Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university
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Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university
Challenges and solutions for universities and business schools towards more research influence, academic impact and societal/managerial relevance
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New scholarly uses of Twitter; One in every 40 scholars is on Twitter, on average tweeting about five times per week.

New scholarly uses of Twitter; One in every 40 scholars is on Twitter, on average tweeting about five times per week. | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The effect Twitter and the social Web have begun to have on entertainment, journalism and other media-related industries is by now well known and much-discussed. Its impact on other areas of human culture and knowledge, however, is still emerging. For example, how does the microblogging service impact academics and scholarly communication?That's exactly what researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill are hoping to figure out. The team has selected a sample of faculty and non-faculty scholars at five US and UK-based universities and used Twitter's search API to find their Twitter usernames, filtering out those whose profiles did not clearly identify them and using scripts to positively identify 230 scholars.

One in every 40 scholars is on Twitter, on average tweeting about five times per week. As huge as Twitter is for journalism and entertainment, it has yet to have a revolutionary impact on scholarship, although its usage among scholars is growing. Among academics who use the service, the majority of their tweets are unrelated to their scholarly work, according to the research.

The research team at UNC is still working on their study, but have published a infographic breaking down their early findings


Via Andrew Spong
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Dynamics of Academic Leadership in Research Groups: Rathenau Instituut

Dynamics of Academic Leadership in Research Groups: Rathenau Instituut | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Check out the Dissertation of Maaike Verbree @ Rathenau Institute!

 

In order to conduct excellent research that contributes to solving complex scientific and societal issues, the availability of talented, creative, innovative, and enthusiastic researchers is crucial. However, researchers can excel only in an adequate environment. Increasingly, the work environment for researchers is their research group. And the challenge for academic group leaders is to create adequate conditions for meeting individual and collective goals, such as high research performance.

 

Group leaders facilitate research meetings, supervise junior researchers and generate exciting new ideas. Their external activities are increasingly important, such as acquiring funding, maintaining collaboration networks and disseminating knowledge to society at large. The research question of this study is, ‘how does academic leadership affect performance of research groups?’

 

Two key factors are identified that positively influence the performance of research groups. The first is academic leadership: the way researchers are guided and stimulated by the vision and inspiration of the group leader. The other key factor is network management: the way academic leaders position their groups in scientific and societal environments and how they respond to environmental opportunities and constraints. The study ends with a discussion on the implications for organising research and for science policy.

The thesis is here:

http://www.rathenau.nl/uploads/tx_tferathenau/Dynamics_of_Academic_Leadership_in_Research_Groups__oct_2011.pdf

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New Journal Ratings Questioned; A new system of ranking scientific journals by F1000 irks some metrics experts. | The Scientist

New Journal Ratings Questioned; A new system of ranking scientific journals by F1000 irks some metrics experts. | The Scientist | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it
A novel scheme for rating the relative impact of scientific journals, unveiled this week by post-publication peer review outfit Faculty of 1000 (F1000), is being questioned by scholarly publication experts. The rankings, which place Nature on top of the list for biology journals and the New England Journal of Medicine atop the medicine heap, were built using scores awarded to papers published in 2010 in thousands of journals by F1000′s 10,000-stong “faculty” of researchers and clinicians.

 

While the upper echelons of F1000′s rankings, which include Cell, Science, PNAS, and Lancet, more or less correspond with rankings of the same journals based on their impact factors—a metric calculated via an algorithm that takes citation frequency, among other factors, into account—the list contains some surprises further down in the pack, the validity of which is in question.

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The Road to Academic Excellence: The Making of World-Class Research Universities

The Road to Academic Excellence: The Making of World-Class Research Universities | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

How do you build a world-class research university from scratch? In today's ever-faster, global economy, many countries are reflecting on the merits of building elite global universities to make their mark in world research. Recognizing that such universities are emerging as the central institutions of the 21st Century's knowledge economies, a new book 'The Road to Academic Excellence: The Making of World-Class Research Universities' examines the recent experience of 11 universities in 9 countries on 4 continents that have grappled with the challenges of building successful research institutions under difficult circumstances, and synthesizes the lessons learned. This book will be essential reading for governments, tertiary education leaders, employers, and citizens, considering reforms and innovations to improve their country's position in the global scene.

