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Scientists Build Baseball-Playing Robot With 100,000-Neuron Fake Brain | Wired Enterprise | Wired.com

Scientists Build Baseball-Playing Robot With 100,000-Neuron Fake Brain | Wired Enterprise | Wired.com | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
If you’ve been to the RoboGames, you’ve seen everything from flame-throwing battlebots to androids that play soccer. But robo-athletes are more than just performers. They're a path to the future.

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Researchers at the University of Electro-Communications in Tokyo and the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology have built a small humanoid robot that plays baseball — or something like it. The bot can hold a fan-like bat and take swings at flying plastic balls, and though it may miss at first, it can learn with each new pitch and adjust its swing accordingly. Eventually, it will make contact.

The robot, you see, is also equipped with an artificial brain. Based on an Nvida graphics processor, or GPU, kinda to one that renders images on your desktop or laptop, this brain mimics the function of about 100,000 neurons, and using a software platform developed by Nvidia, the scientists have programmed these neurons for the task at hand, as they discussed in a recent paper published in the journal Neural Networks.

Yes, it’s fun. But through this baseball-playing robot, the scientists also hope to better understand how brains can be recreated with software and hardware — and bring us closer to a world where robots can handle more important tasks on our behalf.

When a ball is pitched to the robot, an accelerometer at the back of a batting cage records information about the flight of the ball, including its speed, and this data is relayed back to a machine that holds the GPU-powered brain. The brain then crunches this data so that it can determine exactly when the robot should swing. If the scientists change the pitch speed, the robot will relearn the task all over again.


Via Wildcat2030
luiy's insight:

Researchers at the University of Electro-Communications in Tokyo and the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology have built a small humanoid robot that plays baseball — or something like it. The bot can hold a fan-like bat and take swings at flying plastic balls, and though it may miss at first, it can learn with each new pitch and adjust its swing accordingly. Eventually, it will make contact.

The robot, you see, is also equipped with an artificial brain. Based on an Nvida graphics processor, or GPU, kinda to one that renders images on your desktop or laptop, this brain mimics the function of about 100,000 neurons, and using a software platform developed by Nvidia, the scientists have programmed these neurons for the task at hand, as they discussed in a recent paper published in the journal Neural Networks.

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Google Nose may be an April Fools joke, but smell interfaces are here | SENSOREE

Google Nose may be an April Fools joke, but smell interfaces are here | SENSOREE | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
The future is initimiate. We want to be closer to ourselves. SENSOREE designs emotive displays that extend the nervous system beyond the bounds of the human body.

Via Andrea Graziano
luiy's insight:
The history of smell media

In the 1960s, movie entertainment began adding more senses to create an olfactory, memorable experience.

 

Smell-o-vision (1960) paired with the movie, Scent Of Mystery. At specific scenes, 30 different scents were pumped out to each seat in the theatre. The experience was not seamless, as the audience complained that the smells were too loud. The fragrances hissed into their ears, and disrupted the movie.

 

SENSORAMA (1962) was created by Morton Heilig as “Experience Theater.”  This was a personal multi-sensory theater with wind, vibration, sound, and smell.  This was a grandparent of virtual reality. We are not sure why these did not populate the cities. Apparently, the inventor was not able to get financial backing to develop, but the prototypes still work today!

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Telepathy One : Google Glass gets a sleeker, Japanese competitor

Telepathy One : Google Glass gets a sleeker, Japanese competitor | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
A group of Japan-based companies have come up with a device that could very well offer a good deal of competition to Google Glass.

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Google Glass is currently the darling of the emerging wearable tech world, as thousands recently "applied" for the right to be able to buy the $1,500 device. But another device designed to put an always-on computer in front of your eyes offers a different approach with a similar form factor.

Created by a consortium of Japanese firms, the Telepathy One is a headset that looks like a more streamlined version of Google Glass without the tiny display or side-mounted interface controls. Instead of a tiny glass display, the Telepathy One uses a micro-projection unit that is controlled wirelessly via your smartphone or tablet device.

