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A Calm Look at the Most Hyped Concept in Neuroscience - Mirror Neurons - Wired Science

A Calm Look at the Most Hyped Concept in Neuroscience - Mirror Neurons - Wired Science | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Gerald Carey's insight:

Christian Jarrett gives mirror neurons the once-over.

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Debunking Brain Myths
Trying to sort the cranial chaff from the neural wheat
Curated by Gerald Carey
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Science or Pseudo Science? Prevalence of Neuromyths in Education | The Education Elf

Science or Pseudo Science? Prevalence of Neuromyths in Education | The Education Elf | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Sanne Dekker and colleagues' observational study investigating the prevalence of neuromyths in school teachers in the UK and Netherlands.
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Is "Baby Brain" a Myth?

Is "Baby Brain" a Myth? | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
“There is variety in the results, but overall most studies suggest there are few to no memory impairments associated with pregnancy,” says Michael Larson, a psychologist at Brigham Young and a co-author of the recent paper.
Gerald Carey's insight:

The author suggests that this fuzzy feeling that may occur during pregnancy may be more because mothers expect it to happen - more of a placebo effect.  However, be aware that some studies were done under lab conditions so distractions may have been minimal - unlike the natural or home environment.

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5 Therapy Myths and Fears Busted

5 Therapy Myths and Fears Busted | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
According to a 2007 population-based prevalence study, 29% of the population has a diagnosable disorder that is going untreated—that’s almost one in three people
Gerald Carey's insight:

This article articulates five commonly held myths about counselling. If the above stat is correct, then it is time to dispel these myths.

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Be wary of studies that link mental ill health with creativity or a high IQ | Dr Oliver Joe Robinson

Be wary of studies that link mental ill health with creativity or a high IQ | Dr Oliver Joe Robinson | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it

The idea that genius and madness are intertwined is an ancient one. But in truth, in this desperately underfunded field, we don’t even have objective tools to diagnose disorders of the mind, let alone back up claims such as this

Gerald Carey's insight:

The author carefully examines this myth and concludes that those with a mental illness are as diverse in their level of 'IQ' as the rest of society. Don't get me started on the significance of the concept of "IQ"...

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Debunking the 'gender brain' myth › News in Science (ABC Science)

Debunking the 'gender brain' myth › News in Science (ABC Science) | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Pop science is playing up differences between girls' and boys' brains, with potentially damaging consequences in the classroom and beyond, says an Australian cognitive neuroscientist.
Gerald Carey's insight:

Although this is a little old, I resonated with this statement from the author:

"The problem is, when you start talking about girl brains and boy brains, you are actually encouraging educators to do something that all educators understand that they shouldn't do, which is to put people in categories rather than to look at each child as an individual."


Too right!

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How to separate learning myths from reality | McKinsey & Company

How to separate learning myths from reality | McKinsey & Company | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Misconceptions about the brain are embedded in corporate training programs and could be sabotaging their effectiveness. Companies should reevaluate them in light of the latest scientific insights. A McKinsey Quarterly article.
Gerald Carey's insight:

recent article from McKinsey about three types of learning myths including the idea of a 'critical window' for brain development, the 'idle-brain' theory and learning styles.

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A Brain of Two Halves: Debunking the Left-Brain/Right-Brain Myth - Blue Streak Science Podcast

A Brain of Two Halves: Debunking the Left-Brain/Right-Brain Myth - Blue Streak Science Podcast | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it

The notion that people are either “left-brained” or “right-brained” is one of the most pervasive and undying myths in all of neuroscience and psychology. For years, cognitive, affective and social neuroscientists have been bending over backwards in their labs, devising ingenious experiments and forming fascinating theories which disprove this common myth

Gerald Carey's insight:

A good summary of the evidence against this myth. Includes an explanation of lateralisation and a Buzzfeed video that gets it so wrong.

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Brain-Based Learning, Myth versus Reality: Testing Learning Styles and Dual Coding  « Science-Based Medicine

Since early on in graduate school when I began studying cognition, I’ve followed the learning styles movement because it was such a powerful phenomenon. It took hold rapidly, seemingly overnight, at all levels of education. And, like so many fads in education and science, it created a big-money industry involving conferences, training seminars, paid speakers, how-to manuals, and a variety of other mediums, inevitably linked to a profit in some way. Yet in the peer reviewed studies I was sifting through, evidence for learning styles was nowhere to be found. And more than a decade later I’m still looking for it.

Gerald Carey's insight:

A take-down of the 'learning styles' myth. However, the author does propose an alternative theory of 'dual coding'. I have not yet read enough about this theory to have an opinion on it.

The author's criticisms about learning styles seemed well referenced.

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Carlos Rodrigues Cadre's curator insight, July 17, 10:05 AM

adicionar sua visão ...

