Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university
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Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university
Challenges and solutions for universities and business schools towards more research influence, academic impact and societal/managerial relevance
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How does the management of research impact the disclosure of knowledge? Evidence from scientific publications and patenting behavior

How does the management of research impact the disclosure of knowledge? Evidence from scientific publications and patenting behavior | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

(2011). How does the management of research impact the disclosure of knowledge? Evidence from scientific publications and patenting behavior. Economics of Innovation and New Technology: Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. This paper examines the effect of control rights over whether to publish or patent research results. University researchers have substantial discretion over disclosure, while management in non-academic organizations often direct researchers to patent their findings. Thus, the effect of control rights can be identified by using the shift from basic to commercializable knowledge because management has a larger incentive to protect the commercializable knowledge. The effect, however, may be confounded by the heterogeneity of research paths and the organizational factors other than the allocation of decision rights. To overcome these issues, this paper exploits multiple discoveries associated with a single human gene as a research path and a discovery of a gene's linkage to a disease that may spark commercially oriented research on that gene. To isolate the effect of decision rights, multiple types of non-academic organizations are also used. Building on this variation of knowledge along research paths, the differences-in-differences estimate shows that non-academic research organizations become less likely to publish and more likely to patent than universities in the advance of commercializable knowledge.

DOI:10.1080/10438590902750893

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‘Impact’ in the proposals for the UK's Research Excellence Framework: Shifting the boundaries of academic autonomy

‘Impact’ in the proposals for the UK's Research Excellence Framework: Shifting the boundaries of academic autonomy | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Evaluation of university-based research already has a reasonably long tradition in the UK, but proposals to revise the framework for national evaluation aroused controversy in the academic community because they envisage assessing more explicitly than before the economic, social and cultural ‘impact’ of research as well as its scientific quality. Using data from the 2009 public consultation on the proposals for a Research Excellence Framework, this paper identifies three main lines of controversy: the threats to academic autonomy implied in the definition of expert review and the delimitation of reviewers, the scope for boundary-work in the construction of impact narratives and case studies, and the framing of knowledge translation by the stipulation that impact ‘builds on’ research. Given the behaviour-shaping effects of research evaluation, the paper demonstrates how the proposed changes could help embed impact considerations among the routine reflexive tools of university researchers and enhance rather than restrict academic autonomy at the level of research units. It also argues that the REF could constitute an important dialogical space for negotiating science–society relations in an era of increasing heteronomy between academia, state and industry. But the paper raises doubts about whether the proposed operationalisation of impact is adequate to evaluate the ways that research and knowledge translation are actually carried out.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.05.026

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Assessing the Impact of Research; a do-it-yourself tool for tracking the impact of biomedical research

Assessing the Impact of Research; a do-it-yourself tool for tracking the impact of biomedical research | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The Becker Medical Library Model for Assessment of Research Impact model represents a practical, do-it-yourself tool for tracking the impact of biomedical research. The Model includes guidance for quantifying and documenting research impact as well as resources for locating evidence of research impact.

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The Thesis Whisperer; Just like the horse whisperer - but with more pages

The Thesis Whisperer; Just like the horse whisperer - but with more pages | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it
The Thesis Whisperer is a newspaper style blog dedicated to helping research students everywhere.
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A Framework for Research Impact Data Standards

A Framework for Research Impact Data Standards | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The goal of the CASRAI Research Impact Standards is to reach agreement on the indicators that measure the impact of research activity (and the investment in that activity) and to encode that agreement in an open data specification for software providers to implement in their solutions. As a result of achieving this goal, researchers will be able to maintain a single source of data (specific to their unique contributions and discipline) from which they can automatically generate impact reports for all of their stakeholders.

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Promoting Scholarship that Matters: The Uselessness of Useful Research and the Usefulness of Useless Research

Promoting Scholarship that Matters: The Uselessness of Useful Research and the Usefulness of Useless Research | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The ambition in this essay is to challenge received wisdoms about the importance of ‘useful’ management scholarship. Suggesting that usefulness and uselessness are contingent on issues of temporality and power, we advocate caution in assigning terms such as useful and relevant – they are inherently problematic, we argue, and should be viewed more as ideology than as empirical statements. We conclude by a call for reflexivity about what it is we are doing when we do ‘useful’ research, along with a greater concern for the values for which business schools stand.

