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Iceland’s Renewable Energy Drive is Full-Steam Ahead | National Geographic

Iceland’s Renewable Energy Drive is Full-Steam Ahead | National Geographic | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it

Iceland is famous for its breathtaking scenery, its geysers, its Blue Lagoon—and for using its abundant renewable energy, and especially for tapping the volcanic roots of the island in developing its geothermal resources.

 

Iceland today generates 100 percent of its electricity with renewables: 75 percent of that from large hydro, and 25 percent from geothermal. Equally significant, Iceland provides 87 percent of its demand for hot water and heat with geothermal energy, primarily through an extensive district heating system.

 

Altogether, hydro and geothermal sources meet 81 percent of Iceland’s primary energy requirements for electricity, heat, and transportation. Iceland has profited by using the low cost of its renewably generated electricity—and the stable price it represents over the long term—to lure a large aluminum smelting industry to the island.

 

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Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
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Développement durable et efficacité énergétique
Pour un développement durable et pour l'efficacité énergétique. «Pour ce qui est de l’avenir, il ne s’agit pas de le prévoir mais de le rendre possible. »  Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
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Energy Efficiency: Why? How? | Groupe Enerstat Inc.

Energy Efficiency: Why? How? | Groupe Enerstat Inc. | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
Efficacité énergétique. Pourquoi ? Comment ?
Pour faire la différence dans votre organisation, économiser et faire un geste concret pour l'environnement, tout en réduisant le gaspillage et les excès.
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Désinvestir des énergies fossiles insuffisant pour stopper le réchauffement climatique (Gates)

Désinvestir des énergies fossiles insuffisant pour stopper le réchauffement climatique (Gates) | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
Renoncer à investir dans les énergies fossiles ne sera pas suffisant pour stopper le réchauffement climatique, a averti vendredi à Paris le milliardaire et philanthrope américain Bill Gates.

Via Hubert MESSMER @Zehub on Twitter
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

Bill Gates, qui considère le changement climatique comme une menace importante pour la planète, a ajouté qu'il n'était «pas vraiment contre le désinvestissement», mais il doit aller de pair avec «des investissements sérieux dans des technologies révolutionnaires».


Selon le Groupe intergouvernemental d'experts sur l'évolution du climat (GIEC), il est urgent de se détourner massivement des énergies fossiles, en particulier du charbon, et d'investir massivement dans l'efficacité énergétique pour découpler croissance et émissions de gaz à effet de serre.

 

Des entreprises, des banques et des fonds d'investissements ont récemment annoncé leur intention de se retirer du charbon et autres industries néfastes pour le climat.

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Les plus belles photos de l'année sur l'environnement

Les plus belles photos de l'année sur l'environnement | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it

ENVIRONNEMENT – Comme chaque année, le concours du meilleur photographe d'environnement nous offre un florilège de clichés à la fois impressionnants et inquiétants. L'objectif ? Voir au-delà du cliché pour attirer l'attention sur les problèmes environnementaux.

Plus de 10.000 photographes et réalisateurs originaires d'une soixantaine de pays différents ont immortalisé des scènes captivantes aux quatre coins du globe. Organisé par la londonienne Royal Geographical Society et la CIWEM (Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management) et sponsorisé par Atkins, le concours est ouvert aussi bien aux amateurs qu'aux professionnels.


Via Catherine Dauriac , Nessy du Loch
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

Ces photographies sont destinées à démontrer l'existence d'un lien entre les questions environnementales et sociales. Tout en éveillant les consciences, elles suscitent de nombreuses interrogations sur les dégâts causés par les hommes sur Terre. Et pour cette édition 2015, la barre semble être placée très haut.

"Les inscriptions pour le prix de 2015 sont de très haut niveau. Les clichés nous exposent à des sujets qui font réfléchir, et qui nous poussent à mettre en question l'impact que nous avons sur la planète, à la fois en tant qu'individu et citoyen" , s'est en effet réjoui selon la BBC Nigel Hendley, l'un des juges et également chef de la direction intérimaire de la CIWEM.

Changements climatiques, surpopulation, catastrophes naturelles, biodiversité, développement durable, pauvreté et conséquences de la mondialisation... Des domaines fondamentaux sont abordés par ces artistes, qui parviennent à montrer à quel point la nature est fragile malgré sa beauté déroutante.

