Cyborgs_Transhumanism
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Trends about the next generation
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Google respectera-t-il les Trois Lois de la #robotique ? | #ProtoRobots #controverses

Google respectera-t-il les Trois Lois de la #robotique ? | #ProtoRobots #controverses | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

 

Comment Google est devenu un constructeur de robots et pourquoi il ne peut pas respecter les Trois Lois de la robotique.

 

Il est encore difficile d’accepter que le robot n’est plus un futur lointain, imaginé par les auteurs de science-fiction. S’il semble que la robotique ait été loin des attentes des grands auteurs du genre, plusieurs faits récents conduisent à penser que cette science va progresser très vite pour faire coïncider petit à petit l’imaginaire et le réel. Il s’agira alors pour l’homme de faire des choix éthiques et techniques déterminants et quand Google est au cœur de l’équation, bien malin qui pourrait prédire si les bonnes cartes seront jouées. ...

 


Via Alcofribas, juandoming
luiy's insight:

Et pourtant, les proto-robots du quotidien, autocuiseur, iPhone, Escalators et poinçonneur automatique ne sont pas moins robotiques que les spécimens à venir. C’est bien pour cela, au fond, que les questions éthiques sont posées avec urgence par ceux des chercheurs et des philosophes qui ont compris que le robot n’était pas un futur, mais un présent. Pour cela aussi qu’il peut être judicieux de comprendre comment l’avenir de cette science est en train de se jouer dans l’ombre des OPA et des marchés financiers.

 

Quand la robopsychologue Susan Calvin, héroïne d’un grand nombre de nouvelles d’Isaac Asimov est interrogée sur la dangerosité des robots, sa réponse est presque tout le temps la même : un robot ne peut pas être dangereux. Il ne le peut pas, parce que la couche fondamentale de son cerveau, le cœur même de sa pensée, est programmé pour obéir aux Trois Lois de la Robotique, essentielles pour fonder un rapport sain entre le robot et l’homme. La Première de ces lois indique qu’un robot « ne peut porter atteinte à un être humain, ni, en restant passif, permettre qu’un être humain soit exposé au danger ». La Deuxième loi affirme qu’un robot « doit obéir aux ordres que lui donne un être humain, sauf si de tels ordres entrent en conflit avec la Première loi ». La Troisième loi enfin veut qu’un robot « protège son existence tant que cette protection n’entre pas en conflit avec la Première ou la Deuxième loi ».

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thierrydenys's curator insight, February 5, 2014 11:29 AM

la question peut prêter à sourire, mais elle est cependant vitale, car la réalité rattrape la fiction. #asimov #3lois #robotique

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The Future of Artificial Intelligence

The Future of Artificial Intelligence | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

Robots are here to stay. They will be smarter, more versatile, more autonomous, and more like us in many ways. We humans will need to adapt to keep up.


Via Szabolcs Kósa, Ben van Lier
luiy's insight:
New technologies, new moralities

Religious and other organizations will define and attempt to regulate the ways in which human treat humanoid robots, since they will be considered quasi-human, sentient creatures that must be treated with respect and not abused. Thus, the changing legal and social framework will deal with the proper use of robots by humans as well as the proper behavior of robots toward humans, and new sets of “post-Asimov” laws will emerge.

 

Finally, a few concluding thoughts. The rapid increase in the number and sophistication of autonomous systems, including humanoid robots, lead to dramatic changes in society. Robots will assume an increasing share of human work and responsibility, thus creating a major social problem with unemployment and the relations of humans and robots. I believe that new frameworks for these interactions will emerge within the next 25 to 50 years. If they do not, there may be neo-Luddite rebellions, in which humans will attempt to destroy large numbers of robots. Those of us who design, program, and implement robots have a major responsibility to assist in the creation and implementation of patterns of behavior and legal systems to ensure that robots and humans co-evolve and co-exist for the benefit of society.

 

Robots are here to stay. They will be smarter, more versatile, more autonomous, and more like us in many ways. We humans will need to adapt to this coming world.

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The Transhumanist Delusion

The Transhumanist Delusion | Cyborgs_Transhumanism | Scoop.it

While we can measure the degree to which technologies transcend physical and physiological boundaries, we can merely speculate about the ethical consequences of these developments and about their effect on human self-perception. The merging of human consciousness and technology changes not only the latter, but also the former. And the question is whether technology will become more human in the long run, or whether humans will become more technical.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
luiy's insight:
A unique evolutionary moment

The human body sits squarely at the center of this debate. Until today, we have largely conceived of technology as a collection of external objects. Now, technology enters the body, merges with it, becomes a constitutive part of its host. This presents us with a unique moment in evolutionary history. The biggest drivers of change can be found in the military and the pharmaceutical sectors of the economy. And the big unknown is whether we will be able to put the new possibilities to good use.

 

New ideologies have emerged that frame the techno-narrative and justify its propagation. The most influential among them is the ideology of transhumanism, a worldview predicated on the notion of transcendence. By merging man and machine, transhumanists hope to open up new avenues of human development. A core group of transhumanist thinkers has found a home at Oxford University, from where they fight against the humanist desire to protect and examine humanity in its current form...

 

 

Man, machine, industry

This changes everything: Not only our human self-perception (which has always been important for our conception of present and future) but also our definition of civilization. Some of these developments proceed at a breathtaking pace, and it’s only justified to ask whether members of the transhumanist vanguard and advocates of “inversive” technologies actually grasp the consequences of their work.

 

Hence the following assertion: The emerging global neuro-technological industry is more significant than all current political uprisings and military conflicts. Experiments are good. Careless tinkering with human nature is not.

 

The crucial point is that we simply don’t know enough about ourselves to speedily abandon our current view of humanity and to turn ourselves – as some transhumanists desire – into cyborg creatures. Our confusion starts at the fundamental level: For example, what does it mean to “know”? Is it possible to transfer all knowledge online if we can develop algorithms with adequate levels of sophistication? Can knowledge become de-corporealized?

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Nacho Vega's curator insight, May 7, 2013 4:35 AM

Technology will become more human in the long run!