Cyborgs_Transhumanism
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Rescooped by luiy from Robots, ChatBots et transhumanisme...ce n'est plus de la Science Fiction !
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Aiko Chihira (32 ans), le #robot humanoide sous Android de Toshiba | #transhumanism

Aiko Chihira (32 ans), le #robot humanoide sous Android de Toshiba | #transhumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

“Au CES, le fabriquant japonais Toshiba a présenté un robot humanoïde féminin. Développée en partenariat avec l’université d’Osaka et baptisée Aiko Chihira, elle est bilingue et fonctionne sous Android.”


Via Alexandre Stopnicki
luiy's insight:

Présentation de Aiko Chihira :

 

Développée avec l’Université Osaka et les instituts de technologie de Shibaura et de Shonan, Aiko Chihira parle anglais et japonais mais peut aussi s’exprimer en langue des signes. Son apprentissage est quasi instantanné : il lui suffit de quelques minutes pour pouvoir s’exprimer dans de nouvelles langues, grâce à des programmes additionnels, comme avec Pepper, le robot d’Aldebaran Robotics. Mais contrairement à lui, les expressions faciales d’Aiko Chihira sont vraiment très ressemblantes à celles d’une femme, permettant d’exprimer la colère ou la plaisir à l’aide d’un visage souriant.

A quelques centimètres de Aiko Chihira, on peut distinguer son grain de peau lui aussi parfaitement imité, bien servi par les 43 actionneurs faisant offices d’articulations pour fluidifier ses mouvements. Prochainement, Toshiba compte intégrer le développement d’une véritable capacité conversationnelle, mettant à profit les dernières avancées en matière de synthèse et de reconnaissance vocale, comme les français X-Brain ou Wit.ai, récemment racheté par Facebook.

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Encadrons les neuro-révolutionnaires | #neurotechnology #transhumanism

Encadrons les neuro-révolutionnaires | #neurotechnology #transhumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Carte blanche à Laurent Alexandre, chirurgien urologue, président de DNAVision.

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
luiy's insight:

En quelques décennies, Google aura transformé l’humanité : d’un moteur de recherche, il sera devenu une neuroprothèse. « Dans environ quinze ans, Google fournira des réponses à vos questions avant même que vous ne les posiez. Google vous connaîtra mieux que votre compagne ou compagnon, mieux que vous-même probablement », a fièrement déclaré Ray Kurzweil, lequel est également persuadé que l’on pourra transférer notre mémoire et notre conscience dans des microprocesseurs dès 2045, ce qui permettrait à notre esprit de survivre à notre mort biologique. L’informatique et la neurologie ne feront qu’un !

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Jaron Lanier on #Transhumanism | #cybernetics

Jaron Lanier on #Transhumanism | #cybernetics | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
I first encountered Jaron Lanier’s work when I taught his essay “One-Half of A Manifesto” to computer science students at the University of Texas at Austin.

Via Spaceweaver, Pierre Levy
luiy's insight:

Here are the most important beliefs of cybernetic totalism:

 

1) That cybernetic patterns of information provide the ultimate and best way to understand reality.


2) That people are no more than cybernetic patterns.


3) That subjective experience either doesn’t exist, or is unimportant because it is some sort of ambient or peripheral effect.


4) That what Darwin described in biology, or something like it, is in fact also the singular, superior description of all creativity and culture.


5) That qualitative as well as quantitative aspects of information systems will be accelerated by Moore’s Law.

 

And finally, the most dramatic:

6) That biology and physics will merge with computer science (becoming biotechnology and nanotechnology), resulting in life and the physical universe becoming mercurial; achieving the supposed nature of computer software. Furthermore, all of this will happen very soon! Since computers are improving so quickly, they will overwhelm all the other cybernetic processes, like people, and will fundamentally change the nature of what’s going on in the familiar neighborhood of Earth at some moment when a new “criticality”is achieved- maybe in about the year 2020. To be a human after that moment will be either impossible or something very different than we now can know.

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Pierre Tran's curator insight, July 10, 2014 1:17 AM

Les transhumanistes sont bien obligés de reconnaître les dangers d'un "totalitarisme cybernétique" que brandit Jaron Lanier.

