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Where Will The World's Water Conflicts Erupt?

Where Will The World's Water Conflicts Erupt? | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

As the climate shifts, rivers will both flood and dry up more often, according to the latest report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Shortages are especially likely in parts of the world already strapped for water, so political scientists expect feuds will become even more intense. To track disputes worldwide, researchers at Oregon State University spent a decade building a comprehensive database of international exchanges—-both conflicts and alliances—over shared water resources. They found that countries often begin disputes belligerently but ultimately reach peaceful agreements. Says Aaron Wolf, the geographer who leads the project, “For me the really interesting part is how even Arabs and Israelis, Indians and Pakistanis, are able to resolve their differences and find a solution.”


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Ma. Caridad Benitez's curator insight, June 19, 9:44 AM

El bien más preciado.  El recurso agotable más subvalorado del planeta. 

Adilson Camacho's curator insight, June 20, 2:50 PM

Questões políticas... 

J. Mark Schwanz's curator insight, June 21, 11:01 AM

Add water to geography education curriculum? You better believe it. The crisis of the 21st century is and will be water.  

Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition
Scholarly communications on development, agriculture, hunger and nutrition
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URBAN TOOL: Estimating Urban Food Demand | FAO

URBAN TOOL

is an advanced interface aiming at model-based estimates and forecasts of food demand in cities.

URBAN TOOL is very well suited to

- Specify large-scale or complex food demand models, and

- Estimate urban food demand, including forecasts under several scenarios with or without the prior knowledge of the demand function key parameters.

 

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The HANCI Donor Index 2013: Measuring Donors’ Political Commitment to Reduce Hunger and Undernutrition in Developing Countries | IDS

This report presents the Hunger And Nutrition Commitment Index (HANCI) 2013 for donor countries. The HANCI Donor Index has been created to: rank donor governments on their political commitment to tackling hunger and undernutrition in developing countries; measure what donors achieve and where they fail in addressing hunger and undernutrition, thereby providing greater transparency and public accountability; praise donor governments where due, and highlight areas for improvement; support civil society to reinforce and stimulate additional commitment towards reducing hunger and undernutrition; and assess whether improving donor commitment levels leads to a reduction in hunger and undernutrition.
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Climate-Smart Landscapes: Multifunctionality in Practice | ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins

Climate-Smart Landscapes: Multifunctionality in Practice | ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
Climate-Smart Landscapes: Multifunctionality in Practice is about a 'landscape approach' to achieving multiple climate, social, development and environmental objectives. It builds on climate-smart landscapes as a growing platform and pathway towards achieving multi functionality. This book in 27 chapters draws strongly from practices, methods, examples and considerations for applying landscape approaches to achieve multifunctional outcomes and in particular, address the complex challenge of climate change.
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Effective Governance in Challenging Environments | International Peace Institute

Effective Governance in Challenging Environments | International Peace Institute | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
The “Africa rising” narrative has gained traction in recent years. But who, exactly, is rising? While statistics point to a continent whose fortunes have improved, many African citizens remain at the margins of socioeconomic development. And as recent citizen uprisings on the continent demonstrate, growth without effective democratic governance cannot ensure peace and stability.
This report argues that Africa will only live up to the “rising” narrative if it can strengthen its systems of governance, promote inclusive development, and embed a culture of democracy and peace. It examines the obstacles to effective governance in challenging environments—from identity crises to poor natural resource management—and presents five country case studies that illustrate their effects.
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Explore and create with Open Data | Opportunities with the latest Global Hunger Index | IFPRI

Explore and create with Open Data | Opportunities with the latest Global Hunger Index | IFPRI | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

The GHI, presented as Linked Open Data, can be combined with other relevant data—such as GIS, and indicators such as social protection and food security—to be easily used and repurposed by developers and researchers to visualize and address global hunger issues.

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Inviting developers, data scientist, communicators and other users to create new applications with IFPRI's Global Hunger Index Open Data.

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Feast and famine: The world has a terrible record in improving people's diets | The Economist

Feast and famine: The world has a terrible record in improving people's diets | The Economist | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
According to the first Global Nutrition Report, published earlier this month by the International Food Policy Research Institute, a Washington think-tank, every country except China and South Korea has a public-health problem with at least one of child stunting, anaemia among women of reproductive age and excessive weight among adults. A paper from 2013 in the Lancet, a medical journal, found that 45% of deaths of children under five are attributable to malnutrition. Micronutrient deficiencies explain about half the disability suffered by children. And obesity cost America somewhere between $475 and $2,500 per person in 2010.
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The amazing decline of global hunger, in one chart | Vox

That's a 39 percent decline over 24 years. That decline in hunger is a massive win for humanity.




