East Africa has first-hand experience in climate change. It is predicted that long rains will decrease and droughts will be more common, resulting in food insecurity.
Luz Marina Alvare's insight:
GP released a report “Building Environmental Resilience - A snapshot of farmers adapting to climate change in Kenya”, and a literature review.
This report provides insights of innovative partnerships for promoting climate resilient agriculture in Africa. These partners include the CGIAR Centers, the CGIAR Research Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), development organisations, policy makers and national agricultural research stations.
The report, Connecting Global Priorities: Biodiversity and Human Health, demonstrates that the relationship between biodiversity and human health is extensive and complex. It outlines the ways that the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity has positive impacts on human health, including through impacts on water and air quality, nutrition, non-communicable and infectious diseases, and medicines, among others.
When it comes to global poverty, people are passionate and polarized. At one extreme: We just need to invest more resources. At the other: We’ve thrown billions down a sinkhole over the last fifty years and accomplished almost nothing.
Dean Karlan and Jacob Appel present an entirely new approach.
It presents latest data that show while the MDGs helped drive tremendous advances in the lives of the world’s children, development efforts in the past 15 years failed to reach millions of the most disadvantaged. The report spotlights where the international community must now focus attention and action to reach the most vulnerable children and achieve sustainable growth.
Livestock production worldwide is increasing rapidly, in part due to economic growth and demand for meat in industrializing countries. Yet there are many concerns about the sustainability of increased meat production and consumption, from perspectives including human health, animal welfare, climate change and environmental pollution.
Africa is endowed with rich land and water resources, which significantly contribute to the development of many economies on the continent. However, land degradation and water pollution remain major challenges facing many African countries. Harnessing Land and Water Resources for Improved Food Security and Ecosystem Services in Africa examines challenges facing land and water resources management in Africa and explores possible measures to improve food security and reduce poverty on the continent.
Meeting the 2015 international hunger targets: taking stock of uneven progressThis year´s annual State of Food Insecurity in the World report takes stock of progress made towards achieving the internationally established Millennium Development Goal (MDG1) and World Food Summit hunger targets and reflects on what needs to be done, as we transition to the new post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda. The report reviews progress made since 1990 for every country and region as well as for the world as a whole.
UNGEI, UNESCO and the EFA Global Monitoring Report produced a new paper showing that gender-based violence in and around schools prevents millions of children worldwide from fulfilling their academic potential and calling for urgent action to combat school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV). The paper called for a consensus on how SRGBV should be understood and addressed
Luz Marina Alvare's insight:
Fifty eight countries have signed for "Learning without Fear".
Working in six countries with an international consortium, we investigate whether a multifaceted Graduation program can help the extreme poor establish sustainable self-employment activities and generate lasting improvements in their well-being.
A new form of philanthropy has emerged on the back of neoliberal economic globalisation which has encouraged wealth concentration in the hands of a few 'super-rich' individuals and families emanating from both the global south and the global north. Over the last two decades individual capitalists and private corporations have become increasingly involved in philanthropy often through the establishment of foundations targeted at helping to reduce social problems, such as poverty, disease, and food security. While philanthropic activities may be considered worthy in themselves, this important book questions the political and ideological reasons why rich individuals and large companies are engaged in poverty reduction through philanthropy
Luz Marina Alvare's insight:
Chapert six: Philanthrocapitalism, "pro-poor" agricultural biotechnology and development.
Describes how programs from IRRI, CIMMYT, HarvestPlus and in general de CGIAR.
public interest design has emerged as a distinct profession. It provides clear professional standards of practice following SEED (Social Economic Environmental Design) methodology, the first step-by-step process supporting public interest designers. The book features an Issues Index composed of ninety critical social, economic, and environmental issues, illustrated with thirty case study projects representing eighteen countries and four continents, all cross-referenced, to show you how every human issue is a design issue.
Gender Equality and Sustainable Development calls for policies, investments and initiatives in sustainable development that recognize women's knowledge, agency and decision-making as fundamental. Four key sets of issues - work and industrial production; population and reproduction; food and agriculture, and water, sanitation and energy provide focal lenses through which these challenges are considered. Perspectives from new feminist political ecology and economy are integrated, alongside issues of rights, relations and power. The book untangles the complex interactions between different dimensions of gender relations and of sustainability, and explores how policy and activism can build synergies between them.
the Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics-aims at reassessing the economic policies and practices observed across the continent since independence. It offers a collection of analyses by some of the leading economists and development thinkers of our time, and reflects a wide range of perspectives and viewpoints-even on the same topic. Africa's emergence as a potential economic powerhouse in the years and decades ahead amply justifies the scope and ambition of the book.
Countries that pioneered various types of community seed banks include Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, the Philippines and Zimbabwe. In the North, a particular type of community seed bank emerged known as a seed-savers network. Such networks were first established in Australia, Canada, the UK and the USA before spreading to other countries. Over time, the number and diversity of seed banks has grown. In Nepal, for example, there are now more than 100 self-described community seed banks whose functions range from pure conservation to commercial seed production. In Brazil, community seed banks operate in various regions of the country.
(20.05.2015) Who holds the power to shape food systems, and who sets the terms of debate when it comes to reforming them? These were the questions asked by the International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems, IPES-Food, as it launched its
The African Economic Outlook 2015 analyses Africa’s growing role in the world economy and predicts the continent’s two-year prospects in crucial areas: macroeconomics, financing, trade policies and regional integration, human development, and governance. This 14th edition analyses regional development and spatial inclusion challenges faced by the continent. A section of one-page notes summarises recent economic growth, forecasts gross domestic product for 2015 and 2016, and highlights the main policy issues facing each of the 54 African countries. A statistical annex compares country-specific economic, social and political variables.
From 2005 to 2012, Fowler served as executive director of the Global Crop Diversity Trust, helping create the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. The facility—dubbed a doomsday vault for seeds—is buried deep beneath Norway’s permafrost. It holds more than 500,000 samples of crop germ plasm, providing a backup for the national and international seed banks that donated the material. Later this month, Seeds of Time, a documentary that chronicles Fowler’s efforts, will open in New York and Los Angeles.
Tanzania could become one of the harshest territories for publishing firms, researchers and academicians to work, after Parliament passed a new law Thursday limiting the publication of data to only those from the government’s own Bureau of Statistics.
Progress has been made, but there is still much to do. Saving Lives, Protecting Futures points the way to gaps and challenges for the post-2015 period, with the goal to end preventable deaths of women, children and adolescents, and to improve their health and wellbeing. A process is currently under way to update the current Global Strategy in line with the emerging targets of the post-2015 ‘Sustainable Development Goals’ (SDGs), to be declared by the UN General Assembly in September 2015.
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