Also, instead of bone conducting sound, the device appears to use direct, in-ear speakers to provide audio. No pricing or release date have been set but, according to the company, the device will retail for a lower price than Google Glass.

However, the strength of Google Glass is in its suite of cloud-based services such as voice search and maps, so it remains to be seen if the Telepathy One will offer anything remotely as effective when it comes to software. Addressing those concerns, company CEO Takahito Iguchi told the Nikkei,"The device was recently demonstrated at the SXSW conference in Austin, Texas, and the users appear to be pretty impressed. You can see a few conference attendees testing out the Telepathy One in the video below.


Via Wildcat2030
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Watch out, Glass is about! First customers get £1,000 electronic specs as plans for 'Google stores' to sell them revealed

Watch out, Glass is about! First customers get £1,000 electronic specs as plans for 'Google stores' to sell them revealed | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Developers today received their 'explorer' version of the wearable computer, as plans for Google stores in Los Angeles and San Francisco to sell them were revealed online.
luiy's insight:

Martin Missfeldt, a German designer, said he created this graphic to show people how the Google system works.


'Google Glass is a technical masterpiece,' he said.

'It combines numerous functions and features in a very small unit. In addition to phone and camera (photo, video), it offers Internet connection, including GPS.'


'The core feature of Google Glass is a visual layer that is placed over the reality ('augmented reality'), explains Missfeldt.


'This layer opens a door to amazing new possibilities.


'Google Glass contains a mini-projector, which projected the layer via a clever, semi-transparent prism directly on the retina in the eye.


'Because of this the image, even though it is so close to the eye, is sharp and clear.


'You can move the front part of the Google Glass easily to optimize the focus.'



Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2310414/Google-Glass-First-customers-1-000-electronic-specs-plans-Google-stores-sell-revealed.html#ixzz2Qqd559VM ;


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Toward Intelligent Humanoids | iCub 2012


Via Wildcat2030
luiy's insight:
This video, released by the IDSIA Robotics Lab as part of the ongoing work in the EU-funded project IM-CLeVeR, shows recent skills learned by the iCub humanoid. The IM-CleVeR project, launched in 2009, aims at “developing a new methodology for designing robots that can cumulatively learn new skills through autonomous development based on intrinsic motivations, and reuse such skills for accomplishing multiple, complex, and externally-assigned tasks.” This documentary gives an overview of the technologies, architectures and algorithms required to make this humanoid robot learn more autonomously. Skills include active perception, reasoning and manipulation of the environment.
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Russian billionaire plans to make humans immortal by 2045

Russian billionaire plans to make humans immortal by 2045 | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

A Russian billionaire has unveiled plans to make humans immortal by converting them into 'Terminator-style' cyborgs – a creature that’s part human and part machine – within the next three decades. Thirty-two-year-old mogul Dmitry Itskov has been pushing the project forward since 2011 when he founded the 2045 Initiative.

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Rui Guimarães Lima's curator insight, April 12, 2013 12:04 PM

E com esta fuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii ;)

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#Robotique : Un humanoïde aux articulations souples

#Robotique : Un humanoïde aux articulations souples | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

La plupart des robots humanoïdes en cours de développement sont rigides au niveau de leurs articulations. Ceci pose un problème de sécurité lorsque l’on veut le faire interagir avec l’homme, et notamment des enfants en bas âge. Imaginez les conséquences dramatiques (!) d’une chute d’un robot humanoïde de plus d’un mètre sur un enfant de moins 2 ans. Boum ! Au revoir bébé, et le robot part à la poubelle ! Pour éviter ce genre de désagrément, une équipe italienne est en train de travailler sur un robot humanoïde aux jointures flexibles.


