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A #Multiverse of Exploration: The Future of #Science 2021 | #data

A #Multiverse of Exploration: The Future of #Science 2021 | #data | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Invisibility cloaks. The search for extraterrestrial intelligence. A Facebook for genes. These were just a few of the startling topics IFTF explored at our recent Technology Horizons Program conference on the "Future of Science." More than a dozen scientists from UC Berkeley, Stanford, UC Santa Cruz, Scripps Research Institute, SETI, and private industry shared their edgiest research driving transformations in science. MythBusters' Adam Savage weighed in on the future of science education.

All of their presentations were signals supporting IFTF's new "Future of Science" forecast, laid out in a new map titled "A Multiverse of Exploration: The Future of Science 2021." The map focuses on six big stories of science that will play out over the next decade: Decrypting the Brain, Hacking Space, Massively Multiplayer Data, Sea the Future, Strange Matter, and Engineered Evolution. Those stories are emerging from a new ecology of science shifting toward openness, collaboration, reuse, and increased citizen engagement in scientific research.

by Institute For The Future


Via Szabolcs Kósa
luiy's insight:

The map focuses on six big stories of science that we think will play out over the next decade:

 

1. Decrypting the Brain,

2. Hacking Space,

3. Massively Multiplayer Data,

4. Sea the Future,

5. Strange Matter, and

6. Engineered Evolution. 

 

- See more at: http://www.iftf.org/our-work/people-technology/technology-horizons/the-future-of-science/#sthash.J6Ga3QHn.dpuf

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Computer science: The learning machines | #deepLearning

Computer science: The learning machines | #deepLearning | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Using massive amounts of data to recognize photos and speech, deep-learning computers are taking a big step towards true artificial intelligence.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
luiy's insight:

Deep learning itself is a revival of an even older idea for computing: neural networks. These systems, loosely inspired by the densely interconnected neurons of the brain, mimic human learning by changing the strength of simulated neural connections on the basis of experience. Google Brain, with about 1 million simulated neurons and 1 billion simulated connections, was ten times larger than any deep neural network before it. Project founder Andrew Ng, now director of the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at Stanford University in California, has gone on to make deep-learning systems ten times larger again.

 

Such advances make for exciting times in artificial intelligence (AI) — the often-frustrating attempt to get computers to think like humans. In the past few years, companies such as Google, Apple and IBM have been aggressively snapping up start-up companies and researchers with deep-learning expertise. For everyday consumers, the results include software better able to sort through photos, understand spoken commands and translate text from foreign languages. For scientists and industry, deep-learning computers can search for potential drug candidates, map real neural networks in the brain or predict the functions of proteins.

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R Schumacher & Associates LLC's curator insight, January 15, 2014 1:43 PM

The monikers such as "deep learning" may be new, but Artificial Intelligence has always been the Holy Grail of computer science.  The applications are many, and the path is becoming less of an uphill climb.  

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The Road to Superintelligence | #Singularity

The Road to Superintelligence | #Singularity | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Via Claude Emond
luiy's insight:

One of the best descriptors of our potential future world was explored in a recent paper by cyberneticist Francis Heylighen titled: Return to Eden? Promises and Perils on the Road to Superintelligence.

 

Here I summarize the main technological mechanisms as described by Heylighen. I hope you will quickly realize the point of this exercise. In 2014, we live in a world with global brain technology.

 

Promise #1: Omniscience

Important Mechanisms:

- Semantic web

- Artificial intelligence (AI)

- Massively Online Open Courses (MOOCs)  

 

Promise #2: Omnipresence

Important mechanisms:

- Internet of things (IoT)

- Wearable/Internal computing

- Cloud computing 

 

Promise 3: Omnipotence

Important mechanisms:

- Robotics

- Nano-assemblers (3D/4D printing)

- Internet of things (IoT)

 

Promise 4: Omnibenevolence

Important mechanisms:

- Higher education

- Abundance

- Increased connectivity

 

 

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Claude Emond's curator insight, February 24, 2014 8:47 AM

«The global brain is coming. The technology to build a global brain will come whether our institutions change or not.»

thierrydenys's curator insight, February 25, 2014 3:09 PM

So many questions...

