1) Downstream Marketers
This style of marketer is most common. They are often marketing products which are handed to them from product teams, or remote engineering teams, even abroad in other countries. They often have little say over what they will market, and are often measured on transactional measurements, often signups, leads, or total sales. The downside for this marketer is they are often non-strategic, and focused on marketing tactics, but the upside is they’re role is often safe and secure for the short term.
2) Upstream Marketers
This role is less common, but often found if there’s a research, strategy, analyst, or intelligence group within the marketing unit. This group often researchers and interacts with the market to define long term direction of where the market is, then brings in key product teams to define a roadmap based on future direction. This group has challenges, as if they don’t tie their efforts to the point of transaction (signups, revenue), they’re efforts will not be considered grounded and their value to the company will be challenged.