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L'Arabie Saoudite veut devenir le leader mondial des énergies renouvelables

L'Arabie Saoudite veut devenir le leader mondial des énergies renouvelables | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
Le deuxième producteur mondial de pétrole après les Etats-Unis, a désormais décidé de s'engager en faveur des énergies renouvelables. Pour eux, investir dans l'énergie solaire pourrait être un moyen de rester une puissance économique mondiale, à condition que leur consommation en or noir cesse de croître.

Via Atlantis RH
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

"L'Arabie saoudite reconnaît qu'un jour le monde n'aura plus besoin d'hydrocarbures. Je ne sais pas quand cela arrivera, probablement en 2040, 2050 ou plus tard. Nous nous sommes donc engagés dans un programme pour développer l'énergie solaire", a indiqué M.Al-Naïmi, ministre du pétrole, lors du Business and Climate Summit de Paris à la fin du mois de mai.

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The Way Humans Get Electricity Is About to Change Forever

The Way Humans Get Electricity Is About to Change Forever | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
These six shifts will transform markets over the next 25 years
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

"The renewable-energy boom is here. Trillions of dollars will be invested over the next 25 years, driving some of the most profound changes yet in how humans get their electricity. That's according to a new forecast by Bloomberg New Energy Finance that plots out global power markets to 20401. "

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Texte intégral de l’encyclique sur l’écologie humaine du pape François

Texte intégral de l’encyclique sur l’écologie humaine du pape François | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it

Découvrez le texte de la première encyclique centrée sur la question écologique, dans laquelle le pape François invite chacun « à un nouveau dialogue sur la façon dont nous construisons l’avenir de la planète ». 

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The First “Urban Pope” | TheCityFix

The First “Urban Pope” | TheCityFix | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it

Pope Francis is proving to be the first “environmentalist pope.” It turns out he also may be the first urbanist pope–not counting the aptly named Pope Urban of the 3rd Century.

 

Today marks an important milestone in the global effort to combat climate change: the full support of the Pope, who today issued a wide-ranging Encyclical statement urging the world to pursue sustainable development, and clarifying the link between Catholic teaching and environmentalism. As part of this wide ranging document critiquing modern capitalism’s inability to create healthy and just environments, Pope Francis also specified his thinking on the importance of cities in the creation of a healthier and more equitable world.

 

He writes in Chapter 1 (What is Happening to Our Common Home) that “Nowadays, for example, we are conscious of the disproportionate and unruly growth of many cities, which have become unhealthy to live in, not only because of pollution caused by toxic emissions but also as a result of urban chaos, poor transportation, and visual pollution and noise. Many cities are huge, inefficient structures, excessively wasteful of energy and water. Neighbourhoods, even those recently built, are congested, chaotic and lacking in sufficient green space. We were not meant to be inundated by cement, asphalt, glass and metal, and deprived of physical contact with nature.”

 

For those already working on issues related to sustainable urbanism, none of this is particularly new. But for this thinking to come from the Catholic Church itself, an institution that commands the moral respect of millions of Catholics, is a momentous occasion.

 

As the first pope from the Global South, Francis’s background has no doubt exposed him to the problems of unsustainable development. Born as Jorge Mario Bergoglio in Argentina, Francis had exposure to urban poverty in Latin America throughout his career, often visiting residents of Buenos Aires’s shantytowns, or Villa miseria.


Via Flora Moon
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Respecter les normes mondiales en matière de pollution de l’air sauverait des millions de vies - le Monde

Respecter les normes mondiales en matière de pollution de l’air sauverait des millions de vies - le Monde | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
S’aligner sur les niveaux préconisés par l’OMS permettrait d’éviter 2,1 millions de morts chaque année dans le monde.

Via Laurent Samuel
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China ‘deserves more credit’ for renewable energy effort | Roger Harrabin | BBC News

China ‘deserves more credit’ for renewable energy effort | Roger Harrabin | BBC News | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it

China should be given more credit for its investment in clean electricity, the head of the International Energy Agency says.

Maria van der Hoeven says most people think that China is frantically building coal-fired power stations.

The reality, she says, is that China is spending as much as the US and Europe put together on clean power.