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Humanoid #Robot Heads [Face and Mimics] | #cyborgs

Humanoid Robot Heads [Face and Mimics]

Via thierrydenys
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Wearable ‘neurocam’ records scenes when it detects user interest | #sensors #algorithms

Wearable ‘neurocam’ records scenes when it detects user interest | #sensors #algorithms | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
(Credit: Neurowear) Keio University scientists have developed a neurocam --- a wearable camera system that detects emotions, based on an analysis of the

Via Spaceweaver
luiy's insight:

Keio University scientists have developed a “neurocam” — a wearable camera system that detects emotions, based on an analysis of the user’s brainwaves.

 

The hardware is a combination of Neurosky’s Mind Wave Mobile and a customized brainwave sensor.

 

The algorithm is based on measures of “interest” and “like” developed by Professor Mitsukura and the neurowear team.

 

The users interests are quantified on a range of 0 to 100. The camera automatically records five-second clips of scenes when the interest value exceeds 60, with timestamp and location, and can be replayed later and shared socially on Facebook.

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Smart drugs to 'moral enhancement': a chemical approach to #transhumanism | #health #augmented

Smart drugs to 'moral enhancement': a chemical approach to #transhumanism | #health #augmented | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
As part of Wired.co.uk's Transhuman Week, we take a look at what chemical enhancements there are on the horizon
luiy's insight:

Memory enhancement


Baylor University researchers have discovered a molecule called PKR, which regulates how neurons interact in memory-related tasks. When the molecule is genetically suppressed, another immune molecule called gamma interferon steps in. The understudy molecule is much better at increasing communication between neurons and making memory more efficient. By finding a chemical inhibitor for the PKR molecule the team realised it could generate the memory boost without using genetic engineering. They found a molecule that did the trick, and it could be used to develop drugs to help Alzheimer's patients combat memory loss. Likewise it could be used by people who don't have Alzheimers to turbo-charge their memories.

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Les robots ont désormais la capacité de communiquer entre eux pour partager et accroître leur savoir | #health

Les robots ont désormais la capacité de communiquer entre eux pour partager et accroître leur savoir | #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Le projet européen RoboEarth consiste en une plateforme collaborative qui unifie les cerveaux des robots afin qu'ils puissent partager et accroître leurs connaissances. On vous explique tout !




Via Gauthier Bouly, Pascale Mousset
luiy's insight:

Les objectifs de RoboEarth sont de prouver qu’un référentiel d’informations en réseau comme celui-ci accélère grandement le processus d’apprentissage et d’adaptation qui permet aux systèmes robotiques d’effectuer des tâches complexes. Puis, en second lieu, de montrer qu’un système connecté à un tel référentiel est capable d’exécuter de manière autonome des tâches utiles qui ne sont pas explicitement prévues au moment de la conception. La vision deRoboEarth est de créer un Internet pour les robots ainsi qu’une base de connaissances commune où les robots peuvent partager leurs connaissances sur les objets, les environnements et des actions avec d’autres robots.

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LMC Les Médias en Chantier 's curator insight, March 18, 2014 5:34 AM

Rendez-vous compte où nous en sommes...Imaginez où nous en serons dans 30 ans? 

 

Quand on vous dit que les robots pourront remplacer l'homme dans TOUTES ses activités principales...

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Beyond #Posthumanism? | #cyborgs #enhanced


Via Claude Emond
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Claude Emond's curator insight, January 11, 2014 8:02 PM

«We are already Posthuman»

                                                      Andy Miah

 

Amen ! :)

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Google respectera-t-il les Trois Lois de la #robotique ? | #ProtoRobots #controverses

Google respectera-t-il les Trois Lois de la #robotique ? | #ProtoRobots #controverses | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

 

Comment Google est devenu un constructeur de robots et pourquoi il ne peut pas respecter les Trois Lois de la robotique.

 

Il est encore difficile d’accepter que le robot n’est plus un futur lointain, imaginé par les auteurs de science-fiction. S’il semble que la robotique ait été loin des attentes des grands auteurs du genre, plusieurs faits récents conduisent à penser que cette science va progresser très vite pour faire coïncider petit à petit l’imaginaire et le réel. Il s’agira alors pour l’homme de faire des choix éthiques et techniques déterminants et quand Google est au cœur de l’équation, bien malin qui pourrait prédire si les bonnes cartes seront jouées. ...

 


Via Alcofribas, juandoming
luiy's insight:

Et pourtant, les proto-robots du quotidien, autocuiseur, iPhone, Escalators et poinçonneur automatique ne sont pas moins robotiques que les spécimens à venir. C’est bien pour cela, au fond, que les questions éthiques sont posées avec urgence par ceux des chercheurs et des philosophes qui ont compris que le robot n’était pas un futur, mais un présent. Pour cela aussi qu’il peut être judicieux de comprendre comment l’avenir de cette science est en train de se jouer dans l’ombre des OPA et des marchés financiers.