Via JP Fourcade, Lockall
luiy's insight:

Des actionneurs souples pour plus de sécurité

Les robots sont de plus en plus conscients d’eux-mêmes et de leur entourage. Dans le cadre du projet européen AMARSI, une équipe du Département de Robotique Avancée(ADVR) pourrait même leur faire gravir une marche supplémentaire. En les équipant d’articulations non rigides, ces robots pourraient en cas de chute, éviter les accidents avec les personnes présentes et amortir les chocs.

 

L’équipe de chercheurs a développé le COmpliant huMANoid (COMAN), premier robot complet à porter des articulations à raideur variable. De la taille d’un enfant de quatre ans, le COMAN mesure 94,5 cm de hauteur (des pieds à la nuque) et pèse 31.2 kg. Il dispose de 25 degrés de liberté, avec un mélange de liaisons rigides et souples. Les 14 joints semi-rigides utilisés pour les bras et les jambes sont en réalité des actionneurs élastiques modulaires et de petite taille, conçus sur mesure par l’équipe. L’intérieur du COMAN est fait d’un alliage de titane, d’acier inoxydable et d’aluminium. L’extérieur est fait en plastique ABS rigide.

 

 

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#cyborgs : "Exmobaby", New 'smart' baby suit contains sensors that tell you why baby is crying

#cyborgs : "Exmobaby", New 'smart' baby suit contains sensors that tell you why baby is crying | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
The Exmobaby suit has a thermometer, heart rate monitor and movement sensor built into the fabric - and tells parents their child's 'mood' via their PC or smartphone.

Via Domenico Di Siena, Wildcat2030
luiy's insight:

The Exmobaby suit works using conductive fibres and sensors built into the fabric. 


'Exmobaby parents will be able to see icons representing their baby's heartbeat, emotional state and activity level on their phones,' says the company.


'This is especially important for first-time mothers re-entering the work force, parents concerned about the vigilance of their babysitter, and childcare centers juggling the needs of multiple children. Exmobaby will also be marketed to parents worried about infant sleep apnea, choking and other dangers that relate to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.

Each Exmobaby suit also has a detachable transceiver that communicates the information to PCs and smartphones, plus software to receive and process the information and tell parents about their child's mood. 

The company says that the suits are an evolution of existing technologies such as baby monitors.



Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2110999/New-smart-baby-suit-contains-sensors-tell-baby-crying.html#ixzz2Q3qbnF8h ;
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook

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«Real Humans»: pourquoi fabriquer des robots à notre image?

«Real Humans»: pourquoi fabriquer des robots à notre image? | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
La série «Real Humans», qui commence en France le jeudi 4 avril sur Arte, met en scène, dans un futur proche, des robots humanoïdes très avancés. Mais qui y a-t-il de si intéressant à fabriquer des machines qui nous ressemblent?

Via Jacques Urbanska
luiy's insight:

Dans la série Real Humans diffusée à partir de ce jeudi soir sur Arte, les robots («Hubots») ne répondent pas tous aux critères de perfection que nous pourrions vouloir enfin réunir dans un être humain. Si la plupart arborent une plastique irréprochable, ça n’est pas le cas de certains robots de basses œuvres. [ATTENTION SPOILER SUR LA SUTE DE CE PARAGRAPHE] Moralement non plus, les Hubots ne semblent pas tous particulièrement exemplaires et certains vont violer les lois d’Asimov, qui sont implicitement citées dans la série. Plus étonnant, un robot-mégère-ménagère, va jusqu’à administrer à son insu des somnifères à son propriétaire [FIN DU SPOILER]. 

 

Dans cette série, par ailleurs visiblement bien documentée et plutôt convaincante, point comme presque toujours dans la science-fiction, l’éternelle crainte d’un soulèvement des robots.


Pour qu’une telle issue soit envisageable, il faudrait d’abord que nous ayons résolu le problème de l’intelligence artificielle, ce qui, n’en croyez pas la robohype, n’est absolument pas le cas. Pourtant, avec cette crainte à l’esprit, nous continuons à fabriquer des robots humanoïdes qui nous ressemblent de plus en plus. Quel est donc l’intérêt de fabriquer de faux humains? N’y a-t-il pas une infinité de choses que d’autres formes que les notres réaliseraient mieux? Au-delà de l’apparence, pourquoi vouloir mettre en œuvre des éléments de personnalité et des émotions dans les robots?