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Science sans conscience, n'est que ruine de l'âme": le #transhumanisme | #controverses

Science sans conscience, n'est que ruine de l'âme": le #transhumanisme | #controverses | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

J'ai assisté à la conférence grand public sur le vieillissement, du colloque BIOVISION de Lyon. Laurent Alexandre, le créateur de "Doctissimo" a présenté le nouveau courrant made in silicone-vallée : le transhumanisme. Un mouvement qui revendique de faire vivre les hommes, pourquoi pas, à terme, MILLE ANS, grâce au rapiéçage, bionique, génétique et tout les "iques" que Google et ses petits copains inventeront. Dans quel monde vivent-t-ils ? Même si cela devenait techniquement possible, comment peuvent-ils croire que ce caprice de riches pourrait être éthiquement et socialement acceptable


Via JP Fourcade
luiy's insight:

Google , l'optimiseur fiscal, qui arrache des millions à l'intérêt général , serait le sauveur de l'humanité. Cette promesse de quasi éternité ne serait pas un marketing pour s'assurer des clients captifs à perpétuité et les profits qui vont avec. Parrions que les coeurs artificiels, les cellules souches et autres merveilles ne seront pas gratuites. Je doute que le travailleur du Bangladesh ou le chômeur américain aient les moyens de s'offrir ces piéces de rechange. Sans parler des matiéres  premières forcement insuffisantes (même avec des nanotechnologies) si les quelques milliards d'humains devaient en profiter. D'autre part que deviendrait la démographie et la pyramide des ages avec ces vies sans fin ?

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Un #robot nommé administrateur d'une société ! | #transhumanism #KM

Un #robot nommé administrateur d'une société ! | #transhumanism #KM | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Une entreprise de Hongkong a élu à son board un robot ! Tout le monde se félicite de cette initiative qui pourrait bientôt faire des émules.

Via Claude Emond
luiy's insight:

Et si les robots remplaçaient définitivement l'homme. L'idée devient de moins en moins farfelue : Deep Knowledge Ventures (DKV), entreprise de Hongkong spécialisée dans la gestion de dons à haut risque, vient de nommer au conseil d'administration un robot appelé Vital (Validating Investment Tool for Advancing Life Sciences). Il veillera à préserver les intérêts financiers de l'entreprise et à déterminer les investissements les plus rentables, en bonne intelligence... artificielle.

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Between Ape and Artilect. Pioneers of Artificial Intelligence | #nano #AI #cyborgs #FreeBook

Between Ape and Artilect. Pioneers of Artificial Intelligence | #nano #AI #cyborgs #FreeBook | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

During 2010-12, noted AI researcher and long-time Humanity+ Board member Ben Goertzel conducted a series of textual interviews with researchers in various areas of cutting-edge science — artificial general intelligence, nanotechnology, life extension, neurotechnology, collective intelligence, mind uploading, body modification, neuro-spiritual transformation, and more. These interviews were published online in H+ Magazine, and are here gathered together in a single volume. The resulting series of dialogues treats a variety of social, futurological and scientific topics in a way that is accessible to the educated non-scientist, yet also deep and honest to the subtleties of the topics being discussed.

 

Between Ape and Artilect is a must-read if you want the real views, opinions, ideas, muses and arguments of the people creating our future.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
luiy's insight:

- Itamar Arel: AGI via Deep Learning 

- Pei Wang: What Do You Mean by “AI”? 
- Joscha Bach: Understanding the Mind
- Hugo DeGaris: Will There be Cyborgs?
- DeGaris Interviews Goertzel: Seeking the Sputnik of AGI 
- Linas Vepstas: AGI, Open Source and Our Economic Future 
- Joel Pitt: The Benefits of Open Source for AGI
- Randal Koene: Substrate-Independent Minds
- João Pedro de Magalhães: Ending Aging 
- Aubrey De Grey: Aging and AGI
- David Brin: Sousveillance
- J. Storrs Hall: Intelligent Nano Factories and Fogs
- Mohamad Tarifi: AGI and the Emerging Peer-to-Peer Economy 
- Michael Anissimov: The Risks of Artificial Superintelligence 
- Muehlhauser & Goertzel: Rationality, Risk, and the Future of AGI 
- Paul Werbos: Will Humanity Survive?
- Wendell Wallach: Machine Morality
- Francis Heylighen: The Emerging Global Brain 
- Steve Omohundro: The Wisdom of the Global Brain and the Future of AGI 
- Alexandra Elbakyan: Beyond the Borg 
- Giulio Prisco: Technological Transcendence 
- Zhou Changle: Zen and the Art of Intelligent Robotics 
- Hugo DeGaris: Is God an Alien Mathematician? 
- Lincoln Cannon: The Most Transhumanist Religion?
- Natasha Vita-More: Upgrading Humanity 
- Jeffery Martin & Mikey Siegel: Engineering Enlightenment 

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aanve's curator insight, March 8, 2014 10:03 PM

www.aanve.com

 

