Abstract from the Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, Volume 26, Issue 6, Pages 513-516, November 2012, Authors:Ishan Hirji; Zhenchao Guo; Susan W.
The objective of this observational study was to quantify the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTI) among diabetes patients and compare this risk to patients without diabetes. Type 2 diabetes patients and a matched sample of patients without diabetes were identified from GPRD (general practice research database).
Patients were followed for 1-year from their study index date until the first record of a UTI or a censored event. The incidence of UTI was 46.9 per 1000 person-years (95% confidence interval (CI) 45.8–48.1) among diabetes patients and 29.9 (95% CI 28.9–30.8) for patients without diabetes.
Compared to the non-diabetes patients, the risk of UTI was 1.53 (95% CI 1.46–1.59) for all diabetes patients; and 2.08 (95% CI 1.93–2.24) for patients with previously diagnosed diabetes.
In general practice, across gender and age, the risk of developing a UTI is higher for patients with type 2 diabetes compared to patients without diabetes.