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Une peau artificielle qui ressent et s'étire | #cyborgs #health

Une peau artificielle qui ressent et s'étire | #cyborgs #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Des chercheurs ont réussi à créer une peau artificielle capable d'avoir le sens du toucher, ressentir la pression, l'humidité.


Via Alexandre Stopnicki, JP Fourcade
luiy's insight:

Une équipe de chercheurs sud-coréens et américains ont réussi à créer un matériau capable d’avoir le sens du toucher, ressentir la pression, l’humidité et pourrait être utilisé pour donnes à des membres artificielles la capacité de ressentir.

 

Certaines prothèses permettent d’être contrôlées par leur porteur, utilisant les nefs, les muscles et parfois le cerveau. Malheureusement, il n’y a aucun moyen pour la personne de dire si un objet est chaud ou fragile. Ce polymère élaboré conjointement par la Corée du Sud et les États-Unis restera une peau artificielle, mais aura la même capacité élastique et sensorielle de la vraie peau. La peau est construite par un réseau très dense de capteurs faits en or et en silicium. Ce dernier matériau habituellement fragile est construit comme une onde et peut donc s’allonger pour apporter de l’élasticité au procédé.

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#Transhumanisme : de la science-fiction à la réalité | #cyborgs #health

#Transhumanisme : de la science-fiction à la réalité | #cyborgs #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Les avancées technologiques dans les domaines de la bionique et de la génétique se succèdent à un rythme toujours plus élevé. Découvrez la nature de ces découvertes et leurs applications au travers de notre dossier consacré au transhumanisme, cette tendance qui rassemble scientifiques et technologues convaincus que le futur de l'humanité passe par une fusion entre hommes et machines. 


Via Alliance VITA, arslog
luiy's insight:

Neuromancien, RoboCop, Ghost in the Shell, Deus Ex... Les concepts évoqués dans ces œuvres de fiction, de l'interface neuronale à la réalité augmentée sans oublier les exosquelettes, les prothèses biomécaniques ou les modifications nanotechnologiques, sont en effet désormais à notre portée, quand elles ne sont pas déjà implémentées. Cela passe par les smartphones devenus indispensables et par l'essor des objets connectés : smartwatches, lunettes (voire lentilles), vêtements. Mais aussi et surtout par les progrès effectués dans le domaine médical, qu'il s'agisse de génétique ou de bionique.

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In #silico: First steps towards a computer #simulation of the human #body | #cyborgs #health

In #silico: First steps towards a computer #simulation of the human #body | #cyborgs #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
A pregnant woman undergoing tests in hospital has her biological information plugged into a computer. The results say that she is highly likely to damage her pelvic floor muscles during the birth and will probably suffer from incontinence years later. Armed with this information, doctors intervene to minimise the damage as her baby is born, and the problems are avoided.

Via Claude Emond
luiy's insight:

The University of Sheffield’s Insigneo Institute, which was founded exactly a year ago, comprises 123 academics and clinicians who are working towards a grand European Commission-backed endeavour known as the Virtual Physiological Human programme. Collectively, they have already won more than £20 million in research funding.

The programme’s ultimate aim is to create an in silico, or computer simulated, replica of the human body that will allow the virtual testing of treatments on patients based on their own specific needs – potentially predicting future problems they may encounter or eliminating the need for invasive procedures.

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The new #bionics that let us run, climb and dance | #health #cyborgs #Biomechatronics

The new #bionics that let us run, climb and dance | #health #cyborgs #Biomechatronics | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Hugh Herr is building the next generation of bionic limbs, robotic prosthetics inspired by nature's own designs. Herr lost both legs in a climbing accident 30 years ago; now, as the head of the MIT Media Lab’s Biomechatronics group, he shows his incredible technology in a talk that's both technical and deeply personal — with the help of ballroom dancer Adrianne Haslet-Davis, who lost her left leg in the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing, and performs again for the first time on the TED stage.


Via Claude Emond
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Revolution in Artificial Limbs Brings Feeling Back to Amputees | #cyborgs #health

Revolution in Artificial Limbs Brings Feeling Back to Amputees | #cyborgs #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
The next generation of prosthetics will enable amputees to move and feel with their devices like never before.

Via Alessio Erioli
luiy's insight:

Something is missing. Every amputee knows it, and it is more than the arm or leg they have lost. They can getreplacements for those limbs: substitutes made from metal and plastic, controlled by advanced computer chips, with the ability to grip, to turn, to step. On the outside the limbs can appear lifelike, and on the inside they are amazing machines.

