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Controversies in Science and Technology: From Sustainability to Surveillance | Oxford University Press

Controversies in Science and Technology: From Sustainability to Surveillance | Oxford University Press | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
When it comes to any current scientific debate, there are more than two sides to every story. Controversies in Science and Technology, Volume 4 analyzes controversial topics in science and technology-infrastructure, ecosystem management, food security, and plastics and health-from multiple points of view. The editors have compiled thought-provoking essays from a variety of experts from academia and beyond, creating a volume that addresses many of the issues surrounding these scientific debates. Part I of the volume discusses infrastructure, and the real meaning behind the term in today's society. Essays address the central issues that motivate current discussion about infrastructure, including writing on the vulnerability to disasters. Part II, titled "Food Policy," will focus on the challenges of feeding an ever-growing world and the costs of not doing so. Part III features essays on chemicals and environmental health, and works to define "safety" as it relates to today's scientific community. The book's final section examines ecosystem management. In the end, Kleinman, Cloud-Hansen, and Handelsman provide a multifaceted volume that will be appropriate for anyone hoping to understand arguments surrounding several of today's most important scientific controversies
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Chapters:From Sustainability to Surveillance.Infraestructure Development Resilience Privacy and Well Being.Food Policy Balancing Productivity Conservation and Social Justice.Chemicals and Environmental Health Defining Safety.Ecosystem Management Protecting Nature and Livelihoods.
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Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition
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3 Big Myths about Modern Agriculture | Scientific American

3 Big Myths about Modern Agriculture | Scientific American | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

small farms is the way to increase agricultural output in developing nations where food security remains a pressing issue. While large farms excel at producing a lot of a particular crop – like corn or wheat – small diversified farms produce more food and more kinds of food per hectare overall.

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World Economic Outlook, April 2017: Gaining Momentum? | IMF

World Economic Outlook, April 2017: Gaining Momentum? | IMF | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
this report stresses the need for credible strategies in advanced economies and emerging market and developing ones to tackle a number of common challenges in an integrated global economy.
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Small Farms: Stewards of Global Nutrition? - Environment Reports

Small Farms: Stewards of Global Nutrition? - Environment Reports | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
In order to end hunger and malnutrition while achieving sustainable food production systems, we must not only feed people; we must also nourish them. Whether we can meet this goal depends heavily on the nature of our production systems, the variety of foods they produce, and the nutritional quality of that food.
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Stability in the 21st Century: Global Food Security for Peace and Prosperity | Chicago Council on Global Affairs

Stability in the 21st Century: Global Food Security for Peace and Prosperity | Chicago Council on Global Affairs | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
The world today faces enormous challenges, including the threats of rapidly increasing instability, conflict, and migration as a result of inadequate food supplies and water scarcity.
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What Inequality Does to the Brain | Scientific American

Poverty may affect the size, shape and functioning of a young child's brain. Would a cash stipend to parents help prevent harm?
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What will Donald Trump's presidency mean for health? A scorecard | The Lancet

What will Donald Trump's presidency mean for health? A scorecard | The Lancet | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

US Presidents make their mark on health, for better or worse. Donald Trump campaigned on a populist platform to “make America great again”. While the actual policies his administration will pursue—and the priority he will place on each of them—remain in
many ways uncertain, both his statements and his nominations for key government posts suggest that his presidency could have profound implications for health. His proposal to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act with a “better reform”, his stance on
reproductive rights, and his approaches to other areas, such as science policy and climate change, coupled with his stated intention to put “America first” are creating anxiety and uncertainty about America's domestic health policies and its global leadership
role in areas such as security and development.

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The long-run poverty and gender impacts of mobile money

In developing countries, bank branches and fixed-line telecommunications are scarce, whereas mobile phones are plentiful. These factors have led to the use of mobile money, whereby money can be used to purchase minutes, which can then be converted back into money. Suri and Jack show that increased access to mobile money has increased long-term consumption in Kenya and reduced the number of households in extreme poverty.