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Why are things getting better? Credit two things: economic growth and government programs. Global poverty has declined sharply since 1990, especially in India and China, making it easier for people to afford food. Meanwhile, government programs and international aid have made major improvements in getting people access to healthy diets.
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Global Nutrition Report: Data and Visualization Platform

Global Nutrition Report: Data and Visualization Platform | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
The Global Nutrition Report will convene existing processes, highlight progress in combating malnutrition and identify gaps and propose ways to fill them. Through this, the Report will help to guide action, build accountability and spark increased commitment for further progress towards reducing malnutrition much faster.
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The visualization platform gives users a chance to see how widespread malnutrition is, and to assess how countries are progressing.

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What the World Eats : Daily Diet and Meat consumption | Interactive Tool National Geographic

Interactive tool for daily diets around the world.

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The State of Food and Agriculture 2014 | FAO | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The State of Food and Agriculture 2014 | FAO | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
More than 500 million family farms manage the majority of the world’s agricultural land and produce most of the world’s food. We need family farms to ensure global food security, to care for and protect the natural environment and to end poverty, undernourishment and malnutrition. But these goals can be thoroughly achieved if public policies support family farms to become more productive and sustainable; in other words policies must support family farms to innovate within a system that recognizes their diversity and the complexity of the challenges faced.

The State of Food and Agriculture 2014: Innovation in family farming analyses family farms and the role of innovation in ensuring global food security, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability. It argues that family farms must be supported to innovate in ways that promote sustainable intensification of production and improvements in rural livelihoods. Innovation is a process through which farmers improve their production and farm management practices.
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Open Foris

Open Foris | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
Open Foris is a set of free and open-source software tools that facilitates flexible and efficient data collection, analysis and reporting.
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Launched by FAO.

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Beyond nutrition and agriculture policy: collaborating for a food policy. British Journal of Nutrition

Global interest in food policy is emerging in parallel with mounting challenges to the food supply and the rising prevalence of diet-related chronic health conditions.
Some of the foundational elements of food policies are agricultural practices, finite resources, as well as economic burdens associated with a growing and ageing population.
At the intersection of these interests is the need for policy synchronisation and a better understanding of the dynamics within local, regional and national government decision-making that ultimately affect the wellness of the populous and the safety, quality, affordability and quantity of the food supply.
Policies, synchronised or not, need to be implemented and, for the food industry, this has seen a myriad of approaches with respect to condensing complex nutritional information and health claims.
These include front and/or back of pack labelling, traffic light systems, etc. but in general there is little uniformity at the more regional and global scales.
This translation of the nutritional and health-beneficial messages accompanying specific products to the consumer will undoubtedly be an area of intense activity, and hopefully interaction with policy makers, as the food industry continues to become a more global industry.
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2014 State of Participatory Local Democracy Report | The Hunger Project

2014 State of Participatory Local Democracy Report | The Hunger Project | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

Why is participatory local democracy absolutely critical for ending hunger? People are hungry when they are denied the political power to improve their own lives. And, the first place they have to gain that power is in local government. “The issues that really matter in people’s daily lives – water, sanitation, primary health care, primary education, year-round access to affordable nutrition food, basic safety and social justices – must all be resolved locally,” the report reads. “Ensuring such services is never simply an administrative matter, rather an exercise in ensuring human rights.”

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Luz Marina Alvare's comment, October 7, 11:56 AM
I am glad you are also making others aware of it.
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The Oxford Handbook of Food, Politics, and Society | OUP

The Oxford Handbook of Food, Politics, and Society | OUP | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
Food has, for most of our species history, been intensely political: who gets to eat what, how often, and through what means? The scale of polity in question has shifted over time, from very local institutions dividing up grain piles to an international community imagined in the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations. Simultaneously, the numbers and interests of people asserting political stakes in food and agriculture have likewise shifted up and out. Global networks advocate social justice in distal agrarian systems, promotion of some farming techniques and prohibition of others, food sovereignty or efficiencies of markets and trade. Political consumerism allows the well-endowed to "vote with their dollars" for changes in food systems far from home, but depends on certification and labeling from unseen institutions. As an object of governmentality, food has never been so prominent.
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Land Grabs in a Green African Economy | Africa Inst. of South Africa

Land Grabs in a Green African Economy | Africa Inst. of South Africa | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it

This book focuses on profiling, from both literature-based and primary research points of orientation, instances of land grabs and/or acquisitions with a focus on the implications of land grabs for trade, investment and development policy in Africa under the global green economy transition agenda. In many instances, case studies and examples paint a picture that could be of use to policy-makers.

