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Cyborg: From Science Fiction to Social Reality

Cyborg: From Science Fiction to Social Reality | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

The emerging technological developments across various scientificfields have brought about radical changes in the ways we perceive and define

what it means to be human in today‟s highlytechnologically oriented society.Advancements in robotics, AI research, molecular biology, genetic engineering,nanotechnology, medicine, etc., are mostly still in an experimental phase but itis likely that they will become a part of our daily experience


Via Andrea Naranjo
luiy's insight:
In his novel Idoru, William Gibson entertained the idea of a hologram governed byan AI. Idoru or Idol is “a holographic personality -construct, a congeries of softwareagents, the creation of information- designers.” [9] It is an AI, a computer programmewhich simulates a female human being. It adapts and learns through interacting withhumans and manifests itself as a generated, animated, projected hologram. A person-alized version of Idoru named Rei Toei exists online in different forms that corre-spond to preferences of each user. Only when performing in public, her appearance isa result of consensual decision of users. Her effect on audiences is so strong thatLaney, a character hired to objectively analyze the information she generates, had toremind himself in her presence that “she is not flesh; she is information.” [10] Whatused to be science fiction in just over a decade ago in Gibson‟s novel is now realized in several different forms, i.e. several different holographic projected Idols such as vocaloids Hatsune Miku and Aimi Eguchi, for example. Hatsune Miku is Yamaha‟s synthetic sound generator popularized through Hatsune‟s visual iconography. As a holographic celebrity, she performs in concerts with live musicians. These virtualconstructs not only exist in physical space but the real people in the real world attrib-ute a status of personae and celebrities to them and treat them accordingly. The keycharacteristic of all Idoru characters is that they are “ both real and fictional: it is real in terms of having material effects on people‟s lives and playing a role in the formation of digital lifestyles, and it is fictional in insofar as it operates in conjunction with an elaborate fantasy narrative.” [20] Apart from being a materialization of what Gibson has conceptualized in fiction,Idoru constructs can also be observed as a materialization of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari‟s concept of “body without organs” [5] in both metaphorical and literal sense. On the one hand they are the hollow bodies but still bodies which inhabit thephysical realm and gain meaning through interactions with people and, on the otherhand, they are a fluid substrate caught in the process of endless self replication .....
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Scientists create 'sixth sense' brain implant to detect infrared light - Telegraph

Scientists create 'sixth sense' brain implant to detect infrared light - Telegraph | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
A brain implant which could allow humans to detect invisible infrared light has been developed by scientists in America.
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Cyborg Crickets Could Form Mobile Communications Network, Save Human Lives

Cyborg Crickets Could Form Mobile Communications Network, Save Human Lives | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

(PhysOrg.com) -- By taking advantage of the way crickets communicate, researchers are building 'cyborg crickets' that could form a mobile communications network for emergency situations, such as detecting chemical attacks on the battlefield or even the scent of humans trapped in rubble after natural disasters.

luiy's insight:

The technology's designer, Ben Epstein, came up with the idea during a visit to China, where he heard cicadas changing calls in response to each other. Recently, the Pentagon has awarded Epstein's Point Pleasant Beach, New Jersey-based company, OpCoast, a six-month contract to develop a mobile communications network for insects. The biggest challenge will be to fit all the necessary electronics into a tiny body, and then make hundreds or thousands of them in each network. The network could potentially extend across large distances, as some katydids can be heard up to a kilometer away. As the cyborg insects transmit the call from neighbor to neighbor, the cascade effect eventually transmits the signal to ground-based transceivers, where humans can respond.

Read more at: http://phys.org/news166715517.html#jCp

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ScienceGuide - Europe’s road to technological singularity

ScienceGuide - Europe’s road to technological singularity | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
technological Singularity university roadmap EU for innovation (Europe’s road to technological singularity http://t.co/UnBVjfI3)
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Agata Bąk's curator insight, February 17, 2013 9:41 AM

The singularity is here.

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Christine Peterson on Singularity 1 on 1: Join Us to Push the Future ...