Article first published online: 25 AUG 2011

DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8551.2011.00754.x

British Journal of Management

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Toolkit for the Impact of Digitised Scholarly Resources (TIDSR)

Toolkit for the Impact of Digitised Scholarly Resources (TIDSR) | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

 There are a number of challenges in assessing the use and impact of online digital resources: these include new methods, shifts in the way that people access resources, new audiences, and new forms of information-seeking behaviour among different audiences.

The toolkit project combined quantitative and qualitative indicators to measure the impact of online scholarly resources. Quantitative measures included webometrics, log file analysis, scientometric (or bibliometric) analysis, and content analysis. These were complemented by an array of qualitative measures (stakeholder interviews, resource surveys, user feedback, focus groups, and questionnaires) that captured information about the whole cycle of usage and impact.

The qualitative measures allowed us to examine the impact of the projects from the point of view of various stakeholders, starting with the host institutions (such as libraries and archives), the personnel at the host institutions responsible for implementation (including the developers and engineers of the systems and curators and archivists of the collections), and stretching all the way to the various types of end users and the uses they represent. We also included measures that involved programme funders, who are often overlooked as stakeholders.

The combination of multiple methods and data sources allowed us to move beyond quantitative measures such as number of site visitors or citations, which tend to provide a limited view of usage and impact. Rather, we were able to take a holistic approach, gathering rich data to provide a fuller and more complicated picture of the community surrounding digital resources.

 

http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/programmes/digitisation/tidsr_finalreport.pdf

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Science with & without the Internet: Part I | Digitopoly

Science with & without the Internet: Part I | Digitopoly | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Michael Nielsen has a mission: to open up science. A pioneer in the field of quantum computing (a quick Google scholar search shows his top publication to have over 13,000 citations), Nielsen pretty much dropped out of academia to pursue his quest to change science. Like myself he is an Australian living in Toronto. But this week he has released a popular book that explains his quest: Reinventing Discovery: The New Era of Networked Science.

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The Spread of Scientific Information: Insights from the Web Usage Statistics in PLoS Article-Level Metrics

The Spread of Scientific Information: Insights from the Web Usage Statistics in PLoS Article-Level Metrics | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The presence of web-based communities is a distinctive signature of Web 2.0. The web-based feature means that information propagation within each community is highly facilitated, promoting complex collective dynamics in view of information exchange. In this work, we focus on a community of scientists and study, in particular, how the awareness of a scientific paper is spread. Our work is based on the web usage statistics obtained from the PLoS Article Level Metrics dataset compiled by PLoS.

Citation: Yan K-K, Gerstein M (2011) The Spread of Scientific Information: Insights from the Web Usage Statistics in PLoS Article-Level Metrics. PLoS ONE 6(5): e19917. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019917

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The Unofficial Guide for Authors

The Unofficial Guide for Authors | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it
The Unofficial Guide for Authors by Tomislav Hengl: Most scientific journals provide guidelines for authors - how to format references and prepare artwork, how many copies of the paper to submit and to which address. However, most official guidelines say little about how you should design and produce your paper and the chances that it will be accepted. This book provides a comprehensive but focused guide to producing scientific information - from research design to publication. It provides practical tips and answers to some of the most frequently asked questions: Why do we publish in the first place? What is OA publishing and why bother about it? What is the h-index? What is a Journal Impact Factor and does it matter? How can I increase my research production efficiency? Why should I use OS software tools for academic work? How can I produce graphics that will impress? How can I brainstorm good titles? How can I select a suitable journal and where can I find out more about it? How can I get into the reviewers’ heads?.
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Mapping Academic Tweets

Mapping Academic Tweets | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Another day, another Twitter map- this time showing the global distribution of tweets that link to academic journal articles. I am always a bit skeptical of Twitter data (especially with location information) but as an academic ...


Via Marno Verbeek
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Data be damned: REF's blueprint for systemic intellectual corruption

Data be damned: REF's blueprint for systemic intellectual corruption | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The research excellence framework is going to have dangerously subjective, anti-evidential features. In many academic disciplines, data will be banned. Here, in the jargon of the REF documentation, are two examples of the problem: "(Subpanels) 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 and 26 will neither receive nor make use of citation data, (nor) any other form of bibliometric analysis."

And: "No (subpanel) will use journal Impact Factors (nor) any hierarchy of journals in their assessment of outputs."

In regular English, what does this mean? It means, sadly, that evidence is out and subjectivity is in. If you are a UK scholar, a tiny number of people - at a guess, only two readers, because the size of the REF exercise precludes more - will judge your work post- 2008. They will do so in any way they feel is appropriate - and without recourse to a clear standard of objectivity or transparency, or compared against any unambiguous data.

