DNA testing is not necessary in most cases and not required when one is trying to immigrate to many countries around the world. There are special circumstances when it may be necessary to do so – especially if the case hinges on a person’s ability to prove that some of the applicants are biologically related. In such cases, a DNA test will be required. Immigration officers will recommend this test on a case by case basis.
Immigration departments usually deal with specific testing labs and they will recommend one to the applicant so that they can get the test done there. Results are usually sent directly to the Department, the case officer and to the applicant. It is a waste of money and time for the applicant to get this test done at a facility not approved by Immigration. So, what exactly does this involve?
Who should get this test done?
If an applicant’s petition to immigrate is being sponsored by a close relative, evidence of the relationship will have to be provided. In most cases, documents like a birth certificate or something similar is enough evidence to establish a relationship by blood to the parent or the sibling who is signing sponsorship papers.
If the Immigration officer has reason to doubt the papers or if the relationship is not clearly established with the provided documents, DNA testing will be requested. It pays to know that DNA testing for immigration is not a hard and fast requirement. It is just a recommendation that will help bolster the case and improve application’s chance of approval.
People are usually advised to submit all the documents they have to establish validity and to know how they are related to the sponsor. If there is some doubt, then paternity DNA testing will be the next recommended or requested step.
How much does a DNA Test cost?
The applicant is responsible for the costs associated with the test and this money will have to be paid up front to the lab. This is another reason why applicants are encouraged to wait until it is requested by immigration – it might be an unnecessary expenditure.
On average, a DNA test for immigration ranges between $600 - $1000 US. The kit usually includes tests for the applicant and sponsor, as well as mailing the results to the Immigration Department.
What does the process involve?
Once the facility approved by Immigration has been picked, applicants make an appointment at the lab to get a buccal swab. DNA is taken from the cheek on a cotton swab then tested in a fast and painless procedure.
The applicant will go through the same process and both of the test results will be mailed on completion to Immigration. It is considered a supplement to the Immigration application.
If a person wants a copy of their DNA test result, they can contact the lab to get a copy. Applicants are usually not allowed to handle the testing kit so that results are accurate. The only thing an applicant can do is to make an appointment with the lab, pay the fee, and follow instructions given by the person handling testing at the lab.
Most immigration cases are approved without the need for a DNA test. In cases where DNA testing is required, it pays to be aware of the fact that just because there is evidence of a blood relationship, there is no guarantee that the application will be approved.