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Neuromyths in Education: Prevalence and Predictors of Misconceptions among Teachers

Neuromyths in Education: Prevalence and Predictors of Misconceptions among Teachers | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
The OECD’s Brain and Learning project (2002) emphasized that many misconceptions about the brain exist among professionals in the field of education. Though these so-called “neuromyths” are loosely based on scientific facts, they ...
Gerald Carey's insight:

From the US National Library of Medicine comes this study of teachers beliefs in myths about the brain.  The study gave 242 teachers 32 statements and asked them to indicate which ones they thought were true.  The statements contained 15 neuromyths. 49% of the myths were said to be correct by that group of teachers.

 

Even a good understanding of the brain doesn't help!

I've fallen for that as well and hence the need for this series of scoops!

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Debunking the myths of OCD - Natascha M. Santos - YouTube

View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/debunking-the-myths-of-ocd-natascha-m-santos There’s a common misconception that if you like to meticulously orga...
Gerald Carey's insight:

All about OCD and what it really is by Dr Natascha M. Santos, a specialist in the area.

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Psychosis: The Common Myth That Many Believe - PsyBlog

Psychosis: The Common Myth That Many Believe - PsyBlog | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
The media regularly contributes to this myth about how delusions and hallucinations affect behaviour.
Gerald Carey's insight:

Results of a recent study into the connections between psychoses and violent crime.  Very few violent crimes are due to the mental illness of the perpetrator. It is more likely to be anger or substance abuse.

In fact, the study suggests that people with mental illness are more likely to be victims of crime. Be aware that the study was based on interviews with former patients and their families and friends so it would need to be repeated to be reliable.

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Correlates between the Science of Learning and the Practice of Teaching | Brain Blogger

Correlates between the Science of Learning and the Practice of Teaching | Brain Blogger | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
The neural underpinnings of the pedagogy of education are discussed with an emphasis on the need for a more integrated approach across the two disciplines.
Gerald Carey's insight:

Not a lightweight article on some of the myths associated with the brain-based learning movement. 

Still, the author has some recommendations about self-testing and repetition that might be useful.

As with all suggestions, take it with a grain of salt. It could be debunked tomorrow.

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Christian Jarrett: Myths and facts about the brain and learning - LT15 Conference - YouTube

The brain and the mind are hot topics right now. Unfortunately real psychology and neuroscience are frequently obscured by hype, myth and misunderstanding.

Gerald Carey's insight:

A review of the facts and myths about the brain and learning by Christian Jarrett, compiler of the British Psychological Society’s Research Digest blog.

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Three Popular Psychology Studies That Didn't Hold Up

Three Popular Psychology Studies That Didn't Hold Up | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Researchers re-did 100 published psychology studies, and many did not check out. These are three of the studies, and some possible explanations for why they couldn’t be replicated.
Gerald Carey's insight:

Ugh! Sadly, this is not unexpected.

The three studies were: the link between Free Will and Cheating, Moral Judgements and Handwashing and making Human Connections with Inanimate Objects and the links to Loneliness. 

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Omega-3 Supplements May Not Benefit the Brain

Omega-3 Supplements May Not Benefit the Brain | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Popping fish oil pills may not be a boon to the brain, according to the latest study
Gerald Carey's insight:

One of the many myths that arose in the early naughties, this one was important because it suggested that fish oil pills may makes hyperactive students less...hyperactive and therefore better readers and learners.

Be aware that this is from "Time" magazine so I'm not as confident in the source.

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Are creative people more prone to psychological distress or is the 'mad genius' a myth?

Are creative people more prone to psychological distress or is the 'mad genius' a myth? | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Researchers have suggested a new theory for why neurotic unhappiness and creativity are often found in the same person. But is the assumption that creative people are more neurotic actually true?
Gerald Carey's insight:

Another article on this area of 'creativity v madness' theme.  Despite the difficulty of defining both terms, the author concludes, "All we can say for now is that the more recent research suggests a link between creativity and certain forms of psychological distress – possibly in small doses."

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Loyola Magazine » Depression: Myths vs. Reality

Loyola Magazine » Depression: Myths vs. Reality | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it

When it comes to depression, there is a great deal of misunderstanding, misconception, and discrimination, much of which stems from a lack of information about this condition.

Gerald Carey's insight:

A good starting list of myths associated with depression including 'it's all in the head' and 'sadness and depression are the same thing'.

Very brief but important to be aware of these 'sayings'.  Sadly, still prevalent.

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The divided brain - Aeon Video

The divided brain - Aeon Video | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Left-brain/right-brain thinking is a myth. The truth about our divided brains is far more complex, extraordinary and important to grasp
Gerald Carey's insight:

An excellent video on the major and significant differences between the left and right brain that completely debunks to superficial pop psychology view of this issue.

It is compelling viewing assisted greatly by the RSA animation of the key ideas.

The speaker is Iain McGilchrist and his talk is based on his book, "The Master and his Emissary".

Go here for some criticisms of his theory: https://kenanmalik.wordpress.com/2013/02/24/split-brain-split-views-debating-iain-mcgilchrist/

 

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Miloš Bajčetić's curator insight, August 9, 3:16 AM

An excellent video on the major and significant differences between the left and right brain that completely debunks to superficial pop psychology view of this issue.

It is compelling viewing assisted greatly by the RSA animation of the key ideas.