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“City Style Anti-Face Recognition Goggles” by Megan Clarke

“City Style Anti-Face Recognition Goggles” by Megan Clarke | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
A blog about Art, Photography, Film, Music, Design, and Collaborative Projects.
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The difference between people and machine will blur as we trek through the decades ahead.

The difference between people and machine will blur as we trek through the decades ahead. | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
As we move into the late 2030s and 2040s, the most salient scenario is that we will merge with our technology gradually, not overnight.

Via Xaos
luiy's insight:

AI/Robots will eventually surpass human levels of intelligence and develop ability to self-replicate, increasing intelligence with each succeeding generation. This will produce an information explosion almost beyond imagination.

 

Our bodies will also evolve during this time. We will use nanobots to kill pathogens and cancer cells, then go into our brain and do benign things like enhance memory. Slowly, these nanobots will become more sophisticated.

 

We will direct these ‘smart bots’ to convert biological neurons into powerful non-biological ones, and rewrite our brain’s ‘software’. This will allow us to connect with machines and share their super-intelligence.

Eventually, every cell in our body will become non-biological, and our silicon-based minds will not only be able to interface seamlessly with machines, but will also easily connect with one another utilizing thought communications.

 

As robots develop new abilities, we will incorporate those abilities into our makeup. As the years unfold, we will become more machine-like and robots more human-like, the difference between human and machine will blur.

 

By century’s end, the merge could be complete; we would become a single species. And although our minds and bodies will be considered non-biological, our consciousness will forever preserve our definition as a human being.

 

The journey into this human-machine future will take place one benign, safe change at a time, beginning in late 2030s and ending sometime during the last half of this century.

 

Are you ready to live in a ‘cyborg’ world? I’ll admit it would certainly take some getting used to, but should this octogenarian writer survive the decades ahead; I say welcome to our human-machine future!

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31 Crazy Before And After Photos Of Korean Plastic Surgery

31 Crazy Before And After Photos Of Korean Plastic Surgery | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
In a country with the highest rate of plastic surgery worldwide, anything you want to change is possible — including eyes.

Via Alessio Erioli
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Le corps, future télécommande ?

Le corps, future télécommande ? | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Prolongement de la main ou alternative avant-gardiste à la télécommande ? Avec son brassard MYO, la startup canadienne Thalmic Labs conforte la tendance des objets connectés. Surtout, elle confirme la capacité technologique du corps humain à réduire les frontières avec le digital.


Via Lockall
luiy's insight:
Avec pour symboles les lunettes Project Glass de Google, le tracker de Fitbit, les smartwatches LiveView et Pebble ou le bracelet UP, les gadgets à porter sur soi ont l’innovation en poupe. A l’instar de la très hype I’m watch, tous ces produits délivrent deux vérités fédératrices. L’une est un constat : les objets connectés constituent déjà le futur, avec un grand « F ». L’autre est une évidente prédiction : pour soutenir ce marché, il faudra de nouvelles sources d’énergie pour alimenter les appareils. Et c’est là que le MYO entre en scène ! Dans la lignée du chargeur électrique humain TEGwear, et avec une technologie semblable au Leap Motion, le brassard utilise l’énergie du corps humain pour mieux optimiser notre quotidien de citoyen connecté. Lancé à éditions limitées sur le marché avant la fin de l’année, au prix de 115 euros, MYO permet de contrôler ordinateurs, téléphones et télévisions simplement via notre activité musculaire et nos gestes dans l’espace : nos membres deviennent une télécommande.
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feelSpace [Objects, Inspiration] - Learning a new artificial sense..

feelSpace [Objects, Inspiration] - Learning a new artificial sense.. | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
“feelSpace” is a research project undertaken by students at the University of Osnabrück’s Institute of Cognitive Science, supervised by Prof.Dr.

