DNA and RNA Research
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DNA and RNA Research
The latest news and information about DNA- and RNA-related research
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Analyzing microbiomes—their impact on our health and our environment

Analyzing microbiomes—their impact on our health and our environment | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Designing primers to understand microbial diversity

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What Did Neanderthals Leave to Modern Humans? Some Surprises

What Did Neanderthals Leave to Modern Humans? Some Surprises | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Genes inherited from Neanderthals may have made some modern humans heartier, but also more prone to depression and other diseases.

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Scientists engineer fruit flies with ancient genes to test causes of evolution

Scientists engineer fruit flies with ancient genes to test causes of evolution | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Scientists at the University of Chicago have created the first genetically modified animals containing reconstructed ancient genes, which they used to test the evolutionary effects of past genetic changes on the animals’ biology and fitness.

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New genetic engineering technique could help design, study biological systems

New genetic engineering technique could help design, study biological systems | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Technique works in organisms from bacteria to animals

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Hundreds of elusive protein structures pinned down from genome data

Hundreds of elusive protein structures pinned down from genome data | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Twelve percent of all unknown protein family structures revealed

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From a Pink Squiggle to the Human Genome Project 

From a Pink Squiggle to the Human Genome Project  | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

This Yellowstone bacterium sparked PCR, one of the great advances in genetics.

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New insights in genetic defect allow prevention of fatal illnesses in children

New insights in genetic defect allow prevention of fatal illnesses in children | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

A team of scientists led by prof. Adrian Liston (VIB–KU Leuven) and prof. Isabelle Meyts (UZ Leuven – KU Leuven) were able to characterize a new genetic immunodeficiency resulting from a mutation in a gene named STAT2. This mutation causes patients to be extremely vulnerable to normally mild childhood illnesses such as rotavirus and enterovirus. Prof. Liston’s comprehensive analysis of the genetic defect allows clinicians to provide children with the proper therapies before illnesses prove fatal. The findings of the research have been published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Largest Populus SNP dataset holds promise for biofuels, materials, metabolites 

Largest Populus SNP dataset holds promise for biofuels, materials, metabolites  | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have released the largest-ever single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) dataset of genetic variations in poplar trees, information useful to plant scientists as well as researchers in the fields of biofuels, materials science, and secondary plant metabolism.

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New Tools Will Drive Greater Understanding of Wheat Genes

New Tools Will Drive Greater Understanding of Wheat Genes | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

HHMI scientists develop a much-needed genetic resource that is aiding development of wheat plants with improved traits.

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Capturing information from thousands of cells at once

Capturing information from thousands of cells at once | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Researchers have developed a new technique which allows them to examine huge amounts of information from a single cell or zoom out and see data patterns among thousands upon thousands of cells — all in a single experiment. The method could help researchers dive deep into the ecosystem of cancer.

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Cultural differences may leave their mark on DNA

Cultural differences may leave their mark on DNA | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Groundbreaking new study shows how deeply ethnicity combines genetics and environment.

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Viruses in the genome important for our brain

Viruses in the genome important for our brain | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Over millions of years retroviruses have been incorporated into our human DNA, where they today make up almost 10 per cent of the total genome. A research group at Lund University in Sweden has now discovered a mechanism through which these retroviruses may have an impact on gene expression. This means that they may have played a significant role in the development of the human brain as well as in various neurological diseases.

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“Mysterious” Non-protein-coding RNAs Play Important Roles In Gene Expression 

“Mysterious” Non-protein-coding RNAs Play Important Roles In Gene Expression  | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

In cells, DNA is transcribed into RNAs that provide the molecular recipe for cells to make proteins. Most of the genome is transcribed into RNA, but only a small proportion of RNAs are actually from the protein-coding regions of the genome.

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Choreographing the microRNA-target dance

Choreographing the microRNA-target dance | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Molecular biologists at UT Southwestern Medical Center were able to uncover a new mechanism that choreographs a complex molecular dance by applying the latest in gene editing technology combined with a traditional method of making a microRNA target produce a fluorescent green protein.

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Study reveals new genetic mechanism driving breast cancer 

Study reveals new genetic mechanism driving breast cancer  | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

This new mechanism found in 33 mutation hotspots in the genome.

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Scrambled DNA inside tumours might hinder cancer immunotherapy

Scrambled DNA inside tumours might hinder cancer immunotherapy | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Cancer treatments that harness the power of the immune system might be less effective in patients whose tumors carry incorrectly packaged DNA.

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RNA hitches a ride on ultrasound waves

RNA hitches a ride on ultrasound waves | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

MIT researchers have demonstrated that they can deliver strands of unformulated RNA very efficiently to colon cells, using bursts of ultrasound waves that propel the RNA into the cells.

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Seeking Structure With Metagenome Sequences 

Seeking Structure With Metagenome Sequences  | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Metagenomics database helps fill in 10 percent of previously unknown protein structures

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Protein Complex Prevents Genome Instability

Protein Complex Prevents Genome Instability | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Structural and organizational roles for key protein complex in yeast model of DNA repair

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In immature brain cells, RNAs hitch ride with fragile X protein 

In immature brain cells, RNAs hitch ride with fragile X protein  | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

A clue to the origins of autism may exist among the molecules that transport RNA in the developing brain.

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Take the mRNA train 

Take the mRNA train  | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Messenger RNAs bearing the genetic information for the synthesis of proteins are delivered to defined sites in the cell cytoplasm by molecular motors. LMU researchers have elucidated how the motors recognize their mRNA freight.

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New study reveals the structure of DNA helicase at the replication fork 

New study reveals the structure of DNA helicase at the replication fork  | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Scientists at VARI and Rockefeller University have successfully described a crucial structure involved in DNA replication.

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Using microfluidics to improve genetics research

Using microfluidics to improve genetics research | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Scientists at EPFL have developed a technique that can be a game-changer for genetics by making the characterization of DNA-binding proteins much faster, more accurate, and efficient. 

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Scientists reprogram embryonic stem cells to expand their potential

Scientists reprogram embryonic stem cells to expand their potential | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

Releasing molecular brake lets pluripotent stem cells develop into a broader range of cell types, akin to the potential of fertilized eggs

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Researchers solve a cancer conundrum 

As cells turn cancerous, ribosome regulators force the cellular machines to preferentially produce cancer proteins

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Buffering mechanism protects embryonic development

Buffering mechanism protects embryonic development | DNA and RNA Research | Scoop.it

EMBL scientists uncover buffering mechanisms that protect an embryo's development from the effects of genetic variation.

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