Mlik Sahib's curator insight, March 8, 2014 10:40 PM

- Itamar Arel: AGI via Deep Learning 

- Pei Wang: What Do You Mean by “AI”? 
- Joscha Bach: Understanding the Mind
- Hugo DeGaris: Will There be Cyborgs?
- DeGaris Interviews Goertzel: Seeking the Sputnik of AGI 
- Linas Vepstas: AGI, Open Source and Our Economic Future 
- Joel Pitt: The Benefits of Open Source for AGI
- Randal Koene: Substrate-Independent Minds
- João Pedro de Magalhães: Ending Aging 
- Aubrey De Grey: Aging and AGI
- David Brin: Sousveillance
- J. Storrs Hall: Intelligent Nano Factories and Fogs
- Mohamad Tarifi: AGI and the Emerging Peer-to-Peer Economy 
- Michael Anissimov: The Risks of Artificial Superintelligence 
- Muehlhauser & Goertzel: Rationality, Risk, and the Future of AGI 
- Paul Werbos: Will Humanity Survive?
- Wendell Wallach: Machine Morality
- Francis Heylighen: The Emerging Global Brain 
- Steve Omohundro: The Wisdom of the Global Brain and the Future of AGI 
- Alexandra Elbakyan: Beyond the Borg 
- Giulio Prisco: Technological Transcendence 
- Zhou Changle: Zen and the Art of Intelligent Robotics 
- Hugo DeGaris: Is God an Alien Mathematician? 
- Lincoln Cannon: The Most Transhumanist Religion?
- Natasha Vita-More: Upgrading Humanity 
- Jeffery Martin & Mikey Siegel: Engineering Enlightenment 

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DNA #nanorobots find and tag cellular targets | #Nanotechnology

DNA #nanorobots find and tag cellular targets | #Nanotechnology | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center, working with their collaborators at the Hospital for Special Surgery, have created a fleet of molecular 'robots' that can home in on specific human cells and mark them for drug therapy or destruction.
luiy's insight:

The nanorobots—a collection of DNA molecules, some attached to antibodies —were designed to seek a specific set of human blood cells and attach a fluorescent tag to the cell surfaces. Details of the system were published July 28, 2013, in the online edition of Nature Nanotechnology.

 

"This opens up the possibility of using such molecules to target, treat, or kill specific cells without affecting similar healthy cells," said the study's senior investigator, Milan Stojanovic, PhD, associate professor of medicine and of biomedical engineering at Columbia University Medical Center. "In our experiment, we tagged the cells with a fluorescent marker; but we could replace that with a drug or with a toxin to kill the cell."

 

Though other DNA nanorobots have been designed to deliver drugs to cells, the advantage of Stojanovic's fleet is its ability to distinguish cell populations that do not share a single distinctive feature.


Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2013-08-dna-nanorobots-tag-cellular.html#jCp

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Introduction to #Transhumanism

Introduction to Transhumanism Nick Bostrom Philosophy Faculty Oxford University 


Via Claude Emond
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Claude Emond's curator insight, January 11, 2014 9:22 PM

Ok, ok...! Just one more on this trans/posthuman subject. Just want to share the definitions of Mr. Bostrom:

 

Transhuman (“transitional human”): someone with moderately enhanced capacities.
(Older definition: someone taking the first steps towards becoming posthuman)


Posthuman: someone whose basic capacities so radically exceed those of present humans as to be no longer unambiguously human by our current standards.


Transhumanist: someone who accepts transhumanism.

 

I guess I am a transhumanist...looking forward to being a posthumanist :)

Matthew Britt's curator insight, March 24, 2014 10:20 PM

Nick Bostrom gives us some definitions regarding trans-humanism and post-humanism.

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La science contre la #mort : vers l'humain 2.0 ? | #transhumanism #mort

La science contre la #mort : vers l'humain 2.0 ? | #transhumanism #mort | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
INFOGRAPHIE. La science livre depuis toujours un combat contre la maladie et la mort. La nouveauté est que les progrès permettent désormais de fabriquer un "humain augmenté".

Via Yann Varenne - Blo-Gus, JP Fourcade
luiy's insight:

Pour les "transhumanistes" américains - techno-prophètes soutenus par de puissants lobbies industriels - notre patrimoine génétique ou ADN est une information comme une autre, que l’on peut sans tabou, copier, éditer voire réécrire. Et l’homme une machine complexe, qu’il faudra améliorer jusqu’à la rendre pluri-centenaire, voire immortelle… C’est déjà le projet d’une filiale de Google. Quant aux Chinois du Beijing Genomics Institute, ils séquencent les surdoués pour découvrir les gènes de l’intelligence !

