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antropologiaNet, dataviz, collective intelligence, algorithms, social learning, social change, digital humanities
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Picture Gallery of the Human Connectome Project | #brain #science

Picture Gallery of the Human Connectome Project | #brain #science | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

Navigate the brain in a way that was never before possible; fly through major brain pathways, compare essential circuits, zoom into a region to explore the cells that comprise it, and the functions that depend on it.

 

The Human Connectome Project aims to provide an unparalleled compilation of neural data, an interface to graphically navigate this data and the opportunity to achieve never before realized conclusions about the living human brain.

 

References:

 

Director of NIH Praises the Human Connectome ProjectMuse’s latest album uses a Human Connectome Project rendering of white matter tracks.Human Connectome Project pieces together neural data through brain scansBrain Mapping Center Seminar Series: “Discovering the Human Connectome”Mapping out a new era in brain research – CNN LabsProbing the Brain’s Mysteries – The Wall Street JournalFirst public release of 3T Connectom scanner data!Connectom Scanner Uses Ultra-High Gradient StrengthBrain Mapping Seminar SeriesFirst Images on the Connectom 3T Scanner Obtained
Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Anne Fleischman's curator insight, January 9, 2014 9:16 AM

Pour le plaisir les yeux #bigdata

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Big Brother EXISTE... et tout le monde se fout de la menace : les raisons de notre étrange anesthésie collective

Big Brother EXISTE... et tout le monde se fout de la menace : les raisons de notre étrange anesthésie collective | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

Alors que la construction par la NSA d'un "super-ordinateur" capable de briser n'importe quel code vient d'être révélée, les opinions publiques semblent de moins en moins se préoccuper de la protection de leur vie privée. Une indifférence qui n'est pas sans rappeler celle des masses apathiques décrites dans "1984" par Georges Orwell. ...

 

 


Via Alcofribas, association concert urbain, Lockall
luiy's insight:

Thiébaut Devergranne : Le principal problème en la matière est que des systèmes comme PRISM ne portent pas directement et physiquement atteinte aux personnes qui en sont victimes. Lorsque les services de renseignements connectent de façon massive, quasi-totale, nos données personnelles (sites fréquentés, communications…) nous ne le voyons pas, ne le sentons pas, ni ne l'entendons. Une personne pourra éventuellement s'en apercevoir en bout de course, en se voyant notamment refuser sans raisons particulières un poste important (haute fonction publique, nucléaire, sécurité…). En dehors de ce type d'événement, le phénomène reste toutefois entièrement imperceptible.


Read more at http://www.atlantico.fr/decryptage/big-brother-existe%E2%80%A6-et-tout-monde-se-fout-menace-raisons-notre-etrange-anesthesie-collective-michel-nesterenko-thiebaut-devergra-943598.html#dEdRDeX4Oj6ClajJ.99

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Collective Intelligence in #Design I #CI

luiy's insight:

In their introduction to this issue, Christopher Hight and Chris Perry define the idea of collective intelligence in its relationship to design practice and to broader technological and social formations.


First they suggest a reformulation of practices around networked communication infrastructures as conduits for the new orchestrations of power that Antonio Negri and Michael Hardt detailed in their books Empire and Multitude. They then describe how such practices are often involved in the development of responsive sensing environments as new sites for manifesting the social organisations and communities made possible via telecommunications and the Internet. Lastly, they address how traditional boundaries of design disciplines and knowledge, from architecture to programming, are opening into complex co-minglings of their respective isolated ‘intelligences’ into collectives capable of engaging these new sites, new briefs and new sorts of projects.

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Amaury Van Espen's curator insight, January 21, 2014 9:25 AM

Une approche intéressante et enrichissante de l'Intelligence Collective (en Anglais) qui tranche avec le bricolage ambiant et les pratiques autocratiques des supposés sachant.

COMMON GOOD FORUM's curator insight, January 23, 2014 7:32 AM

Voir en particulier, page 26, sur le langage (comme "bien commun intermédiaire")

See in particular p. 26: on the language (as an intermdediary common good) 

COMMON GOOD FORUM's curator insight, January 23, 2014 7:44 AM

see in particular page 26 on the role and place of the Language (intermediary common good)

 

Voir en particulier page 26 sur le langage, bien commun intermédiaire (comme l'Art, le droit, les médias, les langues..)