Christine Peterson on Singularity 1 on 1: Join Us to Push the Future ... | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Christine Peterson – co-founder of the Foresight Institute for Nanotechnology, talks about longevity, nanotech and the singularity. See her full interview on SingularityWeblog.com.
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The Robot Revolution: Your Job May Be Next

The Robot Revolution: Your Job May Be Next | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
The robots have arrived and there’s no one to stop them from taking over hundreds and thousands of jobs, according to one author. Oh, and they might cause the entire economy to collapse.

Via Szabolcs Kósa
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'Epidermal electronics' tattoos - a giant step forward for cyborgs?

'Epidermal electronics' tattoos - a giant step forward for cyborgs? | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

A new skin patch that can monitor heart and brain functions could be used to enhance the body’s well-being. One day soon, your doctor might prescribe you something that looks like a colourful temporary tattoo. But when you apply it to your skin you’ll end up with more than an interesting pattern. Your epidermis will be coated with a gossamer-thin layer of electronics. In the short term, this tattoo will be used to monitor your well-being. But in the long term it could be used to enhance your body as part of a remarkable new phase in human evolution, one foreseen by Edgar Allen Poe in the 19th century.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Synthetic Biology - Inventing the Future

The hottest new field in biotech is synthetic biology: Scientists can now re-program life at the cellular level, just like a computer program. Syn-bio expert...

Via Xaos
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Xaos's curator insight, February 13, 2013 12:00 AM

Inventing the Future is a live news program featuring coming trends that will shape society. In today's world, success means knowing "What's Next After What's Next?" Lead by Robert Tercek, Inventing the Future offers insight into the future of the world after tomorrow

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Customizing the Brain with Psychoactives « NextNature.net

Customizing the Brain with Psychoactives « NextNature.net | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Via Andrea Graziano
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New Technology Lets Amputees Design Legs

3D Systems in San Francisco creates coverings for prosthetic legs using 3D scanning to capture the unique leg shape. But as AP's Haven Daley explains, they a...

Via João Greno Brogueira, Andrea Graziano
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Gust MEES's curator insight, February 8, 2013 3:57 PM

WOW!

 

Maquete Eletrônica's curator insight, February 10, 2013 3:24 AM

 próteses de pernas usando impressora 3D

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Trust and Complex Technology: The Cyborg’s Modern Bargain » Cyborgology

Trust and Complex Technology: The Cyborg’s Modern Bargain » Cyborgology | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

In this essay, I want to continue the discussion about our relationship with the technology we use. Adapting and extending Anthony Giddens’ Consequences of Modernity, I will argue that an essential part of the cyborganic transformation we experience when we equip Modern, sophisticated technology is deeply tied to trust in expert systems. It is no longer feasible to fully comprehend the inner workings of the innumerable devices that we depend on; rather, we are forced to trust that the institutions that deliver these devices to us have designed, tested, and maintained the devices properly. This bargain—trading certainty for convenience—however, means that the Modern cyborg finds herself ever more deeply integrated into the social circuit. In fact, the cyborg’s connection to technology makes her increasingly socially dependent because the technological facets of her being require expert knowledge from others.


Via proto-e-co-logics
luiy's insight:

Cyborgs always see the social in the technological; the “technology is neutral” trope is a laugh line.

 

Nowhere are mutual trust and co-dependency more apparent than with social media. Few of us have any clue how the Internet’s infrastructure delivers our digital representations across the world in an instant. This lack of knowledge means simply that we must trust that platforms such as Facebook or Google are delivering information accurately. As the Turing test has demonstrated, computers can easily fool us into believing we are communicating with someone who is not present or who does not even exist, if the system allows. Moreover, on platforms such as Facebook, we also must trust the system to enforce a norm of honesty. If we cannot trust that other users are honestly representing themselves, we become unsure of how to respond. Honesty and accuracy of information are preconditions to participation. And because, as individuals, we lack the capacity to ensure either, we must place our trust in experts. We users do not understandthe mechanics of Facebook, we simply accept it as reality; that is to say, Facebook is made possible through widespread suspension of disbelief. Thus, use social media is a commitment to pursuit the benefits of participation, despite the risk that we could be fooled or otherwise taken advantage of. Facebook is not merely social because it involves mutual interaction, it is social because trust in society’s expert systems is a precondition to any such interaction.