 

Quand la robopsychologue Susan Calvin, héroïne d’un grand nombre de nouvelles d’Isaac Asimov est interrogée sur la dangerosité des robots, sa réponse est presque tout le temps la même : un robot ne peut pas être dangereux. Il ne le peut pas, parce que la couche fondamentale de son cerveau, le cœur même de sa pensée, est programmé pour obéir aux Trois Lois de la Robotique, essentielles pour fonder un rapport sain entre le robot et l’homme. La Première de ces lois indique qu’un robot « ne peut porter atteinte à un être humain, ni, en restant passif, permettre qu’un être humain soit exposé au danger ». La Deuxième loi affirme qu’un robot « doit obéir aux ordres que lui donne un être humain, sauf si de tels ordres entrent en conflit avec la Première loi ». La Troisième loi enfin veut qu’un robot « protège son existence tant que cette protection n’entre pas en conflit avec la Première ou la Deuxième loi ».

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thierrydenys's curator insight, February 5, 2014 11:29 AM

la question peut prêter à sourire, mais elle est cependant vitale, car la réalité rattrape la fiction. #asimov #3lois #robotique

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Internet des objets et « #Transhumanisme », ou comment l'homme devient une machine | #biotechnologie

Internet des objets et « #Transhumanisme », ou comment l'homme devient une machine | #biotechnologie | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

L'acronyme NBIC désigne un champ scientifique multidisciplinaire qui se situe au carrefour des nanotechnologies (N), des biotechnologies (B), des technologies de l'information (I) et des sciences cognitives (C). Cette convergence entre plusieurs disciplines vise à terme une sorte d'hybridation entre le naturel et l'artificiel..


Via JP Fourcade
luiy's insight:

L’Internet des objets est une avancée conséquente pour les NTIC, et son couplage avec les NBIC en fait sans doute l’invention du millénaire. Par conséquent, l’Internet du vivant correspond à la vision futuriste des écrivains, cinéastes qui entrevoyaient le futur par le biais du « commandement des machines » et de l’humain augmenté. Sans toutefois croire que cela est accessible dès aujourd’hui, nous en sommes tout de même aux portes. Les réactions du public peuvent être assez binaires en fonction de la facture numérique portant sur la capacité des hommes à l’exploiter. En somme, si l’on en comprend les tenants et les aboutissements, la technologie « tranhumaniste » peut être comprise comme une avancée pharaonique, notamment en termes de santé publique (lutte contre le cancer). Si l’on ne maîtrise pas le sujet, cela pourrait très rapidement engendrer une réaction épidermique malsaine où la société se soulèverait contre un nouveau « big brother ».

 

Le couplage des neurosciences, de la biotechnologie, de l’informatique et des nanotechnologies nous laissent entrevoir un futur « ultra-optimiste », où nous pourrions repousser les limites du raisonnable et accéder au plus grand fantasme de l’homme : l’immortalité.

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La science contre la #mort : vers l'humain 2.0 ? | #transhumanism #mort

La science contre la #mort : vers l'humain 2.0 ? | #transhumanism #mort | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
INFOGRAPHIE. La science livre depuis toujours un combat contre la maladie et la mort. La nouveauté est que les progrès permettent désormais de fabriquer un "humain augmenté".

Via Yann Varenne - Blo-Gus, JP Fourcade
luiy's insight:

Pour les "transhumanistes" américains - techno-prophètes soutenus par de puissants lobbies industriels - notre patrimoine génétique ou ADN est une information comme une autre, que l’on peut sans tabou, copier, éditer voire réécrire. Et l’homme une machine complexe, qu’il faudra améliorer jusqu’à la rendre pluri-centenaire, voire immortelle… C’est déjà le projet d’une filiale de Google. Quant aux Chinois du Beijing Genomics Institute, ils séquencent les surdoués pour découvrir les gènes de l’intelligence !

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E+ ou l’élève #augmenté - Accessoires, smart drugs, implants ... | #cyborgs #learning

E+ ou l’élève #augmenté - Accessoires, smart drugs, implants ... | #cyborgs #learning | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Et si l’élève du futur pouvait et augmenter ses capacités intellectuelles et physiques et ne plus avoir la nécessité d’apprendre ?