 

But they are tools, not part of the patients themselves. They have no sensitivity, and no instant response to a patient's intentions.

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Les robots ont désormais la capacité de communiquer entre eux pour partager et accroître leur savoir | #health

Les robots ont désormais la capacité de communiquer entre eux pour partager et accroître leur savoir | #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Le projet européen RoboEarth consiste en une plateforme collaborative qui unifie les cerveaux des robots afin qu'ils puissent partager et accroître leurs connaissances. On vous explique tout !




Via Gauthier Bouly, Pascale Mousset
luiy's insight:

Les objectifs de RoboEarth sont de prouver qu’un référentiel d’informations en réseau comme celui-ci accélère grandement le processus d’apprentissage et d’adaptation qui permet aux systèmes robotiques d’effectuer des tâches complexes. Puis, en second lieu, de montrer qu’un système connecté à un tel référentiel est capable d’exécuter de manière autonome des tâches utiles qui ne sont pas explicitement prévues au moment de la conception. La vision deRoboEarth est de créer un Internet pour les robots ainsi qu’une base de connaissances commune où les robots peuvent partager leurs connaissances sur les objets, les environnements et des actions avec d’autres robots.

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Thierry Curty's curator insight, March 18, 2014 5:34 AM

Rendez-vous compte où nous en sommes...Imaginez où nous en serons dans 30 ans? 

 

Quand on vous dit que les robots pourront remplacer l'homme dans TOUTES ses activités principales...

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#Diabète : Google teste des lentilles de contact intelligentes | #health #cyborgs

#Diabète : Google teste des lentilles de contact intelligentes | #health #cyborgs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Diabète : Google teste des lentilles de contact intelligentes Google poursuit son incursion sur le marché de la santé.


Via Emmanuel Capitaine
luiy's insight:

« Nous sommes en train de tester des lentilles de contact intelligentes conçues pour mesurer le taux de glucose dans les larmes à l’aide d’une puce sans fil compacte et d’un capteur de glucose miniaturisé qui sont incorporés entre deux couches de matériau de la lentille de contact souple. Nous testons des prototypes qui peuvent générer une lecture une fois par seconde », ont indiqué les deux concepteurs du projet.

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#Human API: #health data infrastructure I #cyborgs

#Human API: #health data infrastructure I #cyborgs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:
Human API is the health data infrastructure healthcare providers have been waiting for. 

By collecting patient data from over 50 sources, and unifying it into a single pipeline, we can provide analytics-based, dynamic-care experiences for all patients.
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Le premier robot-bactérie pour guérir du cancer?? I #health #bacteribots

Le premier robot-bactérie pour guérir du cancer?? I #health #bacteribots | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Une équipe scientifique coréenne a mis au point le premier robot-bactérie qui peut diagnostiquer et traiter le cancer. Ce robot fait à base de bactéries, devrait être utilisé dans le développement de nouveaux traitements pour le cancer ainsi que pour d’autres maladies.


Via Lockall
luiy's insight:

L’équipe est parvenue à faire migrer les bactéribots en priorité vers les cellules infectées, et à ne pas modifier les cellules saines. Une analyse immunohistochimique trois jours après l’injection des bactéries, a permis de démontrer que les bactéribots ciblent correctement les cellules tumorales chez les souris.

Les bactéries non toxiques se déplacent dans les tissus ou le sang à l’aide de leur flagelle, jusqu’au ciblage d’une tumeur. Les microstructures éjectent alors le traitement anti-cancéreux qui se répartit à la surface de la tumeur à la vitesse de 5 µm à la seconde.

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#Robots use human emotion to heal patients - The Sheaf | #health #algorithms #transhumanism

#Robots use human emotion to heal patients - The Sheaf | #health #algorithms #transhumanism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
luiy's insight:

Chris Zhang is building emotionally-savvy “virtual partners” to help rehabilitate patients by teaching robots how to mimic and respond to human emotion.

 

Although the project started in 2005, Zhang, a professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Saskatchewan, has been in charge since 2007. The work is funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and there are currently four other members working on the project.

 

The goal of the project is to design machines that can analyze human emotion. Cameras and sensors track emotions in conjunction with other hardware such as a joystick and an ocular movement tracker. This hardware records information such as blood pressure, heartbeat, skin conductivity and eye movement.

