmission Control Protocol, or TCP, is an algorithm that manages data congestion on the Internet, and as such was integral in allowing the early web to scale up from a few dozen nodes to the billions in use today. Here's how it works: As a source, A, transfers a file to a destination, B, the file is broken into numbered packets. When B receives each packet, it sends an acknowledgment, or an ack, to A, that the packet arrived.

This feedback loop allows TCP to run congestion avoidance: If acks return at a slower rate than the data was sent out, that indicates that there is little bandwidth available, and the source throttles data transmission down accordingly. If acks return quickly, the source boosts its transmission speed. The process determines how much bandwidth is available and throttles data transmission accordingly.

 

It turns out that harvester ants (Pogonomyrmex barbatus) behave nearly the same way when searching for food. Gordon has found that the rate at which harvester ants – which forage for seeds as individuals – leave the nest to search for food corresponds to food availability."


Via Howard Rheingold
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Top 5 Myths About Big Data

Top 5 Myths About Big Data | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
With the amount of hype around Big Data it’s easy to forget that we’re just in the first inning. More than three exabytes of new data are created each day, and market research f...
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