Via Andrea Graziano
luiy's insight:

Project Page

See also…
Dr Saski Nagel, ‘Beyond sensory substitution—learning the sixth sense’, Journal of Neural Engineering, Vol.2, No.4
Sunny Bains, ‘Mixed Feelings’, Wired Magazine, March 2007

 

http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/15.04/esp.html

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Andrea Graziano's curator insight, April 27, 2013 4:53 AM
'The project is based on the fascinating notion that the human brain is flexible enough to ‘learn’ a new sense.
The work conducted by the team at Osnabrück relies on the familiarity gained by long-term exposure to an artificial stimulus. To become assimilated into perceptual experience, the sensations provided by this stimulus need to relate in some way to the way we engage with our environment. For their experiments, they therefore chose to focus on navigation and in particular the orientation of the body with respect to the Earth’s magnetic field.'
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Will Robots Create New Jobs When They Take Over Existing Ones? | MIT Technology Review

Will Robots Create New Jobs When They Take Over Existing Ones? | MIT Technology Review | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
A new class of smarter robots is being readied for the workplace.

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A new class of industrial robot is appearing. These robots are smart, affordable, and safe enough to work alongside humans, and they can do many tasks that human workers perform today (see “This Robot Could Transform Manufacturing”). But does that necessarily mean there will be fewer jobs left for humans to do?

At a robotics industry event organized by business blog Xconomy in Menlo Park last week, people working on better industrial robots claimed their technology will actually boost the U.S. economy and create more jobs, even if some jobs do disappear forever.

“We’re replacing jobs that people don’t want to do and really shouldn’t be doing,” said Aldo Zini, whose company Aethon makes wheeled robots that ferry medicines, food trays, and garbage around hospital corridors so people don’t have to. Human workers who do those jobs often develop repetitive-stress or back injuries and frequently quit, said Zini. In some cases, better robots will simply be tools for existing workers, not replacements, added Aaron Edsinger, CTO of Redwood Robotics, a company working on making robotic arms cheaper. “We think of it as industrial augmentation to make workers more efficient,” he said. “I think we’ll find new jobs that come from that.”

Edsinger and other robot boosters point back to previous technological revolutions to make the case that even if robots displace some workers, the overall effect on the economy and workforce will be positive. A hundred or so years ago, approximately 70 percent of U.S. workers were engaged in agriculture; the figure today is just 2 percent, Edsinger pointed out. “The tractor [was] one of the great technological disruptions,” he said. “I would be happy if we were building the John Deere of robotics in that we were disrupting how things are made but also enabling the workforce to develop in a different direction.”


Via Wildcat2030
luiy's insight:

There’s little research on how robots affect economies and job markets at large scales. The International Federation of Robotics, a trade group, likes to highlight a study from 2011, which found that in Brazil, South Korea, Germany, China, and the U.S., employment rates rose even as industrial robot use grew. However, the robots being counted in that study were dangerous, dumb versions that can be used for a very limited range of tasks. They can’t work alongside or with people. The robots being brought forward by Rethink Robotics and others are headed to a much broader range of workplaces may have wider-reaching economic and social effects. Thirty years from now, the intellectual descendants of Brynjolfsson and McAfee will probably still be arguing about what exactly those were, and whether Baxter and his coworkers have left humans better off.

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#cyborgs : Google et les transhumanistes

#cyborgs : Google et les transhumanistes | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Le transhumanisme est encore quasi inconnu en France. Le terme "transhumanisme" remonte aux années 1950, mais sa popularisation date des années 1990. C'est à cette période que les chercheurs commencent à cerner les promesses de la convergence NBIC. Les nanotechnologies (N), la biologie (B), l'informatique (I) et les sciences cognitives (intelligence artificielle et sciences du cerveau) (C) progressent et convergent, en ce sens que les découvertes dans un domaine servent aux recherches dans un autre. Cette synergie décuple la puissance de la recherche et permet des avancées spectaculaires.


