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What People Really Care About When They Meet You: Are You a Good Person?

What People Really Care About When They Meet You: Are You a Good Person? | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
Recent theories say that the two fundamental dimensions of perception are warmth and competence, not morality.
Mark Waser's insight:

More excellent reasearch from Paul Rozin . . . .

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Moralities of Everyday Life

Moralities of Everyday Life | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
Moralities of Everyday Life is a free online class taught by Paul Bloom of Yale University
Mark Waser's insight:

Even if you think you know the subject -- you *don't* know all the latest research and opinions (and how they're best summarized and conveyed) -- not to mention that it's worthwhile just spending time thinking about the subject.  TAKE THE COURSE!  It will be your contribution to the future (and fascinating, interesting and useful besides).

 

 

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Tottenville Review » Blog » Story Theory: Confessions of a Literary Darwinist

Tottenville Review » Blog » Story Theory: Confessions of a Literary Darwinist | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
A new review of books focused on debuts, translations, and all works that would otherwise go undetected. It is a collaborative of authors, translators, and reviewers bound by one purpose: to contribute to the dialogue of literature.
Mark Waser's insight:

Ignore the blurb.  This is a great introduction to (/the back-story of) his Narrative Complexity: A Consciousness Hypothesis (seemingly a blend of Dennett and Schank) which can be found at http://www.rsalvador.com/complexity.html

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Rescooped by Mark Waser from Bounded Rationality and Beyond
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20th APS Annual Convention - Inside the Psychologist's Studio with Daniel Kahneman on Vimeo

Inside the Psychologist's Studio with Daniel Kahneman Interviewed by Richard H. Thaler 20th APS Annual Convention Chicago, IL, USA -- 2008 When your field of research is judgment and decision making, it’s not every day you see a 45 minute interview on your topic. Or every week. Or every year. So when we were sent this interview featuring two JDM giants, Richard Thaler and Nobel Laureate Daniel Kahneman, we knew we had to run it, even if it is from 2008. 


Via Alessandro Cerboni
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Confidence Theory: Belief Formation in Choice Under Risk by Goran Slobodan Milovanović :: SSRN

Confidence Theory: Belief Formation in Choice Under Risk by Goran Slobodan Milovanović :: SSRN | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
Probability weighting in choice under risk is outcome dependent: the decision weights are systematically related to the extremeness of the outcomes they weight
Mark Waser's insight:

More evidence that human "distortions" of probability follow the principles of rational adaptive cognition (rather than being the "shortcomings" that many reductionists believe/claim that they are).

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The Rich Think They’re Superior. That’s Deluded and Dangerous.

The Rich Think They’re Superior. That’s Deluded and Dangerous. | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
London’s mayor, Boris Johnson, drew criticism late last year for saying that economic inequality can be attributed, in part, to IQ.
Mark Waser's insight:

Interesting.  When you click on the link, the title is "Social Darwinism Isn’t Dead: Rich people think they really are different from you and me"

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Beyond Big Data: Identifying Important Information for Real World Challenges | NECSI

Beyond Big Data: Identifying Important Information for Real World Challenges | NECSI | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
Mark Waser's insight:

The paper is much better than the abstract may lead you to believe.  Download the PDF!

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Why We Sext

Why We Sext | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
“Not tonight, honey, I have a headache” can spare lovers from sex. But it won’t save them from sexts.
Mark Waser's insight:

Computers in Human Behavior article at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563213004123

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[1312.6764] Bounded Recursive Self-Improvement

We have designed a machine that becomes increasingly better at behaving in underspecified circumstances, in a goal-directed way, on the job, by modeling itself and its environment as experience accumulates. Based on principles of autocatalysis, endogeny, and reflectivity, the work provides an architectural blueprint for constructing systems with high levels of operational autonomy in underspecified circumstances, starting from a small seed. Through value-driven dynamic priority scheduling controlling the parallel execution of a vast number of reasoning threads, the system achieves recursive self-improvement after it leaves the lab, within the boundaries imposed by its designers. A prototype system has been implemented and demonstrated to learn a complex real-world task, real-time multimodal dialogue with humans, by on-line observation. Our work presents solutions to several challenges that must be solved for achieving artificial general intelligence.