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Combining satellite imagery and machine learning to predict poverty

Combining satellite imagery and machine learning to predict poverty | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
Nighttime lighting is a rough proxy for economic wealth, and nighttime maps of the world show that many developing countries are sparsely illuminated. Jean et al. combined nighttime maps with high-resolution daytime satellite images (see the Perspective by Blumenstock). With a bit of machine-learning wizardry, the combined images can be converted into accurate estimates of household consumption and assets, both of which are hard to measure in poorer countries. Furthermore, the night- and day-time data are publicly available and nonproprietary.

Science , this issue p. [790][1]; see also p. [753][2]

[1]: /lookup/doi/10.1126/science.aaf7894
[2]: /lookup/doi/10.1126/science.aah5217
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Impact Evaluation Repository-3ie:International Initiative for Impact Evaluation | Evaluating Impact, Informing Policy, Improving Lives

The Impact Evaluation Repository is an index of all published impact evaluations of development interventions.
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Millions Saved: New Cases of Proven Success in Global Health | Center for Global Development

Millions Saved: New Cases of Proven Success in Global Health | Center for Global Development | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
Millions Saved is a collection of success stories in global health—remarkable cases in which large-scale efforts to improve health in developing countries have succeeded.
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Air Pollution Highest in World’s Poorest Cities

Air Pollution Highest in World’s Poorest Cities | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
In 98% of cities with populations greater than 100 000 in low- and middle-income countries, people are breathing air with pollution levels that exceed World Health Organization (WHO) safety limits, according to the latest WHO Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database (http://bit.ly/1XrMGm1).The WHO recently reported that cities in low- and middle-income countries carry the highest global burden of air pollution (Cairo pictured above).
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Access to seeds Index 2016 | Access to Seeds Foundation

Access to seeds Index 2016 | Access to Seeds Foundation | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
The Access to Seeds Index measures and compares the efforts of the world’s leading seed companies to enhance the productivity of smallholder farmers. By matching the expectations of stakeholders in and around the seed industry with company performance, it helps to clarify the role that the seed industry can play and brings transparency to the…
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An accounting of conflict deaths is central to the new Sustainable Development Goals - ODI HPN

An accounting of conflict deaths is central to the new Sustainable Development Goals - ODI HPN | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
Governments need to commit to SDG 16 and tracking conflict deaths, arguably the single most important metric of a just, peaceful and inclusive society.
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From big to small: the significance of smallholder farms in the global food system | The Lancet Planetary Health

In addition to big farms, the world is also fed by approximately 570 million smallholder farms, which use less than two hectares of land and account for roughly 12% of the world's agricultural land. 83% of these farms are in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa,where they produce some of the major commodities consumed in the world...

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Atlas of Sustainable Development Goals 2017 : From World Development Indicators| The World Bank

Atlas of Sustainable Development Goals 2017 : From World Development Indicators| The World Bank | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
The Atlas is built around World Development Indicators 2017 — the World Bank's compilation of statistics from over 200 economies about global development and the quality of people's lives. For each of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, selected indicators have been identified and visualized to analyze trends and challenges, and to stimulate discussion on measurement issues.
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Eradicating Poverty and Promoting Prosperity in a Changing Asia-Pacific | United Nations ESCAP

Eradicating Poverty and Promoting Prosperity in a Changing Asia-Pacific | United Nations ESCAP | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
This report highlights three key entry points for addressing poverty and expanding prosperity in the region: through pro-poor urbanization, effective management of rural–urban transitions with a focus
on rural development, and enabling investment in sustainable and equitable infrastructure. Although people in extreme income poverty are more likely to live in rural areas, they are also increasingly found in our cities and peri-urban areas. The provision of high-quality, low-carbon and resilient infrastructure, with emphasis on meeting the last-mile needs of the poorest, will be essential and requires a paradigm shift in planning and design.
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DPR Korea Needs and Priorities March 2017