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The #anthropology of an equation. Sieves, spam filters, agentive #algorithms, and #ontologies of transformation | Journal of #Ethnographic Theory

The #anthropology of an equation. Sieves, spam filters, agentive #algorithms, and #ontologies of transformation | Journal of #Ethnographic Theory | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
The anthropology of an equation. Sieves, spam filters, agentive algorithms, and ontologies of transformation

Via Adelina Silva
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The science of social connections I #networks

"I don't think it's a coincidence that of all the kinds of ways human beings could organize themselves into networks, that's what we do. We evince degree assortativity, and I don't think it's a coincidence that we do that. We assemble ourselves into groups, the group now has this property, this germ- resistance property, which is a property of the group, but which, as it turns out, also benefits and affects us. Now, being a member of that group, we are less likely to acquire pathogens.

And this sets the stage for a set of ideas that we and others have been exploring that shed light on multi-level selection and other kinds of contentious ideas in the biological and the social sciences. And we have a number of fellow travelers on this road—László Barabási, Dirk Helbing, Tooby and Cosmides, Frans de Waal, Nowak, Rand, Santos—people working on these related areas of interactions among animals and people, and what this means. In fact, David Rand and Josh Green and Martin Nowak just had a nice paper this past year — I was asked to highlight some papers—looking at whether you can use time to response as a kind of heuristic for understanding are people intuitive cooperators and rationally selfish, or do they exercise rational self-control over a kind of instinctive greed? The data they presented in that paper, to my eyes, was quite compelling—that we are intuitively wired to cooperate."


Via Howard Rheingold, Mariana Soffer
luiy's insight:

We can shift our perspective on lots of things when we think about people as being nodes on a graph, as being connected to other people. And this shift in focus might, in fact, prompt us to begin to think about —not the individuals themselves‑but the ties between them. This calls to mind an analogy, which I don't know if some of you may already know, of streets in the United States and in European countries. So, streets have names in our country, and the houses on the streets are numbered numerically and linearly as you move along the street. And the blocks between the streets don't have names or numbers and are seen as the things that are between the streets, and we don't pay much attention to them. But if you go to Japan, it's the blocks that are numbered. The blocks have names and the houses on the blocks are numbered in the order in which they were built, not numerically or linearly in any kind of systematic way. If you ask the Japanese, "What's going on with the streets?" they say, "The streets are the spaces between the blocks." They don't pay attention to those.

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Howard Rheingold's curator insight, December 9, 2013 5:01 PM

Understanding the emergence of human culture requires an understanding of how social information and ideas spread through social networks -- and so does understanding the emergence and nature of human cooperation

Geoff Findley's curator insight, January 7, 2014 1:04 AM

Social Bonds

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The Mission to De-Centralize the Internet

The Mission to De-Centralize the Internet | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
In response to fears about diminished privacy, some programmers want to make the Internet more like it used to be.

Via Spaceweaver
luiy's insight:

Though Snowden has raised the profile of privacy technology, it will be up to engineers and their allies to make that technology viable for the masses. “Decentralization must become a viable alternative,” said Cook, the ArkOS developer, “not just to give options to users that can self-host, but also to put pressure on the political and corporate institutions.”

 

“Discussions about innovation, resilience, open protocols, data ownership and the numerous surrounding issues,” said Redecentralize’s Bolychevsky, “need to become mainstream if we want the Internet to stay free, democratic, and engaging.”

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Fàtima Galan's curator insight, January 3, 2014 4:29 AM

"Paul Baran, predicted the rise of a centralized “computer utility” that would offer computing much the same way that power companies provide electricity. Today, that model is largely embodied by the information empires of Amazon, Google, and other cloud-computing companies. Like Baran anticipated, they offer us convenience at the expense of privacy."

Mlik Sahib's curator insight, January 4, 2014 12:55 AM

“Discussions about innovation, resilience, open protocols, data ownership and the numerous surrounding issues,” said Redecentralize’s Bolychevsky, “need to become mainstream if we want the Internet to stay free, democratic, and engaging.”

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#trends: The Role of the Smartphone in Digital Health | #sensors #situational #context

#trends: The Role of the Smartphone in Digital Health | #sensors #situational #context | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:
Smartphone biosensors

As well as acting as the centralized repository for connected third-party devices the smartphone itself is packed with a range of intelligent sensors that can – and are – being used to help people improve their health.

The latest generation of iPhone, the 5s, has seven inbuilt sensors with the most recent two – the fingerprint sensor and the M7 motion coprocessor – being introduced with the iPhone 5s launch. With nine inbuilt sensors the Samsung Galaxy S4 smartphone has two more than the iPhone.