Via SERENDIPITIC, juandoming
luiy's insight:

L'anthropologue américaine Amber Case, directrice du centre de R&D ESRI, décrit les nouvelles technologies comme un prolongement naturel de nos corps. Les objets connectés sont une extension de nous-mêmes, ils augmentent nos capacités, nous confèrent des «superpouvoirs», avec la crainte toujours présente qu’ils prennent le pouvoir sur nous.

 

Les élèves équipés de multiples objets connectés n’auront plus besoin d’antisèches collées sous leurs chaussures. Il faudra peut-être truffer les salles d’examen de brouilleurs d’ondes... Ou alors accepter cette connexion permanente et repenser totalement la définition de l’apprentissage et de ses contenus. Il y a vingt-cinq ans, l’introduction de la calculatrice en cours et en examen faisait polémique. A écouter, les plus réfractaires, les élèves n’allaient plus savoir compter. Finalement, les élèves se sont mis à programmer des fonctions.

Le fait d’être connecté en permanence et donc de pouvoir vérifier une information ou de chercher des réponses permet de développer d’autres compétences que la mémoire et permet en un sens de pousser la réflexion plus loin. Ainsi dans l’évaluation, la restitution de connaissances deviendra sans aucun doute moins centrale que l’utilisation de différentes informations trouvées afin de structurer une pensée.

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A Wikipedia for #robots allowing them to #share knowledge and experience worldwide | #algorithms

A Wikipedia for #robots allowing them to #share knowledge and experience worldwide | #algorithms | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

European scientists from six institutes and two universities have developed an online platform where robots can learn new skills from each other worldwide — a kind of “Wikipedia for robots.” The objective is to help develop robots better at helping elders with caring and household tasks. “The problem right now is that robots are often developed specifically for one task”, says René van de Molengraft, TU/e researcher and RoboEarth project leader.

 

“RoboEarth simply lets robots learn new tasks and situations from each other. All their knowledge and experience are shared worldwide on a central, online database.” In addition, some computing and “thinking” tasks can be carried out by the system’s “cloud engine,” he said, “so the robot doesn’t need to have as much computing or battery power on‑board.”

 

For example, a robot can image a hospital room and upload the resulting map to RoboEarth. Another robot, which doesn’t know the room, can use that map on RoboEarth to locate a glass of water immediately, without having to search for it endlessly. In the same way a task like opening a box of pills can be shared on RoboEarth, so other robots can also do it without having to be programmed for that specific type of box.

 

RoboEarth is based on four years of research by a team of scientists from six European research institutes (TU/e, Philips, ETH Zürich, TU München and the universities of Zaragoza and Stuttgart).

 

 

Robots learn from each other on 'Wiki for robots'


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Hyping Artificial Intelligence, Yet Again | #AI #science

Hyping Artificial Intelligence, Yet Again | #AI #science | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Some advances are genuinely exciting, but whether they will really produce human-level A.I. is unclear.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
luiy's insight:

..... but, examined carefully, the articles seem more enthusiastic than substantive. As I wrote before, the story about Watson was off the mark factually. The deep-learning piece had problems, too. Sunday’s story is confused at best; there is nothing new in teaching computers to learn from their mistakes. Instead, the article seems to be about building computer chips that use “brainlike” algorithms, but the algorithms themselves aren’t new, either. As the author notes in passing, “the new computing approach” is “already in use by some large technology companies.” Mostly, the article seems to be about neuromorphic processors—computer processors that are organized to be somewhat brainlike—though, as the piece points out, they have been around since the nineteen-eighties. In fact, the core idea of Sunday’s article—nets based “on large groups of neuron-like elements … that learn from experience”—goes back over fifty years, to the well-known Perceptron, built by Frank Rosenblatt in 1957. (If you check the archives, the Times billed it as a revolution, with the headline “NEW NAVY DEVICE LEARNS BY DOING.” The New Yorker similarly gushed about the advancement.) The only new thing mentioned is a computer chip, as yet unproven but scheduled to be released this year, along with the claim that it can “potentially [make] the term ‘computer crash’ obsolete.” Steven Pinker wrote me an e-mail after reading the Timesstory, saying “We’re back in 1985!”—the last time there was huge hype in the mainstream media about neural networks.

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Return to Eden? Promises and perils on the road to a Global Superintelligence | #singularity

luiy's insight:

Psychological parasites.