She says its coal-fired power stations are state of the art - and should be copied in other developing countries.

Maria van der Hoeven told BBC News: "People think about China in a way more representative of previous decades.

"They are now the largest wind power market in the world. They have increased their power generation from renewables from really nothing 10 years ago - and now it's 25%. These are very important signals that China is moving into the right direction."

Her organisation - the rich countries' energy think-tank - says in 2014 that China spent more than $80bn in new renewables generating capacity; higher than the EU ($46bn); Japan ($37bn) and the USA ($34bn).

China's commitment to renewables has benefited the rest of the world by creating a mass market that prompted a 70% reduction in the cost of solar panels in recent years.

 

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Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
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La NASA met à disposition un ensemble de données sur les prévisions mondiales du changement climatique jusqu’à 2100

La NASA met à disposition un ensemble de données sur les prévisions mondiales du changement climatique jusqu’à 2100 | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it

Via Flo @ddline2020 ✏ , François GARREAU
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

Pour construire l’outil, la NASA a combiné des mesures historiques du monde réel avec des données de simulation du climat du « Fifth Coupled Model Intercomparison Project »,  un effort de collaboration mondiale pour étudier et mieux comprendre notre climat changeant. Les modèles prédictifs vont des scénarios « business as usual » (statu quo) jusqu’aux pires conditions avec des émissions de gaz à effet de serre extrêmement élevées.

L’agence estime que l’ensemble de données fournira aux scientifiques et aux planificateurs une bien meilleure compréhension des risques auxquels notre monde fragile devra faire face.

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The new cold war: drilling for oil and gas in the Arctic

The new cold war: drilling for oil and gas in the Arctic | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
Shell plans to drill for oil just off the north coast of Alaska, pulling the detonator on a ‘carbon bomb’. The city of Barow, the most northerly city in the US, is ground zero for the world’s most controversial oil drilling campaign

Via Hubert MESSMER @Zehub on Twitter
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

Ben van Beurden, the chief executive of Shell, told the Guardian that he would not enter the Arctic unless it could be done safely although he dismissed as “emotional” suggestions Shell should stay away just because the region was showing advanced signs of climate change. “I have spent a lot of time on this and I think we can do it responsibly.”

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Climate deniers are coming for your children. How they’re trying to get to them is appalling. | Jeff Turrentine | OnEarth.org

Climate deniers are coming for your children. How they’re trying to get to them is appalling. | Jeff Turrentine | OnEarth.org | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it

Every now and then you come across a statement by a public official that is so ridiculous, so perfect in its unabashed wrongness, you have to read it a few times to fully appreciate it as a work of demagogic art.

My current favorite in this category comes courtesy of one Scott Weber, a member of the Park County School District #6 Board of Trustees in Cody, Wyoming. Two weeks ago, when he and his fellow board members were supposed to be voting on whether to purchase new textbooks and reading materials for the district, Weber put a stop to the vote by taking a bold stand in defense of climate denial, political cronyism, and intellectual closed-mindedness.


Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

"

When a community is economically and systematically linked to the root cause of global warming, any threat to the system—from federal pollution rules to the basic tenets of the scientific method—could be viewed as an obscene violation of “community standards,” and thus something to shield schoolkids from. But what’s really obscene is endeavoring to keep young people from learning the truth about climate change—an empirically observable phenomenon that will harm future generations far more than it has already harmed this one.

 

Anyone who would deliberately misinform children about the gravity of the problem that awaits them when they grow up doesn’t deserve to be in charge of their education.

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Désastres: les systèmes d'alerte précoce, une priorité face au changement climatique

Désastres: les systèmes d'alerte précoce, une priorité face au changement climatique | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
Genève (AFP) - La communauté internationale doit investir davantage dans les systèmes d'alerte précoce pour prévenir les catastrophes naturelles, amplifiées par le ... - Sciencesetavenir.fr

Via Hubert MESSMER @Zehub on Twitter
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"Nous avons vu plus de tempêtes, de vagues de chaleur, dans certaines régions du monde nous avons vu plus d'inondations, de sécheresses", a-t-il dit.

 

"Cette augmentation est liée au changement climatique. Cette augmentation va se poursuivre et même s'accélérer ces prochaines décennies", a-t-il averti. Or, a-t-il poursuivi, "dans beaucoup de pays membres de l'OMM il y a un besoin considérable d'investir davantage dans les services d'alerte précoce".

