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The Socialist Origins of #BigData | #Cybersyn #Cybernetics

The Socialist Origins of #BigData | #Cybersyn #Cybernetics | e-Xploration | Scoop.it
Evgeny Morozov on how the ideas behind Project Cybersyn, a futuristic experiment in cybernetics from nineteen-seventies Chile, still shapes technology.
luiy's insight:

The consultant, Stafford Beer, had been brought in by Chile’s top planners to help guide the country down what Salvador Allende, its democratically elected Marxist leader, was calling “the Chilean road to socialism.” Beer was a leading theorist of cybernetics—a discipline born of midcentury efforts to understand the role of communication in controlling social, biological, and technical systems. Chile’s government had a lot to control: Allende, who took office in November of 1970, had swiftly nationalized the country’s key industries, and he promised “worker participation” in the planning process. Beer’s mission was to deliver a hypermodern information system that would make this possible, and so bring socialism into the computer age. The system he devised had a gleaming, sci-fi name: Project Cybersyn.

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Managing #Complexity: The Battle Between #Emergence And #Entropy | #cybernetics

Managing #Complexity: The Battle Between #Emergence And #Entropy | #cybernetics | e-Xploration | Scoop.it

The business news continues to be full of stories of large companies getting into trouble in part because of their complexity. 


So what is a leader to do when faced with a highly complex organisation and a nagging concern that the creeping costs of complexity are starting to outweigh the benefits?


Via Kenneth Mikkelsen
luiy's insight:

1. There is a design process –the allocation of roles and responsibilities through some sort of top-down master plan. We all know how this works.

 

2. There is an emergent process – a bottom-up form of spontaneous interaction between well-intentioned individuals, also known as self-organising. This has become very popular in the field of management, in large part because it draws on insights from the world of nature, such as the seemingly-spontaneous order that is exhibited by migrating geese and ant colonies. Under the right conditions, it seems, individual employees will come together to create effective coordinated action. The role of the leader is therefore to foster “emergent” order among employees without falling into the trap of over-engineering it.

 

3. Finally, there is an entropic process – the gradual trending of an organisational system towards disorder. This is where it gets a bit tricky. The disciples of self-organising often note that companies are “open systems” that exchange resources with the outside world, and this external source of energy is what helps to renew and refresh them. But the reality is that most companies are only semi-open. In fact, many large companies I know are actually pretty closed to outside influences. And if this is the case, the second law of thermodynamics comes into effect, namely that a closed system will gradually move towards a state of maximum disorder (i.e. entropy).

 

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Olivier Arnould's curator insight, December 1, 2013 3:40 AM

Une approche intéressante des organisations...

Rescooped by luiy from Systems Theory
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Cyberspace, #cybernetics and #CyberPhysical systems


Via Ben van Lier
luiy's insight:
Industry 4.0 | Industrial Internet

The possibility of producing cyber-physical systems which have both physical and cyber properties and which can function in random networks, demands a new industrial revolution. This new industrial revolution must enable the design, production or creation of such cyber-physical systems on a major scale. The new industrial revolution is also called The Industrial Internet (USA) or Industry 4.0 (Germany).


In both countries people are working towards maintaining the existing industrial capacity or capacities at the current level, and/or increasing them. In the agreement signed between political parties in Germany last week, considerable attention is devoted to these developments and their consequences for German industry. Through the development and design of strategic innovation politics and coalitions being entered into between industry, trades unions, science and education, people hope to create the conditions to be able to create these all-embracing changes.

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