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Land grabbing: a preliminary quantification of economic impacts on rural livelihoods - Online First - Springer

Land grabbing: a preliminary quantification of economic impacts on rural livelihoods - Online First - Springer | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

"Global demands on agricultural land are increasing due to population growth, dietary changes and the use of biofuels. Their effect on food security is to reduce humans’ ability to cope with the uncertainties of global climate change..."

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Pascal Corbé's curator insight, July 16, 2014 7:56 AM

Land grabbing -- A subject that most certainly will get more pop attention in coming years.

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Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition
Scholarly communications on development, agriculture, hunger and nutrition
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GLOBALSTAT: Database on Developments in a Globalized World

GLOBALSTAT: Database on Developments in a Globalized World | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

GlobalStat brings together the expertise of the European University Institute's Global Governance Programmeand the Fundação Francisco Manuel dos Santos.

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India eases stance on GM crop trials | Nature

India eases stance on GM crop trials | Nature | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
States begin to permit field tests of transgenic plants.
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Saving lives - Protecting futures: Progress report on the Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health 2010-2015 | WHO

Saving lives - Protecting futures:  Progress report on the Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health 2010-2015 | WHO | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
Progress has been made, but there is still much to do. Saving Lives, Protecting Futures points the way to gaps and challenges for the post-2015 period, with the goal to end preventable deaths of women, children and adolescents, and to improve their health and wellbeing. A process is currently under way to update the current Global Strategy in line with the emerging targets of the post-2015 ‘Sustainable Development Goals’ (SDGs), to be declared by the UN General Assembly in September 2015.
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Free calls to land lines and mobiles in Nepal

Free calls to land lines and mobiles in Nepal | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
In light of the devastating events that have taken place in Nepal - and the subsequent impact to the local communications infrastructure - we are making all Skype calls to landlines and mobiles in and out of Nepal free of charge,* with immediate effect. Since no one knows the full extent of the devastation, we…
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Plotting to get the word out: Gender and land research | Policies, Institutions and Markets

Plotting to get the word out: Gender and land research | Policies, Institutions and Markets | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
A colleague asked us recently about the “secret” behind IFPRI’s strategy to share its work on gender and land. She mentioned that her colleagues had seen, and also heard from others, that the work got a lot of visibility and were wondering what the publication strategy was.
Luz Marina Alvare's insight:

How good research pared with your organizations Communications and Knowledge Management teams pays back with visibility, accessibility and re-use of the results.

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Is the World Bank Becoming Obsolete? |CONVERSABLE ECONOMIST

Is the World Bank Becoming Obsolete? |CONVERSABLE ECONOMIST | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

The World Bank is facing what I think of as a March of Dimes moment. The well-known March of Dimes charity was founded in 1938 with a focus on fighting polio. But after the Salk vaccine was licensed for use in 1955 and polio declined rapidly, the charity did not close up shop. Instead, it shifted its focus first to birth defects, and then to issues of healthy pregnancies and premature births.

A combination of growth in lower-income and middle-income countries around the world and change in their economic development challenges is leading to a similar crisis in the mission of the World Bank.

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Subsidies to key commodities driving forest loss | Publication | Overseas Development Institute (ODI)

" Identifies 48 different domestic subsidies to support the leading causes of deforestation - palm oil and timber industries in Indonesia and beef and soy industries in Brazil. Although these subsidies may come with good intentions, such as supporting smallholder farmers and encouraging rural development, such subsidies also influence private investment decisions, leading to additional deforestation."

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Trade Dimensions of Food Security - Papers - OECD

This report examines the different channels through which trade openness (and reforms to achieve it) can affect a country’s food security. 

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India: Pathways to Sustaining Rapid Development in a New Climate | The New Climate Economy

India: Pathways to Sustaining Rapid Development in a New Climate | The New Climate Economy | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
The New Climate Economy Report shows how countries at all levels of income can achieve economic growth while combating climate change
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Press Release: urban sprawl costs US economy more than $1 trillion per year | New Climate Economy | Commission on the Economy and Climate

Press Release: urban sprawl costs US economy more than $1 trillion per year | New Climate Economy | Commission on the Economy and Climate | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
The report, Analysis of Public Policies that Unintentionally Encourage and Subsidize Sprawl—written for the New Climate Economy by the Victoria Transport Policy Institute, in partnership with LSE Cities—details planning and market distortions that foster sprawl, and smart growth policies that can help correct these distortions.
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Feeding 9 billion by 2050 – Putting fish back on the menu | Food Security - Springer