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China, Brazil, and the U.S. all unveil new climate goals

China, Brazil, and the U.S. all unveil new climate goals | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
When three of the world's biggest polluters pledge to do more to rein in their climate emissions, that's a pretty good day.
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

The pledge also reiterates China’s intention to halt the rise of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, and to get about 20 percent of its electricity from non–fossil fuel sources by that same year, as first announced in a deal with the U.S. in November. That still gives the country 15 years to keep increasing its climate pollution, but Li said China will “strive for the earliest possible peak,” and there are other signs that the country in fact plans to meet and exceed its goals faster than it is committing to. China’s coal consumption has dropped off dramatically. The country is also now one of the world’s biggest investors in renewable energy.

Just a few hours after the China announcement, President Obama and Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff — the leaders of the Western Hemisphere’s two most populous countries — came forward with their own climate announcement. The leaders promised to have their countries running on 20 percent non-hydroelectric renewables by 2030. 

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Giant earthquakes are shaking Greenland — and scientists just figured out the disturbing reason why | Chris Mooney | WashPost.com

Giant earthquakes are shaking Greenland — and scientists just figured out the disturbing reason why | Chris Mooney | WashPost.com | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it

If Greenland goes, it is becoming clear that it won’t go quietly.

Scientists have already documented entire meltwater lakes vanishing in a matter of hours atop the vast Greenland ice sheet, as huge crevasses open beneath them. And now, they’ve cast light on the mechanisms behind another dramatic geophysical effect brought on by the rumbling and melting of this mass of often mile-thick ice: earthquakes.

In a new paper in the journal Science, a team of researchers from Swansea University in the UK, the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University, and several other institutions explain how the loss of Greenland’s ice can generate glacial earthquakes. In brief: When vast icebergs break off at the end of tidal glaciers, they tumble in the water and jam the glaciers themselves backwards. The result is a seismic event detectable across the Earth.

“These are all around magnitude 4.6 to 5.2, they’re all pretty close to magnitude 5,” says Meredith Nettles of the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University, a co-author of the study. “Which is a pretty big earthquake.”

Granted, these earthquakes aren’t caused by faults – they’re caused by massive movements of ice and how those impact the ground beneath. Compared with the early 1990s, Nettles says, scientists are now measuring seven times as many of these glacial earthquakes coming from Greenland — the rate has shot up as the ice sheet has begun to lose more mass from the calving of icebergs at the front end of glaciers.

 

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Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

Each gigaton sized iceberg would be equivalent to roughly a quarter of a percent of Greenland’s estimated 378 gigaton annual ice loss. It takes 360 gigatons to raise the global sea level by a millimeter, so Greenland is doing that roughly annually, as icebergs fall into the sea and glaciers retreat further. (In all, the ice sheet contains enough water to raise global sea levels by 6 meters, or 20 feet.)

The loss of ice occurs both through iceberg calving — which explains almost half of Greenland’s total loss, according to the new study — and mechanisms like simple drainage. Here, as meltwater atop the ice sheet finds ways of flowing down to its base (sometimes through sudden lake drainage), it then makes its way to the ocean. But both mechanisms have their explosive elements — earthquakes, tsunamis, lake vanishings — albeit in very different ways.

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China puts $6 trillion price tag on its climate plan

China puts $6 trillion price tag on its climate plan | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
It will cost China over $6.6 trillion (41 trillion yuan) to meet the greenhouse gas reduction goals it will lay out later this month in its strategy for United Nations climate negotiations, the

Via SustainOurEarth
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

While key details of China's plan are not yet known, it is expected to include targets announced in November, when it reached a key climate change deal with Washington to cap its emissions by 2030 and fill 20 percent of its energy needs from zero-carbon sources.

Earlier this month, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang reaffirmed the government's commitment to hit a carbon emissions peak by "around 2030". The country's coal consumption decreased for the first time in years in 2014, however, leading some to speculate that its emissions could reach their peak sooner.