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Cyborgism Vs Augmentism Vs Hybridism - what will you choose I #transhumanism

Cyborgism Vs Augmentism Vs Hybridism - what will you choose I #transhumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Cyborgism Vs Augmentism Vs Hybridism, sort of sounds like a title from a science fiction book series, conjuring up images of terminator like robots battling perfect looking humans and Hybrid Man/Machines with energy weapons while the fate of the planet rests in the balance.

The image might not be far from reality in this case however, and it’s hard to admit something like that might ever happen but with the technologies that we are working on to improve the human condition there are some disturbing things coming to light which might , with the passage of time cause humanity to develop diverging paths to ensure continued existence and might possibly create factions,  creating a rift between people who make those essential and compulsory choices.

When push comes to shove, would you decide on becoming a robot a genetically enhanced human or a hybird? , many won’t see a difference either way but when you get down to the core of each technology there are significant differences that will essentially create a rift between the entire species on selection of any one of the three core tech concepts.

Let me clarify hear what i mean by Cyborgism , Augmentism and Hybridism so we can be on the same page as we further the discussion.


Via Wildcat2030
luiy's insight:
- What are Cyborgs and what is Cyborgism- What are Augmentists and what is Augmentism- What are Hybridists and what is Hybridism

 

 

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Wildcat2030's curator insight, December 25, 2013 6:45 AM

worthwhile reading- see my own essay on the subject: Becoming a Cyborg should be taken gently-Of Modern Bio-Paleo-Machines ( http://spacecollective.org/Wildcat/7526/Becoming-a-Cyborg-should-be-taken-gentlyOf-Modern-BioPaleoMachines )

Karen E Smith's curator insight, December 25, 2013 10:25 AM

Across the many boundaries of what it means to be human are the ventures taken by those who want to know.

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Google's #Glass Castle: The Rise and Fear of a #Transhuman Future I #cyborgs #cyberculture

Google's #Glass Castle: The Rise and Fear of a #Transhuman Future I #cyborgs #cyberculture | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
What happens when humans become more than human? Or when computers surpass humanity to become the dominant 'species' on earth in new cyborg hybrid?
luiy's insight:

Most scholars believe that the movement of transhumanism was unofficially started in 1923 with J.B.S. Haldane’s essay “Prometheus: Science and the Future”. In this essay, Haldane introduced a notable idea; that current political and economic states made it likely that science will develop on its own. This would allow recent developments in biology to impact political choices. These scientific developments would include topics like Eugenics—something fraught with peril—and ectogenesis (the creation of life within an artificial environment). Haldane’s thoughts would pervade much of science for the next 100 years, creating a sense that mankind was in a perfect environment politically and economically to create the tools that would allow one to overcome their bodily weaknesses and become like Nietzsche’s Supermen.

 

The official founder of transhumanism—and the individual who coined the term—is considered to be biologist Julian Huxley, brother to famous author and activist Aldous Huxley. In a 1957 essay, Huxley presented a new idea:

 

“Up till now human life has generally been, as Hobbes described it, ‘nasty, brutish and short’; the great majority of human beings (if they have not already died young) have been afflicted with misery… we can justifiably hold the belief that these lands of possibility exist, and that the present limitations and miserable frustrations of our existence could be in large measure surmounted… The human species can, if it wishes, transcend itself —- not just sporadically, an individual here in one way, an individual there in another way, but in its entirety, as humanity.”

This belief that humanity has the potential to “transcend” its current state seemed revolutionary.

 

This idea of transcendence would pervade early science fiction as early as the ‘50s and ‘60s. The best example of this thought was Arthur C. Clarke’s book 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). In this novel, the hero finds a technological obelisk on an alien world that provided an opportunity to overcome physical barriers and become a being of pure energy, transcending human evolution. However, Clarke’s understanding of this cultural evolution is not the only one.

 

Another key idea is that artificial intelligence’s mental capabilities will eventually go through a “Singularity”, where the data capability exceeds that of a mortal man. This Singularity is a concept invented by computer scientist Vernor Vinge who predicted the sudden rise of transistors and intelligence in computer brains. From this, futurist Ray Kurzweil suggested that humanity would eventually mix its subconscious with an AI, becoming “one with the machine”. There are multiple variations on these stories, but all of them offer the same result, the ability to gain immortality through technology and overcome human suffering.