The speaker is Iain McGilchrist and his talk is based on his book, "The Master and his Emissary".

Go here for some criticisms of his theory: https://kenanmalik.wordpress.com/2013/02/24/split-brain-split-views-debating-iain-mcgilchrist/

 

Mark E. Deschaine, PhD's curator insight, August 9, 8:27 AM

An excellent video on the major and significant differences between the left and right brain that completely debunks to superficial pop psychology view of this issue.

It is compelling viewing assisted greatly by the RSA animation of the key ideas.

The speaker is Iain McGilchrist and his talk is based on his book, "The Master and his Emissary".

Go here for some criticisms of his theory: https://kenanmalik.wordpress.com/2013/02/24/split-brain-split-views-debating-iain-mcgilchrist/

 

Dan Kirsch's curator insight, August 9, 12:11 PM

An excellent video on the major and significant differences between the left and right brain that completely debunks to superficial pop psychology view of this issue.

It is compelling viewing assisted greatly by the RSA animation of the key ideas.

The speaker is Iain McGilchrist and his talk is based on his book, "The Master and his Emissary".

Go here for some criticisms of his theory: https://kenanmalik.wordpress.com/2013/02/24/split-brain-split-views-debating-iain-mcgilchrist/

 

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A Neuroscientist Argues That Everybody Is Misunderstanding Fear and Anxiety

A Neuroscientist Argues That Everybody Is Misunderstanding Fear and Anxiety | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
And he thinks it may be his fault.
Gerald Carey's insight:

An interesting summary of Joseph LeDoux's latest book wondering if we have misunderstood the roots of fear and anxiety.

As the author says, "... fear and anxiety are not wired into the brain as basic responses to the world around us — rather, the responses that lead to them are, and they only coalesce into fear when the brain interprets them as such."

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#askMIT: Why don't we use all of our brain cells? - YouTube

"Why don't we use all our brain cells and what do we do with the ones we don't use?" Find out from Hannah Iaccarino, a graduate student in Brain and Cognitiv...
Gerald Carey's insight:

A simplified answer to this question.

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When the Myth is the Message: Neuromyths and Education

When the Myth is the Message: Neuromyths and Education | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it

Neuroeducation, a growing field bridging the gap between neuroscience and education, has been instrumental to bringing tested brain science research into the classroom—and offering data that has provided educators with new tools to develop novel classroom techniques (as well as challenge outdated pedagogical doctrine). But what happens when neuroscience findings are taken too far? 

Gerald Carey's insight:

This review from the respected Dana Alliance covers the usual neuromyths including the 10% myth and the left brain/right brain foolishness.

It also includes two myths that I have not read a lot about. Read the article for more information on the idea that sugary snacks cause hyperactivity and that the adolescent brain cannot control impulses well. Worth a read.

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Vicki Butler's curator insight, July 12, 10:59 PM

Interesting take ..... 

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How Brain Myths Could Hurt Kids

How Brain Myths Could Hurt Kids | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Teachers around the world hold serious misconceptions about neuroscience, according to a new paper, and kids’ learning could suffer as a result.
Gerald Carey's insight:

Discussion about the extent to which teachers believe the various neuro-myths associated with learning.  They mention the (10%) again!

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Five Common Misconceptions about Learning

Five Common Misconceptions about Learning | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
There are many books out there that deal with education myths. Daisy Christodoulou's "Seven Myths about Education" is excellent and I have recently been sent "Urban Myths about Learning and Educati...
Gerald Carey's insight:

I'm not sure about the author's qualifications in this area but he raises some interesting issues. He discusses the idea that novices should emulate experts, that discovery education in best and that education should be personalised.

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Why the Widespread Belief in 'Learning Styles' Is Not Just Wrong; It's Also Dangerous | Big Think

Why the Widespread Belief in 'Learning Styles' Is Not Just Wrong; It's Also Dangerous | Big Think | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Dr. Tesia Marshik who is an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse walks us through the extensive evidence that learning styles don't exist, before looking at why the belief is so widespread and why the belief is such a serious problem.
Gerald Carey's insight:

Two reasons to stop believing this myth: 1) It's a waste of time and resources. 2) Stop labeling students.

Includes a video by Dr Tesia Mashik on the topic.

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Brain Based Learning | Stop Telling Your Students to Study

Brain Based Learning | Stop Telling Your Students to Study | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it

As we enter standardized testing season in the US (And isn’t it kind of sad that we have an entire portion of the school year devoted to testing?  But again, maybe that’s a discussion for another newsletter.) students will be encouraged to study, study, study in order to do well on the tests.

But what if some traditional studying methods are actually part of the problem?

Gerald Carey's insight:

Some useful ideas about a concept called the "illusion of competence" and how to overcome it, not by 'studying' but by actually learn the information in depth.

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Science Debunks Midlife Myths

Science Debunks Midlife Myths | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Psychological studies suggest that midlife crises are real, but the stereotypes are not
Gerald Carey's insight:

As one who has been through the 'mid-life' part of my life, this made for interesting reading. Lots of discussion about stresses, diseases and the empty-nest syndrome.

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