Mark Waser's insight:

Solid work in the direction I believe is most likely to yield safe AGI.

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Delayed aging is better investment than cancer, heart disease research

Delayed aging is better investment than cancer, heart disease research | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it

Via Louie Helm
Mark Waser's insight:

Simple economics . . . .

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Louie Helm's curator insight, December 16, 2013 2:05 AM

"Recent scientific advances suggest that slowing the aging process (senescence) is now a realistic goal. Yet most medical research remains focused on combating individual diseases."


"Using the Future Elderly Model—a microsimulation of the future health and spending of older Americans—we compared optimistic “disease specific” scenarios with a hypothetical “delayed aging” scenario in terms of the scenarios’ impact on longevity, disability, and major entitlement program costs. Delayed aging could increase life expectancy by an additional 2.2 years, most of which would be spent in good health."


"The economic value of delayed aging is estimated to be $7.1 trillion over fifty years."


"In contrast, addressing heart disease and cancer separately would yield diminishing improvements in health and longevity by 2060—mainly due to competing risks. Delayed aging would greatly increase entitlement outlays, especially for Social Security. However, these changes could be offset by increasing the Medicare eligibility age and the normal retirement age for Social Security. Overall, greater investment in research to delay aging appears to be a highly efficient way to forestall disease, extend healthy life, and improve public health."

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Key Articles about Distributed Autonomous Corporations (DACs)

"Invictus makes unmanned companies like the aerospace industry makes unmanned vehicles. We release these autonomous entities into the wild and then do business with them like any familiar brick and mortar and flesh and blood (BMFB) company.” — Stan Larimer, Invictus President

Mark Waser's insight:

This is how AGI will be created.

Articles include:

Bitcoin and the Three Laws of Robotics

BitShares as a Distributed Autonomous Bank

A Case Study of The Associated Press, DAC

DACs Revisited

and more . . . .

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How We Got “Please” and “Thank You”

How We Got “Please” and “Thank You” | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
Why the line between politeness and bossiness is a linguistic mirage.

"A good thing to think about is what kind of face to make when you
Mark Waser's insight:

I disagree entirely with the statement that "the line between politeness and bossiness is a linguistic mirage" but the rest is very good . . . .

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Scientists Discover a Jewel at the Heart of Quantum Physics - Wired Science

Scientists Discover a Jewel at the Heart of Quantum Physics - Wired Science | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
Mark Waser's insight:

Off -topic . . . . but HUGE enough to justify it . . . .

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Robots with "soul"

What kind of robots does an animator / jazz musician / roboticist make? Playful, reactive, curious ones. Guy Hoffman shows demo film of his family of unusual robots -- including two musical bots that like to jam with humans.
Mark Waser's insight:

Simply amazing as well as a reminder that sometimes we just need to get out of our own heads (and fearful planning modes) and just improvise, make errors, correct them and simply *live* and be human (except that robots can do all of that as well).

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More Knowledge, Less Belief in Religion?

More Knowledge, Less Belief in Religion? | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
Religious belief is associated with less knowledge as well as lower intelligence

Via Ioannis
Mark Waser's insight:

I hesitated to post this because I am not anti-religious (though I am anti-fundamentalist) but it seems balanced and has a lot of great information and data -- particularly with respect to "openness to experience" (the lack of which I am *strongly* opposed to).

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Driving Over Your Best Friend: It's the Right Thing to Do

Driving Over Your Best Friend: It's the Right Thing to Do | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
Life is full of moral dilemmas, and a new study shows we may be better at resolving them than we think
Mark Waser's insight:

"The results of the trials were stark."  People are *much* more moral in virtual reality where their emotions were engaged than when they "made their choices the old-fashioned, check-a-box way".  So what are we to think about all that arm-chair philosophizing that says that "rationality" is more important than emotion and morality?