 

The case studies presented suggest that a faster and more effective approach to achieve world-class university status is to establish a new institution. New universities can grow into high-quality research institutions within two or three decades when talent, resources, and governance are adequately aligned from the beginning.Outstanding research universities do not operate in a vacuum; they evolve from a tertiary education ecosystem which affects the performance of individual institutions.

 

Fulltext is here: http://go.worldbank.org/9SJDQ5U020

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Death by Impact: Academics facing death for their ideas

Death by Impact: Academics facing death for their ideas | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Terrifying University World News: Professors and students are being singled out for assassination, according to a leading scholar in the Syrian opposition movement who last week addressed the Human Rights Council in Geneva. "We have fears for scholars on the ground. More than 10 professors have been killed, mostly at Homs, in the past two weeks," said Radwan Ziadeh, a visiting scholar at the Dubai Initiative in the Kennedy School, Harvard. "The situation is escalating and we expect more killings."

 

Illustration by curator= bookcover of "Academic freedom at the dawn of a new century, how terrorism, governments, and culture wars impact free speech by Evan Gerstmann, Matthew Justin Streb, Stanford Univ Press, 2006.

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Action Science Explorer; a new tool which presents the academic literature for a field using many different modalities: lists of articles, their full texts, automatic textual summaries, and visuali...

Action Science Explorer; a new tool which presents the academic literature for a field using many different modalities: lists of articles, their full texts, automatic textual summaries, and visuali... | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The goal of iOpener (Information Organization for PENning Expositions on Research) is to generate readily-consumable surveys of different scientific domains and topics, targeted to different audiences and levels. We’ve created an infrastructure for automatic summarization of research domains that links bibliometric lexical link mining, summarization techniques, and visualization tools. Part of this is the Action Science Explorer, a new tool which presents the academic literature for a field using many different modalities: lists of articles, their full texts, automatic textual summaries, and visualizations of the structure of the citation network. Action Science Explorer (Formerly iOpener Workbench)
Tools for Rapid Understanding of Scientific Literature

Presentation here: http://www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/pubs/presentations/DunneInteractiveData.pptx

Paper here: http://www.cs.umd.edu/localphp/hcil/tech-reports-search.php?number=2011-16

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Why Universities Should Experiment With ‘Massive Open Courses'

Why Universities Should Experiment With ‘Massive Open Courses' | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

George Siemens, who leads Athabasca University’s Technology Enhanced Knowledge Research Institute, makes the case for why colleges should experiment with inviting tens of thousands of students to participate in their courses free online. The model poses challenges to traditional education models, but will it work for teaching Chaucer?

The reading as mp3 file: http://media.chronicle.com/audio/747161/techtherapy_2011-10-05-215201.64.mp3

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Public Availability of Published Research Data in High-Impact Journals

Public Availability of Published Research Data in High-Impact Journals | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it
There is increasing interest to make primary data from published research publicly available. We aimed to assess the current status of making research data available in highly-cited journals across the scientific literature.Methods and Results

 

We reviewed the first 10 original research papers of 2009 published in the 50 original research journals with the highest impact factor. For each journal we documented the policies related to public availability and sharing of data. Of the 50 journals, 44 (88%) had a statement in their instructions to authors related to public availability and sharing of data. However, there was wide variation in journal requirements, ranging from requiring the sharing of all primary data related to the research to just including a statement in the published manuscript that data can be available on request.

Of the 500 assessed papers, 149 (30%) were not subject to any data availability policy. Of the remaining 351 papers that were covered by some data availability policy, 208 papers (59%) did not fully adhere to the data availability instructions of the journals they were published in, most commonly (73%) by not publicly depositing microarray data. The other 143 papers that adhered to the data availability instructions did so by publicly depositing only the specific data type as required, making a statement of willingness to share, or actually sharing all the primary data. Overall, only 47 papers (9%) deposited full primary raw data online. None of the 149 papers not subject to data availability policies made their full primary data publicly available.

 

Conclusion

A substantial proportion of original research papers published in high-impact journals are either not subject to any data availability policies, or do not adhere to the data availability instructions in their respective journals. This empiric evaluation highlights opportunities for improvement.