While not all are specifically designed to be health related, these sensors are being used for health purposes to good effect.

Cardiio is an innovative app that measures heart rate without physical contact. Using the iPhone’s front camera sensor Cardiio analyzes the light that reflects off a user’s face and predicts with an almost perfect degree of accuracy the resting heart rate.

Developed by MIT’s Media Lab, Cardiio works by analyzing the light that reflects of the user’s face. Every time the heart beats, more blood is pumped to the face. This slight increase in blood volume causes more light to be absorbed, and hence less light is reflected from the face.

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EU nations developing cyber 'capabilities' to infiltrate government, private targets I #eGob #privacy

EU nations developing cyber 'capabilities' to infiltrate government, private targets I #eGob #privacy | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
European countries have entered a global race to develop aggressive cyber
attack capabilities, according to the latest threat landscape analysis
published by the European cyber security Agency ENISA yesterday (11
December).

Via Pierre Levy
luiy's insight:

Cyber becoming a strategic priority

He added that a capability plan is being finalised by EDA next year to determine strategic priorities.  “I would be surprised if cyber was not a priority if not at the top of the list,” he said.

 

ENISA’s report claimed that this year has seen impressive successes by law-enforcement, and that an increasing number of reports and data regarding cyber-threats has also improved the quality of available information.

 

“Cooperation among relevant organisations to commonly assess and defend cyber-threats has been envisaged and is going to gain speed in the near future,” the report said.

 

The report recommended the active involvement of end-users in defence of cyber-threats and increasing the speed of threat assessment to reduce exposures.

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Looking at Culture through a Big Data Lens I #patterns #memes

Looking at Culture through a Big Data Lens I #patterns #memes | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
I’m excited about all the (possible) breakthroughs we see happening in cultural research.
luiy's insight:

Predicting by looking at narratives


Other Big Data cultural research examples will be presented tomorrow at a conference organized by the Dutch Meertens Institute “Patterns in narrative texts“. The data that will be discussed range from narrative journalistic texts to orally transmitted folktales. In the study of history, diachronic corpora can be mined to discover how historical events are reflected in language use. In folk narrative research, patterns of interest include the stability and variability of ‘narrative building blocks’ (motifs, memes) in oral transmission, and geographical dispersion of folk beliefs in the supernatural. Establishing links between narrative texts is a common factor in all this research.

 

One of the pieces of research that will be discussed is “Mining the Twentieth Century’s History from the TIME Magazine Corpus”. Mike Kestemont & Folgert Karsdorp are going to explain how to predict Times’s Person of the Year. In their research they have paid special attention to the intriguing interplay between this list of influential personalities and the manner in which they are discussed in the magazine’s own archive. They will have a lot to explain, looking at their top-10 list for 2013, since they’ve missed the person that has won this year, Pope Fransicus. But still the researchers have a hit-rate of more than 20%.

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Divided Edge Bundling for Directional Network Data I #SNA #dataviz

Divided Edge Bundling for Directional Network Data I #SNA #dataviz | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:

The node-link diagram is an intuitive and venerable way to depict a graph. To reduce clutter and improve the readability of node-link views, Holten & van Wijk's force-directed edge bundling employs a physical simulation to spatially group graph edges. While both useful and aesthetic, this technique has shortcomings: it bundles spatially proximal edges regardless of direction, weight, or graph connectivity. As a result, high-level directional edge patterns are obscured. We present divided edge bundling to tackle these shortcomings. By modifying the forces in the physical simulation, directional lanes appear as an emergent property of edge direction. By considering graph topology, we only bundle edges related by graph structure. Finally, we aggregate edge weights in bundles to enable more accurate visualization of total bundle weights. We compare visualizations created using our technique to standard force-directed edge bundling, matrix diagrams, and clustered graphs; we find that divided edge bundling leads to visualizations that are easier to interpret and reveal both familiar and previously obscured patterns.

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To Make #VirtualTeams Succeed, Pick the Right Players

Size, skills, and structure help determine a group's success.

Via Jordi Marti @martijordi
luiy's insight:

Small is Beautiful: In my experience working with everything from iconic multinational companies to tiny start-ups, the best virtual team is a small one—under 10 people. Four or five is ideal.

 

Small is better in part because relatively minor coordination and communication challenges grow exponentially as a virtual team grows. Do the interpersonal math! Inevitably, someone (or a subgroup) feels left out of the loop. Few things erode trust faster than being left out of important communication.