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Diversification practices reduce organic to conventional yield gap | The Royal Society Proceedings B

Diversification practices reduce organic to conventional yield gap | The Royal Society Proceedings B | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
These promising results, based on robust analysis of a larger meta-dataset, suggest that appropriate investment in agroecological research to improve organic management systems could greatly reduce or eliminate the yield gap for some crops or regions.
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Handbook of Water Economics and Institutions | Routledge

Handbook of Water Economics and Institutions | Routledge | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
Growing scarcity of freshwater worldwide brings to light the need for sound water resource modeling and policy analysis. While a solid foundation has been established for many specific water management problems, combining those methods and principles in a unified framework remains an ongoing challenge. This Handbook aims to expand the scope of efficient water use to include allocation of sources and quantities across uses and time, as well as integrating demand-management with supply-side substitutes.
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Nature makes all articles free to view | Nature

Nature makes all articles free to view | Nature | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
ReadCube, a software platform similar to Apple’s iTunes, will be used to host and display read-only versions of the articles' PDFs. If the initiative becomes popular, it may also boost the prospects of the ReadCube platform, in which Macmillan has a majority investment
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FILM: Missing: The forgotten women in India’s climate plans | Climate and Development Knowledge Network

FILM: Missing: The forgotten women in India’s climate plans  | Climate and Development Knowledge Network | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
This film follows Indian women in their fight against climate change, showing how resourceful these women are in a context of high constraints and poverty, and how supporting their local initiatives with adequate policies and laws could be a significant game changer in the way India manages to tackle climate change.
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Agroecology, Ecosystems, and Sustainability | CRC Press

Agroecology, Ecosystems, and Sustainability | CRC Press | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
With contributions from experts from more than 20 countries, the book describes how to make the transition to modern agroecology to help the environment. It examines the global availability of natural resources and how agroecology could allow the world population to reach the goal of global sustainable ecological, agricultural, and food production systems. The book discusses important principles that regulate agroecological systems, including crop production, soil management, and environment preservation.
Making the link between theory and practices, the book includes examples of agroecology such as an interdisciplinary framework for the management of integrated production and conservation landscapes and the use of mechanized rain-fed farming and its ecological impact on drylands. An examination of how ecology and agriculture can be allied to ensure food production and security without threatening our environment, the text shows you how natural resources can be used in a manner to create a "symbiosis" to preserve ecological systems and develop agriculture.
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Includes chapters such as: "Can Agroecological Practices Feed the World?: The Bio- and Ecoeconomic Paradigm in Agri-Food Production"

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Open Access Week 2014: Spotlight on research on Ebola and other human health epidemics | IFPRI

Open Access Week 2014: Spotlight on research on Ebola and other human health epidemics | IFPRI | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
Open Access plays a key role toward ensuring that critical research results are accessible to everyone, which allows for informed decisions to be made more rapidly. Today, IFPRI continues to promote expanded Open Access to its research publications and journal articles, lending particular attention to materials that discuss epidemics and how they affect food security in light of the current Ebola crisis.
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First World Hunger Revisited: Food charity or the right to food

First World Hunger Revisited: Food charity or the right to food | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
First World Hunger Revisited exposes the hidden functions and limits of food charity and corporately sponsored food banks as primary responses to widespread domestic hunger and income poverty in twelve rich 'food-secure' societies and emerging economies: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Estonia, Finland, Hong Kong, New Zealand, South Africa, Spain, Turkey, the UK and the USA. Who wins, who loses when governments violate their Right to Food obligations under international law to ensure the food security of their vulnerable populations? It challenges the effectiveness of food aid and argues for integrated income redistribution, agriculture, food, health and social policies informed by the Right to Food, whilst critiquing the lack of public policy and political will in achieving food security for all.
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Global Biodiversity Outlook 4 | Global Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 12)

Global Biodiversity Outlook 4 | Global Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 12) | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
summarizes the latest data on the status and trends of biodiversity and draws conclusions relevant to the further implementation of the Convention.
The fourth edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook will be officially launched on the opening day of the Twelfth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 12) in Pyeongchang, Korea. The report draws on various sources of information to provide a mid-term assessment of progress towards the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, an issue which will be discussed during COP-12.
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A Measured Approach to Ending Poverty and Boosting Shared Prosperity: Concepts, Data, and the Twin Goals | World Bank

A Measured Approach to Ending Poverty and Boosting Shared Prosperity: Concepts, Data, and the Twin Goals | World Bank | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
The recently launched Policy Research Report 2014: A Measured Approach to Ending Poverty and Boosting Shared Prosperity: Concepts, Data, and the Twin Goals makes an urgent call for better and more timely collection of comparable household survey data, which provide information on people’s consumption or income. The report argues that data and measurement are pivotal to the assessment of the Bank Group’s twin goals, and, thereby, their achievement.
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The New Climate Economy 2014 Report: Better growth better climate

The New Climate Economy 2014 Report: Better growth better climate | Development, agriculture, hunger, malnutrition | Scoop.it
The New Climate Economy Report shows how countries at all levels of income can achieve economic growth while combating climate change
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