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Cyborg Foundation - International organization to help humans become cyborgs

Cyborg Foundation - International organization to help humans become cyborgs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

The Cyborg Foundation is a nonprofit organization created in 2010 by cyborg activist Neil Harbisson and choreographer Moon Ribas. The foundation is an institution for the research, creation and promotion of projects related to extending and creating new senses and perceptions by applying technology to the human body.


Via Jacques Urbanska
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Building human body parts

Building human body parts | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Alex Seifalian’s lab at University College London is helping humans who lose body parts to repair their bodies the way a newt would if it lost its tail – by growing another.

Via Alessio Erioli
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Transhumanism vs. /and Posthumanism - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies

Transhumanism vs. /and Posthumanism - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Posthumanism is a solution to poststructuralism and humanism, born out of the (some would perceive) “evils” of postmodernism.


Via Susan Bainbridge
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Rescooped by luiy from Tracking the Future
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A sensational breakthrough: the first bionic hand that can feel

A sensational breakthrough: the first bionic hand that can feel | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

The first bionic hand that allows an amputee to feel what they are touching will be transplanted later this year in a pioneering operation that could introduce a new generation of artificial limbs with sensory perception.
The wiring of his new bionic hand will be connected to the patient’s nervous system with the hope that the man will be able to control the movements of the hand as well as receiving touch signals from the hand’s skin sensors.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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The race to create 'insect cyborgs'

The race to create 'insect cyborgs' | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Why make tiny flying drones when you can fly real insects by remote-control? It could lead to a neuroscience revolution, explains Emily Anthes in an excerpt from her new book Frankenstein's Cat

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In 2006 the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) asked America's scientists to submit "innovative proposals to develop technology to create insect-cyborgs" .

It was not your everyday government request, but it was an utterly serious one. For years, the US military has been hoping to develop "micro air vehicles" – ultra-small flying robots capable of performing surveillance in dangerous territory. Building these machines is not easy. The dynamics of flight change at very small sizes, and the vehicles need to be lightweight enough to fly, yet strong enough to carry cameras and other equipment. Most formidably, they need a source of power, and batteries light enough for microfliers just don't have enough juice to keep the crafts aloft for very long. Consider the tiny, completely synthetic drones that engineers have managed to create: the DelFly Micro, which measures less than 10cm from wingtip to wingtip, can stay airborne for just three minutes.

Darpa officials knew there had to be something better out there. "Proof of existence of small-scale flying machines… is abundant in nature in the form of insects," Amit Lal, a Darpa programme manager and Cornell engineer, wrote in a pamphlet the agency issued to the prospective researchers.

Perhaps, Darpa officials realised, the military didn't need to start from scratch; if they began with live insects, they'd already be halfway to their dream flying machines. All they'd have to do was figure out how to hack into insects' bodies and control their movements.


Via Wildcat2030
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luiy's comment, February 17, 2013 3:19 AM
Definitions:

Hybrots: A hybrot (short for "hybrid robot") is a cybernetic organism in the form of a robot controlled by a computer consisting of both electronic and biological elements. (wiki)
Animats: Animats are artificial animals, a contraction of anima-materials. The term includes physical robots and virtual simulations (wiki)
Semi-biotic systems: Semi-biotic systems are systems that incorporate biologically derived components/modules – which could range from multi-protein complexes through DNA constructs to multi-cellular assemblies – and integrate them with synthetic components (e.g. microfabricated systems) to produce hybrid devices. (wiki)
luiy's comment, February 17, 2013 3:19 AM
great article,,, congrats
Wildcat2030's comment, February 17, 2013 3:21 AM
Thank you
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Digital Poesis: An Imaginal Interpetation of the Digital Era

Here, I present some of the findings of my two years in the Consciousness Studies program at Goddard College. There is much debate over the impact, or effect of digital media on intelligence, childhood development, and culture.
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Transhumanism : Hidden History and Agenda