 

Where input from a wide range of people with expertise in different areas is needed, there’s a strong temptation to put together a virtual team that’s too large. Keeping the core team small while advisory groups gave input on an as-needed basis was more likely to be successful.

 

Don’t make the mistake of including honorary team members. And team membership shouldn’t be voluntary or outside the normal job. It is the job. Teams with a lot of members who have no real stake in the team’s success almost invariably fail.

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Jordi Marti @martijordi's curator insight, December 19, 2013 2:21 AM

Una bona base per l'èxit dels equips virtuals

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The World Religions Tree I #dataviz #anthropology #diffusion

The World Religions Tree I #dataviz #anthropology #diffusion | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

Dynamic infographic on world religions (don't be intimidated by the page being in Russian... The graphic is not).


Via Seth Dixon, Glenis Joyce
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Abby Laybourn's curator insight, December 10, 2014 1:25 PM

Although this was kind of hard to read it was interesting to see how different religions are related and where they stem from. 

Marita Viitanen's curator insight, January 31, 2015 6:48 PM

Tämä puu jotakuinkin hämmentää...

Emma Conde's curator insight, May 26, 2015 9:16 PM

Unit 1 Geography: Its nature and perspectives

Although the article relating to this diagram is in Russian, the diagram is not, and I found it to be a very interesting visual to not only show world religions developing on a time scale, but also because it does a very good job of showing just how many little divisions of each religion they are, and how they are all intertwined. Zooming in on the diagram, you are able to see each divide, each new branch, and each date for hundreds of sets of information.

 

This illustrates the theme of identification of major world religions because it simply shows the mass amounts of tiny divisions that occur in the major world religions in a simple format. This is very helpful because this would be pages of writing if you tried to write it all out. 

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Lutte contre la #surveillance: les #hackers doivent passer de la technique au #politique

Lutte contre la #surveillance: les #hackers doivent passer de la technique au #politique | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
«On est dans cette violence émotionnelle du moment où la réalité est devant nos yeux.

Via Patrick W., Pascal Paul
luiy's insight:
L'ébauche d'un mouvement civil

Une «internationale hacker» en gestation? Voire. La centralisation n'est pas le trait culturel dominant du mouvement —bien au contraire. Et le discours «classe contre classe», ou «camp contre camp», n'est pas sans soulever des objections.

 

«La vision politique de cette communauté est forte, nécessaire, et utile, mais il n'y a pas de sens de la nuance, et ce n'est pas sain, déplore Nadim Kobeissi, le principal développeur du chat chiffré Cryptocat. On peut améliorer la vie privée des utilisateurs sans pour autant définir un ennemi, les “bons” contre les “méchants”, ou se poser en super-héros. Il y a quelque chose d'un peu tribal dans tout ça.»


Pragmatisme versus idéologie: la tension, en vérité, traverse depuis longtemps le mouvement hacker. Ce que l'affaire Snowden pourrait avoir changé en profondeur, c'est la manière dont il se perçoit —comme le noyau dur d'un mouvement plus vaste de défense de la vie privée et des libertés en ligne.

 

«En tant que techniciens, en tant que hackers, on doit travailler avec les législateurs, avec les groupes de pression, pour avoir plus d'impact politique», avance ainsi Jurre Van Bergen. Reste à en trouver les moyens. Car si le CCC joue depuis longtemps un rôle d'expert auprès des autorités allemandes [2], et si les associations de défense des libertés en ligne tirent régulièrement la sonnette d'alarme, tout le monde ne joue pas dans la même catégorie. Un vrai problème en Europe, selon Chris Soghoian:

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Networks, Crowds, and Markets: A Book by David Easley and Jon Kleinberg | #SNA #dataviz

Networks, Crowds, and Markets: A Book by David Easley and Jon Kleinberg | #SNA #dataviz | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:

Over the past decade there has been a growing public fascination with the complex "connectedness" of modern society. This connectedness is found in many incarnations: in the rapid growth of the Internet and the Web, in the ease with which global communication now takes place, and in the ability of news and information as well as epidemics and financial crises to spread around the world with surprising speed and intensity. These are phenomena that involve networks, incentives, and the aggregate behavior of groups of people; they are based on the links that connect us and the ways in which each of our decisions can have subtle consequences for the outcomes of everyone else.

 

Networks, Crowds, and Markets combines different scientific perspectives in its approach to understanding networks and behavior. Drawing on ideas from economics, sociology, computing and information science, and applied mathematics, it describes the emerging field of study that is growing at the interface of all these areas, addressing fundamental questions about how the social, economic, and technological worlds are connected.