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This Is Your Brain On Money

This Is Your Brain On Money | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
The term "affluenza" -- a portmanteau of affluence and influenza, defined as a "painful, contagious, socially transmitted condition of overload, debt, anxiety, and waste, resulting from the dogged pursuit of more" -- is often dismissed as a silly...
Mark Waser's insight:

The embedded links point to a lot of great stuff.

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The Smartest Book About Our Digital Age Was Published in 1929

The Smartest Book About Our Digital Age Was Published in 1929 | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
How José Ortega y Gasset's ‘The Revolt of the Masses’ helps us understand everything from YouTube to ‘Duck Dynasty.’
Mark Waser's insight:

I read The Revolt of the Masses a similar length of time ago (about thirty years) but had forgotten it -- not realizing how much it altered my perspective . . . .

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‘Personhood beyond the human’: Reflections on a very important conference

‘Personhood beyond the human’: Reflections on a very important conference | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
‘Personhood beyond the human’: Reflections on a very important conference Steve Fuller   [The issues discussed here will be taken forward at my keynote address to the British Sociological Asso...
Mark Waser's insight:

At first glance, I really liked the statement that "your capacity for self-assertion against a countervailing force – as good an empirical definition of autonomy as any – marks you as worthy of rights".  But capacity is the wrong word since it seemingly denies rights to those overwhelmed by opposing forces.  I would, therefore, strongly argue for the words desire or drive or potential instead.

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Stirling Behavioural Science Blog : Nudge Database

Stirling Behavioural Science Blog : Nudge Database | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it

Update: Here is the latest version of the Nudge Database pdf.

This is a list of empirical ‘nudges’ and their sources with a particular emphasis on those sourced from academic papers. It will be updated regularly. I created it because while there are many interesting papers and websites documenting nudges, there is a lamentable absence of any searchable, central database. If you know of some nudges that I have not included, please let me know by email or Twitter. The nudges listed here are intended as a quick reference: if you are looking for sample sizes and p-values you need to check the original paper. Where possible I have provided links to freely accessible versions of the papers.


Via Alessandro Cerboni
Mark Waser's insight:

I seem to be on a bounded rationality roll . . . . more good info on how nudges and defaults can encourage desirable behavior.

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Applying the insights of behavioural economics will mean better – and cheaper – government

Applying the insights of behavioural economics will mean better – and cheaper – government | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
Shortly after the Coalition came to power, David Cameron brought a team of civil servants into the Cabinet Office to work on a ground-breaking project under his controversial director of strategy, Steve Hilton.
Mark Waser's insight:

Simply changing the *default* choice is a powerful tool . . . .

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DRC Trials

DRC Trials | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
Mark Waser's insight:

If you missed the fact that the DARPA Robotics Challenge Trials were just held in Miami, come see the current state of the art.

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Paul Piff: Does money make you mean? | Video on TED.com

It's amazing what a rigged game of Monopoly can reveal. In this entertaining but sobering talk, social psychologist Paul Piff shares his research into how people behave when they feel wealthy.
Mark Waser's insight:

simply AWESOME

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Congress Can Be Corrupt Without Corrupt People

Congress Can Be Corrupt Without Corrupt People | Digital Wisdom | Scoop.it
The Supreme Court is considering whether ‘corruption’ can refer to a system as well as individuals. The definition makes all the difference when it comes reforming Washington.
Mark Waser's insight:

"even if none of the “gangsters” are corrupt, the institution still could well be. The complaint then is not about bad people doing bad things. The complaint is against a bad system, which drives good people to behave in ways that defeat the objectives of the system as a whole."

I claim that

   1.  Ceteris paribus (all other things being equal), people *are* good, and
   2.  It is our unevolved systems that are the source of virtually all of the current problems of humanity.

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