 

Mind viruses (Brodie, 1996) can be defined as parasitic memes. A meme is an idea, belief or  behavior that spreads across society by being transmitted from person to person (Heylighen & Chielens, 2008). Successful memes tend to exhibit characteristics such as plausibility, simplicity, novelty, usefulness, emotional impact, and ease of communication. As long as a meme provides valuable information, its propagation benefits society. However, parasitic memes mimic the characteristics of beneficial memes in order to spread more easily, while providing information that is worthless, wrong, or even dangerously misleading (Heylighen & Chielens, 2008). Examples include chain letters, false rumors, urban legends, hate speech, conspiracy theories, superstitions, extremist ideologies, and various fundamentalist and irrational beliefs.

 

Such memes are particularly dangerous to individuals who already have lost their sense of reality by their immersion in supernormal and flow-producing stimulation environments, and who thus are ready to embrace the false promises of a mind virus. Because they spread across communities while indoctrinating their carriers, mind viruses have an even greater potential to create damage. For example, they may recruit a worldwide group of people into an absurd and destructive enterprise, such as an outbreak of gratuitous rioting, a mass suicide, a terrorist plot, or even a genocide. The ubiquitous network enhances their powers of spreading and mobilization, thus
increasing the danger (p. 24-25).

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Le premier homme contaminé par un virus informatique | #RFID #privacy #cyborgs

Le premier homme contaminé par un virus informatique | #RFID #privacy #cyborgs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
En parvenant à inoculer un virus à son propre implant électronique sous la peau, un informaticien britannique souhaite mettre en garde la communauté scientifique contre les dangers potentiels que recouvre cette technologie.
luiy's insight:

Le Dr Mark Gasson prétend être le premier homme touché par un virus informatique. Dans le cadre de ses recherches sur les implants électroniques, l'universitaire britannique de Reading s'est en effet lui-même inoculé un virus informatique : il a contaminé la puce sous-cutanée qu'il s'était greffée dans la main gauche un an auparavant. Cette opération de piratage, tout à fait bénigne sur le plan sanitaire, pose d'importantes questions de sécurité concernant l'usage, notamment à des fins médicales, des puces de radio-identification (appelés communément RFID pour Radio Frequency IDentification).

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Revolution in Artificial Limbs Brings Feeling Back to Amputees | #cyborgs #health

Revolution in Artificial Limbs Brings Feeling Back to Amputees | #cyborgs #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
The next generation of prosthetics will enable amputees to move and feel with their devices like never before.

Via Alessio Erioli
luiy's insight:

Something is missing. Every amputee knows it, and it is more than the arm or leg they have lost. They can getreplacements for those limbs: substitutes made from metal and plastic, controlled by advanced computer chips, with the ability to grip, to turn, to step. On the outside the limbs can appear lifelike, and on the inside they are amazing machines.

 

But they are tools, not part of the patients themselves. They have no sensitivity, and no instant response to a patient's intentions.

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Beyond the subconscious | #immersive #sensors #enhanced

Beyond the subconscious | #immersive #sensors #enhanced | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

 We are only aware of about 10% of our brain activity, so scientists at a lab in Barcelona are working to increase that percentage. They hope to enable us to perform better in a world which is increasingly overwhelmed by data


Via Spaceweaver
luiy's insight:

Scientists involved in this European Union research project hope to help us become smarter and more efficient by listening to and stimulating our subconscious so it can mobilize the power of our own creativity. And to do that, they are using complex technology.

According to Pedro Omedas, a computer scientist at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra:

 

“We are integrating virtual reality and mixed reality platforms to allow us to screen information in an immersive way. We also have systems to help us extract information from these platforms. We use tracking systems to understand how a person moves within a given space. We also have various physiological sensors (heart rate, breathing etc.) that capture signals produced by the user – both conscious and subconscious. Our main challenge is how to integrate all this information coherently.”

 

Anna Mura is a neuroscientist at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra.

“The system allows us to upgrade subconscious processes to make them conscious,” she said. “This can help us assimilate information in complex databases – information that would be impossible to decipher without that extra help.”

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DNA #nanorobots find and tag cellular targets | #Nanotechnology

DNA #nanorobots find and tag cellular targets | #Nanotechnology | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center, working with their collaborators at the Hospital for Special Surgery, have created a fleet of molecular 'robots' that can home in on specific human cells and mark them for drug therapy or destruction.
luiy's insight:

The nanorobots—a collection of DNA molecules, some attached to antibodies —were designed to seek a specific set of human blood cells and attach a fluorescent tag to the cell surfaces. Details of the system were published July 28, 2013, in the online edition of Nature Nanotechnology.

