World-renowned artificial intelligence expert and Google's new Director of Engineering, Ray Kurzweil, wants to build a search engine so sophisticated tha.. (World-renowned artificial intelligence expert and Google's new Director of Engineering,...
L’avatar peut être réduit à une sorte de logo ou enrichi d’un grand nombre de détails personnels. Il fonctionne dans les espaces virtuels pour son possesseur comme une seconde peau, et pour ses interlocuteurs comme un assemblage d’objets partiels. Ni totalement réel, ni totalement imaginaire, l’avatar introduit à un nouvel espace dans lequel l’interlocuteur est à la fois présent et absent d’une façon qui peut engager soit sur le versant de la consolation, soit sur celui de la frustration.
Cellular automata are probably the closest things to machine life that most people have gotten an opportunity to experiment with in recent years. John Conway invented a piece of software titled the Game of Life in 1970. He carefully set up the rules to create a balanced world. While this might sound like old news, it has allowed scientists to actually simulate certain real world systems.
While there have been a number of compelling essays on gender equality, physical differences continue to define human beings. Cyborg life forms would be without these constraints. Certain feminist authors have actually focused on this as a radical way to achieve gender equality, though other commentators have held less optimistic views.
Beyond Flesh and Blood: The Ultimate Guide To Angels and Demons http://www.amazon.com/Beyond-Flesh-Blood-Ultimate-Angels/dp/1466239816/ref=lp_B0045TBN1M_1_2?... (I added a video to a @YouTube playlist http://t.co/kEbrGSBO...
3-D printed organs. Brain chips providing superhuman abilities. Megacities, built from scratch. The U.S. intelligence community is taking a look at the world of 2030. And it is very, very sci-fi.
We’ve seen experimental prosthetics in recent years that are connected to the human neurological system. The Council says the link between man and machine is about to get way more cyborg-like. “As replacement limb technology advances, people may choose to enhance their physical selves as they do with cosmetic surgery today. Future retinal eye implants could enable night vision, and neuro-enhancements could provide superior memory recall or speed of thought,” the Council writes. “Brain-machine interfaces could provide ‘superhuman’ abilities, enhancing strength and speed, as well as providing functions not previously available.”
And if the machines can’t be embedded into the person, the person may embed himself in the robot. “Augmented reality systems can provide enhanced experiences of real-world situations. Combined with advances in robotics, avatars could provide feedback in the form of sensors providing touch and smell as well as aural and visual information to the operator,” the report adds. There’s no word about whether you’ll have to paint yourself blue to enjoy the benefits of this tech.
Robots that look more like ping pong balls could one day help to colonize Mars, so thinks their developer. The robots would work together in swarms of thousands to construct habitats for humans and perform gardening tasks.
“The doctor’s robot will see you now” may become a new refrain in hospitals.
The robot, based on iRobot’s Ava platform, has a barrage of sensors to navigate through busy hallways without having to be led by a person. The company has built in the ability for Ava to create an internally stored map by moving through a building on its own. InTouch Health plans to lease the robot and associated services for between $4,000 and $6,000 a month.
iRobot last year invested $6 million in InTouch Health and co-developed RP-VITA with the company as a way for iRobot to get a foothold in the healthcare market. Having “hardened” the Ava platform for health care, iRobot intends to sell modified versions of the machine for adjacent industries, such as audio and video conference in business and building security or monitoring, says iRobot general counsel Glen Weinstein.
In our economy, many of the jobs most resistant to automation are those with the least economic value. Just consider the diversity of tasks, unpredictable terrains, and specialized tools that a landscaper confronts in a single day. No robot is intelligent enough to perform this $8-an-hour work.
Telepresence means that in theory, 10, 100, or 1,000 times as many workers could compete (virtually) for the same work. No matter how bad things get in Madrid or Houston, an avatar worker somewhere else could sell his or her labor for less. The same outsourcing logic applies to many high-wage jobs that rely on physical presence and motor skills, including the work done by cardiologists and machinists.
Previous waves of outsourcing should remind us: the legal, political, and social obstacles to an avatar economy may prove greater than the technical ones. How will the meaning of work change when a gardener bot is controlled by a different remote worker every day? Or when one driver supervises 50 mostly autonomous taxis? What—and how much—work will be left in areas with the highest labor and housing costs?
Artificial eyes are a common theme in science fiction. A certain television character from the early 1990s made the idea popular. While there have been a few prototypes in the real world, mechanical ocular implants aren’t regularmedical devices just yet. When they come out, however, they will be welcome additions to many ophthalmology programs.
Dunbar uses Facebook data on the people we actually talk to online to argue that 'Dunbar's Number' -- the idea that humans deal best groups with around 150 people -- applies even online. Of course, this also assumes that we have no, or very few, non-Facebook linked friends, and that technology does not affect us socially, although it has obvious effects on other dimensions of human life.
I'll admit, I find Dunbar's Number (he actually uses the expression) problematic for a number of reasons, probably because he seems to really want to over-extend it to every area of social life and so easily dismisses counter-vailing data. I do agree, however, that cognitive limits do affect us socially, but it's also the case that we come up with lots of ways of simplifying complicated cognitive activities to get better at them (for example, treating people as members of a group to simplify how we relate to them). That is, I'm not persuaded that many 'limits' on cognition are quite as hard as some evolutionary psychologists think.
Argumentation Methods for Artificial Intelligence in Law: Douglas Walton: Amazon.com: Kindle Store (Argumentation Methods for Artificial Intelligence in Law: Use of argumentation methods applied to legal reasonin...
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