 

The book is based on an inter-disciplinary course entitled Networks that we teach at Cornell. The book, like the course, is designed at the introductory undergraduate level with no formal prerequisites. To support deeper explorations, most of the chapters are supplemented with optional advanced sections.

 

The book is published by Cambridge University Press (2010); for more information, please see Cambridge's page for the book.

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#Software Takes Command. Book by Lev Manovich I #OpenAccess

#Software Takes Command. Book by Lev Manovich I #OpenAccess | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:

This new book from the celebrated author of The Language of New Media is the first to offer a rigorous theory of the technology we all use daily - software for media authoring, access, and sharing.

What motivated developers in the 1960s and ‘70s to create the concepts and techniques that now underlie contemporary applications like Photoshop, Illustrator, and Final Cut?

 

How do these tools shape the visual aesthetics of contemporary media and design? What happens to the idea of a “medium” after previously media-specific tools have been simulated and extended into software?

 

Lev Manovich answers these questions through detailed analysis of key media applications such as Photoshop and After Effects, popular web services such as Google Earth, and milestone projects in design, motion graphics, and interactive environments.

 

Software Takes Command is a must for scholars, designers, technologists, and artists concerned with contemporary media and digital culture.

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Um ecossistema POLÍTICO-EMPRESARIA PORTUGAL 1975-2013 I #dataviz #abm #politics

Um ecossistema POLÍTICO-EMPRESARIA PORTUGAL 1975-2013 I #dataviz #abm #politics | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

"Interactive visualization of the relations between members of Portuguese governments and companies"


Via João Greno Brogueira
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Paul Butler – Visualizing Facebook Friends: #EyeCandy in #R I #dataviz

Paul Butler – Visualizing Facebook Friends: #EyeCandy in #R I #dataviz | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:

I’ve received a lot comments about the image, many asking for more details on how I created it. When I tell people I used R, the reaction I get is roughly what I would expect if I told them I made it with Microsoft Paintand a bottle of Jägermeister. Some people even questioned whether it was actually done in R. The truth is, aside from the addition of the logo and date text, the image was produced entirely with about 150 lines of R code with no external dependencies. In the process I learned a few things about creating nice-looking graphs in R.

 

Transparency and Faking It

My first attempt at plotting the data involved plotting very transparent lines. Unfortunately there was just too much data to get a meaningful plot — even at very low opacity, there were enough lines to make the entire image just a bright blob. When I increased the transparency more, the opacity was rounded down to zero by my graphics device and the result was that nothing was drawn.

The solution was to manipulate the drawing order of the lines. I used a simple loop over my data to draw the lines, so it was easy to control which lines are drawn first using order(). I created an ordering based on the length of the lines, so that longer lines were drawn “behind” the shorter, more local lines. Then I used colorRampPalette() to generate a color palette from black to blue to white, and colored the lines according to order they were drawn.

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#offline : Fotos: Levantamiento zapatista en #Chiapas #1994 I #revolucion

#offline : Fotos: Levantamiento zapatista en #Chiapas #1994 I #revolucion | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Las primeras imágenes del alzamiento en Chiapas contribuyeron al asombro: Un grupo de indígenas con armas precarias -algunas de palo-, mochilas de plástico y botas de hule tomó el palacio de San Cristóbal de las Casas.
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Interactive Sensing in Social Networks I #sensors #agents

Interactive Sensing in Social Networks I #sensors #agents | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:

Social sensing, also called participatory sensing [1], [2], [3], [4], is defined as a process where physical sensors present in mobile devices such as GPS are used to infer social relationships and human activities. In this paper, we work at a higher level of abstraction. We use the term social sensor or human-based sensor to denote an agent that provides information about its environment (state of nature) on a social network after interaction with other agents. 

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Future of Engagement 8: Collective Intelligence I #fastdata

Future of Engagement 8: Collective Intelligence I #fastdata | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Organizations synthesize search, social and sensor data streams into insights that guide smarter actions. What is Collective Intelligence? .

Via Spaceweaver
luiy's insight:

"Finally, we expect that “fast data” will be the next big thing after “big data”, as organizations seek to analyze data streams from social conversations, search queries, sensors, and transactions, find patterns and actionable insights, and share it back with users to help them make better decisions, all in real time. "

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Jean-Michel Livowsky's curator insight, December 31, 2013 6:55 AM

C'est quoi finalement ce Collectif de l'intelligence ?