 

"This opens up the possibility of using such molecules to target, treat, or kill specific cells without affecting similar healthy cells," said the study's senior investigator, Milan Stojanovic, PhD, associate professor of medicine and of biomedical engineering at Columbia University Medical Center. "In our experiment, we tagged the cells with a fluorescent marker; but we could replace that with a drug or with a toxin to kill the cell."

 

Though other DNA nanorobots have been designed to deliver drugs to cells, the advantage of Stojanovic's fleet is its ability to distinguish cell populations that do not share a single distinctive feature.


Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2013-08-dna-nanorobots-tag-cellular.html#jCp

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Baxter and the Second Machine Age — A revolution in mental power | #work #robots #change

Baxter and the Second Machine Age — A revolution in mental power | #work #robots #change | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
The following is adapted from The Second Machine Age by Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee, out now in hardcover.

Via Claude Emond
luiy's insight:

Baxter is instantly recognizable as a humanoid robot. It has two burly, jointed arms with claw-like grips for hands; a torso; and a head with an LCD face that swivels to ‘look at’ the nearest person. It doesn’t have legs, though; Rethink sidestepped the enormous challenges of automatic locomotion by putting Baxter on wheels and having it rely on people to get from place to place. The company’s analyses suggest that it can still do lots of useful work without the ability to move under his own power.

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Claude Emond's curator insight, February 7, 2014 4:46 PM

«Computers and other digital advances are doing for mental power what the steam engine and its descendants did for muscle power.»

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Introduction to #Transhumanism

Introduction to Transhumanism Nick Bostrom Philosophy Faculty Oxford University 


Via Claude Emond
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Claude Emond's curator insight, January 11, 2014 9:22 PM

Ok, ok...! Just one more on this trans/posthuman subject. Just want to share the definitions of Mr. Bostrom:

 

Transhuman (“transitional human”): someone with moderately enhanced capacities.
(Older definition: someone taking the first steps towards becoming posthuman)


Posthuman: someone whose basic capacities so radically exceed those of present humans as to be no longer unambiguously human by our current standards.


Transhumanist: someone who accepts transhumanism.

 

I guess I am a transhumanist...looking forward to being a posthumanist :)

Matthew Britt's curator insight, March 24, 2014 10:20 PM

Nick Bostrom gives us some definitions regarding trans-humanism and post-humanism.

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Creating #sentient machines with #deepLearning’ AI technology

Creating #sentient machines with #deepLearning’ AI technology | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Building machines that process information the same way a brain does has been a dream for over 50 years. Artificial intelligence, fuzzy logic, and neural networks have all experienced some degrees of success, but machines still cannot recognize pictures or understand language as well as humans can.
luiy's insight:

Kurzweil believes a conscious machine capable of understanding complex natural language will be developed within 16 years. "I've had a consistent date of 2029 for that vision," he said "and that doesn't just mean logical intelligence. It means emotional intelligence, being funny, getting the joke, being sexy, loving, understanding emotions. This is what separates computers and humans today."

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Ray Kurzweil - Qu'est-ce que la #Singularité ? | #transhumanism

Ray Kurzweil - Qu'est-ce que la #Singularité ? | #transhumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Prêts pour le nouveau Big Bang ?

Via JP Fourcade
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Computer Chips in Your #Brain | #cyborgs

A world where information can be downloaded to your brain isn't pure fantasy. | For more Futurescape, visit http://science.discovery.com/tv-shows/futurescape...

Via JP Fourcade
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Une prothèse pneumatique souple pour la rééducation | #health #cyborgs

Une prothèse pneumatique souple pour la rééducation | #health #cyborgs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Nous parlons souvent des solutions de rééducation, exosquelettes et prothèses robotisées, qui permettront bientôt aux personnes en difficulté de retrouver le sens de la marche. Mais l’inconvénient de ces appareils est leur rigidité, qui ne permet pas aux utilisateurs d’effectuer gestes fluides. Pour contourner ce problème, une équipe de chercheurs de différentes universités américaines a [...]

Via Lockall
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Pour contourner ce problème, une équipe de chercheurs de différentes universités américaines a eu l’idée d’un exosquelette partiellement souple, qui permet d’augmenter sensiblement les degrés de liberté et de reproduire de manière plus naturelle la mécanique des muscles, des tendons et des ligaments du corps humain.

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