 

Citation: Alsheikh-Ali AA, Qureshi W, Al-Mallah MH, Ioannidis JPA (2011) Public Availability of Published Research Data in High-Impact Journals. PLoS ONE 6(9): e24357. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0024357

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Ask the Chefs: “What Do You Think Is the Most Important Trend in Publishing Today?”

Ask the Chefs: “What Do You Think Is the Most Important Trend in Publishing Today?” | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

A new feature of the Scholarly Kitchen we're calling "Ask the Chefs." The premise is that each month, the Chefs (contributors) to the Scholarly Kitchen will answer a provocative question...

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The problem with measuring Twitter

The problem with measuring Twitter | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

With social media finding its way into every aspect
of our lives, it is becoming increasingly interesting to
find what it says about the value of research. It's not
a simple process, however, as David Stuart reveals. 'Metrics are not simple, or obvious, and can only be established through discussion in the open rather than behind closed doors'

source: Research information oct/nov 2011

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A Chinese B-school vies for Harvard status

A Chinese B-school vies for Harvard status | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it
CEIBS dean John Quelch explains how he plans to turn the relatively young Shanghai-based business school into a research powerhouse. He has his work cut out for him. When renowned marketing and branding expert John Quelch took over as dean of the China Europe International Business School (CEIBS), he created his own theory of brand building for the Shanghai-based business school. In line with marketing guru Philip Kotler's Four Ps, Quelch calls his theory for CEIBS the "Four F's."
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Become a Content Curation King

Become a Content Curation King | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it
Nine ways to make curation work for your brand. "Curation" is a buzzword (even if it isn't technically a word…unless you count the 14th century French definition meaning "to cure") that's smokin' up the interwebs these days. Launching into the blogosphere virtually from nowhere in 2009, it's now one of those terms that's essential to any digital marketer on the cutting edge (or for anyone who wants to sound like one).
Curation has now come to mean the act of sorting through the vast amounts of content on the web and presenting it in a coherent way, organized around a specific topic(s). However, unlike automated services (such as Google News), the essential difference of curation is that there's a human being doing the sifting, sorting, arranging, and publishing. Just as a museum curator must decide which artifacts to display during an exhibition, an online curator decides what information available online is appropriate and relevant to her audience.
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Runners and riders, the NOBEL season is upon us.

Runners and riders, the NOBEL season is upon us. | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (not one of the original Nobel prizes and often mistakenly named, even by the laureates themselves) is awarded on October 10th. Thomson Reuters have made their annual choice of citation laureates—"researchers likely to be in contention for Nobel honours based on the citation impact of their published research".

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The Futility of Ranking Academic Journals - The Chronicle of Higher Education

The Futility of Ranking Academic Journals - The Chronicle of Higher Education | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Ranking academic journals is one of the more contentious aspects of research assessment, and a foundation stone for university rankings. Because people’s careers and aspirations are on the line, it was only a matter of time before someone challenged the findings. Their implications go far beyond recent events in Australia. Thomson Reuters ISI Web of Science, Elsevier’s Scopus, and Google Scholar have become dominant players in a rapidly expanding and lucrative global intelligence information business. The first has identified another opportunity, the Global Institute Profile Project: collecting institutional profile information, and then monetarizing it by selling it back to the institutions for strategic planning purposes or on to third-parties to underpin policy/decision-making or classification systems – similar to the way in which financial data was turn into a commodity by Bloomberg. The Times Higher Education (THE) has transformed itself from a purveyor of (objective) information about higher education to a promoter of global rankings.

 

Guest post by Ellen Hazelkorn, vice president for research and enterprise and head of the Higher Education Policy Research Unit at the Dublin Institute of Technology.

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Circle of Trust; How asymmetric is your relationship network at Google Plus?

Circle of Trust; How asymmetric is your relationship network at Google Plus? | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Circle of Trust [d3.do] by Sao Paulo-based D3 shows the potential asymmetry of your social network at Google Plus. In other words, the organic network diagram highlights how your social network is divided between the people that are inside the so-called "circle of trust" (people that you trust, and they trust you), and those who are somehow outside.