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American Leadership in Science, Measured in Nobel Prizes [Infographic] - Forbes

American Leadership in Science, Measured in Nobel Prizes [Infographic] - Forbes | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The United States dominates in Nobel Prizes: can it keep its lead? A graphic by Forbes demonstrates one of America’s most important strengths: its complete dominance of basic scientific research. Each day this week, phone calls will go out from Stockholm or Oslo to tell distinguished academics, writers and peacemakers that they’ve won a Nobel Prize. And, as they have for several decades, a majority of those calls will most likely go to American academics.

That says a great deal about America’s place in the academy. The United States has won more Nobel prizes for physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, and economics since World War II than any other country, by a wide margin (it has been less dominant in literature and peace, two awards that are much more broadly distributed among nations). At least one American has won a prize each year since 1935 (excluding the years 1940 through 1942, when no prizes were given out). And the United States became dominant after a very slow start: no American won a science prize in the first six years of the prize’s existence.

The graphic is here: http://blogs-images.forbes.com/jonbruner/files/2011/10/nobel_graphic_small.png

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University Funding Systems: Impact on Research and Teaching — Economics E-Journal

University Funding Systems: Impact on Research and Teaching — Economics E-Journal | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

We address the following question: how does a higher education funding system influence the trade-off that universities make between research and teaching? We do so by constructing a model that allows universities to choose actively the quality of their teaching and research when faced with different funding systems. In particular, we derive the feasible sets that face universities under such systems and show how, as the parameters of the system are varied, the nature of the university system itself changes. The culture of the university system thus becomes endogenous. This makes the model useful for the analysis of reforms in funding and also for international comparisons.

http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2011-1/count

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One university: The Evolution of an Idea

One university: The Evolution of an Idea | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The one-university idea—that the University of California is a single institution whose campuses are united in the pursuit of a common mission and common standards of quality—has been a guiding organizational principle since UC President Robert Gordon Sproul first articulated it in the 1930s. This paper examines the origins of the one-university idea in the Sproul era, the role it has played in UC’s institutional development through waves of decentralization and campus expansion, and whether it remains relevant today.

 

Report here: http://cshe.berkeley.edu/publications/docs/ROPS.Pelfrey.OneUniversity.1.19.2011.pdf

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MyRI Tutorial; measuring your research impact

MyRI Tutorial; measuring your research impact | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it
A collaborative project of four Irish academic libraries producing a set of materials to support bibliometrics training..
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Faculty Research Productivity: Why Do Some of Our Colleagues Publish More than Others?

Faculty Research Productivity: Why Do Some of Our Colleagues Publish More than Others? | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The justification for studying faculty research productivity is that it affects individual advancement and reputation within academe, as well as departmental and institutional prestige. Publication records are an important factor in faculty performance evaluations, research grant awards, and promotion and salary decisions. The phrase “publish or perish” encapsulates the importance of research productivity to academic careers. In addition, questions are sometimes raised about whether an individual's status as a minority within academia (e.g., being a member of an underrepresented ethnic or racial group or being female in a male-dominated profession) affects his or her ability to publish or likelihood of publishing. Finally, most previous work that tackles the productivity causality puzzle comes from disciplines other than political science. Thus, one of the purposes of this report is to explore whether the existing findings about research productivity in other disciplines apply equally well to research productivity in political science.

Political Science & Politics (2011), 44: 393-408

DOI: 10.1017/S1049096511000242

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Academic Impact; a United Nations initiative

Academic Impact; a United Nations initiative | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Academic Impact is a global initiative that aligns institutions of higher education with the United Nations in actively supporting ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, literacy, sustainability and conflict resolution. The Academic Impact also asks each participating college or university to actively demonstrate support of at least one of those principles each year. The critical role of higher education in economic and social development and as a foundation for world peace is widely acknowledged. Only lacking is the resolve and action of academic leaders around the world. By formally endorsing the ten principles in the Academic Impact, institutions make a commitment to use education as an engine for addressing global problems.

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AIM Practice; Putting management knowledge into practice

AIM Practice; Putting management knowledge into practice | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

AIM Practice is dedicated to selecting the very best in management research and translating it into products that help you deliver value to you or your clients. We offer a range of unparalleled tools to help you and your clients analyse their performance in everything from innovative capability to productivity, with tailor-made reports to help you read their results. AIM Practice is the gateway to a network of some of the finest management experts operating today...

