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This data visualization from the U.S. Census Bureau shows distribution of Hispanic or Latino population by specific origin. http://go.usa.gov/D7VH
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This source is interesting because it uses U.S. Census Bureau data to show where Puerto Ricans and Mexicans generally live in the United States. This source shows that we cannot merely generalize about the entire Hispanic population. We cannot just say, "Hispanics live in this particular region" because in reference to this source, that is false. We notice that Puerto Ricans generally live in Florida and in the northeast, probably because the east coast of the United States falls along similar longitudinal lines as Puerto Rico itself. Similarly, we notice that Mexicans tend to migrate to southern California and areas in Texas and Arizona since these places are along the U.S. border with Mexico, so it would make sense for Mexicans to live in these areas. This is a great source.
1. What geographic factors account for the differences in settlement patterns of those of Puerto Rican origin and those of Mexican origin?
2.How do these patterns shape the cultural patterns in the United States and affect particular places?
"Counties where at least 10 percent of people speak a language other than English at home."
The presence of large numbers of people that speak languages other than English at home occurs on the east and west coasts of the U.S., but largely in the south and western areas of the U.S.. In high school we used to have discussions about how there were many immigrants coming into the U.S. from or through Mexico. With migration comes cultural diffusion, as the people coming into the United States bring their language and many other cultural elements of their country of origin with them. I know there are certain neighborhoods in cities in Rhode Island where most people that I see on the street are speaking Spanish. I have a relative that has married an immigrant from Guatemala, and she learned that the North East coast of the U.S. Is where many people from Central America move to- often in groups that settle as communities to help each other. I can understand that it is essential to live near people that speak your language, and it makes sense that their strength and comfort in numbers is also a way of having a "home away from home." Being the area of the world on the southern land border of the U.S., and that Central America consists mainly of Spanish speakers, it fills in the Southern areas of the U.S. with people that speak a language other than English. The coasts overall can be explained as being populated by people that speak languages other than English at home because they contain ports of travel and trade, and are points where many flights from other countries would land and drop off travelers and migrants. That and beautiful ocean views make the coasts a great place for foreigners to settle and live. These pull factors are likely influential reasons for people to relocate to the areas on the map.
This map does not bring many surprises. Places where there are a lot of Spanish speaking families are present in places where many Spanish people immigrate to, along the Mexican border and the southern tip of Florida, where Cuba is close by. One interesting thing about the French areas seen in Louisiana is that their version of French is a regional dialect. Not only is their a cluster of French speaking families, but they are all speaking a language native to the region. It is very surprising that there are not as many French speaking families along the Canadien border.
This map is a great visual showing how multicultural the United States has become. This change is visible however is more states than others. For example, Most of the West Coast and Texas is made up of bilinguals that can speak both English and Spanish. I believe because they are so close to Mexico and that California sees a large influx of immigrants this would make sense. In addition, Florida is also another state that sees immigrants entering from overseas and has a large Cuban population because of this that Florida would be bilingual as well. It is interesting to see that in both Hawaii and Arizona, indigenous Native American languages are still spoken. Finally, the Dakota's have a large population of German speakers which I would have never associated together in the past. It is very interesting to see if these languages expand any further in the next ten years.