Fish provides more than 4.5 billion people with at least 15 % of their average per capita intake of animal protein. Fish’s unique nutritional properties make it also essential to the health of billions of consumers in both developed and developing countries. Fish is one of the most efficient converters of feed into high quality food and its carbon footprint is lower compared to other animal production systems. Through fish-related activities (fisheries and aquaculture but also processing and trading), fish contribute substantially to the income and therefore to the indirect food security of more than 10 % of the world population, essentially in developing and emergent countries. Yet, limited attention has been given so far to fish as a key element in food security and nutrition strategies at national level and in wider development discussions and interventions. As a result, the tremendous potential for improving food security and nutrition embodied in the strengthening of the fishery and aquaculture sectors is missed. The purpose of this paper is to make a case for a closer integration of fish into the overall debate and future policy about food security and nutrition. For this, we review the evidence from the contemporary and emerging debates and controversies around fisheries and aquaculture and we discuss them in the light of the issues debated in the wider agriculture/farming literature. The overarching question that underlies this paper is: how and to what extent will fish be able to contribute to feeding 9 billion people in 2050 and beyond?
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Balancing on a Planet: The future of food and agriculture | California Studies in Food and Culture

Balancing on a Planet: The future of food and agriculture | California Studies in Food and Culture | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
This book is an interdisciplinary primer on critical thinking and effective action for the future of our global agrifood system, based on an understanding of the system's biological and sociocultural roots. Key components of the book are a thorough analysis of the assumptions underlying different perspectives on problems related to food and agriculture around the world and a discussion of alternative solutions.
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Development Digest: Policy Responses to Food Price Volatility | Agrilinks

Development Digest: Policy Responses to Food Price Volatility | Agrilinks | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
How will governments respond to the next food price crisis? What types of information do governments need in order to make smart policy decisions? You can watch the webinar recording here, or peruse the presenters' project resources.
Luz Marina Alvare's insight:

Per Pinstrup-Andersen presented an in-depth case studies of 14 different countries that were highly affected by the food price crisis providing a global perspective.

 

Danielle Resnick, provided a theoretical framework of drivers of agriculture and nutrition policy change. See the Kaleidoskope Model to illustrate Ghana's fertilizer subsidy program.

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A multifaceted program causes lasting progress for the very poor: Evidence from six countries | Science

Working in six countries with an international consortium, we investigate whether a multifaceted Graduation program can help the extreme poor establish sustainable self-employment activities and generate lasting improvements in their well-being.
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New Philanthropy and Social Justice: Debating the Conceptual and Policy Discourse | Policy Press

New Philanthropy and Social Justice: Debating the Conceptual and Policy Discourse | Policy Press | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
A new form of philanthropy has emerged on the back of neoliberal economic globalisation which has encouraged wealth concentration in the hands of a few 'super-rich' individuals and families emanating from both the global south and the global north. Over the last two decades individual capitalists and private corporations have become increasingly involved in philanthropy often through the establishment of foundations targeted at helping to reduce social problems, such as poverty, disease, and food security. While philanthropic activities may be considered worthy in themselves, this important book questions the political and ideological reasons why rich individuals and large companies are engaged in poverty reduction through philanthropy
Luz Marina Alvare's insight:

Chapert six: Philanthrocapitalism, "pro-poor" agricultural biotechnology and development. 

Describes how programs from IRRI, CIMMYT, HarvestPlus and in general de CGIAR.

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Public Interest Design Practice Guidebook: SEED Methodology, Case Studies, and Critical Issues

Public Interest Design Practice Guidebook: SEED Methodology, Case Studies, and Critical Issues | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
public interest design has emerged as a distinct profession. It provides clear professional standards of practice following SEED (Social Economic Environmental Design) methodology, the first step-by-step process supporting public interest designers. The book features an Issues Index composed of ninety critical social, economic, and environmental issues, illustrated with thirty case study projects representing eighteen countries and four continents, all cross-referenced, to show you how every human issue is a design issue.
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Livelihoods, Natural Resources, and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding | Routledge

Livelihoods, Natural Resources, and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding | Routledge | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

Sustaining and strengthening local livelihoods is one of the most fundamental challenges faced by post-conflict countries. By degrading the natural resources that are essential to livelihoods and by significantly hindering access to those resources, conflict can wreak havoc on the ability of war-torn populations to survive and recover.