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Beyond Impact; Measuring Research, Making a Difference

Beyond Impact; Measuring Research, Making a Difference | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Beyond Impact is an Open Society Foundations funded project that aims to facilitate a conversation between researchers, their funders, and developers about what we mean by the “impact” of research and how we can make its measurement more reliable, more useful, and more accepted by the research community.

Workshop report is here: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1sH3JOW5Luki4i37Ve1mOnI2wNZJbaUOx1T42S_7txQ0/edit?hl=en_GB

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The Rise of Content Platforms | Digitopoly

The Rise of Content Platforms | Digitopoly | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

The volume of information available freely to consumers is mind-boggling. But even factoring in ease of access — no more sifting through card catalogs or microfiche in dark libraries — attention remains scarce. The task of sorting the useless to find the useful is a critical challenge.Search was supposed to solve this problem and allow people to efficiently uncover the information they need. Google’s algorithms have been structured to consider the information available and give us a ranking based on “quality” or “usefulness.” Bing actually envisions itself as a “decision engine” rather than a search engine. In each case, the goal is to resolve the information overload issue by identifying the sources most likely to have the answer you need. Impressive though this is, how many times have you been frustrated at the first few links on a search page? It’s easy to spend too much time plowing through a bunch of suggestions that turn out to be irrelevant (and possibly dangerous if you’re repairing small home appliances — take my word for it). Searchers have no way of parsing the content itself. What Google has done is narrow the set of possible pages that could contain the answer. But the results contain lots of other stuff as well. “Content platforms” are emerging that are designed to solve precisely this problem.

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UK surpasses US in research impact, says Thomson Reuters report

UK surpasses US in research impact, says Thomson Reuters report | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

Thomson Reuters, a US-based provider of information for healthcare professionals, has released a study that says the average 'impact' of research originating in the UK has risen, surpassing that of the research colossus US. This is despite a relative decrease in research output and private-sector research investment in the UK. At the same time, while the UK investment in R&D had risen by about one-third in real terms between 1991 and 2009, the nation has not kept pace with the increase in R&D investments on a global scale.

The study, "Global Research Report: United Kingdom", found that while the UK's research output (the volume of published research as a share of the world total) has fallen over the past two decades — thanks in part by extraordinary research growth in new research economies such as China — the impact of UK research (the average number of citations per published work) has in the past five years come to surpass that of the US.

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PLoS Impact Explorer..Why wait for citations?

PLoS Impact Explorer..Why wait for citations? | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

See which articles in your field are getting the most buzz online and read what your peers & the general public are saying about them. This app mashes up altmetrics data with PLoS's search API and Mendeley reader counts.

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Trouble in the middle..Is time running out for business schools that aren’t quite elite?

Trouble in the middle..Is time running out for business schools that aren’t quite elite? | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it

In 2009, when the American economy was beset by recession, interest in MBA programmes hit a record high. No one was much surprised: applications to business schools often rise during the first years of a recession as people seek shelter from the storm. So perhaps no one should be surprised that in both succeeding years applications have fallen. That’s what prolonged doldrums do.

Yet, privately at least, some business schools are worried that a two-year decline, along with a level of applications from American students lower than it has been this century, is more than just a response to the economy. They fear that the established model of business education may be in trouble, if not for all schools, then definitely for mid-ranking American institutions offering a traditional two-year MBA. Two-thirds of schools which offer long, residential programmes saw applications drop in 2011.

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Inside the Panopticon: Studying Academic Reward Systems - by KerryAnn O’Meara

Inside the Panopticon: Studying Academic Reward Systems - by KerryAnn O’Meara | Dual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university | Scoop.it
The process by which academic reward systems shape behavior has been studied in many ways, including, but not limited to, how they serve as cultural socialization, motivation, psychological contract, marketplace, and system. Just as there is ambiguity for individuals living inside academic reward systems as to what really matters and counts, there is significant complexity in trying to study them from the outside. This chapter explores the inner workings of reward systems including their major elements in the United States for full-time faculty in 4-year institutions. The author considers how they work as inputs, processes, and outcomes and the dominant theoretical frameworks and methods that have been used to study them. Recent trends and reforms in academic reward systems from 1990 to 2010 are presented alongside the problems and opportunities they raise for key stakeholders. The last section considers what we have learned over the last 20 years of studying academic reward systems that is useful for reform and suggests new areas for research..

 

Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research, 2011, Volume 26, 161-220, DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-0702-3_5

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