Via fduport, Lockall
luiy's insight:

Dans ce contexte, les transhumanistes soutiennent une vision radicale des droits de l'humain. Pour eux, un citoyen est un être autonome qui n'appartient à personne d'autre qu'à lui-même, et qui décide seul des modifications qu'il souhaiteapporter à son cerveau, à son ADN ou à son corps au fil des avancées de la science. Ils considèrent que la maladie et le vieillissement ne sont pas une fatalité. La domestication de la vie pour augmenter nos capacités est l'objectif central des transhumanistes. Selon eux, l'humanité ne devrait avoir aucun scrupule à utilisertoutes les possibilités de transformation offertes par la science. Il s'agit de faire de l'homme un terrain d'expérimentation pour les technologies NBIC : un être en perpétuelle évolution, perfectible et modifiable jour après jour par lui-même.

 

L'homme du futur serait ainsi comme un site Web, à tout jamais une "version béta", c'est-à-dire un organisme-prototype voué à se perfectionner en continu. Cette vision pourrait sembler naïve. En réalité, un lobby transhumaniste est déjà à l'oeuvre, qui prône l'adoption enthousiaste des NBIC pour changer l'humanité. Ce lobby est particulièrement puissant sur les rives du Pacifique, de la Californie à laChine et à la Corée du Sud, soit - et ce n'est pas un hasard - à proximité des industries NBIC, qui deviennent le coeur de l'économie mondiale. L'entrisme des transhumanistes est impressionnant : la NASA et Arpanet, ancêtre militaire américain d'Internet, ont été aux avant-gardes du combat transhumaniste.

 

Aujourd'hui, Google est devenu l'un des principaux architectes de la révolution NBIC et soutient activement le transhumanisme, notamment en parrainant la Singularity University qui forme les spécialistes des NBIC. Le terme Singularity désigne le moment où l'esprit humain sera dépassé par l'intelligence artificielle, censée croître exponentiellement dès les années 2045. Ray Kurzweil, le "pape" du transhumanisme, dirige en personne cette université. Ce spécialiste de l'intelligence artificielle est convaincu que les NBIC vont permettre de faire reculerla mort de façon spectaculaire dès le XXIe siècle. Il a été embauché par Google comme ingénieur en chef pour faire du moteur de recherche la première intelligence artificielle de l'histoire.

 

Google s'intéresse également au séquençage ADN au travers de sa filiale 23andMe, dirigée par la femme de Sergei Brin, le cofondateur de Google. Sergei Brin a appris qu'il avait de très fortes chances de développer la maladie de Parkinson - car il est porteur de la version mutée du gène LRRK2 - en faisantanalyser son ADN par sa filiale. De quoi accentuer son intérêt pour les NBIC ! On aura compris que Google nous emmène vers une civilisation transhumaniste.

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Stéphane Crémier's curator insight, April 23, 2013 9:12 AM

Un avenir un peu délirant réservé à une élite internationale ?

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What Will Google Glass Do to Our Brains?

What Will Google Glass Do to Our Brains? | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Humanity is about to undertake a bold experiment. If all goes as Google hopes, many of us will be strapping on Google Glasses later this year. The post-PC era in effect since th...
luiy's insight:

Google Glass may be brand new, but wearable computing has been around in one form or another for at least 20 years. And a handful of enthusiasts have been field testing the technology for all those years. Who better then to consult about Google Glass's possible effects on health, cognitive processing and social effects than these brave souls?

Among the world's first wearable computing guinea pigs were members of the MIT Wearable Computing Project in 1993. Thad Starner, now a professor at Georgia Tech and a consultant to Google on Glass, is credited with bringing the first wearable computer to the MIT Media Lab that year. While the head-up display looks similar to Google Glass (in fact "glass" is a generic name for the devices), the Project's participants also toted around a Twiddler one-handed keyboard and carried a PC in a shoulder satchel, backpack, waist-pack or vest. (The whole apparatus was named "Lizzy.")