DPR Korea Needs and Priorities March 2017 | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
OVERVIEW OF THE SITUATION Amidst political tensions, an estimated 18 million people across DPRK continue to suffer from food insecurity and undernutrition, as well as a lack of access to basic services. Recurrent natural hazards – particularly extended droughts punctuated by near-annual floods – exacerbate and create new humanitarian needs. As a result people have crucial, unmet food, nutrition, health and, water, sanitation and hygiene needs. Chronic food insecurity Chronic food insecurity, early childhood malnutrition and nutrition insecurity are widespread in DPRK. According to the 2016 Global Hunger Index (GHI), published by the International Food Policy Research Institute, Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe, which measures and tracks hunger worldwide, DPRK has a score of 28.6, classified as ‘serious’ and ranks 98th out of 118 countries. Furthermore,
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Is every child counted? Status of data for children in the SDGs - UNICEF DATA

Is every child counted? Status of data for children in the SDGs - UNICEF DATA | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
“Is every child counted” provides a status report on the data availability of child related SDG indicators showing that sufficient data is available only for half of those. Many indicators, such as those on poverty and violence cannot be compared, and are either too limited or of poor quality, leaving governments without the information they need to accurately address challenges facing millions of children, or to track progress towards achieving the Goals.
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Newsflash: Chickens don’t use toilets | IFPRI

Newsflash: Chickens don’t use toilets | IFPRI | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

Research suggests living in close proximity to chickens may make children more prone to health problems. But water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) recommendations focus almost exclusively on human feces.

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Precarious Lives: Food, Work and Care After the Global Food Crisis | IDS and OXFAM

Precarious Lives: Food, Work and Care After the Global Food Crisis | IDS and OXFAM | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

A new report by the Institute of Development Studies and
Oxfam finds that the global food crisis of 2007-11 brought
about lasting changes to the relationship between the work people do and the food they eat – the costs of which have gone uncounted by global policymakers.

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Destiny Curts's curator insight, January 10, 6:01 PM

This article has a relation to AP Human Geography through the topic of agriculture. To me more precise the article reminds me about Thomas Malthus, this is because  Malthus proposed his thesis that through time as the population increased that food resources were low. 

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Land and Hydropolitics in the Nile River Basin

Land and Hydropolitics in the Nile River Basin | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
The Nile River Basin supports the livelihoods of millions of people in Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda, principally as water for agriculture and hydropower. The resource is the focus of much contested development, not only between upstream and downstream neighbours, but also from countries outside the region. This book investigates the water, land and energy nexus in the Nile Basin.
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Measuring Distance to the SDGs Targets: a pilot assessment of where OECD countries stand - OECD

Measuring Distance to the SDGs Targets: a pilot assessment of where OECD countries stand - OECD | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

This Study, estimates  the distance that OECD countries have to travel to achieve the target SDG levels set for 2030.

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OECD members have made most progress on health, water and energy, and have furthest to go on gender equality.
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SDG Index & Dashboards | A Global Report

The report creates a measure of the SDG starting point for 2015 at the country level. It will help every country identify priorities for early action, understand the key implementation challenges and identify the gaps that must be closed in order to achieve the SDGs by 2030. In addition to the full report, the datasets for the SDG Index and Dashboards can also be downloaded below.

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The future of agriculture

The future of agriculture | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
But while it is fine for the well-fed to be prissy about not eating food containing genetically modified ingredients, their fears have cast a shadow over the development of transgenic crops that might help those whose bellies are not so full. That is unconscionable. With luck, the new generation of genome-edited plants, and maybe even animals, will not provoke such a reaction.
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World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2015 | UN

World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2015 | UN | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
World Humanitarian Data and Trends presents global- and country-level data-and-trend analysis about humanitarian crises and assistance. Its purpose is to consolidate this information and present it in an accessible way, providing policymakers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners with an evidence base to support humanitarian policy decisions and provide context for operational decisions.
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