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Love-‘bots: future robots could become ideal lovers, experts say I #cyborgs #transhumanism

Love-‘bots: future robots could become ideal lovers, experts say I #cyborgs #transhumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Although some people might find the idea of love with a machine repulsive, experts predict that as the technology advances and robots become more human-like, we will view our silicon cousins in a friendlier light.
luiy's insight:

 Jason Nemeth, in his essay, "Should Robots Feel" believes love-companion robots will be practical in the future, and may one day satisfy all our intimate desires. Nemeth is not sure whether human/robot love will experience higher success rates than love between two humans, but he says tomorrow's robots will unlock the possibilities, and humans eager to experiment will take it from there.

 

    Carnegie Mellon's Hans Moravec believes that by late 2020s, we will create robots in humanoid form. These 'bots would 'drink wine' for fuel, breathe air like us, and appear amazingly human-like.

 

    Design tricks like these, along with soft 'nanoskin' will make tomorrow's 'bots seem uncannily human, encouraging us to perceive them as friends. Author Ray Kurzweil says tomorrow's 'droids could quickly learn to flesh out our positive feelings, providing an addictive allure almost impossible for us to resist.

 

    David Levy, author of Love and Sex with Robots, predicts that as robots become more sophisticated, growing numbers of adventurous humans will enter into intimate relationships with these intelligent 'bots.

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'Biohacker' Implants Massive Computer Chip In Forearm I #cyborgs #transhumanism

'Biohacker' Implants Massive Computer Chip In Forearm I #cyborgs #transhumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Bbiohacker & transhumanist Tim Cannon may be the first human to implant a computer chip capable of transmitting biometrical data to an android device.
luiy's insight:

During the Global Futures 2045 International Congress in New York last June, Kurzweil laid out his predictions of the march towards singularity in detail.

 

“We’re going to become increasingly non-biological to the point where the non-biological part dominates and the biological part is not important any more. In fact the non-biological part – the machine part – will be so powerful it can completely model and understand the biological part,” Kurzweil said. “So even if that biological part went away it wouldn’t make any difference.”

 

While the push towards immortality is praised by some, many see a much darker outcome, with such future technologies controlled by a wealthy few as average humans become increasingly irrelevant to the “transhumanist utopia.”

 

“While everyone would welcome some of the technological advancements predicted by Kurzweil, most notably the virtual elimination of all diseases, his fixation with cheating death by achieving technological singularity has several dark spiritual and practical overtones that have not been properly debated,” Infowars writer Paul Joseph Watson notes. “Moral considerations are once again being cast aside in the feverish pursuit of technological progress at all costs.”

 

The U.S. government now plans to spend $70 million over the next five years to fund the Systems-Based Neurotechnology for Emerging Therapies project, a surgically implanted brain pacemaker that will monitor the mental health and brainwaves of soldiers and veterans in real time.



Read more: http://www.storyleak.com/german-biohacker-implants-massive-computer-chip-forearm/#ixzz2mEyUqfOV

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#Singularity University, les technologies exponentielles | #transhumanism

#Singularity University, les technologies exponentielles | #transhumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Cette université un peu particulière, qui considère que les technologies bouleversent fondamentalement l'humanité, se délocalisera deux jours en Europe en novembre.
luiy's insight:

Cela dit, les membres de la Singularity University reconnaissent que la tâche ne sera pas aisée. Paradoxalement, le terme de « singularité », emprunté à la physique, désigne un événement sans précédent, d'une telle ampleur qu'il empêche totalement de prévoir ce qui arrivera ensuite – à l'image des phénomènes inconnus se développant aux abords d'un trou noir...

 

Neil Jacobstein n'imagine pas que les technologies exponentielles provoquent un bouleversement aussi radical, mais il entrevoit un risque majeur, déjà évoqué par Ray Kurtzweil, inventeur du concept de singularité dans cette nouvelle acception :

 

« Certains humains s'intégreront de plus en plus aux systèmes d'intelligence artificielle, selon un mode opératoire encore inédit. Par contre, ceux qui seront exclus de ce niveau d'interconnexion avec les machines ne comprendront plus du tout le nouveau monde. »

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Maîtriser le #transhumanisme : Le nouveau combat de la psychanalyse ! | #cyborgs #controverses

Maîtriser le #transhumanisme : Le nouveau combat de la psychanalyse ! | #cyborgs #controverses | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
" Le propre d’une personne suivant une idéologie ou une religion est de ne pouvoir voir la réalité et ainsi répondre à de simples questionnements scientifiques ".