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Amputee Makes History with APL’s Modular Prosthetic Limb | #health #cyborgs

A Colorado man made history at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) this summer when he became the first bilateral shoulder-level am...

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
luiy's insight:

A Colorado man made history at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) this summer when he became the first bilateral shoulder-level amputee to wear and simultaneously control two of the Laboratory’s Modular Prosthetic Limbs. Most importantly, Les Baugh, who lost both arms in an electrical accident 40 years ago, was able to operate the system by simply thinking about moving his limbs, performing a variety of tasks during a short training period.

 

Baugh was in town for two weeks in June as part of an APL-funded research effort to further assess the usability of the MPL, developed over the past decade as part of theRevolutionizing Prosthetics Program. Before putting the limb system through the paces, Baugh had to undergo a surgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital known as targeted muscle reinnervation.

 

“It’s a relatively new surgical procedure that reassigns nerves that once controlled the arm and the hand,” explained Johns Hopkins Trauma Surgeon Albert Chi, M.D. “By reassigning existing nerves, we can make it possible for people who have had upper-arm amputations to control their prosthetic devices by merely thinking about the action they want to perform.”

 

After recovery, Baugh visited the Laboratory for training on the use of the MPLs. First, he worked with researchers on the pattern recognition system.

 

“We use pattern recognition algorithms to identify individual muscles that are contracting, how well they communicate with each other, and their amplitude and frequency,” Chi explained. “We take that information and translate that into actual movements within a prosthetic.”

 

http://www.jhuapl.edu/newscenter/pressreleases/2014/141216.asp

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Russell R. Roberts, Jr.'s curator insight, December 19, 2014 2:07 AM

An amazing device that offers the hope of a near "normal" life for many amputees.  Good show, Johns Hopkins University!  Aloha, Russ.

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#DARPA's 'Luke Skywalker' Arm Wins FDA Approval | #cyborgs #health

#DARPA's 'Luke Skywalker' Arm Wins FDA Approval | #cyborgs #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
An extremely advanced prosthetic arm — sometimes compared to Luke Skywalker's arm from "Star Wars" — has been approved for clinical use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, officials announced.
luiy's insight:

An extremely advanced prosthetic arm — sometimes compared to Luke Skywalker's arm from "Star Wars" — has been approved for clinical use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, officials announced.

 

The DEKA arm, funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), is an upper-limb prosthetic designed to restore near-natural control to amputees. The high-tech limb can handle objects as delicate as a grape or as hefty as a power tool, researchers said.

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This smart nano-tech patch knows when you need more drugs | #health #monitoring

This smart nano-tech patch knows when you need more drugs | #health #monitoring | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Scientists in South Korea are developing a medical patch using nano technology which not only monitors your health, but is also smart enough to know how much medicine you need, and when.

Via Claude Emond
luiy's insight:

Outside of smartwatches, wristbands, and smart eyewear, wearable technology is making waves in the medical community. For example, we’ve already heard about health-monitoring “tattoos,” which can tell doctors about how your heart, muscles, or brain are functioning. The next evolutionary step could be similar smart patches, developed using nano technology, which not only deliver drugs into your system, but know when you’ve had enough or need a higher dose.

 

A study, carried out in South Korea and published by Nature Technology, outlines the development of “wearable bio-integrated systems,” as an alternative to wearing bulkier hardware. These skin patches are not only less intrusive, but are also capable of delivering medicine to the wearer, and smart enough to know how much is needed.


Read more: http://www.digitaltrends.com/mobile/smart-patch-monitors-your-health-and-delivers-drugs-when-needed/#ixzz2xdquaLx6 ;

 

 

 

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Future of the #Body | #Phenomenology, Medicine and the #Posthuman | #health

Future of the #Body | #Phenomenology, Medicine and the #Posthuman | #health | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
The Future of the Body: Phenomenology, Medicine and the (Post)human 19-20 June 2014, Trinity College Dublin This conference will bring together leading scholars working in Philosophy, Medical Humanities, Medicine, and related disciplines whose work critically engages with the status of the body. Central to this engagement is a phenomenological focus of the role lived experience […]

Via Andrea Graziano
luiy's insight:

The aim of this workshop is to employ phenomenology as the method to interrogate the future of the body and the future of medicine. The advantages of a phenomenological approach is that it provides a counterpart to the objectifying tendencies in naturalistic approaches, which treat the body in a non-specific way, as Husserl himself states, “phenomenology demands a direct personal production of the pertinent phenomenon” (Husserl 1975, 61).By employing a phenomenology that calls upon the specificity of a lived experience, we gain a much richer account of the body than would otherwise be available in a naturalistic setting.