 

Initial observations about wearable computing are recorded in a 1996 paper on the subject. Among other things, the team found that punks in Zurich found the devices to be "a fashion statement that was acceptable to their culture," but most people assumed that the wearers were visually impaired and that the devices helped them see.

 

Looks aside, the devices also had a bearing on ordinary conversations. For instance, bystanders were often caught off guard when they asked the time and the Project members would answer correctly without looking at their watches. "Normally, such interactions follow a certain 'script,'" the paper reads. "Someone asks the time. The queried individual rotates her wrist, raises her arm, looks at her clock and, after a pause, speaks the time." Going off script often led the person asking the time to assume "the user had invented a time just to be rid of the query." The user inferred this from the questioner's tone of voice.

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Pentagon to Build Robots With ‘Real’ Brains

Pentagon to Build Robots With ‘Real’ Brains | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Paul Joseph Watson | Technology would make robots "truly autonomous".

Via juandoming
luiy's insight:

A Pentagon-funded team of scientists have constructed a machine that functions like a human brain and would enable robots to think independently and act autonomously.

 

Researchers for DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) have created a device that “looks and ‘thinks’ like a human brain,” James K. Gimzewski, professor of chemistry at the University of California, Los Angeles, told National Defense Magazine.

 

The program is called “physical intelligence” and is capable, “without being programmed like a traditional robot, of performing actions similar to humans,” making it the first incarnation of a robot that can perform “truly autonomously” without human input.

 

“What sets this new device apart from any others is that it has nano-scale interconnected wires that perform billions of connections like a human brain, and is capable of remembering information,” writes Sandra I. Erwin. “Each connection is a synthetic synapse. A synapse is what allows a neuron to pass an electric or chemical signal to another cell. Because its structure is so complex, most artificial intelligence projects so far have been unable to replicate it.”

 

The technology would allow drones to be created that do not need human operators, machines that would be able to learn and navigate through terrain completely of their own accord.

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Robots and jobs, a nuanced issue

Robots and jobs, a nuanced issue | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Judging by some of the headlines around the world it would be easy to conclude that robots are the source of our employment problems. The reality is far more nuanced.

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Predicting the future of artificial intelligence has always been a fool's game - Wired.co.uk

Predicting the future of artificial intelligence has always been a fool's game - Wired.co.uk | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Wired.co.uk Predicting the future of artificial intelligence has always been a fool's game Wired.co.uk The "spectacularly wrong prediction" of the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence made Stuart Armstrong, research fellow...

Via Scott Turner
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The Dartmouth Conference had predicted that over two summer months ten of the brightest people of their generation would solve some of the key problems faced by AI developers, such as getting machines to use language, form abstract concepts and even improve themselves.

If they had been right, we would have had AI back in 1957; today, the conference is mostly credited merely with having coined the term " artificial intelligence".

 

Their failure is "depressing" and "rather worrying", says Armstrong. "If you saw the prediction the rational thing would have been to believe it too. They had some of the smartest people of their time, a solid research programme, and sketches as to how to approach it and even ideas as to where the problems were."

 

Now, to help answer the question why "AI predictions are very hard to get right", Armstrong has recently analysed the Future of Humanity Institute'slibrary of 250 AI predictions. The library stretches back to 1950, when Alan Turing, the father of computer science, predicted that a computer would be able to pass the "Turing test" by 2000. (In the Turing test, a machine has to demonstrate behaviour indistinguishable from that of a human being.)

 

Later experts have suggested 2013, 2020 and 2029 as dates when a machine would pass the Turing test, which gives us a clue as to why Armstrong feels that such timeline predictions -- all 95 of them in the library -- are particularly worthless. "There is nothing to connect a timeline prediction with previous knowledge as AIs have never appeared in the world before -- no one has ever built one -- and our only model is the human brain, which took hundreds of millions of years to evolve."