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
luiy's insight:

La la National Science Foundation (NSF) , qui est la plus influente des agences scientifiques fédérales, ajoutait : « Une théorie computationnelle de l’esprit peut nous permettre de développer de nouveaux outils pour guérir ou maîtriser les effets des maladies mentales. Elle sera certainement à même de nous fournir une appréciation plus profonde de ce que nous sommes et sur la place que nous occupons dans l’univers. Comprendre l’esprit et le cerveau nous permettra de créer une nouvelle espèce de machines intelligentes, capable de produire une richesse économique sur une échelle jusqu’alors inimaginable. L’ingénierie de l’esprit est donc beaucoup plus que la poursuite d’une curiosité scientifique, beaucoup plus qu’un monumental défi technologique. C’est l’occasion d’éradiquer la pauvreté et d’ouvrir un âge d’or pour l’humanité tout entière ».

 

L’aspect quelque peu messianique de ce passage peut frapper, et il faut savoir que le concept même de NBIC a été critiqué. On lui reproche notamment d’être avant tout un concept marketing, forgé de toutes pièces par les promoteurs américains des nanotechnologies et des biotechs afin de décrocher des crédits publics, mais qui ne repose sur aucune réalité scientifique. Dans les faits, entre les nanotechnologies, biotechnologies, informatique et sciences cognitives on peut certainement repérer des convergences deux à deux (par exemple entre les sciences de l’information et les nanotechnologies), mais rien qui soit à l’intersection des quatre domaines considérés. Au Japon, pays qui a énormément investi sur ces différentes technologies, le concept n’existe pas !

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Eva Maria Matesanz's curator insight, August 24, 2014 4:10 PM

Le philosophe Jean-Claude Guillebaud repère ainsi dans le transhumanisme une forme d’immaturité militante, marquée par la haine du corps, de ses infirmités et de ses souffrances, de ses imperfections – une haine, en somme, de ce qui fait l’homme. Le transhumanisme – faut-il le dire ? – n’est pas un humanisme.

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The H+ shift of Google (Part 4/4: #Transhumanist shift) | #cybermonopoly

The H+ shift of Google (Part 4/4: #Transhumanist shift) | #cybermonopoly | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

As shown during the three last blog’s article (part 1 on Health, part 2 on Artificial Intelligence, part 3 on Robotics), Google is emancipating from its original core business.

luiy's insight:

Before 2013, all purchases of Google were intended to develop and optimize services directly related to Internet (its core business), either in the domain of pictures, or data processing, web analytics, map software, ads, blogging…

 

But till 2013, Google seems to have completely changed its purchasing policy, and companies bought by Google are now related to various domains in addition to robotics, such as neural networks (DNNResearch), natural language understanding (Wavii), renewable energy  (Makani Power), wearable computing (WIMM Labs), movement/facial recognition (Flutter, Viewdle), home automation (Nest Labs), etc…

 

Google’s business is in mutation: this company is not focused on the IT domain only but also in the promising field of NBIC. The Nanotechnologies (N), Biology (B), Information technologies (I) and Cognitive sciences (artificial intelligence and brain-related sciences) (C) are improving and converging, in a sense that discoveries in a domain are serving the others domains, and this synergy allow fantastic advances.

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Scientists building ‘neurotic’ robots to help them make smarter, more human decisions | #cyborgs #emotions

Scientists building ‘neurotic’ robots to help them make smarter, more human decisions | #cyborgs #emotions | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Via juandoming
luiy's insight:

Krichmar and his team are experimenting with robotic awareness and trying to teach mechanical brains to behave more like human and animal brains by programming traits that mimic obsessive-compulsive disorder or a fear of open spaces.

 

For instance, the team studied the actions of neurotransmitter chemicals serotonin and dopamine in mice as the animals solved a maze or reacted to an unfamiliar environment. Neurotransmitters are the chemicals that combine to constitute awareness and to contribute to our senses of pleasure and well-being.

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20 Crucial Terms Every 21st Century Futurist Should Know | #posthumanism

20 Crucial Terms Every 21st Century Futurist Should Know | #posthumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
We live in an era of accelerating change, when scientific and technological advancements are arriving rapidly. As a result, we are developing a new language to describe our civilization as it evolves. Here are 20 terms and concepts that you'll need to navigate our future.
luiy's insight:

1. Co-veillance

 

2. Multiplex Parenting 

 

3. Technological Unemployment

 

4. Substrate-Autonomous Person

 

5. Intelligence Explosion 

 

6. Longevity Dividend 

 

7. Repressive Desublimation  

 

8. Intelligence Amplification 

 

9. Effective Altruism 

 

10. Moral Enhancement 

 

11. Proactionary Principle

 

12. Mules 

 

13. Anthropocene

 

14. Eroom's Law

 

15. Evolvability Risk 

 

16. Artificial Wombs

 

17. Whole Brain Emulations 

 

18. Weak AI

 

19. Neural Coupling

 

