Discovering the Universe
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Solar System Exploration: Science & Technology: Science Features: Our Solar System: Galileo's Observations of the Moon, Jupiter, Venus and the Sun

Solar System Exploration: Science & Technology: Science Features: Our Solar System: Galileo's Observations of the Moon, Jupiter, Venus and the Sun | Discovering the Universe | Scoop.it
We are NASA's Planetary Science Division. Our hardworking robots explore the planets and more on the wild frontiers of our solar system.
Francesca Marini Fichera's insight:

Galileo’s discoveries about the solar system and Milky Way revolutionized our view about the universe. He created his own telescope, a recent discovery in his time, and discovered that the Moon is made up of pits, craters, and mountains. The moon was previously believed to have been flat. He studied Jupiter and saw that four moons orbited it. This challenged many common beliefs in his time. He studied the phases of Venus and saw that the planets orbit the sun, not the earth. He observed the sun and saw many dark sunspots. He laid the foundation for modern space probes and telescopes. In his time, many people believed the sun and the planets orbited the earth, but his discoveries disputed that and proved Copernican’s idea. People in his time knew very little about the universe, but he discovered many solar beings that introduced a new look on the universe. He discovered facts about the universe that no one in his time could comprehend. He changed people’s views about the solar system and the Earth. People’s views about the universe were very close minded during his time and he introduced many discoveries that attempted to open their minds about the universe.

 

"Our Solar System: Galileo's Observations of the Moon, Jupiter, Venus and the Sun." Solar System Exploration. NASA, 10 Feb. 2011. Web. 19 Mar. 2014. 

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Siobhan Kiernan's comment, April 2, 2014 7:51 PM
I like how your scoop gives an insight on the universes and it's different views
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Chain Reaction: From Einstein to the Atomic Bomb | DiscoverMagazine.com

Chain Reaction: From Einstein to the Atomic Bomb | DiscoverMagazine.com | Discovering the Universe | Scoop.it

He began the project but was then shut out for being a perceived security risk.

Francesca Marini Fichera's insight:

People believe that the atomic bomb was fathered by Einstein because he gave the United States incentive to create it and he formed the equation E=mc^2, which allowed the bomb to be possible. Einstein wrote a letter to president Roosevelt warning him that the Germans were building an atomic bomb. Leo Szilard and Eugene Wigner contacted Einstein, warning him of the threat. They discovered that a nuclear chain reaction could be created using uranium and an atomic bomb could be created and used to the Germans advantage during the war. They contacted Einstein and he warned the president. If Albert Einstein had not warned the government of the bomb, we do not know how the war would have turned out, the bombing of Hiroshima changed the path of the war. If he had not warned the United States, the United States would have been behind the Germans in nuclear physics. That warning had a huge impact on the world. Although it did not introduce any new ideas that influenced the universe, if he had not warned the president we do not know what the repercussions of the war would be and the world might be a different place.  


Isaacson, Walter. "Chain Reaction: From Einstein to the Atomic Bomb.” Discover Magazine 18 Mar. 2008: n. pag. DiscoverMagazine.com. Web. 23 Mar. 2014.

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Bryanna Geiger's comment, April 2, 2014 7:31 AM
It is very interesting how Einstein forever changed history by setting in motion the production of the atomic bomb. The outcome of the war was ultimately affected by the bombing of Hiroshima and the advance in nuclear physics. I agree with the author that if Einstein had not warned the United States, the outcome of the war may have been very different. Einstein's actions led to the discovery of a nuclear chain reaction that could be created with uranium and an atomic bomb. Einstein advanced nuclear physics and without his influence, the war and the world could be very different.
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Albert Einstein Biography

Albert Einstein Biography | Discovering the Universe | Scoop.it
Biography.com offers a glimpse into the life of Albert Einstein, the most influential physicist of the 20th century, who developed the theory of relativity.
Francesca Marini Fichera's insight:

Einstein was interested in math and science during his childhood. He attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School. Every job Einstein applied to turned him down because he skipped his classes. Einstein liked to study on his own. After his father died, his friend offered him a job at a patent office. In 1905, he formed his principle of relativity, in which he published a paper including the formula E=mc^2. In 1915, he completed his general theory of relativity. Einstein won the Nobel Prize for Physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. As the Nazis rose to power, he moved to the United States. He warned President Roosevelt that the Nazis were forming the atomic bomb which helped form the Manhattan Project. He died trying to find a universal theory that explained the nature of the universe. Throughout his life, Einstein made many discoveries that changed people’s scientific views. Before Einstein's theories, people did not know as much about the universe we live in. He explained the photoelectric effect and opened up ideas that later scientists built on to further understand the nature of the universe. He created theories that helped explain the basic nature of the universe.

 

"Albert Einstein.biography." Biography.com. A+E Television Networks, 2013. Web.19 Mar. 2014.

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Samantha O'Donoghue's comment, April 4, 2014 8:14 AM
Overall, this was great. I really like how much detail and explanation that you put into this. I learned a lot of things from it that I did not know before. For example, I did not know that Galileo was arrested. I also did not really understand Einstein's theory of E=mc^2 until I read your article, so you did a great job clarifying that. I think the only change you could have made was just be a little more specific about the situation with the Nazis and Galileo's discoveries, but other than that, you did a great job!<br>
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Galileo Biography

Galileo Biography | Discovering the Universe | Scoop.it
The forefather of what we know today about motion, mass and astronomy, Galileo also dealt with accusations of heresy. Learn more at Biography.com.
Francesca Marini Fichera's insight:

Galileo attended the University of Pisa to study medicine in 1583. He was greatly interested in physics and mathematics. He left the university without receiving his degree and picked up small jobs for the next few years. In 1604, he developed the universal law of acceleration, followed by all objects in the universe. He did not support Aristotle’s ideas, but supported Copernican’s ideas that the earth and the planets revolved around the sun. This challenged the ideas the Catholic Church supported. He published Dialogues which showed he supported Copernican’s theory. Galileo was called to the Inquisition and was placed under house arrest for the rest of his life. Galileo made long lasting implications on the study of physics. Galileo introduced many ideas that were challenged by the Church. He proposed revolutionary ideas and supported controversial ideas that were very advanced for his age. It caused people to think more about the world and see that they must not just look at the surface of an object. Galileo taught people to study and be more conscious of science. He is known as the father of modern science. He offered a new perspective about the universe that many people could not understand.  


"Galileo.biography." Biography.com. A+E Television Networks, 2013. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.

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Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

Albert Einstein (1879-1955) | Discovering the Universe | Scoop.it
Francesca Marini Fichera's insight:

Einstein is the father of modern physics. He revolutionized the way the universe is viewed. Einstein created the Theory of Relativity which included Special Relativity and General Relativity. The Theory of General Relativity says that large objects can bend space like smaller objects. The larger the object the more space is bent. The Theory of Special Relativity states that measurements of distance and time depend on how fast you are traveling and it is impossible to see if you are moving unless you look at another object. Einstein also showed that light is made up of packets of energy called photons which later helped to develop the quantum theory. Einstein also said everything is made up of atoms. These theories changed the way people looked at space and matter. Before Einstein came along, science was not as developed. Nobody had the idea that all matter is made up of atoms. Einstein opened people’s eyes and helped people realize more about the universe we live in. If Einstein did not create these theories, science would not be as advanced as it is today. Einstein cleared the way for many other scientists to develop physics and teach people about the universe. 


"Albert Einstein (1879-1955) The Father of Modern Physics." Planet Science. NESTA, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.

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