Transhumanism : Hidden History and Agenda | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
“Academic researchers, Dr. Joseph P. Farrell and Dr. Scott D. de Hart, discussed transhumanism and the hidden history and agenda that have set humanity on a c…” See on youtube.com (Transhumanism : Hidden History and Agenda - Academic researchers, Dr.
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MIT: The future is here - part human, part machine cyborgs

MIT: The future is here - part human, part machine cyborgs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Bionic beings who are part-human, part-machine may sound like a concept that still belongs in science fiction stories. But experts say that cyborgs are already walking among us, and have been around for quite some time.

http://tinyurl.com/7nfnogu


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Rescooped by luiy from Digital Delights - Avatars, Virtual Worlds, Gamification
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Designing cyborgs

Presentation for Hybrid Days, making the point that we are part of technologies rather than them being part of us, so our technologies (at least the softer and...

Via Ana Cristina Pratas
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The Social Interface: Cyborg Cops, Googlers and Connectivism | Digital Delights

The Social Interface: Cyborg Cops, Googlers and Connectivism | Digital Delights | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

The Social Interface: Cyborg Cops, Googlers and Connectivism http://t.co/pAbDqHR1


Via robinwb, Andrea Naranjo
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With Evolved Brains, Robots Creep Closer To Animal-Like Learning

With Evolved Brains, Robots Creep Closer To Animal-Like Learning | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
The most nightmare-inducing characteristic of Big Dog, DARPA’s robotic military mule, might be the way it moves so stiffly, yet unrelentingly, over treacherous battleground.

Via Spaceweaver
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Equal Opportunity for Low-Degree Network Nodes: A PageRank-Based Method for Protein Target Identification in Metabolic Graphs

Equal Opportunity for Low-Degree Network Nodes: A PageRank-Based Method for Protein Target Identification in Metabolic Graphs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Biological network data, such as metabolic-, signaling- or physical interaction graphs of proteins are increasingly available in public repositories for important species. Tools for the quantitative analysis of these networks are being developed today. Protein network-based drug target identification methods usually return protein hubs with large degrees in the networks as potentially important targets. Some known, important protein targets, however, are not hubs at all, and perturbing protein hubs in these networks may have several unwanted physiological effects, due to their interaction with numerous partners. Here, we show a novel method applicable in networks with directed edges (such as metabolic networks) that compensates for the low degree (non-hub) vertices in the network, and identifies important nodes, regardless of their hub properties. Our method computes the PageRank for the nodes of the network, and divides the PageRank by the in-degree (i.e., the number of incoming edges) of the node. This quotient is the same in all nodes in an undirected graph (even for large- and low-degree nodes, that is, for hubs and non-hubs as well), but may differ significantly from node to node in directed graphs. We suggest to assign importance to non-hub nodes with large PageRank/in-degree quotient. Consequently, our method gives high scores to nodes with large PageRank, relative to their degrees: therefore non-hub important nodes can easily be identified in large networks. We demonstrate that these relatively high PageRank scores have biological relevance: the method correctly finds numerous already validated drug targets in distinct organisms (Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Plasmodium falciparum and MRSA Staphylococcus aureus), and consequently, it may suggest new possible protein targets as well. Additionally, our scoring method was not chosen arbitrarily: its value for all nodes of all undirected graphs is constant; therefore its high value captures importance in the directed edge structure of the graph.


Via Ashish Umre
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ROBOTIC PROTOTYPES (INTERACTIVE ENVIRONMENT)

Collapse-Collide 'Sweatworks' AADRL Theodore Spyropoulos Studio. Akber A. Khan (Pakistan), Saman Dadgostar (Iran), Sofía M. Papageorgiou (Greece), Felipe Sep...

Via smg_michele, Alessio Erioli
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Rex, l'homme bionique qui valait 1 million de dollars

Rex, l'homme bionique qui valait 1 million de dollars | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

SCIENCES – Des scientifiques britanniques ont dévoilé ce mardi Rex, un robot pensé pour être le plus proche de l’humain possible…


Via CECI Jean-François, michel verstrepen, juandoming
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Ingrid B's curator insight, February 10, 2013 8:54 AM

Martes Rex es un robot diseñado para ser lo más cercano al ser humano