20. Computational Overhang 

 

 

 

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Smart drugs to 'moral enhancement': a chemical approach to #transhumanism | #health #augmented

Smart drugs to 'moral enhancement': a chemical approach to #transhumanism | #health #augmented | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
As part of Wired.co.uk's Transhuman Week, we take a look at what chemical enhancements there are on the horizon
luiy's insight:

Memory enhancement


Baylor University researchers have discovered a molecule called PKR, which regulates how neurons interact in memory-related tasks. When the molecule is genetically suppressed, another immune molecule called gamma interferon steps in. The understudy molecule is much better at increasing communication between neurons and making memory more efficient. By finding a chemical inhibitor for the PKR molecule the team realised it could generate the memory boost without using genetic engineering. They found a molecule that did the trick, and it could be used to develop drugs to help Alzheimer's patients combat memory loss. Likewise it could be used by people who don't have Alzheimers to turbo-charge their memories.

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Popular #Posthumanism Books

Popular #Posthumanism Books | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Books shelved as posthumanism: What Is Posthumanism? by Cary Wolfe, Alien Phenomenology, or What It's Like to Be a Thing by Ian Bogost, Our Posthuman Fut...

Via Claude Emond
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Claude Emond's curator insight, January 14, 2014 6:12 PM

to learn more and also enjoy great SF :)

Claude Emond's comment, January 16, 2014 6:24 PM
You are most welcome Luis
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Future life forms among #posthumans | #species #symborgs


Via Claude Emond
luiy's insight:

Malaska defined the other intelligent and conscious beings as: 


- Bio-orgs or Homo sapiens - a protein- coded bio-organism in the earthly infra- structure as their "natural" surrounding.


- Cyborgs - a cybernetic organism - a combi- nation of techniques and human biology mainly for the earthly infrastructure and the near space.


- Silorgs - a silicon organism - a humanlike non-human, fashioned by coding artificial DNA onto silicon compounds with ammo- nium as a solvent and aimed basically for outer space infrastructure.


- Symborgs - a symbolic organism - self- reflective, self-reproducing, self-conscious, "living programs" within the Internet as their "natural" infrastructure with advanced interface functions with the other species. 

 

--------------------

 

Wildman uses the concept "borg" in its historical and generic sense to identify a "Bionic" (i.e. human made) "ORGanism", and defines five such terrestrial FOL borgs:


- Orgoborgs - organic FOL, including "tradi- tional" Humborgs (like Homo sapiens) and new and hybrid bioengineered Bioborgs.


- GEborgs - Genetically Engineered FOL.


- Cyborgs - human/machine composite FOL.


- Symborgs - symbolical and symbological FOL, including Conscious/External (such as cultures and corporations) and Unconscious/Internal (such as myths and archetypes) FOL.


- Technoborgs - technological FOL, includ- ing Exoskeletalborgs (with an external insect like skeleton) and Siliborgs (silicon- based FOL). 

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Claude Emond's curator insight, January 11, 2014 7:55 PM

To be consistent with my last scoop.it . More information on our future posthuman partners :)

 

"What is a human being, then?"
"A seed."
"A ... seed?"
"An acorn that is unafraid to destroy itself in
growing into a tree."

                                                             David Zindell

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Ray Kurzweil - Qu'est-ce que la #Singularité ? | #transhumanism

Ray Kurzweil - Qu'est-ce que la #Singularité ? | #transhumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Prêts pour le nouveau Big Bang ?

Via JP Fourcade
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Internet des objets et « #Transhumanisme », ou comment l'homme devient une machine | #biotechnologie

Internet des objets et « #Transhumanisme », ou comment l'homme devient une machine | #biotechnologie | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

L'acronyme NBIC désigne un champ scientifique multidisciplinaire qui se situe au carrefour des nanotechnologies (N), des biotechnologies (B), des technologies de l'information (I) et des sciences cognitives (C). Cette convergence entre plusieurs disciplines vise à terme une sorte d'hybridation entre le naturel et l'artificiel..


Via JP Fourcade
luiy's insight:

L’Internet des objets est une avancée conséquente pour les NTIC, et son couplage avec les NBIC en fait sans doute l’invention du millénaire. Par conséquent, l’Internet du vivant correspond à la vision futuriste des écrivains, cinéastes qui entrevoyaient le futur par le biais du « commandement des machines » et de l’humain augmenté. Sans toutefois croire que cela est accessible dès aujourd’hui, nous en sommes tout de même aux portes. Les réactions du public peuvent être assez binaires en fonction de la facture numérique portant sur la capacité des hommes à l’exploiter. En somme, si l’on en comprend les tenants et les aboutissements, la technologie « tranhumaniste » peut être comprise comme une avancée pharaonique, notamment en termes de santé publique (lutte contre le cancer). Si l’on ne maîtrise pas le sujet, cela pourrait très rapidement engendrer une réaction épidermique malsaine où la société se soulèverait contre un nouveau « big brother ».