Saberes Sin Fronteras OVS's curator insight, January 7, 2014 1:05 PM
La inteligencia colectiva es sabido que es la base de la superviencia de las hormigas, abejas y otras especies Los seres humanos hemos elaborado a lo largo de milenios saberes y conocimientos sin los que hoy ni podriamos vivir, pero las nuevas tecnologias y las REDES abren tantas o más posibilidades para el futuro que lo que en su dia fue la escritura.
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.. a partir de mañana : SciTech #innovations in #2014 I #teleprescence #bacteriotherapy

.. a partir de mañana : SciTech #innovations  in #2014 I #teleprescence #bacteriotherapy | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
From the world's largest underground hotel to Star Wars-style holographic communication, the coming year is set to unveil an array of incredible advances in science and technology
luiy's insight:

The growth in video communication has been exponential. Skype now boasts 300 million users, and a 2012 Ipsos/Reuters poll revealed one in five people worldwide now frequently “telecommuted” to work. But Star Trek fans will be happy to hear that incoming technology will add a further dimension to international conference calls. Known as holographic telepresence, it involves transmitting a three-dimensional moving image of you at each destination – allowing you to converse as if you were in the room.


holographic telepresence, Countdown to Mars,  Fecal bacteriotherapy.

 

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Los 13 #Memes del 2013 en México I #Cyberculture #Virality

Los 13 #Memes del 2013 en México I #Cyberculture #Virality | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Ciudad de México, 20 de diciembre (SinEmbargo).– El recuento del año que está a punto de terminar también se puede narrar en imágenes que circularon po
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Cyberspace, #cybernetics and #CyberPhysical systems


Via Ben van Lier
luiy's insight:
Industry 4.0 | Industrial Internet

The possibility of producing cyber-physical systems which have both physical and cyber properties and which can function in random networks, demands a new industrial revolution. This new industrial revolution must enable the design, production or creation of such cyber-physical systems on a major scale. The new industrial revolution is also called The Industrial Internet (USA) or Industry 4.0 (Germany).


In both countries people are working towards maintaining the existing industrial capacity or capacities at the current level, and/or increasing them. In the agreement signed between political parties in Germany last week, considerable attention is devoted to these developments and their consequences for German industry. Through the development and design of strategic innovation politics and coalitions being entered into between industry, trades unions, science and education, people hope to create the conditions to be able to create these all-embracing changes.

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Collective intelligence: The #IEML model to monitor the coordination of human development I #metalanguage

Collective intelligence: The #IEML model to monitor the coordination of human development I #metalanguage | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

Via Pierre Levy
luiy's insight:

The scientific revolution in the human sciences will culminate in collective intelligence, a common good which will throttle human development. In a recent book, Levy proposed a “loose IEML model” to monitor the coordination of human development. The axis of human development are defined by “education, health, sustainable economic prosperity, security, human rights, conservation and enrichment of cultural heritage, environmental balance, scientific and technical innovation” which are in accordance with the United Nations Development Program, Levy assures me. I wondered whether a metalanguage which positions itself functionally as neutral (as opposed to Berners Lee universal ontology) should contain assumptions on how western democratic society is structured to which Levy partly agrees that any metalanguage can’t be neutral:

 

There can be a lot of disagreements about the right ways or methods to improve human development. IEML, as a universal semantic code, can accomodate any method. Above all, IEML provides a common semantic sphere where all disciplines of human sciences can compare their theories and methods and can coordinate their findings at the service of human development. (…) Now, you can say: “Okay, but what if I am against improving health and education because these are western values and / or it has been used to justify western imperialism”. My response is: “It’s up to you!” In general, I do not think that any theory or metalangage can be neutral. Every act, being practical or theoretical, occurs in a hypercomplex context and has an effect on this context. I do not claim any impossible neutrality or objectivity. The objection “you’re not neutral” is besides the point. I have a very precise goal. My aim is to improve human development, collective intelligence and knowledge management in the humanities.

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Howard Rheingold's curator insight, December 20, 2013 1:06 PM

Pierre Levy has been thinking about augmented collective intelligence for a long time. How can the disparate pieces of knowledge contributed by myriad online postings in blogs, question and answer sites, Twitter, etc. be connected in various automatic frameworks? Levy believes a metalanguage (HTML can be seen as a metalanguage) is need. 

Patricia Soumarmon's curator insight, December 22, 2013 7:50 AM

Levy... ou la difficulté d'être (trop) en avance sur son temps...