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Top 10 Humanoid Robots

A collection of the top 10 Humanoid Robots. At the Geeky Store we love robotics, that's why we have a complete section dedicated to robots and microcontrolle...

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La réalité augmentée comme technologie militaire ?

La réalité augmentée comme technologie militaire ? | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

l n’y a aucun doute que cette technologie arrivera effectivement dans le secteur militaire puisque la réalité augmentée y est déjà utilisée (par exemple dans les viseurs intégrés aux casques des pilotes de chasse).
Ce qui est effrayant dans cette idée, c’est qu’on peut se demander s’il s’agit d’un jeu vidéo ou de la réalité militaire sur le terrain… et les soldats du futur feront-ils la différence ? Seront-il capable de comprendre qu’il y a de véritables être humains derrières leurs viseurs ?


Via Lockall
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La réalité augmentée est très à la mode depuis que nos téléphones mobiles possèdent ces 6 composants :

des écrans larges permettant une zone d’affichage suffisantedes capteurs vidéos pour filmer l’environnementun gyroscope électronique pour se déplacer virtuellementune puce GPS pour la géolocalisationune connexion à Internet pour recevoirune puissance CPU suffisante pour le traitement des données

Imaginez maintenant que la réalité augmentée soit appliquée comme technologie militaire sur des opérations de terrain…

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Indian Academic Builds Humanoid Robot with Artificial Intelligence

Indian Academic Builds Humanoid Robot with Artificial Intelligence | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
PTI | TOI An Indian academic in the UK has developed humanoid robots which use artificial intelligence to take on humans and learn opponents’ strategy as they play and try to win the traditio...
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luiy's comment, April 23, 2013 7:03 PM
I like the image,,,
luiy's comment, April 23, 2013 7:03 PM
me recuerda "ghost in the shell",, claro y "Bjork"
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Better Brain Implant

Better Brain Implant | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

A thin, flexible electrode, developed at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., is 10 times smaller than the nearest competition, looking to make long-term measurements of neural activity practical at last.
This kind of technology could eventually find use in sending signals to prosthetic limbs, overcoming inflammation larger electrodes cause that damages both the brain and the electrodes.


Via Szabolcs Kósa, Ben van Lier
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A thin, flexible electrode, developed at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., is 10 times smaller than the nearest competition, looking to make long-term measurements of neural activity practical at last.

This kind of technology could eventually find use in sending signals to prosthetic limbs, overcoming inflammation larger electrodes cause that damages both the brain and the electrodes.

 

The main problem that neurons have with electrodes is that they make terrible neighbors. In addition to being enormous compared to neurons, they are stiff and tend to rub nearby cells the wrong way. The resident immune cells spot the foreigner and attack, inflaming the brain tissue and blocking communication between the electrode and the cells.

The new electrode developed by the teams of Daryl Kipke, a professor of biomedical engineering, Joerg Lahann, a professor of chemical engineering, and Nicholas Kotov, the Joseph B. and Florence V. Cejka professor of engineering, is unobtrusive and even friendly in comparison. It is a thread of highly conductive carbon fiber, coated in plastic to block out signals from other neurons. The conductive gel pad at the end cozies up to soft cell membranes, and that close connection means the signals from brain cells come in much clearer.

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ROBOTICA EDUCATIVA y PERSONAL: CLOUD ROBOTICS new paradigm is near

ROBOTICA EDUCATIVA y PERSONAL: CLOUD ROBOTICS new paradigm is near | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Via Spaceweaver, juandoming
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Agata Bąk's curator insight, April 6, 2013 3:25 AM

I can´t avoid smiling while reading such texts. I reckon that cloud robotics is the future of AI; however, there is always something embarrasing in comparing human and non human intelligences. the omputational account seems to me extremely poor to descbire human mental life (and i don´t mean that there´s "something" like a mind.