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Why the Saudis Are Going Solar

Why the Saudis Are Going Solar | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
Prince Turki bin Saud bin Mohammad Al Saud is helping to lead the kingdom’s shift to solar power. (Mohammed Al-Deghaishim)
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

"Saudi Arabia produces much of its electricity by burning oil, a practice that most countries abandoned long ago, reasoning that they could use coal and natural gas instead and save oil for transportation, an application for which there is no mainstream alternative. Most of Saudi Arabia’s power plants are colossally inefficient, as are its air conditioners, which consumed 70 percent of the kingdom’s electricity in 2013. Although the kingdom has just 30 million people, it is the world’s sixth-largest consumer of oil.

 

Now, Saudi rulers say, things must change. Their motivation isn’t concern about global warming; the last thing they want is an end to the fossil-fuel era. Quite the contrary: they see investing in solar energy as a way to remain a global oil power.

 

The Saudis burn about a quarter of the oil they produce—and their domestic consumption has been rising at an alarming 7 percent a year, nearly three times the rate of population growth. According to a widely read December 2011 report by Chatham House, a British think tank, if this trend continues, domestic consumption could eat into Saudi oil exports by 2021 and render the kingdom a net oil importer by 2038."

 

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Climate change poses "medical emergency," Lancet Commission report says

Climate change poses "medical emergency," Lancet Commission report says | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it

Climate change could undermine the last 50 years of gains in global health, according to a new report from The Lancet Commission on Health and Climate Change. The authors of the paper, published Monday evening, say that the potential risk to human health posed by climate change has been underestimated. But they also say tackling it presents one of the greatest global health opportunities of this century.


Via Pascal Teboul
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"Climate change is a medical emergency," Commission Co-Chair Prof. Hugh Montgomery, director of the University College London Institute for Human Health and Performance, said in a statement. "It thus demands an emergency response, using the technologies available right now."

The report looked at the direct and indirect health impact of climate change and the necessary policy responses to protect and promote global health.

 

8 PHOTOS8 health risks that could get worse with climate change

Direct effects of changing climate patterns include heat waves and extreme weather events, such as storms, floods, forest fires, and droughts.

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Behind the Scenes With the Pope's Secret Science Committee

Behind the Scenes With the Pope's Secret Science Committee | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
These are the top-tier researchers doing research for the Vatican

 

Several dozen of the world’s most prominent scientists sprang from their seats and left the Vatican hall where they were holding a conference on the environment in May 2014. They were bound for a meet-and-greet with Pope Francis at the modest Vatican hotel where he lives, the Domus Sanctae Marthae.

Among the horde was Veerabhadran Ramanathan, a climate scientist at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Since 2004, he has also been a member of a 400-year-old collective, one that operates as the pope’s eyes and ears on the natural world: the Pontifical Academy of Sciences.

He had a message for Pope Francis. Only it was too long.

 

The academy’s chancellor, Archbishop Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo, suggested to Ramanathan that he condense his thoughts to just two sentences — and deliver them to Francis in Spanish. Ramanathan, who speaks no Spanish, spent the balance of the eight-minute jaunt committing the words to memory. He got it down with moments to spare. The phrases vanished as soon as he caught a glimpse of Pope Francis himself.

Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

"Reaching the pope is one thing. They also wanted to reach everybody else. Ramanathan and a coterie of his colleagues endorsed a follow-up plan. They would bring leaders of reason and faith together under one roof to talk about the most consequential risk humanity has had to confront since the advent of nuclear weaponry.

That’s why in April, the Vatican invited representatives from the world’s religions — including Buddhists, Hindus, Jews, Muslims, and other Christians — to a symposium discussing climate science and the ways religious leaders might lead on the issue.

More than a dozen faith leaders heard from one of the world’s top climate scientists, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, about how the earth went “from glacial chaos to climate paradise” during the last big climate transition 12,000 years ago, and what we may be in store for next.

They heard from Nobel Laureate Paul Crutzen, who popularized the notion that human industry has shoved the world into a new geological phase — the “anthropocene,” or in plainspeak, “the human age.”

And they heard Jeffrey Sachs, prolific writer and Columbia University economist, say that “we can still, but just barely,” avoid pollution levels that lead to dangerous climate change risk."

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Cities: Asia’s main battleground for climate change

Cities: Asia’s main battleground for climate change | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
From “climate-proofing” our cities to harnessing the untapped potential of renewable energy sources, engineers have a crucial role to play in tackling the world’s environmental challenges, says Dr...