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Smart drugs to 'moral enhancement': a chemical approach to #transhumanism | #health #augmented

Smart drugs to 'moral enhancement': a chemical approach to #transhumanism | #health #augmented | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
As part of Wired.co.uk's Transhuman Week, we take a look at what chemical enhancements there are on the horizon
luiy's insight:

Memory enhancement


Baylor University researchers have discovered a molecule called PKR, which regulates how neurons interact in memory-related tasks. When the molecule is genetically suppressed, another immune molecule called gamma interferon steps in. The understudy molecule is much better at increasing communication between neurons and making memory more efficient. By finding a chemical inhibitor for the PKR molecule the team realised it could generate the memory boost without using genetic engineering. They found a molecule that did the trick, and it could be used to develop drugs to help Alzheimer's patients combat memory loss. Likewise it could be used by people who don't have Alzheimers to turbo-charge their memories.

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Une prothèse pneumatique souple pour la rééducation | #health #cyborgs

Une prothèse pneumatique souple pour la rééducation | #health #cyborgs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
Nous parlons souvent des solutions de rééducation, exosquelettes et prothèses robotisées, qui permettront bientôt aux personnes en difficulté de retrouver le sens de la marche. Mais l’inconvénient de ces appareils est leur rigidité, qui ne permet pas aux utilisateurs d’effectuer gestes fluides. Pour contourner ce problème, une équipe de chercheurs de différentes universités américaines a [...]

Via Lockall
luiy's insight:

Pour contourner ce problème, une équipe de chercheurs de différentes universités américaines a eu l’idée d’un exosquelette partiellement souple, qui permet d’augmenter sensiblement les degrés de liberté et de reproduire de manière plus naturelle la mécanique des muscles, des tendons et des ligaments du corps humain.

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A Mind-Controlled Exoskeleton Will Kick Off the 2014 World Cup | #health #neuroscience

A Mind-Controlled Exoskeleton Will Kick Off the 2014 World Cup | #health #neuroscience | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
It won't be a superstar football player who takes the first kick of 2014's Football World Cup in Brazil.
luiy's insight:

It won't be a superstar football player who takes the first kick of 2014's Football World Cup in Brazil. Nope, instead, it will be a teenager, paralysed from the waist down, who will use the world's most advanced mind-controlled exoskeleton to get things underway.

 

A small part of a large-scale international collaborative project called Walk Again, the exoskeleton technology in question supports the lower body, using brain activity to trigger movements in the suit. Brain waves are detected using electrodes on the scalp, beamed wirelessly to the exoskeleton, and processed into commands which produce movement.

 

That motion, however, will be complemented by feedback, to make the experience feel more natural. That means the suit will include sensors to monitor touch, temperature and forces on the suit, which will be fed back to the user via visual displays and vibrating motors. In theory, those same signals could be transmitted directly into the brain to allow the users to experience the suit as if it were part of them. But, one step at a time, right?

 

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Ultrathin ‘diagnostic skin’ allows continuous patient monitoring | #health #cyborgs

Ultrathin ‘diagnostic skin’ allows continuous patient monitoring | #health #cyborgs | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
The array laminates without adhesives onto the surface of the skin by soft contact much like a temporary transfer tattoo. Contact is maintained despite normal
luiy's insight:

How it works


The temperature sensor array is a variation of a novel technology, originally developed in the lab of Professor John Rogers at the University of Illinois at Urbana/Champaign, called “epidermal electronics,” consisting of ultrathin, flexible skin-like arrays that contain sensors and heating elements. The arrays resemble a tattoo of a micro-circuit board.

 

The technology offers the potential for a wide range of diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities with little patient discomfort. For example, sensors can be incorporated that detect different metabolites of interest. Similarly, the heaters can be used to deliver heat therapy to specific body regions; actuators can be added that deliver an electrical stimulus or even a specific drug. Future versions will have a wireless power coil and an antenna for remote data transfer.

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The alternative limb project | #Cyborg culture in the #health - #fetishism

The alternative limb project | #Cyborg culture in the #health - #fetishism | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it
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