Green dots represent the people that have been 'circled' and reciprocally have circled you back. Yellow dots represent those persons that were sufficiently important for you to have been circled, but they have not bothered to circle you back. Lastly, red dots map to people that have circled you, but you did not care to circle back..

 

Service is here: http://www.d3.do/labs/circleoftrust/

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Harvard richer than ever; the top university's asset managers do an extremely smart job at making sure that the world's richest university gets even richer.

Harvard richer than ever; the top university's asset managers do an extremely smart job at making sure that the world's richest university gets even richer. | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

23 september 2011 - Harvard, the world’s richest university, grows even richer. Its asset managers achieved a 21,4% return on their investments within the past year. This boosted Harvard’s endowments to a total of $32 billion.

 

Within a year Harvard managed to realize a 21,4% return on its investments, according to reports by Bloomberg and Harvard Magazine. This boosted its funding endowment by $4,4 billion to a total of $32 billion ($23,6b). Approximately 1/3 of Harvard's expenses are funded from these endowments.

Universities in the Netherlands are publicly financed and therefore do not invest capital to expand their wealth. Harvard does and successfully so. By comparison: While Harvard had an annual operating budget of $3,7 billion (€2,75m) in 2010 the richest university in the Netherlands is Utrecht University with a total budget of €750 million followed by University of Amsterdam with €613 million.

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Princeton, Open Access, and the Evolution of Scholarly Communication

Princeton, Open Access, and the Evolution of Scholarly Communication | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Faculty members of Princeton University unanimously voted to adopt a new policy for scholarly publications (PDF). In support of open access, the policy prohibits faculty members from signing away exclusive rights to publishing companies. Instead, the policy assigns to the University a nonexclusive right to copy and provide access to faculty publications. The policy only covers journal and conference articles (not unpublished works, books, or other scholarly works), and faculty members can request that this policy be waived for articles, on a case-by-case basis. With this vote, Princeton joins a growing coalition of higher education institutions that have enacted open access policies..

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Steve Jobs and Management by Meaning - Roberto Verganti - Harvard Business Review

Steve Jobs and Management by Meaning - Roberto Verganti - Harvard Business Review | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it
"Managing by meaning" is recognizing that people are human: they have rational, cultural, and emotional dimensions, and they appreciate the person who creates a meaning for them to embrace..

Via Jorge Barba
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Research institutes as hybrid organizations: central challenges to their legitimacy

Research institutes as hybrid organizations: central challenges to their legitimacy | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The 2011 special issue of Policy Sciences includes papers on the Reconciling the Supply of and Demand for Research in the Science of Science and Innovation Policy.

 

One of the articles (by Magnus Gulbrandsen) is about Research institutes as hybrid organizations, defined as organizations involved in research and
development but outside of the higher education sector and often in close cooperation with users.  The paper argues that institutes can be considered ‘‘hybrid organizations’’, caught in between dichotomous cultural spheres with differing values. To retain their hybridity and to survive in the long run, research institutes need to create and sustain organizational legitimacy by establishing congruence with values from these different spheres. The paper discusses how institutes try to establish legitimacy in the science–non-science dimension and the public–private dimension and that these attempts sometimes come into conflict with one another. The framework of the legitimacy of hybrid organizations could constitute a fruitful starting point for a discussion of the future place of research institutes in society.

http://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/publications/special/sip_gulbrandsen.pdf

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Virtual institutes to support the scientific collaborations of the future

Virtual institutes to support the scientific collaborations of the future | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it
The National Science Foundation (NSF) today announced Science Across Virtual Institutes (SAVI), an effort to motivate collaboration among scientists and educators around the globe to spur scientific discovery. By connecting researchers with common interests and goals, SAVI can better leverage taxpayer resources while helping to address some of society's most vexing problems..
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State of the art in assessing research impact: special issue of Research Evaluation

State of the art in assessing research impact: special issue of Research Evaluation | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Volume 20, Number 3, September 2011
Special issue on the state of the art in assessing research impact. Guest editor Claire Donovan

 

State of the art in assessing research impact: introduction to a special issue
pp. 175-179(5)
Author: Donovan, Claire

 

The 'Payback Framework' explained
pp. 181-183(3)
Authors: Donovan, Claire; Hanney, Stephen