Via Digital Sustainability, SustainOurEarth
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

Based in Manila, Dr Lohani will be in Singapore from July 21-24 for the second World Engineers Summit (WES) on Climate Change 2015organised by The Institution of Engineers, Singapore. Focusing on ‘Sustainable Urban Development for Global Climate Resilience’, the conference will shine the spotlight on the role of engineering in tackling climate change, and how urban environments can be made more resilient.

Er. Tan Seng Chuan, chairman of WES on Climate Change 2015 steering committee, said that one of the objectives of the conference is to increase awareness among engineers that they need to think about climate change from the inception of a project, especially in emerging Asia.

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Having been an engineer for about four decades, Dr Bindu N. Lohani of the ADB knows first-hand how science – and technological solutions – hold the key to solving one of the world’s biggest challenges: climate change.

Besides emphasising the fact that engineering innovations in areas such as energy efficiency and renewable energy are vital to climate change mitigation, Dr Lohani adds that there is also technology that already exists that can help governments “climate proof” infrastructure to adapt to climate change. These are in the areas of materials composition, e.g. temperature-resilient paving materials; design, e.g., porous pavement to accommodate more intense precipitation; and location of infrastructure to reduce risks from rising sea levels.

At the same time, the engineering community needs to challenge itself and devise ways to overcome existing technological limitations, he says.

“The first is air travel, for which no economically proven alternative to carbon-based fuels currently exists. The second is carbon capture and storage, which may prove critical since the removal of carbon emissions may become necessary if we are to remain within a two degrees Celsius increase in temperatures, which is considered by scientists to be the ‘safe’ limit.”

Born in Kathmandu, Dr Lohani graduated with a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from India’s Birla Institute of Technology and Science in 1970, following which he worked for the Nepali government’s departments of housing and physical planning; roads; and local development.

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Au Bangladesh, «marie-toi avant que ta maison ne soit emportée par un cyclone»

Au Bangladesh, «marie-toi avant que ta maison ne soit emportée par un cyclone» | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
L'ONG Human Rights Watch dénonce le mariage des très jeunes filles, pourtant illégal dans le pays : 29% des mariées l'ont été avant leurs 15 ans et 65% avant leurs 18 ans. La multiplication des catastrophes naturelles pousse les parents à franchir le pas.
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

Le facteur principal qui justifie la décision des familles est la pauvreté. En 2013, 30% de la population bangladaise vivait avec moins de 1 dollar par jour, selon le réseau Climat et Développement. Même si l’école est gratuite, beaucoup de parents ne peuvent pas payer le matériel scolaire de leurs enfants, ou même les nourrir tous les jours. Les filles sont les plus touchées car la discrimination sexuelle est ancrée dans la société bangladaise. Les garçons sont la priorité des familles. Quand les filles se marient, elles doivent aller vivre dans la famille de leur époux. Le mariage apparaît donc pour les parents comme un moyen de survie. Et plus la fille est jeune, moins la dot à apporter est élevée.

 

Les catastrophes naturelles jouent un rôle croissant dans le perpétuement de ce phénomène social. La situation géographique du Bangladesh rend la population particulièrement vulnérable aux catastrophes naturelles : cyclones, inondations, sécheresse, séismes, érosion, tornades. Le pays en subit au moins une par an, et perd 3% de son PIB tous les ans à cause de ces désastres, selon l’Agence suisse pour le développement et la coopération. Le changement climatique rend ces catastrophes plus fréquentes et plus dévastatrices. Ainsi, tous les ans, des villages et des terrains sont dévastés, des familles mises à la rue. En prévision de tels événements, certains parents préfèrent marier leurs filles, et leur assurer un futur dans une autre famille.

 
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What does Tesla mean for energy in Africa?

What does Tesla mean for energy in Africa? | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
Tesla’s battery storage system could help the energy-starved continent switch from expensive fossil fuels to renewables, but high cost is a huge barrier

Via Flora Moon
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

With only 30% of people in Africa having access to electricity, it’s little wonder Tesla’s Powerwall home-storage batteries are being touted as the next big revolution for African energy. In countries like Nigeria diesel-powered generators are the default back-up for chronic, daily national power cuts. Tesla’s Powerwall battery works as a back-up that is not reliant on fossil fuels. It stores renewable energy like solar and wind and can last more than 24 hours. All this at no cost other than the upfront cost of the Powerwall itself.