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ICT-Applications to Align Global Resources with a Growing Population | SpringerBriefs in Information systems

ICT-Applications to Align Global Resources with a Growing Population | SpringerBriefs in Information systems | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

More than 7 billion people populate the planet, and the UN (2012) projects that this number will rise to a staggering 9.4 billion or higher by 2050.

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Do biofuel policies seek to cut emissions by cutting food? | Science

Debates about biofuels tend to focus separately on estimates of adverse effects on food security, poverty, and greenhouse
gas (GHG) emissions driven by land-use change (LUC) (1–4). These estimates often rely on global agriculture and land-use models. Because models differ substantially in their estimates
of each of these adverse effects (2, 3, 5), some argue that each individual effect is too uncertain to influence policy (6, 7). Yet these arguments fail to recognize the trade-offs; much of the uncertainty is only about which adverse effects predominate,
not whether adverse effects occur at all. Our analysis of the three major models used to set government policies in the United
States and Europe suggests that ethanol policies in effect are relying on decreases in food consumption to generate GHG savings
(1).
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Initiatives for the Monitoring and Analysis of Agricultural Public Expenditure in Africa: A comparative review | FAO

"The present document reviews and assesses the recent and ongoing initiatives dedicated to monitoring and analysing Public Expenditure in support of Agriculture (PEA) in Africa. This document fills a gap and responds to the need of policy-makers and policy analysts in Africa for a detailed and analytical review of what exists in terms of PEA monitoring and analysis in Africa. The objective of the present review is thus to: (i) shed light on PEA monitoring and analysis initiatives in Africa: not only their method and definition of agriculture, but also their nature, objectives, scope, current status, and most importantly their relevance for African policy-makers and policy analysts; and (ii) inform policy-makers and development stakeholders on the various tools that exist to monitor and analyse PEA in Africa.:

Luz Marina Alvare's insight:

Assess ASTI, SPEED, ReSAKKS (IFPRI).

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Strategies to Achieve Economic and Environmental Gains by Reducing Food Waste | New Climate Economy | Commission on the Economy and Climate

Strategies to Achieve Economic and Environmental Gains by Reducing Food Waste | New Climate Economy | Commission on the Economy and Climate | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
Strategies to achieve economic and environmental gains by reducing food waste
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2014-2015 Global Food Policy Report: Map and Data Widget

2014-2015 Global Food Policy Report: Map and Data Widget | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

As part of IFPRI's mission to provide information to help decisionmakers gauge the impact of policy changes and the progress made on specific aspects of development, this widget provides a variety of datasets generated by IFPRI researchers, including data on investments in agricultural research, public spending in agriculture, food pol­icy research capacity, and agricultural total factor productivity, as well as a hunger index at the country level.

You can also use the widget to visit the IFPRI Food Policy e-Atlas, where you can drill down to the country level and compare performance across multiple indicators. You can download the data into Excel. You can also share the widget and embed it in other websites.

Luz Marina Alvare's insight:

Opening  new ways to visualize, share and access IFPRI research data.

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One Health: The theory and practice of integrated health approaches | CABI

One Health: The theory and practice of integrated health approaches | CABI | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
The One Health concept of combined veterinary and human health continues to gain momentum, but the supporting literature is sparse. In this book, the origins of the concept are examined and practical content on methodological tools, data gathering, monitoring techniques, study designs, and mathematical models is included. Zoonotic diseases, with discussions of diseases of wildlife, farm animals, domestic pets and humans, and real-world issues such as sanitation, economics, food security and evaluating the success of vaccination programmes are covered in detail. Discussing how to put policy into practice, and with case studies throughout, this book combines research and practice in one broad-ranging volume.
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Africa Food Price Volatility | EU Commission- knoema.com and IPTS

Africa Food Price Volatility | EU Commission- knoema.com and IPTS | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
Africa Food Price Volatility is a joint project of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre - The Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) and Knoema. The aim of the project is to explore the possibility and challenges of crowd-sourced food price data collection in Africa using modern web-based tools and technologies. Agricultural commodity prices were collected on a weekly basis in African countries by a network of people on the field; reviewed and submitted into centralized data repository using web-based crowd sourced data platform. As a result, high-frequency food price database has been built.
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