 

An evaluation of the Mind-Body Interactions and Health Program: assessing the impact of an NIH program using the Payback Framework
Authors: Scott, Jack E.; Blasinsky, Margaret; Dufour, Mary; Mandal, Rachel J.; Philogene, G Stephane

 

Evaluating health research funding in Ireland: assessing the impacts of the Health Research Board of Ireland's funding activities
Authors: Nason, Edward; Curran, Brendan; Hanney, Stephen; Janta, Barbara; Hastings, Gillian; O'Driscoll, Mairéad; Wooding, Steven

 

Assessing policy and practice impacts of social science research: the application of the Payback Framework to assess the Future of Work programme
Authors: Klautzer, Lisa; Hanney, Stephen; Nason, Edward; Rubin, Jennifer; Grant, Jonathan; Wooding, Steven

 

Introducing 'productive interactions' in social impact assessment
Authors: Spaapen, Jack; van Drooge, Leonie

 

Tracing 'productive interactions' to identify social impacts: an example from the social sciences
Authors: Molas-Gallart, Jordi; Tang, Puay

 

Real-world approaches to assessing the impact of environmental research on policy
Authors: Bell, Sarah; Shaw, Ben; Boaz, Annette

 

Peer review and the ex ante assessment of societal impacts
Authors: Holbrook, J Britt; Frodeman, Robert

 

The Research Excellence Framework and the 'impact agenda': are we creating a Frankenstein monster?
Author: Martin, Ben R.

 

The impact of impact
Author: Brewer, John D.

 

The impact of Payback research: developing and using evidence in policy
Author: Henshall, Chris

 

The payback of 'Payback': challenges in assessing research impact
Author: Buxton, Martin

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F1000 Journal Rankings & a new monthly F1000 Journal Factor — The Map Is Not the Territory

F1000 Journal Rankings & a new monthly F1000 Journal Factor — The Map Is Not the Territory | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

On Monday, the Faculty of 1000 announced a new service, the F1000 Journal Factor, that ranks the quality of journals based upon the ratings of individual articles submitted by volunteer faculty reviewers.

While still in beta, the new service is a clear shot across the bow of Thomson Reuter’s journal impact factor.

Unlike the impact factor — released by report each summer for the previous year — the F1000 Journal Factor is updated monthly. It is designed to “provide a continuously updating picture of journals ranked by excellence within biology and medicine,” according to the F1000 press release..
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B-School Research Takes on Office Politics - BusinessWeek

B-School Research Takes on Office Politics - BusinessWeek | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The latest crop of business school research focuses on CEO pay, knowledge-sharing, and the surprising benefits of employee revenge-taking.A fresh roundup of interesting and practical research from top business schools has one thing in common: It is all about getting companies to run more smoothly. From determining how pay is doled out to chief executive officers in different geographical areas to recognizing the natural checks and balances of an office, the research is meant to help managers better understand how to operate in times of financial strain, as well as in more promising periods. Here's a rundown of some of the unique research coming out of business schools.

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A Quarter Century of Fueling Science | The Scientist

A Quarter Century of Fueling Science | The Scientist | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Twenty-five years ago, life science research was a different ball game. Few of today’s common tools and techniques, which afford researchers unprecedented glimpses into biology’s inner workings, were available, and if they were, they were rarely affordable. Genetically modified organisms were still largely the stuff of science fiction. Desktop computers were not yet standard pieces of equipment in the lab. And the Human Genome Project was little more than a glimmer in the eyes of its eventual architects...

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How and why scholars cite on Twitter

How and why scholars cite on Twitter | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Scholars are increasingly using the microblogging service Twitter as a communication platform. Since citing is a central practice of scholarly communication, we investigated whether and how scholars cite on Twitter. We conducted interviews and harvested 46,515 tweets from a sample of 28 scholars and found that they do cite on Twitter, though often indirectly. Twitter citations are part of a fast-moving conversation that participants believe reflects scholarly impact. Twitter citation metrics could augment traditional citation analysis, supporting a “scientometrics 2.0.”

Jason Priem,Kaitlin Light Costello - Priem - 2011 - Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology - Wiley Online Library

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