 
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In Leaked Encyclical, Pope Francis Deconstructs Conservative Talking Points On Climate And Fossil Fuels

In Leaked Encyclical, Pope Francis Deconstructs Conservative Talking Points On Climate And Fossil Fuels | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
The leaked document flatly rejects traditional conservative Christian justifications for exploiting the planet.

Via SustainOurEarth
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

After months of build up, an Italian-language document believed to be an early draft of Pope Francis’ encyclical on the environment was leaked four days early on Monday, breaking a Vatican embargo on an official papal teaching that flatly rejects traditional conservative Christian justifications for exploiting the planet.

“We are not God,” the document reads. “The earth precedes us and was given to us. This allows us to respond to an accusation made against Judeo-Christian thinking: it has been said that, from the story of Genesis, which invites us to subjugate the earth (Genesis 1:28), the savage exploitation of nature would be encouraged, presenting the image of human beings as ruler and destroyer. This is not the correct interpretation of the Bible as intended by the Church.”

 
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Explosive intervention by Pope Francis set to transform climate change debate

Explosive intervention by Pope Francis set to transform climate change debate | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
The most anticipated papal letter for decades will be published in five languages on Thursday. It will call for an end to the ‘tyrannical’ exploitation of nature by mankind. Could it lead to a step-change in the battle against global warming?
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La RSE dans les associations: une question de cohérence et d’efficacité

La RSE dans les associations: une question de cohérence et d’efficacité | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it

Thibault Laconde, juriste et ingénieur, en est persuadé: d'ici quelques années, la RSE va s'imposer au monde associatif.


Via Stéphane NEREAU
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

La conférence de Paris sur le climat, qui se tiendra à la fin de l’année, donnera certainement lieu à des prises de positions fortes de la part des associations. Quelque soit leur champ d’action (environnemental ou non), on peut s’attendre à ce qu’elles exigent des gouvernements une réduction immédiate des émissions de gaz à effet de serre et des mesures d'adaptation ambitieuses.

 

Pourtant, les associations sont aujourd’hui peu nombreuses à s’interroger sur leur propre empreinte carbone. De l’usage intensif du transport aérien par les humanitaires aux structures d’accueil et d’hébergement souvent inadaptées, celle-ci peut être considérable.

Ce paradoxe n’est pas nouveau. Déjà, lors du Sommet de Copenhague en 2009, l’écart entre les attentes de la société civile et le manque de volontarisme des ONG à adapter leur fonctionnement et leurs missions à la menace grandissante du changement climatique était apparu nettement. Six ans plus tard, les organisations qui ont progressé se comptent sur les doigts d’une main, comme si par nature, le monde associatif n’avait pas de comptes à rendre sur ses pratiques environnementales et sociales. Ce n’est évidemment pas le cas.

 
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Stéphane NEREAU's curator insight, June 7, 10:27 AM

Faut-il attendre et subir cette évolution? Dans les quelques organisations qui se sont dotées de services "développement durable" ou RSE, comme le CICR ou Oxfam Grande-Bretagne, ces départements ont permis d’accélérer l’innovation au service de leurs mandats, de mobiliser les équipes…et même de réaliser des gains financiers significatifs. Alors, à quand une vrai responsabilité sociale et environnementale dans le secteur associatif?

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Major economies falling short on emissions target

Major economies falling short on emissions target | Développement durable et efficacité énergétique | Scoop.it
MAJOR industrialized economies are far off track in helping the world meet the UN’s global warming target, a monitoring group said yesterday. Carbon pledges made by 31 economies — members of the Group

Via SustainOurEarth
Stephane Bilodeau's insight:

By 2025, action by the 31 rich countries would be only 20 percent of the contribution they should be making by that date, CAT said. By 2030, this would be about 30 percent, it added.

 

The best performer would be the EU bloc, which has vowed to reduce emissions in 2030 to a level 40 percent below that of 1990.

 

The laggard would be Canada, whose pledge would bring its emissions to just 2 percent below 1990 levels.

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