Symptoms, Treatments, Interesting Facts, Prevention
|Scooped by Sarah|
Cystic Fibrosis is an inherited disease of the exocrine glands. It affects the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems of the body. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is diagnosed in mainly young children. CF causes your body to create thick amounts of mucus and produce abnormal amounts of sweat and saliva. The thick mucus prevents proper clearing of the sputum and bacteria from the lungs. This causes the lungs to become infected. The large amounts of mucus also prevent enzymes to go to the pancreas to digest food.
What causes CF is a defective gene that is passed down to a child from either the parents. If both parents have CF or the family has a history of CF the child is more likely to develop CF.
Note that not all symptoms lead up to CF or mean you have CF. You need to see your doctor to be diagnosed. Symptoms include:
-Salty tasting skin (infants only)
Symptoms in the reproductive system include:
-Sterility in men
CF is treatable but depending on your symptoms and deficiencies provides your treatment. Treatments include antibiotics, exercise, and chest therapy. The goals in treatment are to prevent and control infections in the lungs, loosen and remove mucus, prevent blockages from intestines, and provide adequate nutrition.
Other treatments include oxygen and lung transplantation.
Antibiotics are a primary treatment. In order to get them depends on:
-Strains of bacteria involved
-Seriousness of the condition
-Previous history of antibiotic use
Different types of antibiotics listed from the least severe cases to the most:
Chest physical therapy
Includes pounding on the chest and back over and over again to help loosed mucus build up. It should be done three to four times a day.
-And electric chest clapper
-Inflatable therapy vest that uses high frequency air waves
- a “flutter” device
- Positive expiratory pressure mark that creates vibrations
Aerobic exercise may help to:
-Encourage coughing to loosen mucus
- Improve your physical condition
Some interesting facts about CF
-One in every 29 Caucasians are diagnosed with CF
-Infants have salty skin due to abnormal protein manufactured by the gene
- People with CF cough on average 3x more than an unaffected person
-One person dies each week in Canada from CF
-One in 25 Canadians carry the defective gene responsible for CF
-85% of people with CF have to take pancreatic enzymes to digest food and absorb nutrients