 

Le couplage des neurosciences, de la biotechnologie, de l’informatique et des nanotechnologies nous laissent entrevoir un futur « ultra-optimiste », où nous pourrions repousser les limites du raisonnable et accéder au plus grand fantasme de l’homme : l’immortalité.

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Rise of the body hackers: Google, the wearable web and #transhumanism I #cyborgs

Rise of the body hackers: Google, the wearable web and #transhumanism I #cyborgs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
It's only a matter of time before the body hackers make their way - literally - into your life.
luiy's insight:

"While many body hackers embrace implants that enhance seemingly minor aspects of their everyday lives, concerns about magnifying intelligence, improving physiology and extending life are at the core of both professional and amateur practices," says Clare Acheson at Stylus, a research and advisory firm who produced a report earlier this year entitled Technological Body Modification: The Search for Singularity.

 

The report explores transhumanism and the 'temporary cyborgs' as seen in YouTube sensation True Skin, but increasingly in real life via DIY creations like the EyeBorg prosthetic 'digital' eye and the sonar, UV, WiFi and temperature-aware Bottlenose from Grindhouse WetWare, an echolocation device that translates data into a magnetic field that interacts with a magnet implanted in a human body.

 

The result is that users feel vibrations and learn what they mean. One example given is that someone with an implant could tell via a vibration in their finger how strong a cafe's WiFi connection is as they walk by. Banal, but impressive.

 

The end-game for all this is 'singularity': a state of super-intelligence that could entail endless implants and body modifications - and the end of humanity as we know it. A long time before we get there, however, will be the embracing of wearable technology by the internet's biggest brands; Google, Facebook, Apple, Microsoft and Amazon.

 

It's already possible to check-in on Facebook by touching the side of theCookoo smartwatch, and such trickery on all kinds of gadgets is only a software release away. Expect to hear much about 'designing for context' as the mobile web moves into wearables.

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#Singularity University plots hi-tech future for humans I #transhumanism

#Singularity University plots hi-tech future for humans I #transhumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Rob Nail walks into the room looking like a Silicon Valley Doctor Who as played by David Tennant - tailored suit, 3D-printed trainers and the Californian twist on the sonic screwdriver, Google Glass.

But despite spending most of his days predicting what the future will look like, he doesn't want to become a time lord.

"I feel more like a robot," says the chief executive of the Singularity University (SU).

He thinks that the gap between humans and robots is closing as biology and silicon increasingly collide.

 

He reels off examples.

 

Bionic eyes that combine a Google Glass device with a tiny electrode in the retina and will be available in the US for partially-sighted people in a few weeks' time. It is only a matter of time before they filter down to the wider public. "Useful for pilots.," he says.

 

He describes apps for the next-generation Google Glass that will allow users to read the heat maps of people's faces to tell if someone is lying or not. "They will either be banned or become a must-have in the world's boardrooms."

 

And the first re-engineered human is not far off, either. "It will come within the next year, probably initially to offset some disease," he predicts.

 

"If you want to be at the head of the class in future you are going to have to be enhanced," he says matter-of-factly.


Via Wildcat2030
luiy's insight:

Singularity University is a quintessentially Silicon Valley concept. An organisation some regard almost as a cult, others treat with amusement but which few are prepared to entirely ignore.

That isn't just because it is home to some of the brightest minds on the planet. Or the fact that it is based at Nasa's research park in Mountain View and within spitting distance of the Google campus.

What is making people sit up and take notice of SU is the fact that it has identified a range of disruptive technologies - innovations that can disrupt existing markets - that it believes will change the world, from digital manufacturing to biotechnology, from robotics to artificial intelligence.

 

As well as highlighting the role they will play in future society, SU also has the modest ambition of using them to solve what it calls the "grand global challenges" - poverty, energy, food, education and disease.

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Mlik Sahib's curator insight, December 20, 2013 1:53 AM

"What is making people sit up and take notice of SU is the fact that it has identified a range of disruptive technologies - innovations that can disrupt existing markets - that it believes will change the world, from digital manufacturing to biotechnology, from robotics to artificial intelligence.

As well as highlighting the role they will play in future society, SU also has the modest ambition of using them to solve what it calls the "grand global challenges" - poverty, energy, food, education and disease..."